G David Batty

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Qualitative systematic reviews of treatment burden in stroke, heart failure and diabetes - methodological challenges and solutions
    Katie Gallacher
    University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 13:10. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Oral disease in relation to future risk of dementia and cognitive decline: prospective cohort study based on the Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron Modified-Release Controlled Evaluation (ADVANCE) trial
    G D Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College of London, Torrington Place, London, UK
    Eur Psychiatry 28:49-52. 2013
  3. pmc Comparison of alternative versions of the job demand-control scales in 17 European cohort studies: the IPD-Work consortium
    Eleonor I Fransson
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 12:62. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Does somatic illness explain the association between common mental disorder and elevated mortality? Findings from extended follow-up of study members in the UK Health and Lifestyle Survey
    G David Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:647-9. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Association of life course socioeconomic disadvantage with future problem drinking and heavy drinking: gender differentials in the west of Scotland
    G David Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, London, UK
    Int J Public Health 57:119-26. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Erectile dysfunction and later cardiovascular disease in men with type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study based on the ADVANCE (Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron Modified-Release Controlled Evaluation) trial
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    J Am Coll Cardiol 56:1908-13. 2010
  7. pmc Height loss and future coronary heart disease in London: the Whitehall II study
    G David Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:461-4. 2011
  8. pmc Modifiable risk factors for prostate cancer mortality in London: forty years of follow-up in the Whitehall study
    G David Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 22:311-8. 2011
  9. pmc Antidepressant medication use and risk of hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus: a noncausal association?
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 70:978-84. 2011
  10. pmc Does overall diet in midlife predict future aging phenotypes? A cohort study
    Tasnime Akbaraly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Am J Med 126:411-419.e3. 2013

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications92

  1. pmc Qualitative systematic reviews of treatment burden in stroke, heart failure and diabetes - methodological challenges and solutions
    Katie Gallacher
    University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 13:10. 2013
    ..This paper describes the methodology used for qualitative systematic reviews of the treatment burdens identified in three different common chronic conditions, using stroke as our exemplar...
  2. doi request reprint Oral disease in relation to future risk of dementia and cognitive decline: prospective cohort study based on the Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron Modified-Release Controlled Evaluation (ADVANCE) trial
    G D Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College of London, Torrington Place, London, UK
    Eur Psychiatry 28:49-52. 2013
    ..Examine the association of oral disease with future dementia/cognitive decline in a cohort of people with type 2 diabetes...
  3. pmc Comparison of alternative versions of the job demand-control scales in 17 European cohort studies: the IPD-Work consortium
    Eleonor I Fransson
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 12:62. 2012
    ..As part of the 'IPD-Work' (Individual-participant-data meta-analysis in working populations) consortium, we compared different versions of the demands and control scales available in 17 European cohort studies...
  4. doi request reprint Does somatic illness explain the association between common mental disorder and elevated mortality? Findings from extended follow-up of study members in the UK Health and Lifestyle Survey
    G David Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:647-9. 2012
    ..Given that physical illness is related to both exposure and outcome, it may explain this relation through confounding or mediation...
  5. doi request reprint Association of life course socioeconomic disadvantage with future problem drinking and heavy drinking: gender differentials in the west of Scotland
    G David Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, London, UK
    Int J Public Health 57:119-26. 2012
    ..To examine gender differentials in the association between life course socioeconomic disadvantage and the risk of exceeding internationally recognised weekly and daily guidelines for 'sensible' alcohol consumption and problem drinking...
  6. doi request reprint Erectile dysfunction and later cardiovascular disease in men with type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study based on the ADVANCE (Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron Modified-Release Controlled Evaluation) trial
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    J Am Coll Cardiol 56:1908-13. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between erectile problems in men and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality...
  7. pmc Height loss and future coronary heart disease in London: the Whitehall II study
    G David Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:461-4. 2011
    ..To explore this issue, studies with repeat measurements of height are required, but, to date, such data have been lacking...
  8. pmc Modifiable risk factors for prostate cancer mortality in London: forty years of follow-up in the Whitehall study
    G David Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 22:311-8. 2011
    ..The determinants of prostate cancer--aside from established but non-modifiable risk factors of increased age, black ethnicity, and a positive family history--are poorly understood...
  9. pmc Antidepressant medication use and risk of hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus: a noncausal association?
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 70:978-84. 2011
    ..To examine this, we assessed the associations of antidepressant use with change in glucose levels and incidence of undiagnosed and diagnosed diabetes...
  10. pmc Does overall diet in midlife predict future aging phenotypes? A cohort study
    Tasnime Akbaraly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Am J Med 126:411-419.e3. 2013
    ..We examined whether diet, assessed in midlife, using dietary patterns and adherence to the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI), is associated with aging phenotypes, identified after a mean 16-year follow-up...
  11. doi request reprint Intelligence in early adulthood and subsequent risk of assault: cohort study of 1,120,998 Swedish men
    Elise Whitley
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Psychosom Med 72:390-6. 2010
    ..To examine the association between low intelligence (IQ) and increased risk of assault. Previous studies have been relatively small, have not adjust for socioeconomic status, and have not examined method-specific assaults...
  12. pmc Does adding information on job strain improve risk prediction for coronary heart disease beyond the standard Framingham risk score? The Whitehall II study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:1577-84. 2011
    ..We sought to examine whether adding information on job strain to the Framingham model improves its predictive power in a low-risk working population...
  13. pmc Childhood mental ability and adult alcohol intake and alcohol problems: the 1970 British cohort study
    G David Batty
    UK Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Am J Public Health 98:2237-43. 2008
    ..We examined the potential relation of mental ability test scores at age 10 years with alcohol problems and alcohol intake at age 30 years...
  14. doi request reprint Does IQ predict cardiovascular disease mortality as strongly as established risk factors? Comparison of effect estimates using the West of Scotland Twenty-07 cohort study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:24-7. 2010
    ..To compare the strength of the association between intelligence quotient (IQ) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality with the predictive power for established risk factors...
  15. pmc Validating a widely used measure of frailty: are all sub-components necessary? Evidence from the Whitehall II cohort study
    Kim Bouillon
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Age (Dordr) 35:1457-65. 2013
    ..57 to 0.58). Our results support the validity of the multi-component frailty measure, but the predictive performance of the measure is poor...
  16. pmc Intelligence in youth and all-cause-mortality: systematic review with meta-analysis
    Catherine M Calvin
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:626-44. 2011
    ....
  17. pmc Validating the Framingham Hypertension Risk Score: results from the Whitehall II study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, United Kingdom
    Hypertension 54:496-501. 2009
    ..5%; 95% CI: -2.5% to 1.5%). These data suggest that the Framingham hypertension risk score provides a valid tool with which to estimate near-term risk of developing hypertension...
  18. doi request reprint Height, wealth, and health: an overview with new data from three longitudinal studies
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Econ Hum Biol 7:137-52. 2009
    ....
  19. pmc Examining overweight and obesity as risk factors for common mental disorders using fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) genotype-instrumented analysis: The Whitehall II Study, 1985-2004
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, University College London, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 173:421-9. 2011
    ..Mendelian randomization analyses supported the status of long-term obesity as a risk factor for CMD in men-a finding that should be interpreted cautiously because the function of the FTO gene is unknown...
  20. pmc IQ in early adulthood, socioeconomic position, and unintentional injury mortality by middle age: a cohort study of more than 1 million Swedish men
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 169:606-15. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that IQ may have an important role both in the etiology of injuries and in explaining socioeconomic inequalities in injury mortality...
  21. pmc What is the predictive value of established risk factors for total and cardiovascular disease mortality when measured before middle age? Pooled analyses of two prospective cohort studies from Scotland
    Linsay Gray
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:106-12. 2010
    ..To examine the association of physiological, behavioural and social characteristics in pre-middle age with future total and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality...
  22. pmc Risk factors for pancreatic cancer mortality: extended follow-up of the original Whitehall Study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:673-5. 2009
    ..89-2.12), or socioeconomic status [clerical (low) versus professional/executive, 0.95; 0.59-1.51] offered any predictive value for pancreatic cancer mortality. These results were unchanged following control for a range of covariates...
  23. pmc Socioeconomic differences in cardiometabolic factors: social causation or health-related selection? Evidence from the Whitehall II Cohort Study, 1991-2004
    Marko Elovainio
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL Medical School, University College London, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 174:779-89. 2011
    ..008). These findings suggest that health-related selection operates at younger ages and that social causation contributes to socioeconomic differences in cardiometabolic health in midlife...
  24. doi request reprint Best-practice interventions to reduce socioeconomic inequalities of coronary heart disease mortality in UK: a prospective occupational cohort study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet 372:1648-54. 2008
    ..We assessed this issue in an occupational cohort study comparing low with high socioeconomic groups...
  25. pmc Cardiovascular disease risk scores in identifying future frailty: the Whitehall II prospective cohort study
    Kim Bouillon
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Heart 99:737-42. 2013
    ..To examine the capacity of existing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk algorithms widely used in primary care, to predict frailty...
  26. doi request reprint Sleep loss due to worry and future risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: the Scottish Health Survey
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, UK
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 19:1437-43. 2012
    ..We assessed the association between sleep loss due to worry and future risk of CVD and death in a representative sample of community dwelling adults...
  27. pmc Physical activity and inflammatory markers over 10 years: follow-up in men and women from the Whitehall II cohort study
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Circulation 126:928-33. 2012
    ..We therefore examined the association between physical activity and inflammatory markers over a 10-year follow-up period...
  28. doi request reprint Optimal form of operationalizing BMI in relation to all-cause and cause-specific mortality: the original Whitehall study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1926-32. 2008
    ..We examined various BMI operationalizations in relation to mortality from all causes and specific causes...
  29. pmc Internationally recognized guidelines for 'sensible' alcohol consumption: is exceeding them actually detrimental to health and social circumstances? Evidence from a population-based cohort study
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:360-5. 2009
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Alcohol problems and all-cause mortality in men and women: predictive capacity of a clinical screening tool in a 21-year follow-up of a large, UK-wide, general population-based survey
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Psychosom Res 66:317-21. 2009
    ..This was the objective of the present study..
  31. pmc Antidepressant use before and after the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes: a longitudinal modeling study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Diabetes Care 33:1471-6. 2010
    ..To examine antidepressant use before and after the diagnosis of diabetes...
  32. pmc Psychosis alters association between IQ and future risk of attempted suicide: cohort study of 1,109,475 Swedish men
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow
    BMJ 340:c2506. 2010
    ..To explore associations between IQ measured in early adulthood and subsequent hospital admissions for attempted suicide and to explore the role of psychosis and examine associations of IQ with specific methods of attempted suicide...
  33. doi request reprint Association of maternal and paternal IQ with offspring conduct, emotional, and attention problem scores. Transgenerational evidence from the 1958 British Birth Cohort Study
    Elise Whitley
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, England, UK
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:1032-8. 2011
    ..However, little is known about the effect of parental IQ on the mental health outcomes of their children...
  34. pmc Common mental disorder and obesity: insight from four repeat measures over 19 years: prospective Whitehall II cohort study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT
    BMJ 339:b3765. 2009
    ..To examine potential reciprocal associations between common mental disorders and obesity, and to assess whether dose-response relations exist...
  35. pmc Associations of job strain and lifestyle risk factors with risk of coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis of individual participant data
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    CMAJ 185:763-9. 2013
    ..It is unclear whether a healthy lifestyle mitigates the adverse effects of job strain on coronary artery disease. We examined the associations of job strain and lifestyle risk factors with the risk of coronary artery disease...
  36. pmc Parental height in relation to offspring coronary heart disease: examining transgenerational influences on health using the west of Scotland Midspan Family Study
    Linsay Gray
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 41:1776-85. 2012
    ..Adult height is known to be inversely related to coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. We sought to investigate transgenerational influence of parental height on offspring's CHD risk...
  37. doi request reprint Childhood intelligence and midlife inflammatory and hemostatic biomarkers: the National Child Development Study (1958) cohort
    Catherine M Calvin
    Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Glasgow, Scotland
    Health Psychol 30:710-8. 2011
    ..In a prospective cohort study the authors examined associations between childhood intelligence at age 11 and inflammatory and hemostatic biomarkers in middle age...
  38. doi request reprint Psychiatric disorder as a risk factor for cancer: different analytic strategies produce different findings
    Elise Whitley
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 23:543-50. 2012
    ..Some studies have dealt with this problem by excluding patients with cancers predating their psychiatric illness; others have not considered the issue...
  39. pmc Body mass index and attempted suicide: Cohort study of 1,133,019 Swedish men
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 172:890-9. 2010
    ..This study suggests that lower weight men have an increased risk of attempted suicide and that associations may extend into the "normal" BMI range...
  40. pmc Decline in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration: lipid-lowering drugs, diet, or physical activity? Evidence from the Whitehall II study
    Kim Bouillon
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Heart 97:923-30. 2011
    ..To examine the association of lipid-lowering drugs, change in diet and physical activity with a decline in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in middle age...
  41. pmc Incremental predictive value of adding past blood pressure measurements to the Framingham hypertension risk equation: the Whitehall II Study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, WC1E 6BT London, UK
    Hypertension 55:1058-62. 2010
    ..These data suggest that, despite the net reclassification improvement, the clinical use of adding repeat measures of blood pressure to the Framingham hypertension risk score may be limited...
  42. pmc Hyperglycemia, type 2 diabetes, and depressive symptoms: the British Whitehall II study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Diabetes Care 32:1867-9. 2009
    ..To examine the recent suggestion that impaired fasting glucose may protect against depression, whereas a diagnosis of diabetes might then result in depression...
  43. doi request reprint Objectively assessed secondhand smoke exposure and mental health in adults: cross-sectional and prospective evidence from the Scottish Health Survey
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Pl, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:850-5. 2010
    ..Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure has been related to various somatic health outcomes, although very little is known about the association between SHS exposure and mental health...
  44. pmc Adherence to healthy dietary guidelines and future depressive symptoms: evidence for sex differentials in the Whitehall II study
    Tasnime N Akbaraly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:419-27. 2013
    ..It has been suggested that dietary patterns are associated with future risk of depressive symptoms. However, there is a paucity of prospective data that have examined the temporality of this relation...
  45. pmc Does IQ explain socio-economic differentials in total and cardiovascular disease mortality? Comparison with the explanatory power of traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Vietnam Experience Study
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Eur Heart J 30:1903-9. 2009
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Impact of blood pressure lowering on cardiovascular outcomes in normal weight, overweight, and obese individuals: the Perindopril Protection Against Recurrent Stroke Study trial
    Sebastien Czernichow
    George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Hypertension 55:1193-8. 2010
    ..However, the greater baseline level of cardiovascular risk in those with higher body mass index meant that these patients obtained the greatest benefit...
  47. doi request reprint Neuroticism and cardiovascular disease mortality: socioeconomic status modifies the risk in women (UK Health and Lifestyle Survey)
    Gareth Hagger-Johnson
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Psychosom Med 74:596-603. 2012
    ..Our aim was to evaluate the all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer mortality risk associated with neuroticism or extraversion and their interactions with SES in a representative sample of the UK adult population...
  48. pmc Association between change in body composition and change in inflammatory markers: an 11-year follow-up in the Whitehall II Study
    Eleonor I Fransson
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:5370-4. 2010
    ..Obesity is associated with low-grade inflammation, but the long-term effects of weight change on inflammation are unknown...
  49. pmc Socioeconomic position, psychosocial work environment and cerebrovascular disease among women: the Finnish public sector study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1265-71. 2009
    ..This has led to the suggestion that poor psychosocial work environments provide important additional explanatory power. However, little evidence is available for women...
  50. pmc Using additional information on working hours to predict coronary heart disease: a cohort study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Ann Intern Med 154:457-63. 2011
    ..Long working hours are associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). Adding information on long hours to traditional risk factors for CHD may help to improve risk prediction for this condition...
  51. pmc Measures of frailty in population-based studies: an overview
    Kim Bouillon
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Geriatr 13:64. 2013
    ..This overview offers three services: first, we provide a comprehensive catalogue of current frailty measures; second, we evaluate their reliability and validity; third, we report on their popularity of use...
  52. doi request reprint Socioeconomic status and the cerebellar grey matter volume. Data from a well-characterised population sample
    Jonathan Cavanagh
    Sackler Institute of Psychobiological Research, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Cerebellum 12:882-91. 2013
    ..These findings provide data on the relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and a brain region highly sensitive to environmental factors. ..
  53. doi request reprint Job strain and health-related lifestyle: findings from an individual-participant meta-analysis of 118,000 working adults
    Katriina Heikkilä
    Katriina Heikkilä, Solja T Nyberg, Marianna Virtanen, and Mika Kivimäki are with the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki Eleonor I Fransson is with the School of Health Sciences, Jonkoping University, Jönköping Lars Alfredsson is with the Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Marie Zins, Marcel Goldberg, and Archana Singh Manoux are with the Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Villejuif, France Hugo Westerlund is with the Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden Peter Westerholm is with the Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden Jussi Vahtera, Paula Salo, Jaana Pentti, and Tuula Oksanen are with the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Turku Sakari Suominen is with the Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland Andrew Steptoe, Michael G Marmot, and Jane E Ferrie are with the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK Maria Nordin is with the Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden Thorsten Lunau and Nico Dragano are with the Department of Medical Sociology, University of Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany Karl Heinz Ladwig is with the German Research Center for Environmental Health
    Am J Public Health 103:2090-7. 2013
    ..We examined the associations of job strain, an indicator of work-related stress, with overall unhealthy and healthy lifestyles...
  54. doi request reprint Walking pace, leisure time physical activity, and resting heart rate in relation to disease-specific mortality in London: 40 years follow-up of the original Whitehall study. An update of our work with professor Jerry N. Morris (1910-2009)
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Epidemiol 20:661-9. 2010
    ..Morris (1910-2009)...
  55. doi request reprint Does education confer a culture of healthy behavior? Smoking and drinking patterns in Danish twins
    Wendy Johnson
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, Universityof Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 173:55-63. 2011
    ..Correlations between shared environmental influences on education and the health behaviors were substantial among the well-educated for smoking in both sexes and drinking in males, reinforcing this notion...
  56. doi request reprint Obesity and liver cancer mortality in Asia: The Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Cancer Epidemiol 33:469-72. 2009
    ..BMI, whether categorised according to current guidelines for Asian groups or World Health Organisation recommendations, was not associated with liver cancer in any of our analyses...
  57. pmc Association between common mental disorder and obesity over the adult life course
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, WC1E 6BT London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 195:149-55. 2009
    ..Prospective data on the association between common mental disorders and obesity are scarce, and the impact of ageing on this association is poorly understood...
  58. pmc Antidepressant medication use, weight gain, and risk of type 2 diabetes: a population-based study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Diabetes Care 33:2611-6. 2010
    ..To examine antidepressant medication use as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes and weight gain...
  59. doi request reprint IQ in late adolescence/early adulthood, risk factors in middle age, and later cancer mortality in men: the Vietnam Experience Study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK, G12 8RZ
    Psychooncology 18:1122-6. 2009
    ..g. smoking, obesity), assessed in middle age, in explaining the IQ-cancer relation...
  60. doi request reprint Psychological distress, glycated hemoglobin, and mortality in adults with and without diabetes
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 72:882-6. 2010
    ..To examine associations between psychological distress, glucose metabolism, and death. There is limited information about the long-term prognosis of diabetic patients with psychological distress...
  61. doi request reprint IQ in late adolescence/early adulthood, risk factors in middle-age and later coronary heart disease mortality in men: the Vietnam Experience Study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 15:359-61. 2008
    ..Examine the relation between IQ in early adulthood and later coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, and assess the extent to which established risk factors measured in middle-age might explain this gradient...
  62. pmc Psychological distress as a risk factor for death from cerebrovascular disease
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    CMAJ 184:1461-6. 2012
    ..Little is known about psychological risk factors in cerebrovascular disease. We examined the association between psychological distress and risk of death due to cerebrovascular disease...
  63. pmc Blood pressure in early adulthood, hypertension in middle age, and future cardiovascular disease mortality: HAHS (Harvard Alumni Health Study)
    Linsay Gray
    MRC CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    J Am Coll Cardiol 58:2396-403. 2011
    ..We sought to examine the association of early adulthood blood pressure with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, while accounting for middle-age hypertension...
  64. doi request reprint Comparison of risk factors for fatal stroke and ischemic heart disease: a prospective follow up of the health survey for England
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Atherosclerosis 219:807-10. 2011
    ..The aim was to compare risk factors for stroke and ischemic heart disease (IHD) in a large general population cohort...
  65. doi request reprint IQ in early adulthood and mortality by middle age: cohort study of 1 million Swedish men
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Epidemiology 20:100-9. 2009
    ..Additionally, the link between IQ and cause-specific mortality has been little explored...
  66. doi request reprint Objectively measured secondhand smoke exposure and mental health in children: evidence from the Scottish Health Survey
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:326-31. 2011
    ..To examine the association between objectively assessed secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and mental health in a representative sample of British children...
  67. pmc Hypertension awareness and psychological distress
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Pl, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Hypertension 56:547-50. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that labeling individuals as hypertensive, rather than having elevated blood pressure, per se, may partially explain the greater levels of distress in patients treated for hypertension...
  68. ncbi request reprint Decreased risk of death from coronary heart disease amongst men with higher 'femininity' scores: a general population cohort study
    Kate Hunt
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:612-20. 2007
    ..g. smoking), but psychological factors and broader social constructions of gender are rarely considered...
  69. pmc Problem drinking and exceeding guidelines for 'sensible' alcohol consumption in Scottish men: associations with life course socioeconomic disadvantage in a population-based cohort study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:302. 2008
    ..If public health interventions are to be successfully implemented, it is first important to identify correlates of such behaviours, including socioeconomic disadvantage. This was the aim of the present study...
  70. pmc Psychological, social and biological determinants of ill health (pSoBid): study protocol of a population-based study
    Yoga N Velupillai
    Glasgow Centre for Population Health, Level 6, 39 St Vincent Place, Glasgow, G1 2ER, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:126. 2008
    ....
  71. doi request reprint Adult height and the risks of cardiovascular disease and major causes of death in the Asia-Pacific region: 21,000 deaths in 510,000 men and women
    Crystal Man Ying Lee
    The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1060-71. 2009
    ..We sought to determine the sex- and region-specific associations between height and cardiovascular outcomes, and deaths due to cancer, respiratory and injury in populations from the Asia-Pacific region...
  72. doi request reprint Physical stature and method-specific attempted suicide: cohort study of one million men
    Elise Whitley
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Psychiatry Res 179:116-8. 2010
    ....
  73. pmc Lifetime body mass index and later atherosclerosis risk in young adults: examining causal links using Mendelian randomization in the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Eur Heart J 29:2552-60. 2008
    ..We examined the effect of lifetime body mass index (BMI) on adult carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and various atherosclerotic risk factors by using both Mendelian randomization and conventional analyses...
  74. ncbi request reprint Adult height and lung function as markers of life course exposures: associations with risk factors and cause-specific mortality
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8RZ, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 21:795-801. 2006
    ..Studies of the association of height and lung function with mortality--which are currently modest in number--will clarify the relative utility of these risk indices and the mechanisms underlying observed patterns of disease risk...
  75. doi request reprint IQ in early adulthood and later risk of death by homicide: cohort study of 1 million men
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 193:461-5. 2008
    ..Risk factors for homicide are emerging; however, the predictive value of IQ, for which there is a strong prima facie case, has yet to be examined...
  76. doi request reprint Socio-economic status is associated with epigenetic differences in the pSoBid cohort
    Dagmara McGuinness
    Institute of Cancer Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 41:151-60. 2012
    ....
  77. doi request reprint The combined influence of hypertension and common mental disorder on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    J Hypertens 28:2401-6. 2010
    ..We examined the combined effects of hypertension and common mental disorder on mortality in participants with both treated and untreated hypertension...
  78. doi request reprint Diarrhoea in childhood and cause-specific mortality in older age: analyses of 5642 deaths in 33,261 individuals from the Hertfordshire studies
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 15:494-6. 2008
    ..In the largest study to date to examine the relation, there was no evidence that diarrhoea in early life had an influence on later CHD mortality...
  79. pmc Job strain as a risk factor for coronary heart disease: a collaborative meta-analysis of individual participant data
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet 380:1491-7. 2012
    ..We analysed the relation between job strain and coronary heart disease with a meta-analysis of published and unpublished studies...
  80. pmc Adult socioeconomic position and the association between height and coronary heart disease mortality: findings from 33 years of follow-up in the Whitehall Study
    Claudia Langenberg
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Pl, London, England, United Kingdom
    Am J Public Health 95:628-32. 2005
    ..001) for the highest grades, but 0.84 (95% CI=0.69, 1.03; P=.10) for middle and 0.95 (95% CI=0.75, 1.20; P=.65) for low grades, suggesting that childhood and adult social conditions may interact in their influence on coronary risk...
  81. pmc Objectively measured secondhand smoke exposure and risk of cardiovascular disease: what is the mediating role of inflammatory and hemostatic factors?
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Am Coll Cardiol 56:18-23. 2010
    ....
  82. doi request reprint Prior psychiatric hospitalization is associated with excess mortality in patients hospitalized with non-cardiac chest pain: a data linkage study based on the full Scottish population (1991-2006)
    Michelle Gillies
    Department of Public Health and Health Policy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Eur Heart J 33:760-7. 2012
    ..Non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP) is considered a benign condition. We investigate case-fatality following an incident hospitalization for NCCP and determine whether previous psychiatric hospitalization is associated with short-term mortality...
  83. doi request reprint Childhood socioeconomic status and adult health: comparing formative and reflective models in the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s Study (prospective cohort study)
    Gareth Hagger-Johnson
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:1024-9. 2011
    ..In this report, the authors explain the difference between these two approaches and evaluate reflective and formative modelling for the prediction of health outcomes...
  84. pmc Association of diarrhoea in childhood with blood pressure and coronary heart disease in older age: analyses of two UK cohort studies
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:1349-55. 2007
    ..We examined if episodes of diarrhoea in childhood, a recognized proxy for acute dehydration, were related to measured blood pressure and coronary heart disease in older adults...
  85. ncbi request reprint Obesity and overweight in relation to mortality in men with and without type 2 diabetes/impaired glucose tolerance: the original Whitehall Study
    G David Batty
    Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Diabetes Care 30:2388-91. 2007
  86. doi request reprint Cortisol, DHEA sulphate, their ratio, and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in the Vietnam Experience Study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK
    Eur J Endocrinol 163:285-92. 2010
    ..The aim of the present analyses was to examine the association between cortisol, DHEA sulphate (DHEAS) and the cortisol:DHEAS ratio and mortality...
  87. ncbi request reprint The Aberdeen Children of the 1950s cohort study: background, methods and follow-up information on a new resource for the study of life course and intergenerational influences on health
    G David Batty
    Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 18:221-39. 2004
    ..A postal questionnaire to all traced surviving cohort members has also been distributed...
  88. ncbi request reprint Childhood mental ability in relation to food intake and physical activity in adulthood: the 1970 British Cohort Study
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, United Kingdom G12 8RZ
    Pediatrics 119:e38-45. 2007
    ..The purpose of this work was to examine the relation of scores on tests of mental ability in childhood with food consumption and physical activity in adulthood...
  89. doi request reprint The advantages of being called NICE: a systematic review of journal article titles using the acronym for the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
    David S Morrison
    West of Scotland Cancer Surveillance Unit, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8DN, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:127-30. 2009
    ..To describe the use of NICE, the acronym for the UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, as both an adjective and noun in peer-reviewed journal article titles...
  90. pmc Shift work as a risk factor for future type 2 diabetes: evidence, mechanisms, implications, and future research directions
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 8:e1001138. 2011
    ..Mika Kivimaki and colleagues discuss new research that shows an association between shift work and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes among nurses...
  91. ncbi request reprint Diabetes status and post-load plasma glucose concentration in relation to site-specific cancer mortality: findings from the original Whitehall study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8RZ, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 15:873-81. 2004
    ..While several studies have reported on the relation of diabetes status with pancreatic cancer risk, the predictive value of this disorder for other malignancies is unclear...
  92. ncbi request reprint Premorbid (early life) IQ and later mortality risk: systematic review
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Epidemiol 17:278-88. 2007
    ..The purpose of the present report is to systematically locate, evaluate, and interpret the findings of all such studies...