G D Batty

Summary

Affiliation: University of Glasgow
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Examining life-course influences on chronic disease: the importance of birth cohort studies from low- and middle- income countries. An overview
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Braz J Med Biol Res 40:1277-86. 2007
  2. pmc Does IQ explain socioeconomic inequalities in health? Evidence from a population based cohort study in the west of Scotland
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ
    BMJ 332:580-4. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Obesity and overweight in relation to mortality in men with and without type 2 diabetes/impaired glucose tolerance: the original Whitehall Study
    G David Batty
    Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Diabetes Care 30:2388-91. 2007
  4. pmc Obesity and overweight in relation to disease-specific mortality in men with and without existing coronary heart disease in London: the original Whitehall study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Heart 92:886-92. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Childhood intelligence in relation to adult coronary heart disease and stroke risk: evidence from a Danish birth cohort study
    G David Batty
    Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:452-9. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Adult height in relation to mortality from 14 cancer sites in men in London (UK): evidence from the original Whitehall study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Oncol 17:157-66. 2006
  7. pmc Accuracy of adults' recall of childhood social class: findings from the Aberdeen children of the 1950s study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:898-903. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Childhood IQ in relation to later psychiatric disorder: evidence from a Danish birth cohort study
    G David Batty
    Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Br J Psychiatry 187:180-1. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Obesity and overweight in relation to organ-specific cancer mortality in London (UK): findings from the original Whitehall study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:1267-74. 2005
  10. pmc Childhood mental ability and adult alcohol intake and alcohol problems: the 1970 British cohort study
    G David Batty
    UK Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Am J Public Health 98:2237-43. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications100

  1. ncbi request reprint Examining life-course influences on chronic disease: the importance of birth cohort studies from low- and middle- income countries. An overview
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Braz J Med Biol Res 40:1277-86. 2007
    ..For rapid progress to be made, however, there must be minimal bureaucratic entanglements...
  2. pmc Does IQ explain socioeconomic inequalities in health? Evidence from a population based cohort study in the west of Scotland
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ
    BMJ 332:580-4. 2006
    ..To test the hypothesis that IQ is a fundamental cause of socioeconomic inequalities in health...
  3. ncbi request reprint Obesity and overweight in relation to mortality in men with and without type 2 diabetes/impaired glucose tolerance: the original Whitehall Study
    G David Batty
    Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Diabetes Care 30:2388-91. 2007
  4. pmc Obesity and overweight in relation to disease-specific mortality in men with and without existing coronary heart disease in London: the original Whitehall study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Heart 92:886-92. 2006
    ..To examine the relations between obesity or overweight and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in men with and without prevalent CHD in a prospective cohort study...
  5. ncbi request reprint Childhood intelligence in relation to adult coronary heart disease and stroke risk: evidence from a Danish birth cohort study
    G David Batty
    Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:452-9. 2005
    ..Replication of these results using studies which hold data on intelligence and socio-economic position across the life course is required...
  6. ncbi request reprint Adult height in relation to mortality from 14 cancer sites in men in London (UK): evidence from the original Whitehall study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Oncol 17:157-66. 2006
    ..Adult height has been related to organ-specific malignancies in relatively few studies. Findings are discrepant for some sites and several studies are subject to a series of methodological limitations...
  7. pmc Accuracy of adults' recall of childhood social class: findings from the Aberdeen children of the 1950s study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:898-903. 2005
    ..This study evaluated the validity of adults' reports of childhood paternal social class...
  8. ncbi request reprint Childhood IQ in relation to later psychiatric disorder: evidence from a Danish birth cohort study
    G David Batty
    Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Br J Psychiatry 187:180-1. 2005
    ..70, 95% CI 1.34-2.14). Adjusting for paternal occupational social class and birth weight had only a small attenuating effect. Low childhood IQ may have an aetiological role in the development of adult total psychiatric disorder...
  9. ncbi request reprint Obesity and overweight in relation to organ-specific cancer mortality in London (UK): findings from the original Whitehall study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:1267-74. 2005
    ..To examine the relation of obesity and overweight with organ-specific cancer mortality...
  10. pmc Childhood mental ability and adult alcohol intake and alcohol problems: the 1970 British cohort study
    G David Batty
    UK Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Am J Public Health 98:2237-43. 2008
    ..We examined the potential relation of mental ability test scores at age 10 years with alcohol problems and alcohol intake at age 30 years...
  11. ncbi request reprint Effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on offspring's cognitive ability: empirical evidence for complete confounding in the US national longitudinal survey of youth
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council, Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 118:943-50. 2006
    ..Numerous studies have reported that maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy is related to lower IQ scores in the offspring. Confounding is a crucial issue in interpreting this association...
  12. doi request reprint Cigarette smoking and site-specific cancer mortality: testing uncertain associations using extended follow-up of the original Whitehall study
    G D Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Oncol 19:996-1002. 2008
    ..We examined the association of cigarette smoking with death attributed to 15 cancer sites, 7 of which are regarded as having an uncertain relation with tobacco...
  13. ncbi request reprint Childhood mental ability in relation to cause-specific accidents in adulthood: the 1970 British Cohort Study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK
    QJM 100:405-14. 2007
    ..Few data link childhood mental ability (IQ) with risk of accidents, and most published studies have methodological limitations...
  14. pmc Mental ability across childhood in relation to risk factors for premature mortality in adult life: the 1970 British Cohort Study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:997-1003. 2007
    ..To examine the relation of scores on tests of mental ability across childhood with established risk factors for premature mortality at the age of 30 years...
  15. pmc Association of diarrhoea in childhood with blood pressure and coronary heart disease in older age: analyses of two UK cohort studies
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:1349-55. 2007
    ..We examined if episodes of diarrhoea in childhood, a recognized proxy for acute dehydration, were related to measured blood pressure and coronary heart disease in older adults...
  16. pmc Childhood IQ in relation to risk factors for premature mortality in middle-aged persons: the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:241-7. 2007
    ..This study examines the association between childhood IQ and a range of established physiological and behavioural risk factors for premature mortality in adulthood. Design,..
  17. ncbi request reprint Childhood mental ability in relation to food intake and physical activity in adulthood: the 1970 British Cohort Study
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, United Kingdom G12 8RZ
    Pediatrics 119:e38-45. 2007
    ..The purpose of this work was to examine the relation of scores on tests of mental ability in childhood with food consumption and physical activity in adulthood...
  18. ncbi request reprint Premorbid (early life) IQ and later mortality risk: systematic review
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Epidemiol 17:278-88. 2007
    ..The purpose of the present report is to systematically locate, evaluate, and interpret the findings of all such studies...
  19. ncbi request reprint Adult height and lung function as markers of life course exposures: associations with risk factors and cause-specific mortality
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8RZ, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 21:795-801. 2006
    ..Studies of the association of height and lung function with mortality--which are currently modest in number--will clarify the relative utility of these risk indices and the mechanisms underlying observed patterns of disease risk...
  20. pmc Childhood IQ and life course socioeconomic position in relation to alcohol induced hangovers in adulthood: the Aberdeen children of the 1950s study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:872-4. 2006
    ..To examine the association between scores on IQ tests in childhood and alcohol induced hangovers in middle aged men and women. Design, Setting, and..
  21. doi request reprint IQ in late adolescence/early adulthood, risk factors in middle-age and later coronary heart disease mortality in men: the Vietnam Experience Study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 15:359-61. 2008
    ..Examine the relation between IQ in early adulthood and later coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, and assess the extent to which established risk factors measured in middle-age might explain this gradient...
  22. ncbi request reprint Examining life-course influences on chronic disease: the Ribeirão Preto and São Luís birth cohort studies (Brazil)
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Braz J Med Biol Res 40:1159-62. 2007
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Diabetes status and post-load plasma glucose concentration in relation to site-specific cancer mortality: findings from the original Whitehall study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8RZ, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 15:873-81. 2004
    ..While several studies have reported on the relation of diabetes status with pancreatic cancer risk, the predictive value of this disorder for other malignancies is unclear...
  24. pmc IQ in late adolescence/early adulthood, risk factors in middle age and later all-cause mortality in men: the Vietnam Experience Study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:522-31. 2008
    ..To examine the role of potential mediating factors in explaining the IQ-mortality relation...
  25. pmc Does IQ predict total and cardiovascular disease mortality as strongly as other risk factors? Comparison of effect estimates using the Vietnam Experience Study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Heart 94:1541-4. 2008
    ..To compare the strength of the relation of two measurements of IQ and 11 established risk factors with total and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality...
  26. ncbi request reprint IQ in early adulthood and later cancer risk: cohort study of one million Swedish men
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Oncol 18:21-8. 2007
    ..While several studies have reported an inverse relation between IQ and total mortality rates, little is known about the association, if any, between IQ and disease-specific outcomes, particularly cancer...
  27. doi request reprint Pre-morbid intelligence, the metabolic syndrome and mortality: the Vietnam Experience Study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Diabetologia 51:436-43. 2008
    ....
  28. pmc Post-challenge blood glucose concentration and stroke mortality rates in non-diabetic men in London: 38-year follow-up of the original Whitehall prospective cohort study
    G D Batty
    University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8RZ, UK
    Diabetologia 51:1123-6. 2008
    ..While individuals with diabetes have a raised risk of stroke, it is unclear whether hyperglycaemia in non-diabetic populations is related to the development of this disease...
  29. doi request reprint Obesity and overweight in relation to liver disease mortality in men: 38 year follow-up of the original Whitehall study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1741-4. 2008
    ..Further investigation in prospective cohort studies with more detailed data on liver disease, for instance using biochemical tests of liver function or hepatic ultrasonography, is warranted...
  30. pmc Obesity, overweight and liver disease in the Midspan prospective cohort studies
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:1051-9. 2010
    ..To analyse the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and liver disease in men and women...
  31. doi request reprint Impact of resurvey non-response on the associations between baseline risk factors and cardiovascular disease mortality: prospective cohort study
    G D Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:952-5. 2009
    ..In cohort studies, a potentially important but little investigated manifestation of selection bias is the distortion of the exposure-disease relationship according to participation status...
  32. pmc Blood pressure and site-specific cancer mortality: evidence from the original Whitehall study
    G D Batty
    Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3, DK 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark
    Br J Cancer 89:1243-7. 2003
    ..The statistically significant blood pressure-cancer associations seen in this large-scale prospective investigation offering high power were scarce and of sufficiently small magnitude as to be attributable to chance or confounding...
  33. doi request reprint Adult height and cancer mortality in Asia: the Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration
    G D Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Oncol 21:646-54. 2010
    ..For the first time, we make direct comparison in the same analyses of the associations between height and a series of malignancies in Australasian (Caucasian) and Asian populations...
  34. pmc Association of body mass index in early adulthood and middle age with future site-specific cancer mortality: the Harvard Alumni Health Study
    L Gray
    Medical Research Council Chief Scientist Office Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Oncol 23:754-9. 2012
    ..Further, the potential for mediation by adiposity in middle age has not been well examined. In a rare study, we investigated the association of body mass index (BMI) in early adulthood with mortality from several site-specific cancers...
  35. pmc Early life diarrhoea and later blood pressure in a developing country: the 1982 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:163-5. 2009
    ..We examined whether there was an association between episodes of diarrhoea (a proxy for acute dehydration) and later measured blood pressure...
  36. doi request reprint Socioeconomic status and telomere length: the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study
    G D Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:839-41. 2009
    ..However, in the very few studies conducted, substantial uncertainty exists regarding this relationship...
  37. ncbi request reprint What influences diet in early old age? Prospective and cross-sectional analyses of the Boyd Orr cohort
    Maria Maynard
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Public Health 16:316-24. 2006
    ..The aim of this study is to identify the socio-economic and health-related factors in childhood and later life associated with healthy eating in early old age...
  38. ncbi request reprint Cohort profile: The Boyd Orr cohort--an historical cohort study based on the 65 year follow-up of the Carnegie Survey of Diet and Health (1937-39)
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:742-9. 2005
  39. ncbi request reprint Parents' growth in childhood and the birth weight of their offspring
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Epidemiology 15:308-16. 2004
    ..We investigated the influence of the childhood growth of the mother or father on the birth weight of their first-born offspring...
  40. ncbi request reprint Height, leg length, and cancer: the Caerphilly Study
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Nutr Cancer 47:34-9. 2003
    ..05; 0.94-1.18). Height-cancer associations were strongest for lung cancer (HR 1.21; 0.96-1.51). This analysis provides limited support for the suggestion that leg length is the component of height underlying height-cancer associations..
  41. doi request reprint Height, wealth, and health: an overview with new data from three longitudinal studies
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Econ Hum Biol 7:137-52. 2009
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Could associations between breastfeeding and insulin-like growth factors underlie associations of breastfeeding with adult chronic disease? The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 62:728-37. 2005
    ..We investigated associations of having been breastfed with serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in childhood...
  43. ncbi request reprint Association of body mass index measured in childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood with risk of ischemic heart disease and stroke: findings from 3 historical cohort studies
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:767-73. 2006
    ..It is unclear whether early life body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) is associated with adult cardiovascular disease...
  44. doi request reprint Oral disease in relation to future risk of dementia and cognitive decline: prospective cohort study based on the Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron Modified-Release Controlled Evaluation (ADVANCE) trial
    G D Batty
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College of London, Torrington Place, London, UK
    Eur Psychiatry 28:49-52. 2013
    ..Examine the association of oral disease with future dementia/cognitive decline in a cohort of people with type 2 diabetes...
  45. ncbi request reprint Exposures in childhood, adolescence and early adulthood and breast cancer risk: a systematic review of the literature
    Mona Okasha
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 78:223-76. 2003
    ..No clear association between early drinking and breast cancer risk exists. These results are discussed in relation to possible underlying mechanisms and health promotion strategies which could reduce breast cancer risk...
  46. ncbi request reprint Does breast-feeding in infancy lower blood pressure in childhood? The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Circulation 109:1259-66. 2004
    ..Breast-feeding in infancy has been associated with decreased coronary heart disease mortality, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We investigated the association of breast-feeding with blood pressure in a contemporary cohort...
  47. ncbi request reprint Associations of adiposity from childhood into adulthood with insulin resistance and the insulin-like growth factor system: 65-year follow-up of the Boyd Orr Cohort
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:3287-95. 2006
    ..One metabolic pathway through which adiposity influences disease risk may be via alterations in insulin and IGF metabolism...
  48. pmc IQ and non-clinical psychotic symptoms in 12-year-olds: results from the ALSPAC birth cohort
    Jeremy Horwood
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 193:185-91. 2008
    ..There is a well-established association between pre-morbid low IQ score and schizophrenia. Psychosis-like symptoms in children may also be a risk factor for psychotic disorder but their relationship with IQ is unclear...
  49. ncbi request reprint Association of insulin-like growth factor I and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 with intelligence quotient among 8- to 9-year-old children in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 116:e681-6. 2005
    ..We are aware of no studies that investigated the association of IGF-I levels with IQ in population samples of normal children...
  50. ncbi request reprint Can adult anthropometry be used as a 'biomarker' for prenatal and childhood exposures?
    David Gunnell
    University of Bristol, Department of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:390-4. 2002
  51. ncbi request reprint Body mass index in middle life and future risk of hospital admission for psychoses or depression: findings from the Renfrew/Paisley study
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Psychol Med 37:1151-61. 2007
    ..There is evidence that greater body mass index (BMI) protects against depression, schizophrenia and suicide. However, there is a need for prospective studies...
  52. pmc Breast feeding and cardiovascular disease risk factors, incidence, and mortality: the Caerphilly study
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:121-9. 2005
    ..To investigate the association of having been breast fed with cardiovascular disease risk factors, incidence, and mortality...
  53. pmc Height and prostate cancer risk: a large nested case-control study (ProtecT) and meta-analysis
    Luisa Zuccolo
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:2325-36. 2008
    ..We investigated the relationship of prostate cancer with height and its components (leg and trunk length) in a nested case-control study and with height in a dose-response meta-analysis...
  54. pmc Breast feeding in infancy and social mobility: 60-year follow-up of the Boyd Orr cohort
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Arch Dis Child 92:317-21. 2007
    ..To assess the association of having been breast fed with social class mobility between childhood and adulthood...
  55. doi request reprint Is low IQ associated with an increased risk of developing suicidal thoughts? A cohort study based on an 18-month follow-up of the national psychiatric morbidity survey
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 44:34-8. 2009
    ..Studies in young male conscripts suggest that low IQ scores are associated with an increased risk of suicide. Mechanisms underlying this association are unclear...
  56. doi request reprint Childhood stature and adult cancer risk: the Boyd Orr cohort
    Elise Whitley
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, England, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:243-51. 2009
    ..8+ years). There was no evidence that any of the five indicators of childhood growth was more strongly related to cancer risk than the other measures...
  57. pmc Prostate-cancer mortality in the USA and UK in 1975-2004: an ecological study
    Simon M Collin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol, UK
    Lancet Oncol 9:445-52. 2008
    ..Our aim was to study trends over time in prostate-cancer mortality and incidence in the USA and UK in 1975-2004, and compare these patterns with trends in screening and treatment...
  58. doi request reprint IQ in early adulthood and mortality by middle age: cohort study of 1 million Swedish men
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Epidemiology 20:100-9. 2009
    ..Additionally, the link between IQ and cause-specific mortality has been little explored...
  59. doi request reprint Lower urinary tract symptoms and risk of prostate cancer: the HUNT 2 Cohort, Norway
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 123:1924-8. 2008
    ..Thus, screening for early cancers on the basis of LUTS may not be justified...
  60. doi request reprint Blood pressure and risk of prostate cancer: Cohort Norway (CONOR)
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 21:463-72. 2010
    ..Some studies suggest that raised blood pressure may increase prostate cancer risk. We investigated associations of blood pressure with prostate cancer within the CONOR collaborative cohorts of Norway...
  61. doi request reprint Childhood circumstances and anthropometry: the Boyd Orr cohort
    Elise Whitley
    Department of Social Medicine, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 35:518-34. 2008
    ....
  62. doi request reprint Components of the metabolic syndrome and risk of prostate cancer: the HUNT 2 cohort, Norway
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:1181-92. 2009
    ..The metabolic syndrome has been suggested as a unifying link between a "western" lifestyle and an increased prostate cancer risk...
  63. doi request reprint Associations of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, IGF-II, IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-2 and IGFBP-3 with ultrasound measures of atherosclerosis and plaque stability in an older adult population
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, North Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:1331-8. 2008
    ..Whether this association relates to alterations in plaque growth or stability, and the role of IGF-II and the major binding proteins [IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-2 and -3], is unclear...
  64. pmc Population impact of regulatory activity restricting prescribing of COX-2 inhibitors: ecological study
    Benedict W Wheeler
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 68:752-64. 2009
    ..To investigate impacts of withdrawal and regulatory advice regarding cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors on UK population rates of gastrointestinal haemorrhage and acute myocardial infarction (MI)...
  65. ncbi request reprint Childhood growth and adult cancer
    Mona Okasha
    Department of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 16:225-41. 2002
    ..Leg length may be more strongly associated than trunk length with cancer risk. Possible explanations for these findings are discussed in relation to nutritional intake and hormonal levels...
  66. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding and atherosclerosis: intima-media thickness and plaques at 65-year follow-up of the Boyd Orr cohort
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 25:1482-8. 2005
    ..The impact of breastfeeding in infancy on cardiovascular disease risk is uncertain. We related breastfeeding in infancy to atherosclerosis in adulthood...
  67. ncbi request reprint Breast-feeding and cancer: the Boyd Orr cohort and a systematic review with meta-analysis
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:1446-57. 2005
    ..We investigated associations between breast-feeding during infancy and adult cancer incidence and mortality in a cohort study and meta-analyses of published studies...
  68. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology and management of self-harm amongst adults in England
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 27:67-73. 2005
    ..There are no national data on the characteristics and management of people presenting to hospital following self-harm...
  69. ncbi request reprint Does the misreporting of adult body size depend upon an individual's height and weight? Methodological debate
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:1398-9. 2004
  70. pmc Advanced paternal age: how old is too old?
    Isabelle Bray
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:851-3. 2006
    ..Adverse health outcomes should be weighed up against advantages for children born to older parents, mindful that these societal advantages are likely to change over time...
  71. pmc The geography of despair among 15-44-year-old men in England and Wales: putting suicide on the map
    Nicos Middleton
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:1040-7. 2006
    ..To investigate the spatial patterning and possible contributors to the geographical distribution of suicide among 15-44- year-old men...
  72. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding and cardiovascular mortality: the Boyd Orr cohort and a systematic review with meta-analysis
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, Avon BS8 2PR, UK
    Eur Heart J 25:778-86. 2004
    ..To investigate the association of breastfeeding with all-cause, cardiovascular, and ischaemic heart disease mortality...
  73. ncbi request reprint Trends in admissions to hospital involving an assault using a knife or other sharp instrument, England, 1997-2005
    Roy Maxwell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:186-90. 2007
    ..Main outcome measure All completed hospital admissions with a mention of assault by sharp object (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, code X99) in the relevant diagnosis fields in HES...
  74. ncbi request reprint Patterns of fetal and childhood growth and the development of psychosis in young males: a cohort study
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 158:291-300. 2003
    ..The role of childhood exposures, as indexed by adult height and body mass index, appears to be less strong...
  75. ncbi request reprint Urban-rural differences in suicide trends in young adults: England and Wales, 1981-1998
    Nicos Middleton
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, BS8 2PR Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:1183-94. 2003
    ..The mental health of young adults or other factors influencing suicide risk may have deteriorated more in rural than urban areas in recent years. Explanations for these trends require further investigation...
  76. ncbi request reprint Why are suicide rates rising in young men but falling in the elderly?-- a time-series analysis of trends in England and Wales 1950-1998
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:595-611. 2003
    ..It is possible that some of the patterns observed are due to declining levels of social integration, but such effects do not appear to have adversely influenced patterns in older generations...
  77. ncbi request reprint Associations between premorbid intellectual performance, early-life exposures and early-onset schizophrenia. Cohort study
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 181:298-305. 2002
    ..Impaired intellectual performance is associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia...
  78. ncbi request reprint Help-seeking behaviour in men and women with common mental health problems: cross-sectional study
    Maria Isabel Oliver
    HPA South West, The Wheelhouse, Bond s Mill, Stonehouse, Gloucestershire GL10 3RE, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 186:297-301. 2005
    ..Many people with mental health problems do not seek professional help but their use of other sources of help is unclear...
  79. ncbi request reprint Cross-sectional associations of diet and insulin-like growth factor levels in 7- to 8-year-old children
    Imogen S Rogers
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Division of Community Medicine, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:204-12. 2005
    ..However, few studies have examined the relationship between diet and IGF levels in children...
  80. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology and prevention of suicide by hanging: a systematic review
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:433-42. 2005
    ..This review summarizes the published literature on suicide by hanging. The focus is on its epidemiology in England and on identifying potential means of prevention...
  81. ncbi request reprint Life course breast cancer risk factors and adult breast density (United Kingdom)
    Mona Jeffreys
    Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University, Wellington Campus, Private Box 756, Wellington, New Zealand
    Cancer Causes Control 15:947-55. 2004
    ..To determine whether risk factors in childhood and early adulthood affect later mammographic breast density...
  82. pmc Paternal age and schizophrenia: a population based cohort study
    Attila Sipos
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Cotham House, University of Bristol BS6 6JL
    BMJ 329:1070. 2004
    ..To investigate the association of paternal age at conception with the risk of offspring developing schizophrenia...
  83. ncbi request reprint Birth weight, adult height, and testicular cancer: cohort study of 337,249 Swedish young men
    Finn Rasmussen
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, SE 17176 Stockholm, Sweden
    Cancer Causes Control 14:595-8. 2003
    ..A positive association has been reported between adult height and the incidence of testicular cancer. No previous study has explored whether this relationship is due to the influence of fetal growth on adult height...
  84. ncbi request reprint Childhood body mass index and later cancer risk: a 50-year follow-up of the Boyd Orr study
    Mona Jeffreys
    Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
    Int J Cancer 112:348-51. 2004
    ..We conclude that childhood BMI is related to increased risk of cancer in later life, particularly smoking-related cancers...
  85. ncbi request reprint Strong inverse association between height and suicide in a large cohort of Swedish men: evidence of early life origins of suicidal behavior?
    Patrik K E Magnusson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Norrbacka, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1373-5. 2005
    ..Previous studies have found associations between poor fetal and infant growth and the risk of suicide. The authors' goal was to investigate the association between height--a measure of childhood growth--and suicide risk...
  86. ncbi request reprint Association of adult body mass index and height with anxiety, depression, and suicide in the general population: the HUNT study
    Ottar Bjerkeset
    Department of Research and Development, Levanger Hospital, Health Trust Mid Norway, Levanger, Norway
    Am J Epidemiol 167:193-202. 2008
    ..Raised body mass index is associated with an increased risk of depression but reduced risk of suicide in men and women. The mechanisms underlying these different associations require clarification...
  87. ncbi request reprint Suicide and occupation: the impact of socio-economic, demographic and psychiatric differences
    Esben Agerbo
    National Centre for Register Based Research, University of Aarhus, Aarhus C, Denmark
    Psychol Med 37:1131-40. 2007
    ..To explore the risk of suicide associated with occupation while evaluating the impact of socio-economic, demographic and psychiatric differences...
  88. ncbi request reprint Infections in the CNS during childhood and the risk of subsequent psychotic illness: a cohort study of more than one million Swedish subjects
    Christina Dalman
    Department of Psychiatric Epidemiology, EPI Karolinska Institutet, Norrbacka pl 5, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Psychiatry 165:59-65. 2008
    ..The present study aims to investigate whether there is an increased risk of schizophrenia and other nonaffective psychoses associated with viral or bacterial CNS infections during childhood and, if so, which specific agents are involved...
  89. ncbi request reprint Childhood dairy intake and adult cancer risk: 65-y follow-up of the Boyd Orr cohort
    Jolieke C van der Pols
    Longitudinal Studies Unit, Division of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1722-9. 2007
    ..Evidence for a link between cancer risk and dairy consumption in adulthood is increasing, but associations with childhood dairy consumption have not been studied adequately...
  90. pmc Secular trends in prostate cancer mortality, incidence and treatment: England and Wales, 1975-2004
    Sabina Hussain
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    BJU Int 101:547-55. 2008
    ....
  91. ncbi request reprint Social inequalities in antidepressant treatment and mortality: a longitudinal register study
    Mika Kivimaki
    International Institute for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Psychol Med 37:373-82. 2007
    ..This study examined socio-economic differences in antidepressant prescriptions and mortality related to depressive disorders...
  92. pmc Physical vulnerability and fatal self-harm in the elderly
    Michael Eddleston
    South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 189:278-9. 2006
    ..The high number of suicides in elderly people globally is likely to be due, in part, to the difficulty they face in surviving the effects of both the poisoning and its treatment...
  93. ncbi request reprint Milk as a food for growth? The insulin-like growth factors link
    Imogen Rogers
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Division of Community Medicine, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK
    Public Health Nutr 9:359-68. 2006
    ..The aim of the present study was to examine the association between early diet - in particular, the intakes of cows' milk and dairy products - and height, leg length and IGF-I levels at age 7-8 years...
  94. ncbi request reprint Insulin-like growth factor-I and growth in height, leg length, and trunk length between ages 5 and 10 years
    Imogen Rogers
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:2514-9. 2006
    ..In this study, we investigated the association of IGF-I measured at 5 and 7-8 yr with growth in height and the components of height (leg and trunk length) from 5 yr to 9-10 yr...
  95. ncbi request reprint Suicide rates, life satisfaction and happiness as markers for population mental health
    Isabelle Bray
    Dept of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:333-7. 2006
    ..To examine the association of variables from survey data on well-being with suicide rates and other markers of population mental health in Europe...
  96. pmc Risk of low Apgar score and socioeconomic position: a study of Swedish male births
    David E Odd
    Clinical Science at North Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Acta Paediatr 97:1275-80. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal socioeconomic position and a persistent low Apgar score (a score of < 7 at 1 and 5 min following birth)...
  97. ncbi request reprint Fetal growth and childhood behavioral problems: results from the ALSPAC cohort
    Nicola J Wiles
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, The Grange, 1 Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1AU, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 163:829-37. 2006
    ..Future work should focus on elucidating the biologic mechanisms that lead to variations in birth length and underlie this association...
  98. ncbi request reprint Social adversity in childhood and the risk of developing psychosis: a national cohort study
    Susanne Wicks
    Unit of Epidemiology, Stockholm Centre for Public Health, Norrbacka, Floor 5, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1652-7. 2005
    ..Previous studies have had inadequate designs. The aim of the present study was to describe a broad range of social factors during childhood and the risk of developing psychosis later in life in a national cohort...
  99. ncbi request reprint Changing patterns of suicide in a poor, rural county over the 20th century: a comparison with national trends
    Simon A Hill
    Langdon Hospital, Exeter Road, Dawlish, Devon, EX7 ONR, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:601-4. 2005
    ..This change has occurred in both sexes. Prior to this period the suicide rate was lower or about the same as that in England and Wales...
  100. ncbi request reprint Association of body mass index with suicide mortality: a prospective cohort study of more than one million men
    Patrik K E Magnusson
    Department of Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Am J Epidemiol 163:1-8. 2006
    ..79, 0.96), indicating that weight loss as a consequence of mental illness does not explain the BMI-suicide association and that factors influencing BMI may be causally implicated in the etiology of mental disorders leading to suicide...