P Aveyard

Summary

Affiliation: University of Birmingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Self-help materials for the prevention of smoking relapse: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Fujian Song
    Norwich Medical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Trials 13:69. 2012
  2. pmc Does school ethos explain the relationship between value-added education and teenage substance use? A cohort study
    Wolfgang A Markham
    School of Health and Social Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    Soc Sci Med 75:69-76. 2012
  3. pmc A randomised trial of nicotine assisted reduction to stop in pharmacies - the RedPharm study
    Taina Taskila
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, School of Health and Population Sciences, Primary Care Clinical Sciences Building, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 12:182. 2012
  4. doi Brief opportunistic smoking cessation interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare advice to quit and offer of assistance
    Paul Aveyard
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Addiction 107:1066-73. 2012
  5. pmc Promoting smoking cessation in Pakistani and Bangladeshi men in the UK: pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of trained community outreach workers
    Rachna A Begh
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Trials 12:197. 2011
  6. pmc Rapid reduction versus abrupt quitting for smokers who want to stop soon: a randomised controlled non-inferiority trial
    Nicola Lindson
    Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Trials 10:69. 2009
  7. pmc Trial Protocol: randomised controlled trial of the effects of very low calorie diet, modest dietary restriction, and sequential behavioural programme on hunger, urges to smoke, abstinence and weight gain in overweight smokers stopping smoking
    Deborah Lycett
    UKCTCS, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Trials 11:94. 2010
  8. pmc Promoting smoking cessation in Bangladeshi and Pakistani male adults: design of a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of trained community smoking cessation workers
    Rachna A Begh
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Trials 10:71. 2009
  9. pmc Trial protocol and preliminary results for a cluster randomised trial of behavioural support versus brief advice for smoking cessation in adolescents
    Wolfgang A Markham
    School of Health and Social Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK
    BMC Res Notes 3:336. 2010
  10. pmc Experiences of outreach workers in promoting smoking cessation to Bangladeshi and Pakistani men: longitudinal qualitative evaluation
    Rachna A Begh
    Allergy and Respiratory Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:452. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications71

  1. pmc Self-help materials for the prevention of smoking relapse: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Fujian Song
    Norwich Medical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Trials 13:69. 2012
    ..This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a set of self-help educational materials to prevent smoking relapse in the National Health Service (NHS) Stop Smoking Service...
  2. pmc Does school ethos explain the relationship between value-added education and teenage substance use? A cohort study
    Wolfgang A Markham
    School of Health and Social Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    Soc Sci Med 75:69-76. 2012
    ..Understanding the underpinning mechanisms is a potentially important public health concern...
  3. pmc A randomised trial of nicotine assisted reduction to stop in pharmacies - the RedPharm study
    Taina Taskila
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, School of Health and Population Sciences, Primary Care Clinical Sciences Building, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 12:182. 2012
    ..This pilot study aims therefore to examine the feasibility of implementing smoking reduction programme in pharmacies, and also to see if behavioural support and a longer treatment affect the success rate for cessation...
  4. doi Brief opportunistic smoking cessation interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare advice to quit and offer of assistance
    Paul Aveyard
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Addiction 107:1066-73. 2012
    ..This study aimed to assess the effects of opportunistic brief physician advice to stop smoking and offer of assistance on incidence of attempts to stop and quit success in smokers not selected by motivation to quit...
  5. pmc Promoting smoking cessation in Pakistani and Bangladeshi men in the UK: pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of trained community outreach workers
    Rachna A Begh
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Trials 12:197. 2011
    ....
  6. pmc Rapid reduction versus abrupt quitting for smokers who want to stop soon: a randomised controlled non-inferiority trial
    Nicola Lindson
    Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Trials 10:69. 2009
    ..Few trials of reduction versus abrupt cessation have been completed. Most are small, do not use pharmacotherapy, and do not meet the standards necessary to obtain a marketing authorization for a pharmacotherapy...
  7. pmc Trial Protocol: randomised controlled trial of the effects of very low calorie diet, modest dietary restriction, and sequential behavioural programme on hunger, urges to smoke, abstinence and weight gain in overweight smokers stopping smoking
    Deborah Lycett
    UKCTCS, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Trials 11:94. 2010
    ....
  8. pmc Promoting smoking cessation in Bangladeshi and Pakistani male adults: design of a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of trained community smoking cessation workers
    Rachna A Begh
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Trials 10:71. 2009
    ....
  9. pmc Trial protocol and preliminary results for a cluster randomised trial of behavioural support versus brief advice for smoking cessation in adolescents
    Wolfgang A Markham
    School of Health and Social Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK
    BMC Res Notes 3:336. 2010
    ..abstract:..
  10. pmc Experiences of outreach workers in promoting smoking cessation to Bangladeshi and Pakistani men: longitudinal qualitative evaluation
    Rachna A Begh
    Allergy and Respiratory Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:452. 2011
    ..We report on a qualitative evaluation of a community-based, outreach worker delivered, intervention that aimed to increase uptake of NHS smoking cessation services and tailor services to meet the needs of Bangladeshi and Pakistani men...
  11. pmc Trial Protocol: Using genotype to tailor prescribing of nicotine replacement therapy: a randomised controlled trial assessing impact of communication upon adherence
    Theresa M Marteau
    Psychology Department at Guy s, Health Psychology Section, King s College London, 5th floor Bermondsey Wing, Guy s Campus, London SE1 9RT, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:680. 2010
    ..II Amongst smokers who fail to quit at six months, motivation to make another quit attempt is lower when informed that their oral dose of NRT was tailored to genotype rather than phenotype...
  12. pmc Physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy: two feasibility studies
    Michael Ussher
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St, George s University of London, London, SW17 0RE, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:328. 2008
    ..Two pilot studies assessed i) the feasibility of recruiting pregnant women to a trial of physical activity for smoking cessation, ii) adherence to physical activity and iii) women' perceptions of the intervention...
  13. pmc Canadian and English students' beliefs about waterpipe smoking: a qualitative study
    Jeremy Roskin
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BMC Public Health 9:10. 2009
    ..Waterpipe smoking is becoming popular among western students. The aim was to understand the appeal to students of this form of smoking when other forms of smoking are becoming less common...
  14. pmc Waterpipe smoking in students: prevalence, risk factors, symptoms of addiction, and smoke intake. Evidence from one British university
    Daniel Jackson
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:174. 2008
    ..Anecdotal reports suggest waterpipe smoking is becoming common in students in western countries. The aim was to examine prevalence, risk factors, symptoms of addiction, and smoke intake...
  15. pmc Mediated, moderated and direct effects of country of residence, age, and gender on the cognitive and social determinants of adolescent smoking in Spain and the UK: a cross-sectional study
    Wolfgang A Markham
    School of Health and Social Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK
    BMC Public Health 9:173. 2009
    ..The ASE model is, thus, closely related to the Theory of Planned Behaviour. This study assessed the utility of the ASE model using cross-sectional data from Spanish and UK adolescents...
  16. pmc A pilot randomised controlled trial of the feasibility of using body scan and isometric exercises for reducing urge to smoke in a smoking cessation clinic
    Lemees Al-Chalabi
    Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:349. 2008
    ..It is unclear whether they would be used or effective in typical smokers attempting to quit...
  17. doi The effect of Transtheoretical Model based interventions on smoking cessation
    Paul Aveyard
    Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 68:397-403. 2009
    ..These effects may instead have occurred because TTM-based interventions were more intensive than control interventions...
  18. pmc Assessing the outcomes of prolonged cessation-induction and aid-to-cessation trials: floating prolonged abstinence
    Paul Aveyard
    School of Population and Health Sciences Medical School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:475-80. 2009
    ..Conventional outcome measures are tied to a fixed but arbitrary point in follow-up and cannot capture the true outcome: Prolonged cessation anchored to the point at which a person makes a successful quit attempt...
  19. pmc Managing smoking cessation
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 335:37-41. 2007
  20. pmc Nortriptyline plus nicotine replacement versus placebo plus nicotine replacement for smoking cessation: pragmatic randomised controlled trial
    Paul Aveyard
    Division of Primary Care and Public Health, University of Birmingham, UK
    BMJ 336:1223-7. 2008
    ..To test the efficacy of nortriptyline plus nicotine replacement therapy compared with placebo plus nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation...
  21. ncbi Does the multidimensional nature of Super Profiles help district health authorities understand the way social capital affects health?
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health, Birmingham Health Authority
    J Public Health Med 22:317-23. 2000
    ..As Super Profiles describe the social character of an area and they are easy for health authorities to use, they could provide a simple method for local assessment of how social organization affects health...
  22. ncbi The cost effectiveness of including pencils and erasers with self-completion epidemiological questionnaires
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Public Health 115:80-1. 2001
    ..Including pencils with mailed epidemiological questionnaires probably has no benefit and any plausible benefit does not offset the costs of sending pencils and erasers...
  23. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of smoking cessation for pregnant women to test the effect of a transtheoretical model-based intervention on movement in stage and interaction with baseline stage
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 11:263-78. 2006
    ..To examine whether, as predicted by the transtheoretical model (TTM), stage-matched interventions will be more effective than stage-mismatched interventions...
  24. pmc Weekly versus basic smoking cessation support in primary care: a randomised controlled trial
    Paul Aveyard
    Cancer Research UK General Practice Research Group, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Thorax 62:898-903. 2007
    ....
  25. ncbi The change-in-stage and updated smoking status results from a cluster-randomized trial of smoking prevention and cessation using the transtheoretical model among British adolescents
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 33:313-24. 2001
    ..The transtheoretical model (TTM) and computer technology are promising technologies for changing health behavior, but there is little evidence of their effectiveness among adolescents...
  26. ncbi The risk of smoking in relation to engagement with a school-based smoking intervention
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:869-82. 2003
    ..The best explanation is that disengagement from school, an established risk factor for smoking, generalises to disengagement from didactic school-based health promotion programmes...
  27. ncbi The influence of school culture on smoking among pupils
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:1767-80. 2004
    ..27), respectively. Adjustment for pupil-level smoking risk factors had little effect. School culture is an independent risk factor for adolescent smoking. Schools providing effective support and control might protect pupils from smoking...
  28. ncbi A methodological and substantive review of the evidence that schools cause pupils to smoke
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:2253-65. 2004
    ..However, under-control and over-control of confounding and lack of theoretical underpinning precludes definitive conclusions on how particular school characteristics influence pupils' smoking...
  29. ncbi A controlled trial of an expert system and self-help manual intervention based on the stages of change versus standard self-help materials in smoking cessation
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Addiction 98:345-54. 2003
    ..To examine the population impact and effectiveness of the Pro-Change smoking cessation course based on the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) compared to standard self-help smoking cessation literature...
  30. ncbi Is inter-school variation in smoking uptake and cessation due to differences in pupil composition? A cohort study
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Health Place 11:55-65. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi Can the stages of change for smoking acquisition be measured reliably in adolescents?
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 35:407-14. 2002
    ..was to examine the reliability of the algorithm...
  32. ncbi Is advice to stop smoking from a midwife stressful for pregnant women who smoke? Data from a randomized controlled trial
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Prev Med 40:575-82. 2005
    ..There are no randomized trials examining whether intensive advice to pregnant smokers is more stressful than standard care...
  33. ncbi The relationship between mean birth weight and poverty using the Townsend deprivation score and the Super Profile classification system
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health, Birmingham Health Authority, UK
    Public Health 116:308-14. 2002
    ..We conclude that Super Profiles are probably unsuitable as measures of deprivation of small areas...
  34. pmc The influence of in-pregnancy smoking cessation programmes on partner quitting and women's social support mobilization: a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN89131885]
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 5:80. 2005
    ..Smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy could influence a woman's social behaviour and her partner's smoking behaviour, but this has not been examined in any published randomized trials...
  35. ncbi Does smoking status influence the prognosis of bladder cancer? A systematic review
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    BJU Int 90:228-39. 2002
    ..To summarize, in a systematic review, the evidence for the effect of stopping smoking on recurrence, cancer-specific and all cause-mortality among smokers with newly diagnosed bladder cancer...
  36. pmc Cluster randomised controlled trial of expert system based on the transtheoretical ("stages of change") model for smoking prevention and cessation in schools
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 319:948-53. 1999
    ..To examine whether a year long programme based on the transtheoretical model of behaviour change, incorporating three sessions using an expert system computer program and three class lessons, could reduce the prevalence of teenage smoking...
  37. doi Do the Transtheoretical Model processes of change, decisional balance and temptation predict stage movement? Evidence from smoking cessation in adolescents
    Boliang Guo
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Addiction 104:828-38. 2009
    ..To examine the effects of processes of change (POC) on forward stage movement directly, indirectly through decisional balance and temptation, and total effects as a test of the key hypothesis of the Transtheoretical Model (TTM)...
  38. doi Use of nicotine replacement therapy for smoking reduction and during enforced temporary abstinence: a national survey of English smokers
    E Beard
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University College London, London, UK
    Addiction 106:197-204. 2011
    ....
  39. ncbi Does stage-based smoking cessation advice in pregnancy result in long-term quitters? 18-month postpartum follow-up of a randomized controlled trial
    Terry Lawrence
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham UK
    Addiction 100:107-16. 2005
    ..It has been claimed that TTM-based interventions will continue to create quitters after the end of the intervention period...
  40. pmc A cluster randomised controlled trial of smoking cessation in pregnant women comparing interventions based on the transtheoretical (stages of change) model to standard care
    T Lawrence
    The Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Tob Control 12:168-77. 2003
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness in helping pregnant women stop smoking of two interventions (Pro-Change for a healthy pregnancy) based on the transtheoretical model of behaviour change (TTM) compared to current standard care...
  41. ncbi 'Cut down to quit' with nicotine replacement therapies in smoking cessation: a systematic review of effectiveness and economic analysis
    D Wang
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Health Technol Assess 12:iii-iv, ix-xi, 1-135. 2008
    ..To examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for 'cut down to quit' (CDTQ) smoking...
  42. ncbi Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of computer and other electronic aids for smoking cessation: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
    Y F Chen
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Health Technol Assess 16:1-205, iii-v. 2012
    ..Approaches to behaviour change can be supplemented with electronic aids, and this may significantly increase quit rates and prevent a proportion of cases that relapse...
  43. pmc The importance of social sources of cigarettes to school students
    E Croghan
    Behavioural Epidemiology Research Group, Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Tob Control 12:67-73. 2003
    ..To discover the importance of social sources of tobacco to young people as opposed to commercial sources; to describe the peer market for cigarettes in schools and the consequences for young people of their involvement in it...
  44. pmc A randomised controlled trial to compare a range of commercial or primary care led weight reduction programmes with a minimal intervention control for weight loss in obesity: the Lighten Up trial
    Kate Jolly
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:439. 2010
    ....
  45. ncbi Predicting the life-time benefit of school-based smoking prevention programmes
    Mark Jit
    Health Economics Unit, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Addiction 105:1109-16. 2010
    ..We explored whether delaying the age at which someone initiates smoking may have life-time benefits by increasing the likelihood of quitting in later life...
  46. ncbi School nurses: policies, working practices, roles and value perceptions
    Emma Croghan
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    J Adv Nurs 47:377-85. 2004
    ..There is very little literature on this topic and, in particular, little that is written from a practitioner perspective...
  47. doi Using latent class and latent transition analysis to examine the transtheoretical model staging algorithm and sequential stage transition in adolescent smoking
    Boliang Guo
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Subst Use Misuse 44:2028-42. 2009
    ..There was reasonable support for the staging algorithm but no evidence of sequential stage transition. The research was funded by Cancer Research UK...
  48. ncbi A new theory of health promoting schools based on human functioning, school organisation and pedagogic practice
    Wolfgang A Markham
    School of Education, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:1209-20. 2003
    ..It is concluded that the new theory may have a number of advantages over existing theories at both the policy and intervention levels...
  49. pmc Effectiveness and safety of nicotine replacement therapy assisted reduction to stop smoking: systematic review and meta-analysis
    David Moore
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 338:b1024. 2009
    ..To determine the effectiveness and safety of nicotine replacement therapy assisted reduction to stop smoking...
  50. doi A proof of concept randomised placebo controlled factorial trial to examine the efficacy of St John's wort for smoking cessation and chromium to prevent weight gain on smoking cessation
    Amanda Parsons
    Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Drug Alcohol Depend 102:116-22. 2009
    ..St John's wort is an effective antidepressant that can reduce tobacco withdrawal symptoms, but it is not known whether it assists cessation. Chromium assists weight loss and might limit post cessation weight gain...
  51. ncbi Testing the convergent and discriminant validity of the Decisional Balance Scale of the Transtheoretical Model using the Multi-Trait Multi-Method approach
    Boliang Guo
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychol Addict Behav 22:288-94. 2008
    ..Taken with other data, there is strong evidence for construct validity of Decisional Balance for smoking in adolescence, but evidence of predictive validity is required...
  52. doi An updated meta-analysis of nicotine preloading for smoking cessation: investigating mediators of the effect
    Nicola Lindson
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 214:579-92. 2011
    ..Two reviews have estimated the effect of preloading on abstinence, but need updating. Neither investigated possible mediators or moderators of the effect, which could have implications for individual treatment plans...
  53. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of pharmacological interventions for smoking cessation: a literature review and a decision analytic analysis
    Fujian Song
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Med Decis Making 22:S26-37. 2002
    ..The cost-effectiveness of adding NRT and bupropion SR to advice or counseling for smoking cessation is better than many other accepted health care interventions...
  54. ncbi What determines future smoking intentions of 12- to 13-year-old UK African-Caribbean, Indian, Pakistani and white young people?
    Wolfgang A Markham
    School of Education, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Health Educ Res 19:15-28. 2004
    ....
  55. ncbi New York City offensive against tobacco
    Mike Murphy
    Childhood Cancer Research Group, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HJ, UK
    Lancet 365:1831-2. 2005
  56. ncbi The risk of preterm delivery in women from different ethnic groups
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    BJOG 109:894-9. 2002
    ..To examine whether routinely measured variables explained the increased risk of preterm delivery in some UK ethnic groups...
  57. doi The factor structure and factorial invariance for the decisional balance scale for adolescent smoking
    Boliang Guo
    Division of Primary Care and Public Health, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Int J Behav Med 16:158-63. 2009
    ..The transtheoretical model is a framework to explain smoking uptake and cessation in adolescence. Decisional balance is proposed as a driver of stage movement...
  58. pmc Influence of smoking cessation after diagnosis of early stage lung cancer on prognosis: systematic review of observational studies with meta-analysis
    A Parsons
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 340:b5569. 2010
    ..To systematically review the evidence that smoking cessation after diagnosis of a primary lung tumour affects prognosis...
  59. ncbi A randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of a letter from a consultant surgeon in causing smokers to stop smoking pre-operatively
    K Andrews
    Medical School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Public Health 120:356-8. 2006
  60. ncbi What happens to women's self-reported cigarette consumption and urinary cotinine levels in pregnancy?
    Terry Lawrence
    Behavioural Epidemiology Research Group, Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Addiction 98:1315-20. 2003
    ..To describe the pattern of self-reported cigarette consumption and nicotine consumption, measured by urinary cotinine concentration, in a cohort of pregnant women who did not stop smoking...
  61. ncbi Reduction versus abrupt cessation in smokers who want to quit
    Nicola Lindson
    Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands, UK, B15 2TT
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD008033. 2010
    ..Further research needs to investigate which method of reduction before quitting is the most effective, and which categories of smokers benefit the most from each method, to inform future policy and intervention development...
  62. ncbi Does smoking influence survival in cancer patients through effects on respiratory and vascular disease?
    Taane G Clark
    Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Old Road, Headington, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Cancer Prev 15:87-90. 2006
    ..Mortality among cancer patients might fall if more assistance in stopping smoking was provided for patients who have smoking-related cancers...
  63. pmc The partial smoking ban in licensed establishments and health inequalities in England: modelling study
    Alan A Woodall
    Telford and Wrekin Primary Care Trust, Telford TF1 5RY
    BMJ 331:488-9. 2005
  64. ncbi Value-added education and smoking uptake in schools: a cohort study
    Wolfgang A Markham
    School of Health and Social Studies, University of Warwick, UK
    Addiction 103:155-61. 2008
    ..To show that schools achieving higher examination pass and lower truancy rates than expected, given that their pupil populations (high value-added schools) are associated with a lower incidence of smoking among pupils (13-14 years)...
  65. pmc Is attributing smoking to genetic causes associated with a reduced probability of quit attempt success? A cohort study
    Alison J Wright
    Health Psychology, King s College London, London, UK
    Addiction 102:1657-64. 2007
    ..This study examines whether attributing smoking to genetic influences is associated with reduced quitting and whether this effect is mediated by perceived control over smoking...
  66. pmc School culture as an influencing factor on youth substance use
    Sherri Bisset
    Groupe de recherche interdisciplinaire en sante, Universite de Montreal, CP 6128, Succ Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:485-90. 2007
    ....
  67. doi The place of varenicline in smoking cessation treatment
    Paul Aveyard
    Thorax 63:666-8. 2008
  68. ncbi Does exercise in adolescence prevent smoking uptake?
    Paul Aveyard
    Addiction 102:1025-6. 2007
  69. pmc Motivational interviewing for smokers
    Paul Aveyard
    Br J Gen Pract 57:67. 2007
  70. doi Association of COMT Val108/158Met genotype with smoking cessation
    Marcus R Munafo
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, UK
    Pharmacogenet Genomics 18:121-8. 2008
    ..We also investigated the association of the COMT genotype with withdrawal and mood symptoms, to identify possible mediating mechanisms by which the COMT genotype might influence response to NRT...
  71. ncbi A preliminary investigation into factors influencing limiting long-standing illness among UK university graduates: a retrospective cohort study
    Wolfgang A Markham
    School of Health and Social Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
    Health (London) 10:47-73. 2006
    ..These results support the idea that opportunities for good human functioning are culturally determined and affect health...