R Araya

Summary

Affiliation: University of Bristol
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Perceptions of social capital and the built environment and mental health
    Ricardo Araya
    University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 62:3072-83. 2006
  2. pmc Low intensity vs. self-guided internet-delivered psychotherapy for major depression: a multicenter, controlled, randomized study
    Yolanda Lopez-del-Hoyo
    Departamento de Psicología y Sociología, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    BMC Psychiatry 13:21. 2013
  3. ncbi request reprint Lessons from scaling up a depression treatment program in primary care in Chile
    Ricardo Araya
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 32:234-40. 2012
  4. pmc Problem-solving therapy for depression and common mental disorders in Zimbabwe: piloting a task-shifting primary mental health care intervention in a population with a high prevalence of people living with HIV
    Dixon Chibanda
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
    BMC Public Health 11:828. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Treating depression in primary care in low-income women in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 361:995-1000. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of a primary care treatment program for depression in low-income women in Santiago, Chile
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6UJ
    Am J Psychiatry 163:1379-87. 2006
  7. pmc Inequities in mental health care after health care system reform in Chile
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, England
    Am J Public Health 96:109-13. 2006
  8. pmc School-based intervention to improve the mental health of low-income, secondary school students in Santiago, Chile (YPSA): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Ricardo Araya
    University of Bristol, School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK
    Trials 12:49. 2011
  9. pmc Education and income: which is more important for mental health?
    R Araya
    University of Bristol, Division of Psychiatry, Bristol, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:501-5. 2003
  10. doi request reprint Effects of stressful life events, maternal depression and 5-HTTLPR genotype on emotional symptoms in pre-adolescent children
    Ricardo Araya
    University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 150:670-82. 2009

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. ncbi request reprint Perceptions of social capital and the built environment and mental health
    Ricardo Araya
    University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 62:3072-83. 2006
    ..We conclude that our results provide some evidence in support of an association between mental health (GHQ-12 scores) and perceptions of social capital, but less support for the contextual nature of social capital...
  2. pmc Low intensity vs. self-guided internet-delivered psychotherapy for major depression: a multicenter, controlled, randomized study
    Yolanda Lopez-del-Hoyo
    Departamento de Psicología y Sociología, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    BMC Psychiatry 13:21. 2013
    ..The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of low intensity vs self-guided psychotherapy for major depression in the Spanish health system...
  3. ncbi request reprint Lessons from scaling up a depression treatment program in primary care in Chile
    Ricardo Araya
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 32:234-40. 2012
    ....
  4. pmc Problem-solving therapy for depression and common mental disorders in Zimbabwe: piloting a task-shifting primary mental health care intervention in a population with a high prevalence of people living with HIV
    Dixon Chibanda
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
    BMC Public Health 11:828. 2011
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Treating depression in primary care in low-income women in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 361:995-1000. 2003
    ..We aimed to compare the effectiveness of a stepped-care programme with usual care in primary-care management of depression in low-income women in Santiago, Chile...
  6. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of a primary care treatment program for depression in low-income women in Santiago, Chile
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6UJ
    Am J Psychiatry 163:1379-87. 2006
    ..The authors compared the incremental cost-effectiveness of a stepped-care, multicomponent program with usual care for the treatment of depressed women in primary care in Santiago, Chile...
  7. pmc Inequities in mental health care after health care system reform in Chile
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, England
    Am J Public Health 96:109-13. 2006
    ..We compared differences in mental health needs and provision of mental health services among residents of Santiago, Chile, with private and public health insurance coverage...
  8. pmc School-based intervention to improve the mental health of low-income, secondary school students in Santiago, Chile (YPSA): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Ricardo Araya
    University of Bristol, School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK
    Trials 12:49. 2011
    ..This proposal aims to evaluate a school-based, universal psychological intervention to reduce depressive symptoms among student's aged 13-14 attending municipal state secondary schools in Santiago, Chile...
  9. pmc Education and income: which is more important for mental health?
    R Araya
    University of Bristol, Division of Psychiatry, Bristol, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:501-5. 2003
    ..To assess which indicators of socioeconomic status are associated with an increased prevalence of common mental disorders...
  10. doi request reprint Effects of stressful life events, maternal depression and 5-HTTLPR genotype on emotional symptoms in pre-adolescent children
    Ricardo Araya
    University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 150:670-82. 2009
    ..Young cohorts are essential to improve our understanding of the impact of development on gene and environment interactions...
  11. doi request reprint Association between pubertal development and depressive symptoms in girls from a UK cohort
    C Joinson
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Psychol Med 42:2579-89. 2012
    ..It is unclear whether pubertal status or timing of puberty explains the increase in depressive symptoms in girls during adolescence...
  12. ncbi request reprint Mental health inequalities in Wales, UK: multi-level investigation of the effect of area deprivation
    Petros Skapinakis
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 186:417-22. 2005
    ..Geographical variation in the prevalence of common mental disorders has not been explained adequately...
  13. ncbi request reprint Common mental disorders and the built environment in Santiago, Chile
    Ricardo Araya
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 190:394-401. 2007
    ..There is growing research interest in the influence of the built environment on mental disorders...
  14. doi request reprint Sleep disturbances and depressive symptoms: an investigation of their longitudinal association in a representative sample of the UK general population
    P Skapinakis
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Psychol Med 43:329-39. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal association between sleep disturbances and depressive symptoms in a nationally representative sample...
  15. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption as a risk factor for non-recovery from common mental disorder: results from the longitudinal follow-up of the National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey
    J C Haynes
    Avon and Wiltshire Partnership NHS Mental Healthcare Trust, and Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Psychol Med 38:451-5. 2008
    ..Alcohol is commonly considered to be associated with persistence of common mental disorder (CMD; anxiety/depression). However no community-based longitudinal studies have investigated the direction of causality...
  16. doi request reprint Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy may protect against depression 21 months after pregnancy, an effect modified by MTHFR C677T genotype
    S J Lewis
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:97-103. 2012
    ..As low folate status has been implicated in depression, high folate intake, in the form of supplements, during pregnancy might offer protection against depression during pregnancy and postpartum...
  17. pmc Emotional symptoms in children: The effect of maternal depression, life events, and COMT genotype
    Jonathan Evans
    University of Bristol, Cotham Hill, UK
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 150:209-18. 2009
    ..Although some studies indicate a role for COMT in emotionality, anxiety, and depression in adults, no direct effect or interaction of COMT genotype was observed in this large sample of young children...
  18. ncbi request reprint Smoking and common mental disorders: a population-based survey in Santiago, Chile
    Ricardo Araya
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol, BS6 6JL, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:874-80. 2007
    ..We aimed to study the association between smoking and common mental disorders after adjusting for alcohol, illicit drug use and other confounders...
  19. ncbi request reprint Mental health and quality of residential environment
    Hollie Thomas
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 191:500-5. 2007
    ..There is increasing interest in the proposition that residential environment can affect mental health...
  20. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic position and common mental disorders. Longitudinal study in the general population in the UK
    Petros Skapinakis
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 189:109-17. 2006
    ..Individuals in lower socio-economic groups have an increased prevalence of common mental disorders...
  21. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic status in childhood and later alcohol use: a systematic review
    Nicola J Wiles
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 102:1546-63. 2007
    ..To conduct a systematic review of longitudinal studies that examined the association between childhood socio-economic status (SES) and alcohol use in later life...
  22. doi request reprint Therapist-delivered Internet psychotherapy for depression in primary care: a randomised controlled trial
    David Kessler
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, NIHR National School for Primary Care Research, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 374:628-34. 2009
    ..We investigated the effectiveness of CBT delivered online in real time by a therapist for patients with depression in primary care...
  23. ncbi request reprint The thermolabile variant of MTHFR is associated with depression in the British Women's Heart and Health Study and a meta-analysis
    S J Lewis
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    Mol Psychiatry 11:352-60. 2006
    ..36 (95% CI: 1.11, 1.67, P=0.003). Since this genotype influences the functioning of the folate metabolic pathway, these findings suggest that folate or its derivatives may be causally related to risk of depression...
  24. doi request reprint Is socioeconomic status in early life associated with drug use? A systematic review of the evidence
    James Z Daniel
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Drug Alcohol Rev 28:142-53. 2009
    ..To conduct a systematic review of longitudinal studies that examined the association between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and illegal drug use in later life...
  25. ncbi request reprint Substance use among medical students: time to reignite the debate?
    Dheeraj Rai
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Natl Med J India 21:75-8. 2008
    ..We aimed to explore the patterns of substance use among a sample of medical students from the Indian subcontinent...
  26. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption as a risk factor for anxiety and depression: results from the longitudinal follow-up of the National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey
    Jonathan C Haynes
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 187:544-51. 2005
    ..Longitudinal studies have been in conclusive in identifying alcohol as a risk factor for anxiety and depression...
  27. doi request reprint Invited commentary on... Mental health research priorities in low- and middle-income countries
    Ricardo Araya
    University of Bristol, Division of Psychiatry, Cotham House Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 195:364-5. 2009
    ..In the absence of funding, establishing research priorities is seen by many as an exercise of lesser importance...
  28. ncbi request reprint Negative self-schemas and the onset of depression in women: longitudinal study
    Jonathan Evans
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 186:302-7. 2005
    ..Beck's cognitive theory of depression has received little empirical support...
  29. pmc Learning from low income countries: mental health
    Kwame McKenzie
    Royal Free and University College Medical School and Barnet, Enfield and Haringey Mental Health NHS Trust, Department of Mental Health Sciences, London NW3 2PF
    BMJ 329:1138-40. 2004
  30. ncbi request reprint Comparing sex inequalities in common affective disorders across countries: Great Britain and Chile
    Graciela Rojas
    Clinica Psiquiatrica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Avda La Paz 1003, Santiago, Chile
    Soc Sci Med 60:1693-703. 2005
    ..Education is a powerful socio-economic indicator that is difficult to revert later in life, especially in countries where opportunities for women are less forthcoming, and it might act as powerful reminder of social entrapment...
  31. ncbi request reprint [Quality of life of women depressed in the post-partum period]
    Graciela Rojas
    Departamento Psiquiatria y Salud Mental, Hospital Clinico, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 134:713-20. 2006
    ..Depression is common among women, specially during breeding...
  32. ncbi request reprint Worry content across the lifespan: an analysis of 16- to 74-year-old participants in the British National Survey of Psychiatric Morbidity 2000
    James Lindesay
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, UK
    Psychol Med 36:1625-33. 2006
    ..Previous studies suggest that worry content and prevalence may vary as a function of age, but evidence is limited...
  33. ncbi request reprint [Tobacco smoking and mental health]
    Graciela Rojas
    Departamento Psiquiatria y Salud Mental, Facultad de Medicina, Campus Norte, Universidad de Chile, Avenida La Paz 1003, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 131:873-80. 2003
    ..Smoking continues to be one of the most important health burdens worldwide...
  34. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of the association between somatoform disorders and anxiety and depressive disorders: an update
    Roselind Lieb
    Epidemiology and Health Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Basel, Missionsstrasse 60 62, 4055 Basel, Switzerland
    Psychosom Med 69:860-3. 2007
    ..To review the available epidemiological evidence on associations between somatoform disorders with anxiety and depressive disorders...
  35. ncbi request reprint Treatment of postnatal depression in low-income mothers in primary-care clinics in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial
    Graciela Rojas
    Hospital Clinico, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Lancet 370:1629-37. 2007
    ..We compared the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention with usual care to treat postnatal depression in low-income mothers in primary-care clinics in Santiago, Chile...
  36. ncbi request reprint Treatment and prevention of mental disorders in low-income and middle-income countries
    Vikram Patel
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 370:991-1005. 2007
    ..However, we recommend that policymakers should act on the available evidence to scale up effective and cost-effective treatments and preventive interventions for mental disorders...
  37. ncbi request reprint [A randomized trial of pharmacotherapy with telephone monitoring to improve treatment of depression in primary care in Santiago, Chile]
    Rosemarie Fritsch
    Hospital Clinico, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 135:587-95. 2007
    ..Depression is a public health problem, due to its high prevalence and its associated disability...
  38. ncbi request reprint International and regional variation in the prevalence of common mental disorders: do we need more surveys?
    Scott Weich
    Br J Psychiatry 184:289-90. 2004
  39. ncbi request reprint Treating depression in the developing world
    Vikram Patel
    Trop Med Int Health 9:539-41. 2004
  40. pmc Deciding who gets treatment for depression and anxiety: a study of consecutive GP attenders
    Julia Hyde
    King s College London Institute of Psychiatry, Health Psychology Section, Kings College London
    Br J Gen Pract 55:846-53. 2005
    ..However, less is known about the factors that determine whether patients with those disorders that are recognised receive any active treatment...
  41. pmc Self-help books for depression: how can practitioners and patients make the right choice?
    Liz Anderson
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol
    Br J Gen Pract 55:387-92. 2005
    ..Depression is a common and important public health problem most often treated by GPs. A self-help approach is popular with patients, yet little is known about its effectiveness...
  42. pmc The Lancet's series on global mental health: 1 year on
    Vikram Patel
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK Sangath Centre, Porvorim, Goa, India
    Lancet 372:1354-7. 2008