Paul N Appleby

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oxford
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi Diet, vegetarianism, and cataract risk
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:1128-35. 2011
  2. doi Physical activity and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34,696 British men and women
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    J Bone Miner Metab 26:191-8. 2008
  3. ncbi Comparative fracture risk in vegetarians and nonvegetarians in EPIC-Oxford
    P Appleby
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:1400-6. 2007
  4. ncbi Fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipids and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1353-63. 2008
  5. pmc Serum vitamin D and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1223-32. 2009
  6. doi The association between diet and serum concentrations of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1333-40. 2009
  7. doi Lifestyle factors and serum androgens among 636 middle aged men from seven countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Reiko Suzuki
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:811-21. 2009
  8. doi Mortality in British vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1613S-1619S. 2009
  9. doi A prospective analysis of the association between dietary fiber intake and prostate cancer risk in EPIC
    Reiko Suzuki
    Nuffield Department of Medicine, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 124:245-9. 2009
  10. ncbi Dietary fat intake and risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1405-13. 2008

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. doi Diet, vegetarianism, and cataract risk
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:1128-35. 2011
    ..Age-related cataract is a major cause of morbidity. Previous studies of diet and cataract risk have focused on specific nutrients or healthy eating indexes but not on identifiable dietary groups such as vegetarians...
  2. doi Physical activity and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34,696 British men and women
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    J Bone Miner Metab 26:191-8. 2008
    ..The markedly increased risk of fractures associated with bicycling, and the moderately increased risk associated with other exercise and sports, are probably the result of an increased incidence of injury...
  3. ncbi Comparative fracture risk in vegetarians and nonvegetarians in EPIC-Oxford
    P Appleby
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:1400-6. 2007
    ..To compare fracture rates in four diet groups (meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans) in the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)...
  4. ncbi Fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipids and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1353-63. 2008
    ..Plausible biological mechanisms underlie possible associations between fatty acids in blood and risk of prostate cancer; epidemiologic evidence for an association, however, is inconsistent...
  5. pmc Serum vitamin D and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1223-32. 2009
    ..In summary, the results of this large nested case-control study provide no evidence in support of a protective effect of circulating concentrations of vitamin D on the risk of prostate cancer...
  6. doi The association between diet and serum concentrations of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1333-40. 2009
    ....
  7. doi Lifestyle factors and serum androgens among 636 middle aged men from seven countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Reiko Suzuki
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:811-21. 2009
    ..To evaluate the association between lifestyle and dietary factors and serum concentrations of androgens in middle-aged healthy men...
  8. doi Mortality in British vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1613S-1619S. 2009
    ..Few prospective studies have examined the mortality of vegetarians...
  9. doi A prospective analysis of the association between dietary fiber intake and prostate cancer risk in EPIC
    Reiko Suzuki
    Nuffield Department of Medicine, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 124:245-9. 2009
    ..Our results suggest that dietary fiber intake is not associated with prostate cancer risk...
  10. ncbi Dietary fat intake and risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1405-13. 2008
    ..However, the results from more recent prospective studies do not support this hypothesis, and the possible association between different food sources of fat and prostate cancer risk also remains unclear...
  11. ncbi Risk of hospitalization or death from ischemic heart disease among British vegetarians and nonvegetarians: results from the EPIC-Oxford cohort study
    Francesca L Crowe
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:597-603. 2013
    ..Few previous prospective studies have examined differences in incident ischemic heart disease (IHD) risk between vegetarians and nonvegetarians...
  12. doi Macronutrient intake and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 132:635-44. 2013
    ..These findings suggest that animal and/or plant protein may affect the risk of urothelial cell carcinoma, and examination of these associations in other studies is needed...
  13. doi Prospective study of the association between grapefruit intake and risk of breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:803-9. 2009
    ..05). There was no association between grapefruit intake and estradiol or estrone among postmenopausal women. In this study, we found no evidence of an association between grapefruit intake and risk of breast cancer...
  14. doi Dietary fat and breast cancer: comparison of results from food diaries and food-frequency questionnaires in the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:1043-52. 2011
    ..Epidemiologic studies of dietary fat and breast cancer risk are inconsistent, and it has been suggested that a true relation may have been obscured by the imprecise measurement of fat intake...
  15. ncbi Plasma selenium concentration and prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1567-75. 2008
    ..Some evidence indicates that a low selenium intake may be associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer...
  16. ncbi Plasma carotenoids, retinol, and tocopherols and the risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:672-81. 2007
    ..Previous studies suggest that high plasma concentrations of carotenoids, retinol, or tocopherols may reduce the risk of prostate cancer...
  17. doi Vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids and colorectal cancer risk in the United Kingdom Dietary Cohort Consortium
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 131:E320-5. 2012
    ..There were no statistically significant associations between colorectal cancer risk and dietary intake of any of the vitamins, minerals or essential fatty acids examined...
  18. ncbi Lifestyle determinants of serum insulin-like growth-factor-I (IGF-I), C-peptide and hormone binding protein levels in British women
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 14:65-74. 2003
    ....
  19. pmc Insulin-like growth factor pathway genes and blood concentrations, dietary protein and risk of prostate cancer in the NCI Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3)
    Konstantinos K Tsilidis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 133:495-504. 2013
    ..001); SSTR5-rs197057 (uncorrected p for interaction, 0.002)]. We found no strong evidence that the associations between 16 IGF pathway SNPs and prostate cancer differed by intakes of dietary protein...
  20. doi Plasma phytanic acid concentration and risk of prostate cancer: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Alison J Price
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1769-76. 2010
    ..Phytanic acid, a fatty acid predominantly obtained from foods high in ruminant fat, may have a biological role in the up-regulation of the protein alpha-methylacyl-coenzyme A racemase, which is overexpressed in prostate cancer tissue...
  21. doi Plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans: results from the EPIC-Oxford study
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 14:340-6. 2011
    ..The objective was to investigate differences in vitamin D intake and plasma concentrations of 25(OH)D among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans...
  22. ncbi Serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-binding protein-3 concentrations and prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1121-7. 2007
    ..Some studies suggest that elevated serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I concentrations are associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer and, in particular, with an increased risk of advanced-stage prostate cancer...
  23. ncbi Insulin-like growth factor-I concentration and risk of prostate cancer: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Alison J Price
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 21:1531-41. 2012
    ..In this study, we investigate the association between circulating IGF-I concentration and risk of prostate cancer over the long term in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study...
  24. pmc Prediagnostic concentrations of plasma genistein and prostate cancer risk in 1,605 men with prostate cancer and 1,697 matched control participants in EPIC
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 23:1163-71. 2012
    ..We examined the association between circulating concentrations of genistein and prostate cancer risk in a case-control study nested in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition...
  25. ncbi Phytanic acid: measurement of plasma concentrations by gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and associations with diet and other plasma fatty acids
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Br J Nutr 99:653-9. 2008
    ..These data show that a diet high in fat from dairy products is associated with increased plasma phytanic acid concentration, which may play a role in cancer development...
  26. doi Cancer incidence in vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1620S-1626S. 2009
    ..Few prospective studies have examined cancer incidence among vegetarians...
  27. doi A cross-sectional analysis of the associations between adult height, BMI and serum concentrations of IGF-I and IGFBP-1 -2 and -3 in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Francesca L Crowe
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 38:194-202. 2011
    ..Height and BMI are risk factors for several types of cancer and may be related to circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), a peptide associated with increased cancer risk...
  28. ncbi EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK
    Gwyneth K Davey
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003
    ..To describe the lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes of the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)...
  29. ncbi Hypertension and blood pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in EPIC-Oxford
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:645-54. 2002
    ....
  30. pmc Serum uric acid concentrations in meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans: a cross-sectional analysis in the EPIC-Oxford cohort
    Julie A Schmidt
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e56339. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate differences in serum uric acid concentrations between meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans...
  31. ncbi Serum androgens and prostate cancer among 643 cases and 643 controls in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 121:1331-8. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:533S-538S. 2003
    ..Three prospective studies have examined the mortality of vegetarians in Britain...
  33. pmc Fruit and vegetable intake and mortality from ischaemic heart disease: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Heart study
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur Heart J 32:1235-43. 2011
    ..The objective was to assess the relation between fruit and vegetable intake and risk of mortality from IHD in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Heart study...
  34. ncbi Calcium, diet and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34 696 British women and men
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 10:1314-20. 2007
    ..The risk factors for fractures are incompletely understood. An outstanding question concerns the optimal amount of dietary calcium needed to minimise the risk of fracture...
  35. ncbi Nutrition and lifestyle in relation to bowel movement frequency: a cross-sectional study of 20630 men and women in EPIC-Oxford
    Miguel A Sanjoaquin
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:77-83. 2004
    ..To investigate the relationships between nutritional and lifestyle factors and bowel movement frequency...
  36. pmc Genetic variation in the lactase gene, dairy product intake and risk for prostate cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 132:1901-10. 2013
    ..CC homozygotes: 1.12, 0.96-1.32). These findings show that while variation in the lactase gene is associated with milk intake in men, the lactase polymorphism does not have a large effect on prostate cancer risk...
  37. doi Development and evaluation of the Oxford WebQ, a low-cost, web-based method for assessment of previous 24 h dietary intakes in large-scale prospective studies
    Bette Liu
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 14:1998-2005. 2011
    ....
  38. ncbi The associations of diet with serum insulin-like growth factor I and its main binding proteins in 292 women meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:1441-8. 2002
    ..0001) and explained most of the differences in IGF-I concentration between the diet groups. These data suggest that a plant-based diet is associated with lower circulating levels of total IGF-I and higher levels of IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2...
  39. ncbi A prospective study of vegetarianism and isoflavone intake in relation to breast cancer risk in British women
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 122:705-10. 2008
    ..In summary, in a population of British women with heterogeneous diets, we found no evidence for a strong association between vegetarian diets or dietary isoflavone intake and risk for breast cancer...
  40. pmc Diet and risk of diverticular disease in Oxford cohort of European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): prospective study of British vegetarians and non-vegetarians
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    BMJ 343:d4131. 2011
    ..To examine the associations of a vegetarian diet and dietary fibre intake with risk of diverticular disease...
  41. ncbi Soy intake and blood cholesterol concentrations: a cross-sectional study of 1033 pre- and postmenopausal women in the Oxford arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1391-6. 2004
    ..Clinical trials have suggested that the intake of soy protein reduces blood cholesterol. Few studies have explored this relation in subjects who consume soy as part of their regular diet...
  42. ncbi Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building
    Proc Nutr Soc 65:35-41. 2006
    ..Overall, the data suggest that the health of Western vegetarians is good and similar to that of comparable non-vegetarians...
  43. ncbi Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma in British meat-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:327-34. 2005
    ..Plasma concentrations of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are lower in vegetarians and in vegans than in omnivores. No data are available on whether these concentrations differ between long- and short-term vegetarians and vegans...
  44. doi Meat, poultry and fish and risk of colorectal cancer: pooled analysis of data from the UK dietary cohort consortium
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 21:1417-25. 2010
    ..In the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium, we examined associations of meat, poultry and fish intakes with colorectal cancer risk using standardised individual dietary data pooled from seven UK prospective studies...
  45. pmc Pooling biomarker data from different studies of disease risk, with a focus on endogenous hormones
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Oxford University, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:960-5. 2010
    ....
  46. ncbi Validity of self-reported height and weight in 4808 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:561-5. 2002
    ....
  47. pmc Interactions between genome-wide significant genetic variants and circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor 1, sex hormones, and binding proteins in relation to prostate cancer risk in the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cance
    Konstantinos K Tsilidis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 175:926-35. 2012
    ..005)). The authors found no strong evidence that associations between GWAS-identified SNPs and prostate cancer are modified by circulating concentrations of IGF-1, sex hormones, or their major binding proteins...
  48. ncbi Lifestyle and nutritional determinants of bioavailable androgens and related hormones in British men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 13:353-63. 2002
    ..To investigate the lifestyle and nutritional determinants of serum bioavailable androgens and their related hormones in men...
  49. ncbi Coronary heart disease and iron status: meta-analyses of prospective studies
    J Danesh
    Clinical Trial Service Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Circulation 99:852-4. 1999
    ..Studies of iron status and coronary heart disease (CHD) have yielded conflicting results. In a systematic review ("meta-analysis"), we quantitatively assessed epidemiological associations reported in prospective studies...
  50. ncbi Association of fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, albumin, or leukocyte count with coronary heart disease: meta-analyses of prospective studies
    J Danesh
    Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, England
    JAMA 279:1477-82. 1998
    ..A large number of epidemiologic studies have reported on associations between various "inflammatory" factors and coronary heart disease (CHD)...
  51. ncbi Mortality in British vegetarians
    Paul N Appleby
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:29-36. 2002
    ..To compare the mortality of British vegetarians and non-vegetarians...
  52. ncbi Dietary and lifestyle characteristics of meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans
    G Davey
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    IARC Sci Publ 156:113-4. 2002
  53. ncbi Diet and risk of kidney stones in the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Benjamin W Turney
    Department of Urology, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 29:363-9. 2014
    ..In conclusion, vegetarians have a lower risk of developing kidney stones compared with those who eat a high meat diet. This information may be important to advise the public about prevention of kidney stone formation. ..
  54. ncbi Weight gain over 5 years in 21,966 meat-eating, fish-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men and women in EPIC-Oxford
    M Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1389-96. 2006
    ..Cross-sectional studies have shown that vegetarians and vegans are leaner than omnivores. Longitudinal data on weight gain in these groups are sparse...
  55. ncbi Fibrin D-dimer and coronary heart disease: prospective study and meta-analysis
    J Danesh
    Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford
    Circulation 103:2323-7. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION:Although there may be an association between circulating D-dimer values and CHD, further studies are needed to determine the extent to which this is causal...
  56. doi Circulating concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 in relation to prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study
    Mattias Johansson
    Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umea University, 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:279-85. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between prostate cancer risk and circulating concentrations of folate and vitamin B(12) in a large prospective cohort...