A R Rudnicka

Summary

Affiliation: St George's
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Prevalence of overweight, obesity and thinness in 9-10 year old children in Mauritius
    Rishi Caleyachetty
    King s College London School of Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    Global Health 8:28. 2012
  2. doi request reprint An introduction to systematic reviews and meta-analyses in health care
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George s University of London, London, UK
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 32:174-83. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Sex differences in the relationship between inflammatory and hemostatic biomarkers and metabolic syndrome: British 1958 Birth Cohort
    A R Rudnicka
    Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Thromb Haemost 9:2337-44. 2011
  4. pmc Family and home correlates of children's physical activity in a multi-ethnic population: the cross-sectional Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE)
    Alison M McMinn
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:11. 2011
  5. pmc Chronic exposure to outdoor air pollution and diagnosed cardiovascular disease: meta-analysis of three large cross-sectional surveys
    Lindsay J L Forbes
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK
    Environ Health 8:30. 2009
  6. pmc Is the NEI-VFQ-25 a useful tool in identifying visual impairment in an elderly population?
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK
    BMC Ophthalmol 6:24. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Effect of breastfeeding and sociodemographic factors on visual outcome in childhood and adolescence
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1392-9. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint The effect of breastfeeding on cardiorespiratory risk factors in adult life
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 119:e1107-15. 2007
  9. pmc Ethnic differences in the prevalence of myopia and ocular biometry in 10- and 11-year-old children: the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE)
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:6270-6. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Associations of plasma fibrinogen and factor VII clotting activity with coronary heart disease and stroke: prospective cohort study from the screening phase of the Thrombosis Prevention Trial
    A R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, UK
    J Thromb Haemost 4:2405-10. 2006

Detail Information

Publications40

  1. pmc Prevalence of overweight, obesity and thinness in 9-10 year old children in Mauritius
    Rishi Caleyachetty
    King s College London School of Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    Global Health 8:28. 2012
    ..To document the prevalence of overweight, obesity and thinness in 9-10 year old children in Mauritius...
  2. doi request reprint An introduction to systematic reviews and meta-analyses in health care
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George s University of London, London, UK
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 32:174-83. 2012
    ..By combining numerical estimates from different studies we can be more precise about the estimate for an effect or outcome of interest...
  3. doi request reprint Sex differences in the relationship between inflammatory and hemostatic biomarkers and metabolic syndrome: British 1958 Birth Cohort
    A R Rudnicka
    Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Thromb Haemost 9:2337-44. 2011
    ..However, their associations with metabolic syndrome and its components in large populations of men and women have not been well defined...
  4. pmc Family and home correlates of children's physical activity in a multi-ethnic population: the cross-sectional Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE)
    Alison M McMinn
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:11. 2011
    ..This paper investigates associations between family and home factors and childhood PA in a multi-ethnic population and explores whether associations differ between ethnic groups...
  5. pmc Chronic exposure to outdoor air pollution and diagnosed cardiovascular disease: meta-analysis of three large cross-sectional surveys
    Lindsay J L Forbes
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK
    Environ Health 8:30. 2009
    ..Our study aimed to estimate the size of the association between long term exposure to outdoor air pollution and prevalent cardiovascular disease...
  6. pmc Is the NEI-VFQ-25 a useful tool in identifying visual impairment in an elderly population?
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK
    BMC Ophthalmol 6:24. 2006
    ..The use of self-report questionnaires to substitute for visual acuity measurement has been limited. We examined the association between visual impairment and self reported visual function in a population sample of older people in the UK...
  7. ncbi request reprint Effect of breastfeeding and sociodemographic factors on visual outcome in childhood and adolescence
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1392-9. 2008
    ..It has been suggested that early life factors, including breastfeeding and birth weight, program childhood myopia...
  8. ncbi request reprint The effect of breastfeeding on cardiorespiratory risk factors in adult life
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 119:e1107-15. 2007
    ..Nutrition in the first weeks of life may program disease risk in adulthood. We examined the influence of initial infant feeding on cardiorespiratory risk factors in adulthood...
  9. pmc Ethnic differences in the prevalence of myopia and ocular biometry in 10- and 11-year-old children: the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE)
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:6270-6. 2010
    ..In this study, ethnic differences in refractive status and ocular biometry were examined in a multiethnic sample of British children...
  10. ncbi request reprint Associations of plasma fibrinogen and factor VII clotting activity with coronary heart disease and stroke: prospective cohort study from the screening phase of the Thrombosis Prevention Trial
    A R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, UK
    J Thromb Haemost 4:2405-10. 2006
    ..As with 'conventional' risk factors such as cholesterol and smoking, there is a need for large, long-term prospective studies on hemostatic factors...
  11. ncbi request reprint Diurnal, seasonal, and blood-processing patterns in levels of circulating fibrinogen, fibrin D-dimer, C-reactive protein, tissue plasminogen activator, and von Willebrand factor in a 45-year-old population
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, United Kingdom
    Circulation 115:996-1003. 2007
    ....
  12. pmc Physical activity, obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors in 9- to 10-year-old UK children of white European, South Asian and black African-Caribbean origin: the Child Heart And health Study in England (CHASE)
    C G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 ORE, UK
    Diabetologia 53:1620-30. 2010
    ..We examined these associations in UK children of South Asian, black African-Caribbean and white European origin...
  13. doi request reprint Circulating markers of arterial thrombosis and late-stage age-related macular degeneration: a case-control study
    A R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, and Ophthalmology Department, Barts and The London NHS Trust, St Bartholomew s Hospital, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK
    Eye (Lond) 24:1199-206. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the relation of late-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with markers of systemic atherothrombosis...
  14. doi request reprint Chronic exposure to outdoor air pollution and lung function in adults
    L J L Forbes
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK
    Thorax 64:657-63. 2009
    ..The extent to which chronic exposure to outdoor air pollutants influences lung function in adults is unclear. The aim of this study was to measure the association between chronic exposure to outdoor air pollutants and adult lung function...
  15. pmc Is body mass index before middle age related to coronary heart disease risk in later life? Evidence from observational studies
    C G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 33:866-77. 2009
    ..We examined the relationship of body mass index (BMI) before 30 years of age to CHD risk in later life...
  16. doi request reprint C-reactive protein, obesity, atopy and asthma symptoms in middle-aged adults
    B K Butland
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, Tooting, London SW17 ORE, UK
    Eur Respir J 32:77-84. 2008
    ..Alternatively, it may reflect a more general association of C-reactive protein with smoking-related obstructive airways disease...
  17. doi request reprint An approach to localize the retinal blood vessels using bit planes and centerline detection
    M M Fraz
    Digital Imaging Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kingston University London, London, United Kingdom
    Comput Methods Programs Biomed 108:600-16. 2012
    ..The results demonstrate that the performance of the proposed algorithm is comparable with state of the art techniques in terms of accuracy, sensitivity and specificity...
  18. doi request reprint Ethnic differences in blood lipids and dietary intake between UK children of black African, black Caribbean, South Asian, and white European origin: the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE)
    Angela S Donin
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:776-83. 2010
    ..Ischemic heart disease (IHD) rates are lower in UK black Africans and black Caribbeans and higher in South Asians when compared with white Europeans. Ethnic differences in lipid concentrations may play a part in these differences...
  19. pmc Family dog ownership and levels of physical activity in childhood: findings from the Child Heart and Health Study in England
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London London, SW17 0RE, UK
    Am J Public Health 100:1669-71. 2010
    ....
  20. pmc Ethnic and gender differences in physical activity levels among 9-10-year-old children of white European, South Asian and African-Caribbean origin: the Child Heart Health Study in England (CHASE Study)
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1082-93. 2009
    ..We made objective measurements of physical activity in 9-10-year-old British children of South Asian, black African-Caribbean and white European origin...
  21. pmc Early emergence of ethnic differences in type 2 diabetes precursors in the UK: the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE Study)
    Peter H Whincup
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000263. 2010
    ..We examined whether corresponding ethnic differences were apparent in childhood...
  22. doi request reprint Measuring retinal vessel tortuosity in 10-year-old children: validation of the Computer-Assisted Image Analysis of the Retina (CAIAR) program
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2004-10. 2009
    ..To examine the agreement of a novel computer program measuring retinal vessel tortuosity with subjective assessment of tortuosity in school-aged children...
  23. doi request reprint Chronic exposure to outdoor air pollution and markers of systemic inflammation
    Lindsay J L Forbes
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, UK
    Epidemiology 20:245-53. 2009
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Vascular response of the bulbar conjunctiva to diabetes and elevated blood pressure
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Ophthalmology 112:1801-8. 2005
    ..We examined changes in conjunctival vessel morphologic features in participants with and without diabetes...
  25. ncbi request reprint Variations in primary open-angle glaucoma prevalence by age, gender, and race: a Bayesian meta-analysis
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4254-61. 2006
    ..To quantify the variation in primary open-angle glaucoma (OAG) prevalence with age, gender, race, year of publication, and survey methodology...
  26. ncbi request reprint Childhood chest illness and the rate of decline of adult lung function between ages 35 and 45 years
    Agnes E Marossy
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 175:355-9. 2007
    ..It has not yet been established whether respiratory illness in childhood predisposes to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease by accelerating the decline in adult lung function...
  27. ncbi request reprint Lifecourse influences on health among British adults: effects of region of residence in childhood and adulthood
    David P Strachan
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:522-31. 2007
    ..We examined inter-regional migrants in Britain to evaluate the relative importance of early and recent exposures for adult cardiorespiratory risk factors, mental ill-health and sensory function...
  28. doi request reprint Diabetes and the tortuosity of vessels of the bulbar conjunctiva
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Ophthalmology 115:e27-32. 2008
    ..However, little is known about the effect of diabetes on the tortuosity of vessels of the conjunctiva. The authors examined the tortuosity of conjunctival vessels in participants with and without diabetes...
  29. ncbi request reprint Does initial breastfeeding lead to lower blood cholesterol in adult life? A quantitative review of the evidence
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:305-14. 2008
    ..Earlier studies have suggested that infant feeding may program long-term changes in cholesterol metabolism...
  30. pmc Patterns of body size and adiposity among UK children of South Asian, black African-Caribbean and white European origin: Child Heart And health Study in England (CHASE Study)
    Claire M Nightingale
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:33-44. 2011
    ..A total of 5887 children aged 9-10 years participated (response rate 68%), including 1345 white Europeans, 1523 South Asians and 1570 black African-Caribbeans...
  31. ncbi request reprint Early influences on adult lung function in two national British cohorts
    L Orfei
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK
    Arch Dis Child 93:570-4. 2008
    ..To compare adult lung function in two national British cohorts, born in 1946 and 1958, in relation to birth weight, postnatal growth and early air-pollution exposure. Design and..
  32. pmc Nutritional composition of the diets of South Asian, black African-Caribbean and white European children in the United Kingdom: the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE)
    A S Donin
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London SW17 0RE, UK
    Br J Nutr 104:276-85. 2010
    ..Appreciable ethnic differences exist in the nutritional composition of children's diets, which may contribute to future differences in chronic disease risk...
  33. ncbi request reprint An association between plasma free protein s concentration and risk of coronary heart disease in middle-aged men
    A R Rudnicka
    Department of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, St. Bartholomew's and Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
    Thromb Res 101:1-11. 2001
    ..15 (0.98-1.35) for CHD, of borderline conventional statistical significance. This association of free protein S with risk of CHD may reflect effects of plaque-destabilising inflammatory activity on protein S levels...
  34. doi request reprint Blood vessel segmentation methodologies in retinal images--a survey
    M M Fraz
    Digital Imaging Research Centre, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing, Kingston University London, London, United Kingdom
    Comput Methods Programs Biomed 108:407-33. 2012
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Optimal green (red-free) digital imaging of conjunctival vasculature
    Christopher G Owen
    Department of Public Health Sciences, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 22:234-43. 2002
    ..Green illumination is commonly used to image vessels of the retina and conjunctiva. The purpose was to derive the best optical set-up for imaging vessels of the conjunctiva...
  36. ncbi request reprint Prenatal screening for Down syndrome: the problem of recurrent false-positives
    Nicholas J Wald
    Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, Charterhouse Square, London, UK
    Prenat Diagn 24:389-92. 2004
    ..We examined the effect of this in the screening programme conducted from the Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine with a view to determining the magnitude of the effect, and to describe a method of avoiding the problem...
  37. ncbi request reprint Thrombosis prevention trial: compliance with warfarin treatment and investigation of a retained effect
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Department of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Medical Research Council Epidemiology and Medical Care Unit, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, London, England
    Arch Intern Med 163:1454-60. 2003
    ..This article examines compliance (duration of treatment) with warfarin treatment and whether warfarin has a retained effect...
  38. ncbi request reprint Influence of maternal smoking on the birth prevalence of Down syndrome and on second trimester screening performance
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Department of Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
    Prenat Diagn 22:893-7. 2002
    ..To determine the influence of maternal smoking on the birth prevalence of Down syndrome and on second trimester screening performance...
  39. ncbi request reprint Low-intensity warfarin reduces thrombin generation and fibrin turnover, but not low-grade inflammation, in men at risk of myocardial infarction
    Peter K MacCallum
    Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
    Br J Haematol 127:448-50. 2004
    ..02 and 0.03 respectively); levels fell as INR increased (P for trend 0.04 and 0.002 respectively). C-reactive protein did not vary with INR. The efficacy of warfarin is related to reductions in thrombin generation and fibrin turnover...
  40. ncbi request reprint Sequential and contingent prenatal screening for Down syndrome
    Nicholas J Wald
    Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
    Prenat Diagn 26:769-77. 2006
    ....