R J Stubbs

Summary

Affiliation: Rowett Research Institute
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The effect of graded levels of exercise on energy intake and balance in free-living women
    R J Stubbs
    The Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:866-9. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Effects of two weeks' mandatory snack consumption on energy intake and energy balance
    Stephen Whybrow
    Department of Obesity and Metabolic Health, Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, Scotland
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:673-85. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint A decrease in physical activity affects appetite, energy, and nutrient balance in lean men feeding ad libitum
    R James Stubbs
    Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:62-9. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Rate and extent of compensatory changes in energy intake and expenditure in response to altered exercise and diet composition in humans
    R J Stubbs
    Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, AB21 9SB
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 286:R350-8. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Energy density, diet composition and palatability: influences on overall food energy intake in humans
    R J Stubbs
    The Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland AB21 9SB, UK
    Physiol Behav 81:755-64. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint The effect of graded levels of exercise on energy intake and balance in free-living men, consuming their normal diet
    R J Stubbs
    The Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:129-40. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrates, appetite and feeding behavior in humans
    R J Stubbs
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland
    J Nutr 131:2775S-2781S. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint The effect of ingesting olestra-based foods on feeding behavior and energy balance in humans
    R J Stubbs
    Human Appetite Group, Aberdeen Center for Energy Regulation and Obesity, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, United Kingdom
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 41:363-86. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Effect of altering the variety of sensorially distinct foods, of the same macronutrient content, on food intake and body weight in men
    R J Stubbs
    The Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 55:19-28. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Description and evaluation of a Newton-based electronic appetite rating system for temporal tracking of appetite in human subjects
    R J Stubbs
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland AB21 9SB, UK
    Physiol Behav 72:615-9. 2001

Detail Information

Publications29

  1. ncbi request reprint The effect of graded levels of exercise on energy intake and balance in free-living women
    R J Stubbs
    The Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:866-9. 2002
    ..We assessed the effect of graded increases in exercised-induced energy expenditure (EE) on appetite, daily energy intake (EI), total daily EE and body weight in six lean women using a within-subject, repeated measures design...
  2. ncbi request reprint Effects of two weeks' mandatory snack consumption on energy intake and energy balance
    Stephen Whybrow
    Department of Obesity and Metabolic Health, Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, Scotland
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:673-85. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint A decrease in physical activity affects appetite, energy, and nutrient balance in lean men feeding ad libitum
    R James Stubbs
    Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:62-9. 2004
    ..It is not clear how decreased activity quantitatively affects energy balance (EB) in subjects feeding ad libitum...
  4. ncbi request reprint Rate and extent of compensatory changes in energy intake and expenditure in response to altered exercise and diet composition in humans
    R J Stubbs
    Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, AB21 9SB
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 286:R350-8. 2004
    ..These changes were significant, small but persistent, amounting to approximately 0.2 and approximately 0.35 MJ/day for EI and EE, respectively...
  5. ncbi request reprint Energy density, diet composition and palatability: influences on overall food energy intake in humans
    R J Stubbs
    The Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland AB21 9SB, UK
    Physiol Behav 81:755-64. 2004
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint The effect of graded levels of exercise on energy intake and balance in free-living men, consuming their normal diet
    R J Stubbs
    The Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:129-40. 2002
    ..To assess the effect of graded increases in exercised-induced energy expenditure (EE) on appetite, energy intake (EI), total daily EE and body weight in men living in their normal environment and consuming their usual diets...
  7. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrates, appetite and feeding behavior in humans
    R J Stubbs
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland
    J Nutr 131:2775S-2781S. 2001
    ..Although it is easier to overeat on high fat than low fat foods, simply replacing fat with carbohydrate in the diet may not be as protective against overconsumption as the energy density or fat-sugar seesaw arguments suggest...
  8. ncbi request reprint The effect of ingesting olestra-based foods on feeding behavior and energy balance in humans
    R J Stubbs
    Human Appetite Group, Aberdeen Center for Energy Regulation and Obesity, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, United Kingdom
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 41:363-86. 2001
    ..The fact that olestra-based foods have the potential to provide the sensory qualities of real fat suggests that these foods may be particularly effective in habitual high-fat consumers with a sensory preference for dietary fat...
  9. ncbi request reprint Effect of altering the variety of sensorially distinct foods, of the same macronutrient content, on food intake and body weight in men
    R J Stubbs
    The Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 55:19-28. 2001
    ..To examine the effect of increasing the variety of sensorially distinct but nutritionally identical foods on appetite, food intake and body weight, over 7 days, in men...
  10. ncbi request reprint Description and evaluation of a Newton-based electronic appetite rating system for temporal tracking of appetite in human subjects
    R J Stubbs
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland AB21 9SB, UK
    Physiol Behav 72:615-9. 2001
    ..These data suggest that the EARS is a useful and reliable technique for real-time data collection in appetite research but that it should not be used interchangeably with paper and pen techniques...
  11. ncbi request reprint The use of visual analogue scales to assess motivation to eat in human subjects: a review of their reliability and validity with an evaluation of new hand-held computerized systems for temporal tracking of appetite ratings
    R J Stubbs
    Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Nutr 84:405-15. 2000
    ..However, subjects appear to exhibit a significantly more constrained use of the scale when using the EARS relative to the P&P. For this reason it is recommended that the two techniques are not used interchangeably...
  12. ncbi request reprint Peripheral signals affecting food intake
    R J Stubbs
    Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland
    Nutrition 15:614-25. 1999
    ..More progress has been made in identifying peripheral signals and some of their connections to the brain than in understanding their quantitative importance for normal feeding...
  13. ncbi request reprint How covert are covertly manipulated diets?
    R J Stubbs
    Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:567-73. 2001
    ..Average percentage protein:fat:carbohydrate (by energy) and energy density (ED) of the two diets were 13:25:62, 371 kJ/100 g and 13:50:37, 672 kJ/100 g, respectively...
  14. ncbi request reprint Comparing different measures of energy expenditure in human subjects resident in a metabolic facility
    Z Fuller
    Rowett Research Services, Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:560-9. 2008
    ..To compare energy expenditure (EE) measured by doubly labeled water (DLW) with other measures, both physical and based on subjective questionnaires...
  15. ncbi request reprint Effect of an acute fast on energy compensation and feeding behaviour in lean men and women
    A M Johnstone
    Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:1623-8. 2002
    ..This study examined how a 36 h fast effected the subsequent day's energy and nutrient intake in a group of 24 healthy, lean men and women...
  16. ncbi request reprint Low-energy reporting and duration of recording period
    S Whybrow
    Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:1148-50. 2008
    ..3 to +4.2 MJ). However, the difference was greater for those reporting higher than average energy intakes because of higher REIs on weekend days. Food intake reporting periods of longer than 3 days and ideally 7 days are preferable...
  17. ncbi request reprint The evaluation of an electronic visual analogue scale system for appetite and mood
    S Whybrow
    Division of Energy Balance and Obesity, ACERO, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:558-60. 2006
    ..The new electronic VAS produces comparable, but not interchangeable, results to the traditional pen and paper method in the study of appetite and mood, while offering advantages of improved reliability in data collection...
  18. ncbi request reprint Covert manipulation of the dietary fat to carbohydrate ratio of isoenergetically dense diets: effect on food intake in feeding men ad libitum
    R J Stubbs
    MRC Dunn Clinical Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, UK j
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 20:651-60. 1996
    ..This study examined whether HF diets promote higher levels of energy intake when isoenergetically dense (IE) relative to LF (high carbohydrate) diets, as predicted by glucostatic and glycogenostatic models for energy intake regulation...
  19. ncbi request reprint Does body mass play a role in the regulation of food intake?
    John R Speakman
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, Division of Appetite and Energy Balance, Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 61:473-87. 2002
    ..This model has some important implications for the interpretations that we place on the molecular events in the brain, and ultimately in the search for pharmaceutical agents for alleviation of obesity...
  20. ncbi request reprint Control of energy balance in relation to energy intake and energy expenditure in animals and man: an ecological perspective
    R J Stubbs
    Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, UK
    Br J Nutr 95:657-76. 2006
    ..This also opens up possibilities for the control of body weight and the treatment of obesity in man...
  21. doi request reprint The effect of an incremental increase in exercise on appetite, eating behaviour and energy balance in lean men and women feeding ad libitum
    Stephen Whybrow
    The Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, UK
    Br J Nutr 100:1109-15. 2008
    ..However, the degree of compensation varied considerably among individuals. The present study captured the initial compensation in EI for exercise-induced energy deficits. Total compensation would take a matter of weeks...
  22. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrates and energy balance
    R J Stubbs
    Rowett Research Institute, Human Nutrition Unit, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, Scotland J
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 819:44-69. 1997
    ..Under some conditions HC diets promote excess energy intakes. There is little evidence that a CHO-rich diet, or one with intense sweeteners, promotes spontaneous weight loss...
  23. ncbi request reprint Plasma concentrations of alpha-MSH, AgRP and leptin in lean and obese men and their relationship to differing states of energy balance perturbation
    Nigel Hoggard
    Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, UK
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 61:31-9. 2004
    ..We aimed to determine whether circulating alpha-MSH and AgRP are responsive to long-term perturbations in energy balance, in a manner consistent with their central putative functions...
  24. ncbi request reprint Influence of short-term dietary weight loss on cortisol secretion and metabolism in obese men
    Alexandra M Johnstone
    Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, UK
    Eur J Endocrinol 150:185-94. 2004
    ..Cause and effect between obesity and abnormal cortisol metabolism is untested...
  25. ncbi request reprint The effect of rate and extent of weight loss on urea salvage in obese male subjects
    Peter Faber
    Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, Scotland, UK
    Br J Nutr 90:221-31. 2003
    ..It was concluded that no adaptive changes in urea kinetics occurred in response to either the different rate or extent of weight loss...
  26. ncbi request reprint The effect of rate of weight loss on erythrocyte glutathione concentration and synthesis in healthy obese men
    Peter Faber
    Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, Scotland, UK
    Clin Sci (Lond) 102:569-77. 2002
    ..An acute reduction in GSH synthesis in response to a rapid weight loss may constitute a risk factor during periods of increased GSH demands...
  27. ncbi request reprint Effect of flavour of liquid Ensure diet supplement on energy intake in male SD rats
    Zoe A Archer
    Division of Obesity and Metabolic Health, Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity ACERO, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Physiol Behav 89:414-9. 2006
    ..Rather, other attributes of Ensure must be more important, such as its intrinsic flavour, liquid formulation, macronutrient composition, and ease of ingestion, digestion and absorption...
  28. ncbi request reprint Short-term continuous enteral tube feeding schedules did not suppress appetite and food intake in healthy men in a placebo-controlled trial
    Rebecca J Stratton
    Institute of Human Nutrition, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    J Nutr 133:2570-6. 2003
    ..This could not be explained by changes in a variety of metabolic and hormonal signals within the time frame studied...
  29. ncbi request reprint Bolus tube feeding suppresses food intake and circulating ghrelin concentrations in healthy subjects in a short-term placebo-controlled trial
    Rebecca J Stratton
    Institute of Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:77-83. 2008
    ..Previous investigations suggest continuous tube feeding (TF) schedules do not suppress appetite and food intake, but bolus TF has been little studied...