E Ernst

Summary

Affiliation: Peninsula Medical School
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Chiropractic: a critical evaluation
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Pain Symptom Manage 35:544-62. 2008
  2. pmc Winnowing the chaff of charlatanism from the wheat of science
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 7:425-6. 2010
  3. pmc How Much of CAM Is Based on Research Evidence?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2011:676490. 2011
  4. pmc Acupuncture for the treatment of tinnitus: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    Jong In Kim
    Medical Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, 305 811, South Korea
    BMC Complement Altern Med 12:97. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Informing the public responsibly about herbal medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Diet Suppl 6:9-12. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Midwives' use of complementary/alternative treatments
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Veysey Building, Salmon Pool Lane, Exeter EX2 4SG, UK
    Midwifery 28:772-7. 2012
  7. ncbi request reprint Alternative therapies for asthma: are patients at risk?
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Clin Med 12:427-9. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Homeopathy for eczema: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter EX2 4SG, UK
    Br J Dermatol 166:1170-2. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Alternative detox
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Br Med Bull 101:33-8. 2012
  10. pmc Effects of moxibustion for constipation treatment: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    Myeong Soo Lee
    Division of Standard Research, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon 305 811, South Korea
    Chin Med 5:28. 2010

Detail Information

Publications160 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi request reprint Chiropractic: a critical evaluation
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Pain Symptom Manage 35:544-62. 2008
    ..Its cost-effectiveness has not been demonstrated beyond reasonable doubt. The concepts of chiropractic are not based on solid science and its therapeutic value has not been demonstrated beyond reasonable doubt...
  2. pmc Winnowing the chaff of charlatanism from the wheat of science
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 7:425-6. 2010
    ..Applying this method is unlikely to be fool-proof but it might be a valuable aid in discriminating credible from incredible health claims...
  3. pmc How Much of CAM Is Based on Research Evidence?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2011:676490. 2011
    ..The resulting figure was 7.4%. For a range of reasons, it might be a gross over-estimate. Further investigations into this subject are required to arrive at more representative figures...
  4. pmc Acupuncture for the treatment of tinnitus: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    Jong In Kim
    Medical Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, 305 811, South Korea
    BMC Complement Altern Med 12:97. 2012
    ..The objective of this review was to assess the evidence concerning the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for tinnitus...
  5. doi request reprint Informing the public responsibly about herbal medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Diet Suppl 6:9-12. 2009
    ..Instead, we have a plethora of seriously misleading texts. In the interest of public health, we need reliable, unbiased, and easily accessible information...
  6. doi request reprint Midwives' use of complementary/alternative treatments
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Veysey Building, Salmon Pool Lane, Exeter EX2 4SG, UK
    Midwifery 28:772-7. 2012
    ..in recent years, several surveys have suggested that many midwives use some form of complementary/alternative therapy (CAT), often without the knowledge of obstetricians...
  7. ncbi request reprint Alternative therapies for asthma: are patients at risk?
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Clin Med 12:427-9. 2012
    ..Thus the risk-benefit balance fails to be positive. Patients are often mislead to believe otherwise and physicians should inform their asthma patients responsibly about the value of alternative medicine...
  8. doi request reprint Homeopathy for eczema: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter EX2 4SG, UK
    Br J Dermatol 166:1170-2. 2012
    ..Homeopathy is often advocated for patients with eczema...
  9. doi request reprint Alternative detox
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Br Med Bull 101:33-8. 2012
    ..The concept that alternative therapies can eliminate toxins and toxicants from the body, i.e. 'alternative detox' (AD) is popular...
  10. pmc Effects of moxibustion for constipation treatment: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    Myeong Soo Lee
    Division of Standard Research, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon 305 811, South Korea
    Chin Med 5:28. 2010
    ..Given that the methodological quality of all RCTs was poor, the results from the present review are insufficient to suggest that moxibustion is an effective treatment for constipation. More rigorous studies are warranted...
  11. pmc Does moxibustion work? An overview of systematic reviews
    Myeong Soo Lee
    Policy Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea
    BMC Res Notes 3:284. 2010
    ..Several systematic reviews (SRs) have assessed the effectiveness of moxibustion for a range of conditions, often with contradictory conclusions. Our aim was to provide a critical evaluation and summary of these data...
  12. pmc Moxibustion for ulcerative colitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Dong Hyo Lee
    Division of Standard Research, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
    BMC Gastroenterol 10:36. 2010
    ..Several studies have reported that moxibustion is effective in ulcerative colitis (UC). The objective of this review was to assess the clinical evidence for or against moxibustion as a treatment for UC...
  13. pmc Maca (L. meyenii) for improving sexual function: a systematic review
    Byung Cheul Shin
    Division of Clinical Medicine, School of Oriental Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, South Korea
    BMC Complement Altern Med 10:44. 2010
    ..Preparations from maca root have been reported to improve sexual function. The aim of this review was to assess the clinical evidence for or against the effectiveness of the maca plant as a treatment for sexual dysfunction...
  14. pmc Moxibustion for hypertension: a systematic review
    Jong In Kim
    Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 10:33. 2010
    ..The aim of this review was to evaluate previously published clinical evidence for the use of moxibustion as a treatment for hypertension...
  15. pmc Ukrain - a new cancer cure? A systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT
    BMC Cancer 5:69. 2005
    ..Numerous pre-clinical and clinical investigations seem to suggest that Ukrain is pharmacologically active and clinically effective. We wanted therefore to critically evaluate the clinical trial data in the form of a systematic review...
  16. pmc Moxibustion for cancer care: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Myeong Soo Lee
    Division of Standard Research, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea
    BMC Cancer 10:130. 2010
    ..The objective of this review was to systematically assess the effectiveness of moxibustion for supportive cancer care...
  17. ncbi request reprint Celebrity-based medicine
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Med J Aust 185:680-1. 2006
    ..To collect contemporary accounts of celebrity use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), to aid clinicians in determining which CAM treatments patients are likely to use...
  18. ncbi request reprint Complementary/Alternative therapies for the treatment of breast cancer. A systematic review of randomized clinical trials and a critique of current terminology
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Breast J 12:526-30. 2006
    ..Encouraging but not fully convincing results emerged for melatonin...
  19. pmc A re-evaluation of kava (Piper methysticum)
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 64:415-7. 2007
  20. pmc Adverse effects of spinal manipulation: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J R Soc Med 100:330-8. 2007
    ..To identify adverse effects of spinal manipulation...
  21. pmc The truth about homeopathy
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 65:163-4. 2008
  22. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative medicine for supportive cancer care: development of the evidence-base
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Support Care Cancer 15:565-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this article is to compare the evidence relating to the effectiveness of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) in palliative cancer care as it existed in 2000 and 2005...
  23. ncbi request reprint Prevalence surveys: to be taken with a pinch of salt
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 12:272-5. 2006
  24. doi request reprint Bach flower remedies: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, Devon, UK
    Swiss Med Wkly 140:w13079. 2010
    ..All but one were placebo-controlled. All placebo-controlled trials failed to demonstrate efficacy. It is concluded that the most reliable clinical trials do not show any differences between flower remedies and placebos...
  25. ncbi request reprint Anecdotal obsessions? A comment on the use of anecdotes by the general media to support claims in CAM
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 10:254-5. 2004
  26. ncbi request reprint Prescribing herbal medications appropriately
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    J Fam Pract 53:985-8. 2004
  27. ncbi request reprint Complementary or alternative therapies for osteoarthritis
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol 2:74-80. 2006
    ..It is concluded that some complementary or alternative therapies have generated sufficiently promising results to warrant further investigation in large-scale, definitive, randomized clinical trials...
  28. ncbi request reprint Commentary: creating research capacity in complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 11:214-6. 2005
    ..It is suggested that this approach is likely to be more productive than the present governmental strategy...
  29. ncbi request reprint The efficacy of herbal medicine--an overview
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Fundam Clin Pharmacol 19:405-9. 2005
    ..Ultimately, we need to know which herbal remedies do more harm than good for which condition. Because of the current popularity of herbal medicine, research in this area should be intensified...
  30. ncbi request reprint Ophthalmological adverse effects of (chiropractic) upper spinal manipulation: evidence from recent case reports
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 83:581-5. 2005
    ..This systematic review aimed to summarize ophthalmological adverse effects of USM recently reported in the medical literature...
  31. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture--a critical analysis
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Intern Med 259:125-37. 2006
    ..Nonserious adverse effects occur in 7-11% of all patients. In conclusion, acupuncture remains steeped in controversy. Some findings are encouraging but others suggest that its clinical effects mainly depend on a placebo response...
  32. ncbi request reprint Herbal remedies for anxiety - a systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter Plymouth, UK
    Phytomedicine 13:205-8. 2006
    ..Only for kava were independent replications available. It was concluded that there is a lack of rigorous studies in this area and that only kava has been shown beyond reasonable doubt to have anxiolytic effects in humans...
  33. ncbi request reprint Publication bias in complementary/alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:1093-4. 2007
  34. ncbi request reprint [Anthroposophic medicine: a critical analysis]
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    MMW Fortschr Med 150:1-6. 2008
    ..Anthroposophic medicine (AM) is popular in Europe. This review is an attempt to critically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of AM. The aim is to contribute to a critical discussion of this subject...
  35. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture in obstetrics and gynecology: an overview of systematic reviews
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Am J Chin Med 39:423-31. 2011
    ..Nine systematic reviews arrived with clearly positive conclusions; however, there were many contradictions and caveats. The evidence for acupuncture as a treatment of obstetrical and gynecological conditions remains limited...
  36. doi request reprint Acupuncture for insomnia? An overview of systematic reviews
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Eur J Gen Pract 17:116-23. 2011
    ..Several systematic reviews of acupuncture as a treatment of insomnia have recently emerged. Their results are far from uniform...
  37. pmc Chiropractic treatment for gastrointestinal problems: a systematic review of clinical trials
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Can J Gastroenterol 25:39-40. 2011
    ..There is no supportive evidence that chiropractic is an effective treatment for gastrointestinal disorders...
  38. doi request reprint An independent review of NCCAM-funded studies of chiropractic
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 30:593-600. 2011
    ..The criticism repeatedly aimed at NCCAM seems justified, as far as their RCTs of chiropractic is concerned. It seems questionable whether such research is worthwhile...
  39. doi request reprint Acupuncture for depression?: A systematic review of systematic reviews
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Eval Health Prof 34:403-12. 2011
    ..In conclusion, the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment of depression remains unproven and the authors' findings are consistent with acupuncture effects in depression being indistinguishable from placebo effects...
  40. doi request reprint Reflexology: an update of a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Maturitas 68:116-20. 2011
    ..It is concluded that the best clinical evidence does not demonstrate convincingly reflexology to be an effective treatment for any medical condition...
  41. doi request reprint [Homeopathy]
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Wien Med Wochenschr 160:256-8. 2010
    ..The totality of about 200 clinical trials fails to demonstrate its efficacy beyond placebo. Its use as a benign placebo is ethically unjustifiable. It follows that homeopathy cannot be recommended for use in medical routine...
  42. ncbi request reprint Homeopathy: what does the "best" evidence tell us?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Med J Aust 192:458-60. 2010
    ..To evaluate the evidence for and against the effectiveness of homeopathy...
  43. doi request reprint Advice offered by practitioners of complementary/ alternative medicine: an important ethical issue
    E Ernst
    University of Exeter, Devon, England
    Eval Health Prof 32:335-42. 2009
    ..This, the author argues, can impinge on the main principle of medical ethics: beneficence, nonmaleficence, and autonomy. We should work toward correcting this deplorable situation...
  44. doi request reprint Homoeopathy and I
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 63:1558-61. 2009
    ..This is carried out by citing from my own publications on the subject. It is concluded that my attitude changed because of the scientific evidence, which was published during this period...
  45. doi request reprint Chiropractic spinal manipulation for infant colic: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 63:1351-3. 2009
    ..The totality of this evidence fails to demonstrate the effectiveness of this treatment. It is concluded that the above claim is not based on convincing data from rigorous clinical trials...
  46. doi request reprint Spinal manipulation for asthma: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Respir Med 103:1791-5. 2009
    ..It is concluded that, according to the evidence of the most rigorous studies available to date, spinal manipulation is not an effective treatment for asthma...
  47. doi request reprint Chiropractic treatment for fibromyalgia: a systematic review
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 28:1175-8. 2009
    ..They generated no evidence to suggest that chiropractic care is effective for fibromyalgia. Currently, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that chiropractic is an effective treatment for fibromyalgia...
  48. doi request reprint UK chiropractic: regulated but unruly
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 14:186-7. 2009
    ..If chiropractic in the UK is to grow into an established health care profession, the General Chiropractic Council and its members should comply with the accepted standards of today's health care...
  49. doi request reprint Chiropractic maintenance treatment, a useful preventative approach?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Prev Med 49:99-100. 2009
    ..As spinal manipulation has repeatedly been associated with considerable harm, the risk benefit balance of chiropractic maintenance care is not demonstrably positive. Therefore there are no good reasons to recommend it...
  50. pmc Frankincense: systematic review
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    BMJ 337:a2813. 2008
    ..To assess evidence from randomised clinical trials about the effectiveness of extracts of Boswellia serrata (frankincense)...
  51. ncbi request reprint A trial design that generates only ''positive'' results
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    J Postgrad Med 54:214-6. 2008
    ..We conclude that the 'A + B versus B' design is prone to false positive results and discuss the design features that might prevent or exacerbate this problem...
  52. doi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction in older men and women: an overview of systematic reviews
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Maturitas 70:37-41. 2011
    ..For acupuncture and maca the evidence was insufficient for ED and SD respectively. It is concluded that there is some encouraging evidence but more and better studies are required to establish the value of CAM for SD and ED...
  53. ncbi request reprint Musculoskeletal conditions and complementary/alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 18:539-56. 2004
    ..It is, therefore, concluded that our research efforts must be directed towards defining which form of CAM generates more good than harm for which condition...
  54. ncbi request reprint Manual therapies for pain control: chiropractic and massage
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, and Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin J Pain 20:8-12. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of chiropractic and massage therapy for the reduction of any type of pain...
  55. ncbi request reprint Panel discussions about CAM and research: science friction
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Devon EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 9:81-2. 2003
  56. ncbi request reprint The Alexander technique: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 10:325-9. 2003
    ..Alexander technique (AT), a process of psychophysical re-education, is being promoted for a range of medical conditions. This systematic review is aimed at critically evaluating the evidence for or against the effectiveness of AT...
  57. ncbi request reprint Complementary medicine: where is the evidence?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    J Fam Pract 52:630-4. 2003
    ..Currently the Cochrane Library contains 34 systematic reviews of complementary medicine: 20 of herbal medicines, 7 of acupuncture, 3 of homeopathy, 2 of manual therapies, and 2 of other forms...
  58. pmc Chiropractic spinal manipulation for back pain
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Plymouth and Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, UK
    Br J Sports Med 37:195-6; discussion 196. 2003
  59. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular adverse effects of herbal medicines: a systematic review of the recent literature
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom
    Can J Cardiol 19:818-27. 2003
    ..In conclusion, herbal medicinal products are regularly associated with serious cardiovascular adverse events but the size of this problem cannot be estimated at present. Vigilance and research seem to be the best way forward...
  60. ncbi request reprint Anthroposophical medicine: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, United Kingdom
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:128-30. 2004
    ..It was therefore concluded that, at present, the question whether the anthroposophical concept of healing generates more good than harm cannot be answered...
  61. ncbi request reprint [Research into complementary medicine--an account after 10 years]
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 154:32-6. 2004
    ..Although some progress has been made, this field continues to receive too little attention. The future of complementary medicine will depend on whether its modalities can be shown to generate more good than harm for the patient...
  62. ncbi request reprint Chiropractic manipulation for non-spinal pain--a systematic review
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    N Z Med J 116:U539. 2003
    ..This systematic review is aimed at critically evaluating the evidence for or against the effectiveness of this approach...
  63. ncbi request reprint Ear candles: a triumph of ignorance over science
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Laryngol Otol 118:1-2. 2004
    ..There are no data to suggest that it is effective for any condition. Furthermore, ear candles have been associated with ear injuries. The inescapable conclusion is that ear candles do more harm than good. Their use should be discouraged...
  64. ncbi request reprint The lecture from hell
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Plymouth and Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 9:209-10. 2003
  65. ncbi request reprint The current position of complementary/alternative medicine in cancer
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, EX2 4NT, Exeter, UK
    Eur J Cancer 39:2273-7. 2003
    ..Research in this area is scarce and with numerous therapies we cannot be sure about efficacy or safety. It follows that our current knowledge gaps urgently needs to be filled...
  66. ncbi request reprint Avocado-soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) for osteoarthritis - a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Devon, Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 22:285-8. 2003
    ..The majority of rigorous trial data available to date suggest that ASU is effective for the symptomatic treatment of OA and more research seems warranted. However, the only real long-term trial yielded a largely negative result...
  67. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture research--the first 10 years in Exeter
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Acupunct Med 21:100-4. 2003
    ..We also hope in the future that we will be able to contribute to the understanding of acupuncture as a therapeutic modality...
  68. ncbi request reprint Chiropractic spinal manipulation for neck pain: a systematic review
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Pain 4:417-21. 2003
    ..In conclusion, the notion that CSM is more effective than conventional exercise treatment in the treatment of neck pain was not supported by rigorous trial data...
  69. ncbi request reprint The "improbability" of complementary and alternative medicine
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, England, UK
    Arch Intern Med 164:914-5. 2004
  70. ncbi request reprint [Alternative and scientific therapy forms: irreconcilable opposition?]
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 115:83-4. 2003
  71. ncbi request reprint "Flower remedies": a systematic review of the clinical evidence
    Edzard Ernst
    Institute of Health and Social Care Research, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, U K
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 114:963-6. 2002
    ..Flower remedies (also called "Bach" flower remedies) are used by an increasing number of individuals, and many health claims have been made for them. No systematic review of flower remedies has so far been published...
  72. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine in neurology: hype, hope and hazards
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, UK
    Trends Neurosci 25:644-5. 2002
    ..Contrary to what many proponents think, not all treatments are harmless. Neurologists should know more about complementary and alternative medicine and should advise their patients responsibly...
  73. ncbi request reprint 'If it helps my patient...' Perspectives on complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter
    Clin Med 4:242-3. 2004
    ..The revised argument should be 'if it helps my patient, I want research undertaken to find out whether more people could benefit from it'...
  74. ncbi request reprint Bioresonance, a study of pseudo-scientific language
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 11:171-3. 2004
    ..This can be seen as an attempt to present nonsense as science. Because this misleads patients and can thus endanger their health, we should find ways of minimizing this problem...
  75. ncbi request reprint Serious adverse effects of unconventional therapies for children and adolescents: a systematic review of recent evidence
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Eur J Pediatr 162:72-80. 2003
    ..At present, it is impossible to provide reliable incidence figures. It seems important to be vigilant and investigate this area more systematically...
  76. ncbi request reprint Dr Reiter: the "Third" and "Fourth" Reich
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, England
    Semin Arthritis Rheum 32:244-5. 2003
  77. ncbi request reprint Research into complementary medicine: some future challenges
    Edzard Ernst
    Compplementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 11:109-10. 2004
  78. ncbi request reprint The safety of massage therapy
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 42:1101-6. 2003
    ..After many years out of the limelight, massage therapy is now experiencing a revival. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate its potential for harm...
  79. ncbi request reprint The risk-benefit profile of commonly used herbal therapies: Ginkgo, St. John's Wort, Ginseng, Echinacea, Saw Palmetto, and Kava
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Devon EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    Ann Intern Med 136:42-53. 2002
    ..None of these herbal medicines is free of adverse effects. Because the evidence is incomplete, risk-benefit assessments are not completely reliable, and much knowledge is still lacking...
  80. ncbi request reprint The role of complementary and alternative medicine in cancer
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Lancet Oncol 1:176-80. 2000
    ..The evidence for this approach is still preliminary but, generally speaking, promising. The challenge for the future is to obtain reliable evidence and to identify those approaches that do more good than harm...
  81. ncbi request reprint Chiropractic claims in the English-speaking world
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, England
    N Z Med J 123:36-44. 2010
    ....
  82. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of kava extract for treating anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 20:84-9. 2000
    ..69; 95% confidence interval, 3.54-15.83). These data imply that kava extract is superior to placebo as a symptomatic treatment for anxiety. Therefore, kava extract is an herbal treatment option for anxiety that is worthy of consideration...
  83. ncbi request reprint The usage of complementary therapies by dermatological patients: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Br J Dermatol 142:857-61. 2000
    ..With this high level of prevalence, research into the potential risks and benefits of CM is urgently needed. Dermatologists should consider discussing CM openly with their patients...
  84. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of the safety of kava extract in the treatment of anxiety
    Clare Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Drug Saf 25:251-61. 2002
    ..Serious adverse events have been reported and further research is required to determine the nature and frequency of such events...
  85. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicines: balancing benefits and risks
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Novartis Found Symp 282:154-67; discussion 167-72, 212-8. 2007
    ..This is currently the case for only very few such preparations. It follows that, in order to advise consumers responsibly, the gaps in our present knowledge require filling...
  86. ncbi request reprint Deaths after chiropractic: a review of published cases
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 64:1162-5. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to summarise all cases in which chiropractic spinal manipulation was followed by death...
  87. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for back pain: is the evidence getting stronger?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 26:736-8. 2007
    ..The direction of the evidence, however, remained unchanged for all but one therapy. We conclude that the value of complementary therapies in the management of back pain remains encouraging but not fully convincing...
  88. ncbi request reprint Complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Rheumatol 15:151-5. 2003
    ..Clearly, rigorous testing of complementary treatments is possible, and considering their popularity, should be encouraged...
  89. doi request reprint Massage therapy for cancer palliation and supportive care: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Support Care Cancer 17:333-7. 2009
    ..Massage is a popular adjunct to cancer palliation. This systematic review is aimed at critically evaluating all available randomised clinical trials of massage in cancer palliation...
  90. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies in palliative cancer care
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Cancer 91:2181-5. 2001
    ..Complementary medicine has become an important aspect of palliative cancer care. This overview is primarily aimed at providing guidance to clinicians regarding some commonly used complementary therapies...
  91. ncbi request reprint Homeopathy: promotion versus evidence
    E Ernst
    Penisula Medical School, University of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Soc Integr Oncol 4:113-5. 2006
    ..The best clinical evidence available to date fails to support its effectiveness. Nevertheless, it is gaining in popularity. One reason for this is that, at least in the UK, it is being promoted by influential people...
  92. doi request reprint Acupuncture: does it alleviate pain and are there serious risks? A review of reviews
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Pain 152:755-64. 2011
    ..Serious adverse effects continue to be reported. Numerous reviews have produced little convincing evidence that acupuncture is effective in reducing pain. Serious adverse events, including deaths, continue to be reported...
  93. ncbi request reprint Is acupuncture a risk factor for hepatitis? Systematic review of epidemiological studies
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 18:1231-6. 2003
    ..Acupuncture has been repeatedly associated with infectious hepatitis. The aim of the present systematic review was therefore to critically evaluate such data from epidemiological investigations...
  94. doi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and cancer: the kind face of complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Surg 7:499-500. 2009
    ..Yet CAM can play an important role in oncology, and that is in supportive and palliative care. Several treatments can decrease the side-effects of cancer drugs or improve quality of life in other ways...
  95. ncbi request reprint Serious psychiatric and neurological adverse effects of herbal medicines -- a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:83-91. 2003
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to provide a summary of recent data on severe psychiatric and neurological adverse effects of herbal remedies...
  96. doi request reprint Great expectations: what do patients using complementary and alternative medicine hope for?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Patient 4:89-101. 2011
    ..It is concluded that the expectations of CAM users are currently not rigorously investigated. Future studies should have a clear focus on specific aspects of this broad question...
  97. ncbi request reprint The benefits of Arnica: 16 case reports
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Homeopathy 92:217-9. 2003
    ..Many of these apparent responses could have been due to other factors including the use of herbal (non-diluted) Arnica, placebo response and natural course of disease...
  98. ncbi request reprint CAM research in Britain: the last 10 years
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine Department, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 11:17-20. 2005
    ..K., CAM has become a respectable area of scientific investigation only during the last decade. In this article, we review the 10 years of CAM research in Britain...
  99. ncbi request reprint Homotoxicology--a review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 60:299-306. 2004
    ..Yet numerous clinical studies have claimed efficacy. The aim of this systematic review is to summarise and critically evaluate the evidence from rigorous clinical trials of this form of therapy...