E Ernst

Summary

Affiliation: Peninsula Medical School
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Chiropractic: a critical evaluation
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Pain Symptom Manage 35:544-62. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for back pain: is the evidence getting stronger?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 26:736-8. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Are herbal medicines effective?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 42:157-9. 2004
  4. pmc A systematic review of systematic reviews of spinal manipulation
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J R Soc Med 99:192-6. 2006
  5. doi request reprint Great expectations: what do patients using complementary and alternative medicine hope for?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Patient 4:89-101. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of complementary/alternative medicine
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 101:313-5. 2007
  7. pmc Complementary and alternative medicine for children: a good or a bad thing?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Arch Dis Child 91:96-7. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Herbal medicine in the treatment of rheumatic diseases
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheum Dis Clin North Am 37:95-102. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint The benefits of Arnica: 16 case reports
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Homeopathy 92:217-9. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Serious psychiatric and neurological adverse effects of herbal medicines -- a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:83-91. 2003

Detail Information

Publications161 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Chiropractic: a critical evaluation
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Pain Symptom Manage 35:544-62. 2008
    ..Its cost-effectiveness has not been demonstrated beyond reasonable doubt. The concepts of chiropractic are not based on solid science and its therapeutic value has not been demonstrated beyond reasonable doubt...
  2. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for back pain: is the evidence getting stronger?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 26:736-8. 2007
    ..The direction of the evidence, however, remained unchanged for all but one therapy. We conclude that the value of complementary therapies in the management of back pain remains encouraging but not fully convincing...
  3. ncbi request reprint Are herbal medicines effective?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 42:157-9. 2004
    ..In view of the present popularity of herbal medicine it seems necessary to overcome obstacles to rigorous research and establish which herbal medicines do more good than harm for which conditions...
  4. pmc A systematic review of systematic reviews of spinal manipulation
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J R Soc Med 99:192-6. 2006
    ..To systematically collate and evaluate the evidence from recent systematic reviews of clinical trials of spinal manipulation...
  5. doi request reprint Great expectations: what do patients using complementary and alternative medicine hope for?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Patient 4:89-101. 2011
    ..It is concluded that the expectations of CAM users are currently not rigorously investigated. Future studies should have a clear focus on specific aspects of this broad question...
  6. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of complementary/alternative medicine
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 101:313-5. 2007
    ..In conclusion, rigorous evaluations of CAM are both feasible and desirable...
  7. pmc Complementary and alternative medicine for children: a good or a bad thing?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Arch Dis Child 91:96-7. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Herbal medicine in the treatment of rheumatic diseases
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheum Dis Clin North Am 37:95-102. 2011
    ..This article provides a brief overview of the evidence on herbal medicines for 4 common rheumatic conditions: back pain, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis...
  9. ncbi request reprint The benefits of Arnica: 16 case reports
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Homeopathy 92:217-9. 2003
    ..Many of these apparent responses could have been due to other factors including the use of herbal (non-diluted) Arnica, placebo response and natural course of disease...
  10. ncbi request reprint Serious psychiatric and neurological adverse effects of herbal medicines -- a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:83-91. 2003
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to provide a summary of recent data on severe psychiatric and neurological adverse effects of herbal remedies...
  11. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture: its evidence-base is changing
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Am J Chin Med 35:21-5. 2007
    ..favoring acupuncture) and for 6 it had changed in the opposite direction. It is concluded, that acupuncture research is active. The emerging clinical evidence seems to imply that acupuncture is effective for some but not all conditions...
  12. ncbi request reprint Second thoughts on integrative medicine
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    J Fam Pract 54:154-5. 2005
  13. pmc Patient choice and complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J R Soc Med 97:41. 2004
  14. ncbi request reprint Kava update: a European perspective
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    N Z Med J 117:U1143. 2004
  15. pmc Ethical problems arising in evidence based complementary and alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Med Ethics 30:156-9. 2004
    ..This article is an attempt to explore some of the more obvious or practical ethical aspects of complementary and alternative medicine...
  16. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for rheumatic conditions: an overview of systematic reviews
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 49:1957-61. 2010
    ..Several systematic reviews (SRs) have assessed the effectiveness of acupuncture for rheumatic conditions, often with contradictory conclusions. Our aim is to provide a critical evaluation and summary of these data...
  17. ncbi request reprint Is acupuncture a risk factor for hepatitis? Systematic review of epidemiological studies
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 18:1231-6. 2003
    ..Acupuncture has been repeatedly associated with infectious hepatitis. The aim of the present systematic review was therefore to critically evaluate such data from epidemiological investigations...
  18. doi request reprint Acupuncture: what does the most reliable evidence tell us?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Pain Symptom Manage 37:709-14. 2009
    ..It is concluded that Cochrane reviews of acupuncture do not suggest that this treatment is effective for a wide range of conditions...
  19. ncbi request reprint A beginner's guide to criticism
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Med J Aust 187:649. 2007
  20. ncbi request reprint [Complementary Medicine - a critical analysis]
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Wien Med Wochenschr 158:218-21. 2008
    ..Here I try to review this area briefly but critically. My conclusion is that issues such as efficacy and safety of complementary techniques can and should be researched systematically and rigorously...
  21. ncbi request reprint Complementary treatment: who cares how it works, as long as it does?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Lancet Oncol 6:131-2. 2005
  22. pmc Ethics of complementary medicine: practical issues
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter
    Br J Gen Pract 59:517-9. 2009
    ..The message that emerges is that, in complementary medicine, ethical issues are neglected and violated on a daily basis...
  23. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based complementary medicine for palliative cancer care: does it make sense?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Palliat Med 17:704-7. 2003
    ..This, in turn, would be to the detriment of future patients. Through discussing the strengths and weaknesses of both sets of arguments, both sides might learn valuable lessons...
  24. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and cancer: the kind face of complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Surg 7:499-500. 2009
    ..Yet CAM can play an important role in oncology, and that is in supportive and palliative care. Several treatments can decrease the side-effects of cancer drugs or improve quality of life in other ways...
  25. ncbi request reprint Is reflexology an effective intervention? A systematic review of randomised controlled trials
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Med J Aust 191:263-6. 2009
    ..To evaluate the evidence for and against the effectiveness of reflexology for treating any medical condition...
  26. ncbi request reprint Homeopathy: promotion versus evidence
    E Ernst
    Penisula Medical School, University of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Soc Integr Oncol 4:113-5. 2006
    ..The best clinical evidence available to date fails to support its effectiveness. Nevertheless, it is gaining in popularity. One reason for this is that, at least in the UK, it is being promoted by influential people...
  27. doi request reprint Cardiac tamponade caused by acupuncture: a review of the literature
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Int J Cardiol 149:287-9. 2011
    ..We conclude that cardiac tamponade is a serious, often fatal complication after acupuncture. As it is theoretically avoidable, acupuncturists should be trained to minimize the risk...
  28. doi request reprint Massage therapy for cancer palliation and supportive care: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Support Care Cancer 17:333-7. 2009
    ..Massage is a popular adjunct to cancer palliation. This systematic review is aimed at critically evaluating all available randomised clinical trials of massage in cancer palliation...
  29. ncbi request reprint The fascination of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)
    Edzard Ernst
    University of Exeter, UK
    J Health Psychol 12:868-70. 2007
    ..It seems to follow that surveys are of only limited value and might even distract us from the much more important question whether CAM generates more good than harm...
  30. ncbi request reprint Is homeopathy a clinically valuable approach?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Trends Pharmacol Sci 26:547-8. 2005
    ..Thus, the proven benefits of highly dilute homeopathic remedies, beyond the beneficial effects of placebos, do not outweigh the potential for harm that this approach can cause...
  31. doi request reprint Acupuncture: does it alleviate pain and are there serious risks? A review of reviews
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Pain 152:755-64. 2011
    ..Serious adverse effects continue to be reported. Numerous reviews have produced little convincing evidence that acupuncture is effective in reducing pain. Serious adverse events, including deaths, continue to be reported...
  32. ncbi request reprint Methodological aspects of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 35:773-4. 2006
    ..Despite these formidable problems, clinical trials of TCM are usually feasible and certainly necessary for testing the efficacy of TCM...
  33. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative medicine for hypertension: a mini-review
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 155:386-91. 2005
    ..The most encouraging data pertain to garlic, autogenic training, biofeedback and yoga. More research is required before firm recommendations can be offered...
  34. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for fibromyalgia--a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    E Mayhew
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 46:801-4. 2007
    ..Acupuncture is often used and frequently advocated for the symptomatic treatment of fibromyalgia. A systematic review has previously demonstrated encouraging findings. As it is now outdated, we wanted to update it...
  35. ncbi request reprint Complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Rheumatol 15:151-5. 2003
    ..Clearly, rigorous testing of complementary treatments is possible, and considering their popularity, should be encouraged...
  36. ncbi request reprint Placebo: new insights into an old enigma
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Drug Discov Today 12:413-8. 2007
    ..It concludes that a better understanding of this area will probably benefit basic research, clinical research and patient care...
  37. ncbi request reprint Distant healing--an "update" of a systematic review
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, U K
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 115:241-5. 2003
    ..To update our published systematic review of clinical trials of distant healing...
  38. pmc How Much of CAM Is Based on Research Evidence?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2011:676490. 2011
    ..The resulting figure was 7.4%. For a range of reasons, it might be a gross over-estimate. Further investigations into this subject are required to arrive at more representative figures...
  39. pmc Winnowing the chaff of charlatanism from the wheat of science
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 7:425-6. 2010
    ..Applying this method is unlikely to be fool-proof but it might be a valuable aid in discriminating credible from incredible health claims...
  40. pmc Acupuncture for the treatment of tinnitus: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    Jong In Kim
    Medical Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, 305 811, South Korea
    BMC Complement Altern Med 12:97. 2012
    ..The objective of this review was to assess the evidence concerning the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for tinnitus...
  41. doi request reprint Informing the public responsibly about herbal medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Diet Suppl 6:9-12. 2009
    ..Instead, we have a plethora of seriously misleading texts. In the interest of public health, we need reliable, unbiased, and easily accessible information...
  42. doi request reprint Midwives' use of complementary/alternative treatments
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Veysey Building, Salmon Pool Lane, Exeter EX2 4SG, UK
    Midwifery 28:772-7. 2012
    ..in recent years, several surveys have suggested that many midwives use some form of complementary/alternative therapy (CAT), often without the knowledge of obstetricians...
  43. ncbi request reprint Alternative therapies for asthma: are patients at risk?
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Clin Med 12:427-9. 2012
    ..Thus the risk-benefit balance fails to be positive. Patients are often mislead to believe otherwise and physicians should inform their asthma patients responsibly about the value of alternative medicine...
  44. doi request reprint Homeopathy for eczema: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter EX2 4SG, UK
    Br J Dermatol 166:1170-2. 2012
    ..Homeopathy is often advocated for patients with eczema...
  45. doi request reprint Alternative detox
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Br Med Bull 101:33-8. 2012
    ..The concept that alternative therapies can eliminate toxins and toxicants from the body, i.e. 'alternative detox' (AD) is popular...
  46. pmc Effects of moxibustion for constipation treatment: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    Myeong Soo Lee
    Division of Standard Research, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon 305 811, South Korea
    Chin Med 5:28. 2010
    ..Given that the methodological quality of all RCTs was poor, the results from the present review are insufficient to suggest that moxibustion is an effective treatment for constipation. More rigorous studies are warranted...
  47. pmc Does moxibustion work? An overview of systematic reviews
    Myeong Soo Lee
    Policy Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea
    BMC Res Notes 3:284. 2010
    ..Several systematic reviews (SRs) have assessed the effectiveness of moxibustion for a range of conditions, often with contradictory conclusions. Our aim was to provide a critical evaluation and summary of these data...
  48. pmc Moxibustion for ulcerative colitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Dong Hyo Lee
    Division of Standard Research, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
    BMC Gastroenterol 10:36. 2010
    ..Several studies have reported that moxibustion is effective in ulcerative colitis (UC). The objective of this review was to assess the clinical evidence for or against moxibustion as a treatment for UC...
  49. pmc Maca (L. meyenii) for improving sexual function: a systematic review
    Byung Cheul Shin
    Division of Clinical Medicine, School of Oriental Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, South Korea
    BMC Complement Altern Med 10:44. 2010
    ..Preparations from maca root have been reported to improve sexual function. The aim of this review was to assess the clinical evidence for or against the effectiveness of the maca plant as a treatment for sexual dysfunction...
  50. pmc Moxibustion for hypertension: a systematic review
    Jong In Kim
    Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 10:33. 2010
    ..The aim of this review was to evaluate previously published clinical evidence for the use of moxibustion as a treatment for hypertension...
  51. pmc Ukrain - a new cancer cure? A systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT
    BMC Cancer 5:69. 2005
    ..Numerous pre-clinical and clinical investigations seem to suggest that Ukrain is pharmacologically active and clinically effective. We wanted therefore to critically evaluate the clinical trial data in the form of a systematic review...
  52. pmc Moxibustion for cancer care: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Myeong Soo Lee
    Division of Standard Research, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea
    BMC Cancer 10:130. 2010
    ..The objective of this review was to systematically assess the effectiveness of moxibustion for supportive cancer care...
  53. pmc A re-evaluation of kava (Piper methysticum)
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 64:415-7. 2007
  54. ncbi request reprint Bach flower remedies: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, Devon, UK
    Swiss Med Wkly 140:w13079. 2010
    ..All but one were placebo-controlled. All placebo-controlled trials failed to demonstrate efficacy. It is concluded that the most reliable clinical trials do not show any differences between flower remedies and placebos...
  55. ncbi request reprint Chiropractic treatment for fibromyalgia: a systematic review
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 28:1175-8. 2009
    ..They generated no evidence to suggest that chiropractic care is effective for fibromyalgia. Currently, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that chiropractic is an effective treatment for fibromyalgia...
  56. ncbi request reprint Prevalence surveys: to be taken with a pinch of salt
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 12:272-5. 2006
  57. doi request reprint Acupuncture for insomnia? An overview of systematic reviews
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Eur J Gen Pract 17:116-23. 2011
    ..Several systematic reviews of acupuncture as a treatment of insomnia have recently emerged. Their results are far from uniform...
  58. pmc Chiropractic treatment for gastrointestinal problems: a systematic review of clinical trials
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Can J Gastroenterol 25:39-40. 2011
    ..There is no supportive evidence that chiropractic is an effective treatment for gastrointestinal disorders...
  59. ncbi request reprint Complementary/Alternative therapies for the treatment of breast cancer. A systematic review of randomized clinical trials and a critique of current terminology
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Breast J 12:526-30. 2006
    ..Encouraging but not fully convincing results emerged for melatonin...
  60. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture in obstetrics and gynecology: an overview of systematic reviews
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Am J Chin Med 39:423-31. 2011
    ..Nine systematic reviews arrived with clearly positive conclusions; however, there were many contradictions and caveats. The evidence for acupuncture as a treatment of obstetrical and gynecological conditions remains limited...
  61. ncbi request reprint Celebrity-based medicine
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Med J Aust 185:680-1. 2006
    ..To collect contemporary accounts of celebrity use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), to aid clinicians in determining which CAM treatments patients are likely to use...
  62. doi request reprint Acupuncture for depression?: A systematic review of systematic reviews
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Eval Health Prof 34:403-12. 2011
    ..In conclusion, the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment of depression remains unproven and the authors' findings are consistent with acupuncture effects in depression being indistinguishable from placebo effects...
  63. doi request reprint An independent review of NCCAM-funded studies of chiropractic
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 30:593-600. 2011
    ..The criticism repeatedly aimed at NCCAM seems justified, as far as their RCTs of chiropractic is concerned. It seems questionable whether such research is worthwhile...
  64. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative medicine for supportive cancer care: development of the evidence-base
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Support Care Cancer 15:565-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this article is to compare the evidence relating to the effectiveness of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) in palliative cancer care as it existed in 2000 and 2005...
  65. doi request reprint Reflexology: an update of a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Maturitas 68:116-20. 2011
    ..It is concluded that the best clinical evidence does not demonstrate convincingly reflexology to be an effective treatment for any medical condition...
  66. pmc Adverse effects of spinal manipulation: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J R Soc Med 100:330-8. 2007
    ..To identify adverse effects of spinal manipulation...
  67. doi request reprint Chiropractic maintenance treatment, a useful preventative approach?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Prev Med 49:99-100. 2009
    ..As spinal manipulation has repeatedly been associated with considerable harm, the risk benefit balance of chiropractic maintenance care is not demonstrably positive. Therefore there are no good reasons to recommend it...
  68. doi request reprint UK chiropractic: regulated but unruly
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 14:186-7. 2009
    ..If chiropractic in the UK is to grow into an established health care profession, the General Chiropractic Council and its members should comply with the accepted standards of today's health care...
  69. pmc Frankincense: systematic review
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    BMJ 337:a2813. 2008
    ..To assess evidence from randomised clinical trials about the effectiveness of extracts of Boswellia serrata (frankincense)...
  70. doi request reprint Spinal manipulation for asthma: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Respir Med 103:1791-5. 2009
    ..It is concluded that, according to the evidence of the most rigorous studies available to date, spinal manipulation is not an effective treatment for asthma...
  71. ncbi request reprint A trial design that generates only ''positive'' results
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    J Postgrad Med 54:214-6. 2008
    ..We conclude that the 'A + B versus B' design is prone to false positive results and discuss the design features that might prevent or exacerbate this problem...
  72. ncbi request reprint [Anthroposophic medicine: a critical analysis]
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    MMW Fortschr Med 150:1-6. 2008
    ..Anthroposophic medicine (AM) is popular in Europe. This review is an attempt to critically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of AM. The aim is to contribute to a critical discussion of this subject...
  73. doi request reprint Chiropractic spinal manipulation for infant colic: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 63:1351-3. 2009
    ..The totality of this evidence fails to demonstrate the effectiveness of this treatment. It is concluded that the above claim is not based on convincing data from rigorous clinical trials...
  74. ncbi request reprint Homoeopathy and I
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 63:1558-61. 2009
    ..This is carried out by citing from my own publications on the subject. It is concluded that my attitude changed because of the scientific evidence, which was published during this period...
  75. ncbi request reprint Advice offered by practitioners of complementary/ alternative medicine: an important ethical issue
    E Ernst
    University of Exeter, Devon, England
    Eval Health Prof 32:335-42. 2009
    ..This, the author argues, can impinge on the main principle of medical ethics: beneficence, nonmaleficence, and autonomy. We should work toward correcting this deplorable situation...
  76. ncbi request reprint Homeopathy: what does the "best" evidence tell us?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Med J Aust 192:458-60. 2010
    ..To evaluate the evidence for and against the effectiveness of homeopathy...
  77. ncbi request reprint Publication bias in complementary/alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:1093-4. 2007
  78. pmc The truth about homeopathy
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 65:163-4. 2008
  79. doi request reprint [Homeopathy]
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Wien Med Wochenschr 160:256-8. 2010
    ..The totality of about 200 clinical trials fails to demonstrate its efficacy beyond placebo. Its use as a benign placebo is ethically unjustifiable. It follows that homeopathy cannot be recommended for use in medical routine...
  80. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction in older men and women: an overview of systematic reviews
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Maturitas 70:37-41. 2011
    ..For acupuncture and maca the evidence was insufficient for ED and SD respectively. It is concluded that there is some encouraging evidence but more and better studies are required to establish the value of CAM for SD and ED...
  81. ncbi request reprint Serious adverse effects of unconventional therapies for children and adolescents: a systematic review of recent evidence
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Eur J Pediatr 162:72-80. 2003
    ..At present, it is impossible to provide reliable incidence figures. It seems important to be vigilant and investigate this area more systematically...
  82. ncbi request reprint Chiropractic spinal manipulation for neck pain: a systematic review
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Pain 4:417-21. 2003
    ..In conclusion, the notion that CSM is more effective than conventional exercise treatment in the treatment of neck pain was not supported by rigorous trial data...
  83. ncbi request reprint Manual therapies for pain control: chiropractic and massage
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, and Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin J Pain 20:8-12. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of chiropractic and massage therapy for the reduction of any type of pain...
  84. ncbi request reprint Ear candles: a triumph of ignorance over science
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Laryngol Otol 118:1-2. 2004
    ..There are no data to suggest that it is effective for any condition. Furthermore, ear candles have been associated with ear injuries. The inescapable conclusion is that ear candles do more harm than good. Their use should be discouraged...
  85. ncbi request reprint [Research into complementary medicine--an account after 10 years]
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 154:32-6. 2004
    ..Although some progress has been made, this field continues to receive too little attention. The future of complementary medicine will depend on whether its modalities can be shown to generate more good than harm for the patient...
  86. ncbi request reprint Anthroposophical medicine: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, United Kingdom
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:128-30. 2004
    ..It was therefore concluded that, at present, the question whether the anthroposophical concept of healing generates more good than harm cannot be answered...
  87. ncbi request reprint The "improbability" of complementary and alternative medicine
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, England, UK
    Arch Intern Med 164:914-5. 2004
  88. ncbi request reprint Research into complementary medicine: some future challenges
    Edzard Ernst
    Compplementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 11:109-10. 2004
  89. ncbi request reprint 'If it helps my patient...' Perspectives on complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter
    Clin Med 4:242-3. 2004
    ..The revised argument should be 'if it helps my patient, I want research undertaken to find out whether more people could benefit from it'...
  90. ncbi request reprint Bioresonance, a study of pseudo-scientific language
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 11:171-3. 2004
    ..This can be seen as an attempt to present nonsense as science. Because this misleads patients and can thus endanger their health, we should find ways of minimizing this problem...
  91. ncbi request reprint Musculoskeletal conditions and complementary/alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 18:539-56. 2004
    ..It is, therefore, concluded that our research efforts must be directed towards defining which form of CAM generates more good than harm for which condition...
  92. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture research--the first 10 years in Exeter
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Acupunct Med 21:100-4. 2003
    ..We also hope in the future that we will be able to contribute to the understanding of acupuncture as a therapeutic modality...
  93. ncbi request reprint Avocado-soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) for osteoarthritis - a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Devon, Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 22:285-8. 2003
    ..The majority of rigorous trial data available to date suggest that ASU is effective for the symptomatic treatment of OA and more research seems warranted. However, the only real long-term trial yielded a largely negative result...
  94. ncbi request reprint Dr Reiter: the "Third" and "Fourth" Reich
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, England
    Semin Arthritis Rheum 32:244-5. 2003
  95. ncbi request reprint "Flower remedies": a systematic review of the clinical evidence
    Edzard Ernst
    Institute of Health and Social Care Research, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, U K
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 114:963-6. 2002
    ..Flower remedies (also called "Bach" flower remedies) are used by an increasing number of individuals, and many health claims have been made for them. No systematic review of flower remedies has so far been published...
  96. ncbi request reprint [Alternative and scientific therapy forms: irreconcilable opposition?]
    Edzard Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 115:83-4. 2003
  97. ncbi request reprint Panel discussions about CAM and research: science friction
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Devon EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 9:81-2. 2003
  98. ncbi request reprint The Alexander technique: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 10:325-9. 2003
    ..Alexander technique (AT), a process of psychophysical re-education, is being promoted for a range of medical conditions. This systematic review is aimed at critically evaluating the evidence for or against the effectiveness of AT...
  99. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular adverse effects of herbal medicines: a systematic review of the recent literature
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom
    Can J Cardiol 19:818-27. 2003
    ..In conclusion, herbal medicinal products are regularly associated with serious cardiovascular adverse events but the size of this problem cannot be estimated at present. Vigilance and research seem to be the best way forward...