C J Martin

Summary

Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of semiconductor and ionization chamber detectors for diagnostic x-ray dosimetry measurements
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
    Phys Med Biol 52:4465-80. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Effective dose: how should it be applied to medical exposures?
    C J Martin
    Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, West House, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
    Br J Radiol 80:639-47. 2007
  3. pmc The importance of radiation quality for optimisation in radiology
    Cj Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
    Biomed Imaging Interv J 3:e38. 2007
  4. pmc Optimisation in general radiography
    Cj Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
    Biomed Imaging Interv J 3:e18. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Application of ALARP to extremity doses for hospital workers
    C J Martin
    Health Physics Service, Divisional Offices West, Western Infirmary, Glasgow G11 6NT, UK
    J Radiol Prot 23:405-21. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint A study of the correction factor for ultraviolet phototherapy dose measurements made by the indirect method
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G12 OXH, Scotland, U K
    Br J Dermatol 149:1227-31. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Dose-image quality optimisation in digital chest radiography
    P Doyle
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 OXH, UK nhs uk
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 114:269-72. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Calibrating automatic exposure control devices for digital radiography
    P Doyle
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 OXH, UK
    Phys Med Biol 51:5475-85. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Application of contrast-to-noise ratio in optimizing beam quality for digital chest radiography: comparison of experimental measurements and theoretical simulations
    P Doyle
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 OXH, UK
    Phys Med Biol 51:2953-70. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Radiation doses to the legs of radiologists performing interventional procedures: are they a cause for concern?
    M Whitby
    Department of Clinical Physics and Bioengineering, Health Physics Division, Lower Ground Floor, Divisional Offices West, Western Infirmary, Glasgow G11 6NT, UK
    Br J Radiol 76:321-7. 2003

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of semiconductor and ionization chamber detectors for diagnostic x-ray dosimetry measurements
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
    Phys Med Biol 52:4465-80. 2007
    ..ICs are suitable for assessment of patient entrance surface dose rate measurements. Correction factors that could be applied to allow comparisons between measurements with different dosemeters are proposed...
  2. ncbi request reprint Effective dose: how should it be applied to medical exposures?
    C J Martin
    Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, West House, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
    Br J Radiol 80:639-47. 2007
    ..A set of recommendations relating to the use of E and description of risk for medical exposures is proposed...
  3. pmc The importance of radiation quality for optimisation in radiology
    Cj Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
    Biomed Imaging Interv J 3:e38. 2007
    ..Application of simple calculations of the type employed here could prove useful for investigating and assessing the implications of potential changes in X-ray beam quality prior to implementation of new techniques...
  4. pmc Optimisation in general radiography
    Cj Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
    Biomed Imaging Interv J 3:e18. 2007
    ..Causes can then be investigated and changes implemented to address any shortfalls. Application of these methods has led to a gradual reduction in doses in many countries...
  5. ncbi request reprint Application of ALARP to extremity doses for hospital workers
    C J Martin
    Health Physics Service, Divisional Offices West, Western Infirmary, Glasgow G11 6NT, UK
    J Radiol Prot 23:405-21. 2003
    ..It is hoped that the criteria could aid balanced decision-making about the appropriate protection strategy and ensure that protection measures are in place where they are required, but avoid their introduction where they are unnecessary...
  6. ncbi request reprint A study of the correction factor for ultraviolet phototherapy dose measurements made by the indirect method
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G12 OXH, Scotland, U K
    Br J Dermatol 149:1227-31. 2003
    ..One factor involved in whole body treatments is the correction that needs to be applied to radiometer measurements of irradiance made remotely without a person in the phototherapy cabin...
  7. ncbi request reprint Dose-image quality optimisation in digital chest radiography
    P Doyle
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 OXH, UK nhs uk
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 114:269-72. 2005
    ..SNR measurements provided a useful objective measure for assessment of image quality for optimising DR systems...
  8. ncbi request reprint Calibrating automatic exposure control devices for digital radiography
    P Doyle
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 OXH, UK
    Phys Med Biol 51:5475-85. 2006
    ..Factors influencing the calibration of AECs for digital radiography including techniques, types of phantom and contributions from scatter are reviewed, and practical methods recommended for use...
  9. ncbi request reprint Application of contrast-to-noise ratio in optimizing beam quality for digital chest radiography: comparison of experimental measurements and theoretical simulations
    P Doyle
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 OXH, UK
    Phys Med Biol 51:2953-70. 2006
    ..The CNR and FOM can provide useful quantities for evaluating imaging performance to optimize beam quality for different imaging tasks...
  10. ncbi request reprint Radiation doses to the legs of radiologists performing interventional procedures: are they a cause for concern?
    M Whitby
    Department of Clinical Physics and Bioengineering, Health Physics Division, Lower Ground Floor, Divisional Offices West, Western Infirmary, Glasgow G11 6NT, UK
    Br J Radiol 76:321-7. 2003
    ..The inclusion of a lead screen to protect the legs is an effective method of dose reduction when performing interventional procedures...
  11. doi request reprint Assessment of eye and body dose for interventional radiologists, cardiologists, and other interventional staff
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    J Radiol Prot 33:445-60. 2013
    ..If Hp(3) exceeded 1 mSv per month, regular monitoring with a head dosimeter would be recommended, and if Hp(10) exceeded 2 mSv per month, then an under-apron dosimeter should also be worn...
  12. pmc Personal dosimetry for interventional operators: when and how should monitoring be done?
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Br J Radiol 84:639-48. 2011
    ..Assessment of the potential doses to the hands and eyes for interventional radiologists and cardiologists can be difficult. A review of studies of doses to interventional operators reported in the literature has been undertaken...
  13. ncbi request reprint Reductions in finger doses for radiopharmaceutical dispensing afforded by a syringe shield and an automatic dose dispenser
    A Montgomery
    Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, West Glasgow Hospitals University NHS Trust, UK
    Nucl Med Commun 20:189-94. 1999
    ..GEMS has the potential to facilitate greater optimization of finger doses through analysis of finger dose patterns...
  14. doi request reprint A study of CT dose distribution in an elliptical phantom and the influence of automatic tube current modulation in the x-y plane
    S Sookpeng
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, 1055 Great Western Road, Glasgow, UK
    J Radiol Prot 33:461-83. 2013
    ..When the ATCM mode for the Toshiba scanner is implemented, the doses in the anterior and posterior positions are reduced preferentially, bringing them closer to the doses in the lateral positions...
  15. doi request reprint Establishment of scatter factors for use in shielding calculations and risk assessment for computed tomography facilities
    H Wallace
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, 1055 Great Western Road, Glasgow, G12 0XH, UK
    J Radiol Prot 32:39-50. 2012
    ..The factors can be used to predict scatter air kerma levels within a scanner room that might be used in risk assessments relating to personnel whose presence may be required during CT fluoroscopy procedures...
  16. doi request reprint Management of patient dose in radiology in the UK
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 147:355-72. 2011
    ..This paper describes the form of patient dose management programmes in the UK. It also gives guidance that might be useful to others that are now embarking on the same journey...
  17. ncbi request reprint Optimising automatic exposure control in computed radiography and the impact on patient dose
    P Doyle
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 OXH, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 114:236-9. 2005
    ..Experiences gained in setting up the systems are described and results of a patient dose survey are reported...
  18. ncbi request reprint A study of the distribution of dose across the hands of interventional radiologists and cardiologists
    M Whitby
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, West House, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Br J Radiol 78:219-29. 2005
    ..Monitoring is recommended for operators who may receive over 50 mSv to their hands per year, and should be considered for operators carrying out therapeutic procedures involving patient dose-area products over 500 Gy cm2 per month...
  19. doi request reprint Comparison of ionisation chamber and semiconductor detector devices for measurement of the dose-width product for panoramic dental units
    S A Mitchell
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, 1055 Great Western Road, Glasgow, UK
    J Radiol Prot 33:321-8. 2013
    ..The measurements with the SD agree more closely with the IC with the steel plate to the rear. An IC with a backing plate to standardise scatter or a suitable SD is recommended for measurement on panoramic dental units...
  20. ncbi request reprint Techniques for measurement of dose width product in panoramic dental radiography
    P Doyle
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 OXH, UK
    Br J Radiol 79:142-7. 2006
    ..The DWP for 30% of the units tested exceeded the diagnostic reference dose of 65 mGy mm, recommended by the National Radiological Protection Board...
  21. ncbi request reprint A survey of incidents in radiology and nuclear medicine in the West of Scotland
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, West House, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Br J Radiol 78:913-21. 2005
    ..The central incident reporting and investigation system has raised the awareness of staff about the type of mistakes which could lead to incidents and promoted the introduction of recommended actions to reduce these risks...
  22. ncbi request reprint Investigation using an advanced extremity gamma instrumentation system of options for shielding the hand during the preparation and injection of radiopharmaceuticals
    M Whitby
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Western Infirmary, Glasgow G11 6NY, UK
    J Radiol Prot 23:79-96. 2003
    ..Dose received from individual injections varied from 1 to 150 microGy depending on the degree of difficulty experienced during the injection...
  23. doi request reprint A review of radiology staff doses and dose monitoring requirements
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 136:140-57. 2009
    ..Such dose estimates could be employed in risk assessments when reviewing protection and monitoring requirements. A dosemeter worn on the little finger of the hand nearest to the X-ray tube is recommended for monitoring the hand...
  24. doi request reprint Derivation of factors for estimating the scatter of diagnostic x-rays from walls and ceiling slabs
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, 1055 Great Western Road, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
    J Radiol Prot 32:373-96. 2012
    ..Coefficients have been derived for a CT facility and an interventional suite to predict tertiary scatter levels from the workload, so that consideration can be given to the protection options available...
  25. ncbi request reprint Ultraviolet phototherapy: review of options for cabin dosimetry and operation
    H Amatiello
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, G12 OXH, UK
    Phys Med Biol 51:299-309. 2006
    ..There should be a robust system to identify and replace failed lamps to minimize the risk of erythema...
  26. doi request reprint Radiation dosimetry for diagnostic medical exposures
    C J Martin
    Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 128:389-412. 2008
    ..The techniques that are used will be described, factors that influence doses and that must be considered when making measurements will be discussed, and future developments will be considered...
  27. doi request reprint A study of the relationship between peak skin dose and cumulative air kerma in interventional neuroradiology and cardiology
    S Neil
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    J Radiol Prot 30:659-72. 2010
    ..The DAP value would depend on the mean field size and would need to be determined for each application...
  28. ncbi request reprint Organisation of the disposal of radioactive sources from Scottish hospitals
    R S Corrigall
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, 1055 Great Western Road, Glasgow G12 OXH, UK
    J Radiol Prot 24:257-64. 2004
    ..The police provided secure overnight storage for the loaded truck and assistance in directing and monitoring progress of the load...
  29. doi request reprint Application of Gafchromic film in the study of dosimetry methods in CT phantoms
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, G12 0XH, UK
    J Radiol Prot 31:389-409. 2011
    ....
  30. doi request reprint The radiobiology/radiation protection interface in healthcare
    C J Martin
    Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    J Radiol Prot 29:A1-A20. 2009
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Effective dose: practice, purpose and pitfalls for nuclear medicine
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
    J Radiol Prot 31:205-19. 2011
    ..General terminology should be used in conveying risks to patients and medical professionals...
  32. ncbi request reprint Instrument for scanning the angular variation of irradiance in ultraviolet phototherapy cabinets
    A L Evans
    Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, North and South Glasgow University Hospitals NHS Trusts, Glasgow GS1 4TF, UK
    J Med Eng Technol 26:126-31. 2002
    ..Failed lamps and lamps with higher or lower outputs are readily identified. The measurements are controlled from outside the cabinet, thus reducing the risk to staff from exposure to ultraviolet radiation...
  33. doi request reprint Relationships between patient size, dose and image noise under automatic tube current modulation systems
    S Sookpeng
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, 1055 Great Western Road, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK Department of Clinical Physics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
    J Radiol Prot 34:103-23. 2014
    ..Image noise is more dependent on the patient size. ..
  34. doi request reprint Comparison of different phantom designs for CT scanner automatic tube current modulation system tests
    S Sookpeng
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, 1055 Great Western Road, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK Department of Clinical Physics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
    J Radiol Prot 33:735-61. 2013
    ..However, the ImPACT conical phantom provided the best overall assessment of performance in terms of tube current modulations and noise pattern. ..
  35. ncbi request reprint The LNT model provides the best approach for practical implementation of radiation protection
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 OXH, UK
    Br J Radiol 78:14-6. 2005
    ..Political, practical and healthcare difficulties with attempting to introduce an alternative approach, e.g. a threshold model, are discussed...
  36. ncbi request reprint A review of factors affecting patient doses for barium enemas and meals
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Department of Clinical Physics and Bio engineering, West House, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
    Br J Radiol 77:864-8. 2004
    ..It is important that the operators are aware of the low dose imaging options on their equipment in order that techniques can be fully optimized...
  37. doi request reprint Approaches to aspects of optimisation of protection in diagnostic radiology in six continents
    C J Martin
    Health Physics, Gartnavel Royal Hospital, Glasgow G12 0XH, UK
    J Radiol Prot 33:711-34. 2013
    ..In order for dose surveys to have an impact, action must be taken upon the findings, but there must be an effective link between surveyors and radiology facility staff to ensure that this is done. ..
  38. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of radiofrequency exposure from therapeutic diathermy equipment in the light of current recommendations
    C J Martin
    Department of Bio Medical Physics and Bio Engineering, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Clin Phys Physiol Meas 11:53-63. 1990
    ..Physiotherapists are advised to remain at a distance of at least 1 m during cw treatments, and not to approach within 0.5 m of the electrodes and cables even for a short period...
  39. ncbi request reprint 20 years of patient dose studies: where should we go from here?
    C J Martin
    Br J Radiol 78:477-9. 2005
  40. ncbi request reprint Guidelines for dosimetry and calibration in ultraviolet radiation therapy: a report of a British Photodermatology Group workshop
    D K Taylor
    Medical Physics Department, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Great Western Road, Gloucester, GL1 3NN, UK
    Br J Dermatol 146:755-63. 2002
    ..The recommendations have been graded according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer classification of strength of recommendation and quality of evidence (summarized in Appendix 5)...
  41. ncbi request reprint An automated dosimetry system for testing whole-body ultraviolet phototherapy cabinets
    G D Currie
    Department of Clinical Physics and Bio-Engineering, North Glasgow University Hospital NHS Trusts, UK
    Phys Med Biol 46:333-46. 2001
    ..Plots of data from the collimated detector show peaks corresponding to the lamps and the surrounding reflectors. The plots enable failed lamps to be detected and peak values can be related to radiant intensities of individual lamps...
  42. ncbi request reprint The interpretation of zinc protoporphyrin changes in lead intoxication: a case report and review of the literature
    C J Martin
    Institute of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
    Occup Med (Lond) 54:587-91. 2004
    ..Zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) has been used both as a screening and diagnostic test for overexposure to lead for nearly 30 years, although limitations for both purposes are recognized...