N J Reeves

Summary

Affiliation: Manchester Metropolitan University
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Musculoskeletal adaptations to resistance training in old age
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager Campus, Hassall Road, Alsager, Cheshire ST7 2HL, UK
    Man Ther 11:192-6. 2006
  2. pmc Effect of strength training on human patella tendon mechanical properties of older individuals
    N D Reeves
    Centre for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager Campus, UK
    J Physiol 548:971-81. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint The demands of stair descent relative to maximum capacities in elderly and young adults
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager Campus ST7 2HL, United Kingdom
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 18:218-27. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Older adults employ alternative strategies to operate within their maximum capabilities when ascending stairs
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, ST7 2HL Alsager Campus, United Kingdom
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 19:e57-68. 2009
  5. doi request reprint A case highlighting the influence of knee joint effusion on muscle inhibition and size
    Neil D Reeves
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, Cheshire, UK
    Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol 4:153-8. 2008
  6. doi request reprint Influence of light handrail use on the biomechanics of stair negotiation in old age
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager Campus, United Kingdom
    Gait Posture 28:327-36. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Human patellar tendon stiffness is restored following graft harvest for anterior cruciate ligament surgery
    Neil D Reeves
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, John Dalton Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK
    J Biomech 42:797-803. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Differential adaptations to eccentric versus conventional resistance training in older humans
    Neil D Reeves
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, John Dalton Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M1 5GD, UK
    Exp Physiol 94:825-33. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Conservative biomechanical strategies for knee osteoarthritis
    Neil D Reeves
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, School of Healthcare Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Manchester Metropolitan University, John Dalton Building E216, Oxford Road, Manchester M15GD, UK
    Nat Rev Rheumatol 7:113-22. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint Myotendinous plasticity to ageing and resistance exercise in humans
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager Campus, Hassall Road, Alsager, Cheshire ST7 2HL, UK
    Exp Physiol 91:483-98. 2006

Detail Information

Publications30

  1. ncbi request reprint Musculoskeletal adaptations to resistance training in old age
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager Campus, Hassall Road, Alsager, Cheshire ST7 2HL, UK
    Man Ther 11:192-6. 2006
    ..Tendons of older adults adapt to resistance training by increasing their stiffness and Young's modulus. In conclusion, many of the musculoskeletal factors characterizing ageing can be at least partially mitigated by resistance training...
  2. pmc Effect of strength training on human patella tendon mechanical properties of older individuals
    N D Reeves
    Centre for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager Campus, UK
    J Physiol 548:971-81. 2003
    ..This may reduce the risk of tendon injury in old age and has implications for contractile force production and the rapid execution of motor tasks...
  3. ncbi request reprint The demands of stair descent relative to maximum capacities in elderly and young adults
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager Campus ST7 2HL, United Kingdom
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 18:218-27. 2008
    ..These results indicate that the elderly redistribute the joint moments in order to maintain the task demands within 'safe' limits...
  4. ncbi request reprint Older adults employ alternative strategies to operate within their maximum capabilities when ascending stairs
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, ST7 2HL Alsager Campus, United Kingdom
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 19:e57-68. 2009
    ..It seems that elderly people may meet the demands of unaided stair ascent by adopting a number of alternative strategies to compensate for their reduced musculoskeletal capabilities...
  5. doi request reprint A case highlighting the influence of knee joint effusion on muscle inhibition and size
    Neil D Reeves
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, Cheshire, UK
    Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol 4:153-8. 2008
    ..The patient sustained an injury that caused knee joint effusion. The patient had undergone reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament on the right knee approximately 8 years before this injury...
  6. doi request reprint Influence of light handrail use on the biomechanics of stair negotiation in old age
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager Campus, United Kingdom
    Gait Posture 28:327-36. 2008
    ..These results indicate that although the biomechanical mechanisms are different for stair ascent and descent, the safety of stair negotiation is improved for older adults with light use of the handrails...
  7. doi request reprint Human patellar tendon stiffness is restored following graft harvest for anterior cruciate ligament surgery
    Neil D Reeves
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, John Dalton Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK
    J Biomech 42:797-803. 2009
    ..The newly formed tendon tissue had inferior properties as indicated by the reduced tendon Young's modulus, but it increased to a level that enabled recovery of tendon stiffness...
  8. doi request reprint Differential adaptations to eccentric versus conventional resistance training in older humans
    Neil D Reeves
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, John Dalton Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M1 5GD, UK
    Exp Physiol 94:825-33. 2009
    ..These results suggest that the stimulus for adding sarcomeres in-series and in-parallel may be different, which implies that different myogenic responses were induced by the two different training methods...
  9. doi request reprint Conservative biomechanical strategies for knee osteoarthritis
    Neil D Reeves
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, School of Healthcare Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Manchester Metropolitan University, John Dalton Building E216, Oxford Road, Manchester M15GD, UK
    Nat Rev Rheumatol 7:113-22. 2011
    ..Valgus knee braces and muscle strengthening are also discussed for their effect upon reducing the knee adduction moment...
  10. ncbi request reprint Myotendinous plasticity to ageing and resistance exercise in humans
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager Campus, Hassall Road, Alsager, Cheshire ST7 2HL, UK
    Exp Physiol 91:483-98. 2006
    ..Many of the myotendinous factors characterizing ageing can be at least partly reversed by resistance training...
  11. ncbi request reprint Ultrasonographic assessment of human skeletal muscle size
    Neil D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager Campus, Hassall Road, Alsager, Cheshire, ST7 2HL, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 91:116-8. 2004
    ..The present findings justify the application of the ULT method for the detection of changes throughout large muscles in response to training, disuse or as a consequence of sarcopenia...
  12. ncbi request reprint Behavior of human muscle fascicles during shortening and lengthening contractions in vivo
    Neil D Reeves
    Centre for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager Campus, UK ST7 2HL
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 95:1090-6. 2003
    ..The quasi-isometric behavior of fascicles during eccentric muscle actions suggests that the series elastic component acts as a mechanical buffer during active lengthening...
  13. ncbi request reprint Effect of resistance training on skeletal muscle-specific force in elderly humans
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager, Cheshire, UK
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 96:885-92. 2004
    ..3 N/cm(2) before to 32.1 +/- 7.4 N/cm(2) after training (P < 0.01), highlighting the effectiveness of strength training for increasing the intrinsic force-producing capacity of skeletal muscle in old age...
  14. ncbi request reprint Influence of simulated microgravity on human skeletal muscle architecture and function
    N J Reeves
    Centre for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager Campus, United Kingdom
    J Gravit Physiol 9:P153-4. 2002
    ..This was associated with a reduction in fascicle shortening during isometric contraction. Exercise countermeasures partially mitigated the loss of muscle force and function following 90 days of bed rest...
  15. ncbi request reprint Influence of 90-day simulated microgravity on human tendon mechanical properties and the effect of resistive countermeasures
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager Campus, Cheshire ST7 2HL, UK
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 98:2278-86. 2005
    ..It is suggested that the total loading volume was not sufficient to completely prevent alterations in tendon mechanical properties...
  16. ncbi request reprint Strength training alters the viscoelastic properties of tendons in elderly humans
    Neil D Reeves
    Centre for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager Campus, Hassall Road, Cheshire ST7 2HL, UK
    Muscle Nerve 28:74-81. 2003
    ..01) and hysteresis decreased from 33 +/- 5 to 24 +/- 4% (P < 0.05), after training. These training-induced adaptations have implications for maximal muscle force, rate of force development, and metabolic cost of locomotion...
  17. ncbi request reprint In vivo human muscle structure and function: adaptations to resistance training in old age
    N D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Hassall Road, Alsager, Cheshire, ST7 2HL, UK
    Exp Physiol 89:675-89. 2004
    ..01) after training. The upward displacement of the angle-torque relation was mainly due to a training-induced increase in agonist activation, whilst the shift in the optimal angle was associated with changes in muscle-tendon properties...
  18. ncbi request reprint Plasticity of dynamic muscle performance with strength training in elderly humans
    Neil D Reeves
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Hassall Road, Alsager, Cheshire ST7 2HL, UK
    Muscle Nerve 31:355-64. 2005
    ..These findings may have important implications for dynamic muscle performance in old age...
  19. doi request reprint The effects of agonist and antagonist muscle activation on the knee extension moment-angle relationship in adults and children
    Thomas D O'Brien
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health IRM, Manchester Metropolitan University, John Dalton Tower, Chester Street, Manchester, M1 5GD, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 106:849-56. 2009
    ....
  20. doi request reprint Mechanical properties of the patellar tendon in adults and children
    Thomas D O'Brien
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health IRM, Manchester Metropolitan University, John Dalton Tower, Chester Street, Manchester, M1 5GD, UK
    J Biomech 43:1190-5. 2010
    ..These findings indicate that the mechanical stiffness of tendon increases with maturation due to an increased Young's modulus and, in females due to a greater increase in tendon cross-sectional area than tendon length...
  21. doi request reprint Strong relationships exist between muscle volume, joint power and whole-body external mechanical power in adults and children
    Thomas D O'Brien
    Manchester Metropolitan University, Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester, UK
    Exp Physiol 94:731-8. 2009
    ..Future studies should examine the role of other factors relating to the generation and transmission of contractile power, such as muscle architecture, tendon stiffness and external mechanical leverage...
  22. doi request reprint Assessment of voluntary muscle activation using magnetic stimulation
    Thomas D O'Brien
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 104:49-55. 2008
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Adaptive response of human tendon to paralysis
    Constantinos N Maganaris
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager ST7 2HL, United Kingdom
    Muscle Nerve 33:85-92. 2006
    ..This needs to be taken into consideration in the design of electrical stimulation protocols for rehabilitation and experimental purposes, and when interpreting changes in the contractile speed of paralyzed muscle...
  24. ncbi request reprint Muscle activation assessment: effects of method, stimulus number, and joint angle
    Theodoros M Bampouras
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager, United Kingdom
    Muscle Nerve 34:740-6. 2006
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint In vivo physiological cross-sectional area and specific force are reduced in the gastrocnemius of elderly men
    Christopher I Morse
    Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan Univ, Alsager Campus, Hassall Road, Alsager, Cheshire ST7 2HL, UK
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 99:1050-5. 2005
    ..This phenomenon may possibly be due to a reduction in single-fiber specific tension...
  26. pmc Moment arms of the knee extensor mechanism in children and adults
    Thomas D O'Brien
    Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK
    J Anat 215:198-205. 2009
    ..25 + 0.083 x tibia length + 0.02 x leg length (R(2) = 0.83). These findings indicate that the knee extensor mechanism in pre-pubertal children should not be considered to be a 'scaled-down' version of that in adults...
  27. ncbi request reprint Influence of knee joint angle on muscle properties of paralyzed and nonparalyzed human knee extensors
    Karin H Gerrits
    Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Vrije University, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Muscle Nerve 32:73-80. 2005
    ..The results provide valuable information about muscle changes occurring in various neurological disorders...
  28. pmc Identification of elderly fallers by muscle strength measures
    Mirjam Pijnappels
    Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Appl Physiol 102:585-92. 2008
    ..These results indicate that whole leg extension strength is associated with the ability to prevent a fall after a gait perturbation and might be used to identify the elderly at risk of falling...
  29. ncbi request reprint Tripping without falling; lower limb strength, a limitation for balance recovery and a target for training in the elderly
    Mirjam Pijnappels
    Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 18:188-96. 2008
    ..Moreover, trainers improved more than controls in moment generation after tripping, especially around the ankle. It can be concluded that transfer of resistance training effects to balance recovery is feasible...