S M Shirreffs

Summary

Affiliation: Loughborough University
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Nutrition for soccer players
    Ronald J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
    Curr Sports Med Rep 6:279-80. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Water balance and salt losses in competitive football
    Ronald J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Longborough University, Longborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU England
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 17:583-94. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Markers of hydration status
    S M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:S6-9. 2003
  4. ncbi request reprint The effect of alcohol on athletic performance
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
    Curr Sports Med Rep 5:192-6. 2006
  5. pmc Beverage consumption habits "24/7" among British adults: association with total water intake and energy intake
    Sigrid Gibson
    Sig Nurture Ltd, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
    Nutr J 12:9. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Fluid and electrolyte needs for training, competition, and recovery
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    J Sports Sci 29:S39-46. 2011
  7. doi request reprint Hydration: special issues for playing football in warm and hot environments
    S M Shirreffs
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:90-4. 2010
  8. doi request reprint Conference on "Multidisciplinary approaches to nutritional problems". Symposium on "Performance, exercise and health". Hydration, fluids and performance
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE113TU, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 68:17-22. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Fluid needs for training and competition in athletics
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK
    J Sports Sci 25:S83-91. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Milk as an effective post-exercise rehydration drink
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Br J Nutr 98:173-80. 2007

Detail Information

Publications40

  1. ncbi request reprint Nutrition for soccer players
    Ronald J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
    Curr Sports Med Rep 6:279-80. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Water balance and salt losses in competitive football
    Ronald J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Longborough University, Longborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU England
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 17:583-94. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Markers of hydration status
    S M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:S6-9. 2003
    ..The current evidence and opinion tend to favour urine indices, and in particular urine osmolality, as the most promising marker available...
  4. ncbi request reprint The effect of alcohol on athletic performance
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
    Curr Sports Med Rep 5:192-6. 2006
    ..Effects may persist for hours after intoxication...
  5. pmc Beverage consumption habits "24/7" among British adults: association with total water intake and energy intake
    Sigrid Gibson
    Sig Nurture Ltd, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
    Nutr J 12:9. 2013
    ..Few studies have examined how real-life consumption patterns, including beverage type, variety and timing relate to TWI and energy intake (EI)...
  6. doi request reprint Fluid and electrolyte needs for training, competition, and recovery
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    J Sports Sci 29:S39-46. 2011
    ..But if rapid recovery (<24 h) is desired or severe hypohydration (>5% body mass) is encountered, aggressive drinking of fluids and consuming electrolytes should be encouraged to facilitate recovery for subsequent competition...
  7. doi request reprint Hydration: special issues for playing football in warm and hot environments
    S M Shirreffs
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:90-4. 2010
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Conference on "Multidisciplinary approaches to nutritional problems". Symposium on "Performance, exercise and health". Hydration, fluids and performance
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE113TU, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 68:17-22. 2009
    ..The composition and temperature of a drink and the volume and rate of its consumption can all influence the physiological responses to ingestion and can impact on exercise performance...
  9. ncbi request reprint Fluid needs for training and competition in athletics
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK
    J Sports Sci 25:S83-91. 2007
    ..This may be a particular concern in the field events and multi-event disciplines when competition can be spread over a number of hours and when there are significant rest periods between activities...
  10. ncbi request reprint Milk as an effective post-exercise rehydration drink
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Br J Nutr 98:173-80. 2007
    ..The results of the present study suggest that milk can be an effective post-exercise rehydration drink and can be considered for use after exercise by everyone except those individuals who have lactose intolerance...
  11. ncbi request reprint Water and electrolyte needs for football training and match-play
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, UK
    J Sports Sci 24:699-707. 2006
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint The importance of good hydration for work and exercise performance
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, United Kingdom
    Nutr Rev 63:S14-21. 2005
    ..However, when exercising in a hot environment (an environmental temperature of 30 degrees C or more), dehydration by 2% of body mass impairs exercise performance and increases the possibility of suffering a heat injury...
  13. ncbi request reprint Fluid and electrolyte needs for preparation and recovery from training and competition
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK
    J Sports Sci 22:57-63. 2004
    ..Intravenous fluid replacement after exercise has been investigated to a lesser extent and its role for fluid replacement in the dehydrated but otherwise well athlete remains equivocal...
  14. ncbi request reprint The effects of fluid restriction on hydration status and subjective feelings in man
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK
    Br J Nutr 91:951-8. 2004
    ..1) % reduction by 37 h. Thirst increased from 0-13 h of FR then did not increase further (P>0.05). The subjects reported feelings of headache during the FR trial and also that their ability to concentrate and their alertness were reduced...
  15. doi request reprint Hydration and performance during Ramadan
    R J Maughan
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, United Kingdom
    J Sports Sci 30:S33-41. 2012
    ..Where more than one competition or training session takes place in a single day and where substantial fluid losses are incurred, recovery will be impaired by the absence of fluid intake...
  16. ncbi request reprint Rehydration after exercise in the heat: a comparison of 4 commonly used drinks
    Susan M Shirreffs
    Sport and Exercise Sciences Faculty, Loughborough University, UK
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 17:244-58. 2007
    ..There is a limited range of commercially available products that have a composition sufficient to achieve this, even though the public thinks that some of the traditional drinks are effective for this purpose...
  17. doi request reprint A comparison of the effects of milk and a carbohydrate-electrolyte drink on the restoration of fluid balance and exercise capacity in a hot, humid environment
    Phillip Watson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 104:633-42. 2008
    ..Despite the effect on fluid retention, exercise capacity was not different between skimmed milk and a commercially available carbohydrate-electrolyte drink 4 h following exercise/heat-induced body mass loss...
  18. doi request reprint Living, training and playing in the heat: challenges to the football player and strategies for coping with environmental extremes
    R J Maughan
    School of Sport and Health Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:117-24. 2010
    ..Pre-exercise lowering of body temperature may aid some aspects of performance, but the efficacy has not been demonstrated in football...
  19. ncbi request reprint Water and salt balance of well-trained swimmers in training
    Ronald J Maughan
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 19:598-606. 2009
    ..The average swimmer remained hydrated during the session, and calculated sweat rates were similar to those in previous aquatic studies...
  20. doi request reprint Rehydration with drinks differing in sodium concentration and recovery from moderate exercise-induced hypohydration in man
    Stuart J Merson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 103:585-94. 2008
    ..This did not, however, result in improved performance 4 h after the end of the rehydration period...
  21. doi request reprint Postexercise rehydration in man: the effects of osmolality and carbohydrate content of ingested drinks
    Gethin H Evans
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom
    Nutrition 25:905-13. 2009
    ..This study investigated the effect of the osmolality and carbohydrate content of drinks on their rehydration effectiveness after exercise-induced dehydration...
  22. doi request reprint Development of hydration strategies to optimize performance for athletes in high-intensity sports and in sports with repeated intense efforts
    R J Maughan
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:59-69. 2010
    ..An appropriate drinking strategy will take account of pre-exercise hydration status and of fluid, electrolyte and substrate needs before, during and after exercise...
  23. doi request reprint Dehydration and rehydration in competative sport
    R J Maughan
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:40-7. 2010
    ..An appropriate, individualized drinking strategy will take account of pre-exercise hydration status and of fluid, electrolyte and substrate needs before, during and after a period of exercise...
  24. ncbi request reprint Development of individual hydration strategies for athletes
    Ronald J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 18:457-72. 2008
    ..Strategies will vary greatly between individuals and will also be influenced by environmental conditions, competition regulations, and other factors...
  25. doi request reprint Postexercise rehydration in man: the effects of carbohydrate content and osmolality of drinks ingested ad libitum
    Gethin H Evans
    Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 34:785-93. 2009
    ..In conclusion, in situations of voluntary fluid intake, hypertonic carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions are as effective as hypotonic carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions at restoring whole-body fluid balance...
  26. ncbi request reprint Fluid and electrolyte intake and loss in elite soccer players during training
    Ronald J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences at Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 14:333-46. 2004
    ..Voluntary fluid intake also shows wide inter-individual variability and is generally insufficient to match fluid losses...
  27. ncbi request reprint The sweating response of elite professional soccer players to training in the heat
    S M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
    Int J Sports Med 26:90-5. 2005
    ..This, however, is in accord with data in the literature from other levels of soccer players and athletes in other events. These measurements allow for an individualisation of the club's hydration strategy...
  28. ncbi request reprint Exercise, heat, hydration and the brain
    R J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, United Kingdom
    J Am Coll Nutr 26:604S-612S. 2007
    ..Recent evidence suggests that the integrity of the blood brain barrier may be compromised by combined heat stress and dehydration, and this may play a role in limiting performance in the heat...
  29. doi request reprint Effects of milk ingestion on prolonged exercise capacity in young, healthy men
    Jason K W Lee
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom
    Nutrition 24:340-7. 2008
    ..Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of milk-based drinks on exercise capacity...
  30. ncbi request reprint Fluid and electrolyte balance in elite male football (soccer) players training in a cool environment
    R J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK
    J Sports Sci 23:73-9. 2005
    ..Total salt (NaCl) loss during training was 4.3+/-1.8 g. The sweat loss data are similar to those recorded in elite players undergoing a similar training session in warm environments, but the volume of fluid ingested is less...
  31. pmc Nutrition and hydration concerns of the female football player
    Ronald J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Br J Sports Med 41:i60-3. 2007
    ..Football training seems to increase bone mass in the weight-bearing limbs, with positive implications for bone health in later life, but some players may be at risk from inadequate calcium dietary intake...
  32. ncbi request reprint The influence of drink temperature on thermoregulatory responses during prolonged exercise in a moderate environment
    Jason K W Lee
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    J Sports Sci 25:975-85. 2007
    ..These results suggest that there may be a role for drink temperature in influencing thermoregulation during exercise...
  33. ncbi request reprint Errors in the estimation of hydration status from changes in body mass
    Ronald J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    J Sports Sci 25:797-804. 2007
    ..Body mass change is not always a reliable measure of changes in hydration status and substantial loss of mass may occur without an effective net negative fluid balance...
  34. ncbi request reprint Heat and cold : what does the environment do to the marathon runner?
    Ron J Maughan
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Sports Med 37:396-9. 2007
    ..At present, evidence supports a significant role of catecholaminergic neurotransmission, but there are a number of metabolic and circulatory perturbations occurring within the brain that may also be important in the fatigue process...
  35. doi request reprint Water and salt balance in young male football players in training during the holy month of Ramadan
    Susan M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    J Sports Sci 26:S47-54. 2008
    ..07). These descriptive data show large individual variations in all measured parameters with relatively little difference in sweat parameters between fasting and non-fasting individuals...
  36. doi request reprint The influence of serial feeding of drinks at different temperatures on thermoregulatory responses during cycling
    Jason K W Lee
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    J Sports Sci 26:583-90. 2008
    ..963). The heat load and debt induced by periodic drinking resulted in similar body temperatures during low-intensity exercise in conditions of moderate heat stress due to appropriate thermoregulatory reflexes...
  37. doi request reprint Acute effects of ingesting glucose solutions on blood and plasma volume
    Gethin H Evans
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK
    Br J Nutr 101:1503-8. 2009
    ..It is concluded that ingestion of hypertonic, energy-dense glucose solutions results in a decrease in plasma and extracellular fluid volume, most likely due to the net secretion of water into the intestinal lumen...
  38. ncbi request reprint The effect of acute branched-chain amino acid supplementation on prolonged exercise capacity in a warm environment
    Phillip Watson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 93:306-14. 2004
    ..114) and lactate (P = 0.836) concentrations were not different between trials. Ingestion of a BCAA solution prior to, and during, prolonged exercise in glycogen-depleted subjects did not influence exercise capacity in a warm environment...
  39. ncbi request reprint Blood-brain barrier integrity may be threatened by exercise in a warm environment
    Phillip Watson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 288:R1689-94. 2005
    ..The results of this study demonstrate that serum S100beta was elevated after water immersion and prolonged exercise in a warm environment, suggesting that blood-brain barrier permeability may be altered...
  40. doi request reprint Cold drink ingestion improves exercise endurance capacity in the heat
    Jason K W Lee
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, United Kingdom
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1637-44. 2008
    ..To investigate the effect of drink temperature on cycling capacity in the heat...