Richard G White

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Male circumcision for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa: who, what and when?
    Richard G White
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 22:1841-50. 2008
  2. pmc Population-level effect of HSV-2 therapy on the incidence of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
    R G White
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii12-8. 2008
  3. pmc Low effectiveness of syndromic treatment services for curable sexually transmitted infections in rural South Africa
    R G White
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:528-34. 2008
  4. pmc Treating curable sexually transmitted infections to prevent HIV in Africa: still an effective control strategy?
    Richard G White
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:346-53. 2008
  5. pmc Quantifying HIV-1 transmission due to contaminated injections
    Richard G White
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:9794-9. 2007
  6. pmc HIV epidemic trend and antiretroviral treatment need in Karonga District, Malawi
    R G White
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 135:922-32. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Commentary: What can we make of an association between human immunodeficiency virus prevalence and population mobility?
    Richard G White
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 49 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3DP, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 32:753-4. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Can population differences explain the contrasting results of the Mwanza, Rakai, and Masaka HIV/sexually transmitted disease intervention trials?: A modeling study
    Richard G White
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1500-13. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Understanding the differences between contrasting HIV epidemics in east and west Africa: results from a simulation model of the Four Cities Study
    Kate K Orroth
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:i5-16. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Empirical observations underestimate the proportion of human immunodeficiency virus infections attributable to sexually transmitted diseases in the Mwanza and Rakai sexually transmitted disease treatment trials: Simulation results
    Kate K Orroth
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Dis 33:536-44. 2006

Detail Information

Publications37

  1. doi request reprint Male circumcision for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa: who, what and when?
    Richard G White
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 22:1841-50. 2008
    ..We explore how the population-level impact of circumcision varies by target age group, coverage, time-to-scale-up, level of risk compensation and circumcision of HIV infected men...
  2. pmc Population-level effect of HSV-2 therapy on the incidence of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
    R G White
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii12-8. 2008
    ....
  3. pmc Low effectiveness of syndromic treatment services for curable sexually transmitted infections in rural South Africa
    R G White
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:528-34. 2008
    ..We estimate the effectiveness of syndromic treatment for curable STIs in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and the trend in STI prevalences before and after the introduction of syndromic treatment in 1995...
  4. pmc Treating curable sexually transmitted infections to prevent HIV in Africa: still an effective control strategy?
    Richard G White
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:346-53. 2008
    ..We explore whether treating curable STIs remains a cost-effective HIV control strategy in Africa...
  5. pmc Quantifying HIV-1 transmission due to contaminated injections
    Richard G White
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:9794-9. 2007
    ..This result is likely to be generalizable to many other populations in sub-Saharan Africa...
  6. pmc HIV epidemic trend and antiretroviral treatment need in Karonga District, Malawi
    R G White
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 135:922-32. 2007
    ..1% of adults were in need of ART in 2005. This prediction was sensitive to the assumed eligibility period, ranging from 1.6% to 2.6% if the eligibility period was instead assumed to be 1.5 or 2.5 years, respectively...
  7. ncbi request reprint Commentary: What can we make of an association between human immunodeficiency virus prevalence and population mobility?
    Richard G White
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 49 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3DP, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 32:753-4. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Can population differences explain the contrasting results of the Mwanza, Rakai, and Masaka HIV/sexually transmitted disease intervention trials?: A modeling study
    Richard G White
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1500-13. 2004
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Understanding the differences between contrasting HIV epidemics in east and west Africa: results from a simulation model of the Four Cities Study
    Kate K Orroth
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:i5-16. 2007
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Empirical observations underestimate the proportion of human immunodeficiency virus infections attributable to sexually transmitted diseases in the Mwanza and Rakai sexually transmitted disease treatment trials: Simulation results
    Kate K Orroth
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Dis 33:536-44. 2006
    ..Empirical PAF estimates from the Mwanza and Rakai trials indicated the proportion of HIV infections attributable to STDs was higher in Mwanza than Rakai...
  11. ncbi request reprint Higher risk behaviour and rates of sexually transmitted diseases in Mwanza compared to Uganda may help explain HIV prevention trial outcomes
    Kate K Orroth
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 17:2653-60. 2003
    ....
  12. pmc Population-level effect of potential HSV2 prophylactic vaccines on HIV incidence in sub-Saharan Africa
    Esther E Freeman
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Vaccine 27:940-6. 2009
    ..Over 20 years, in most scenarios fewer than 100 vaccinations were required to avert one HIV infection. HSV2 vaccines could have a substantial impact on HIV incidence. Intensified efforts are needed to develop an effective HSV2 vaccine...
  13. doi request reprint Exploring the potential impact of a reduction in partnership concurrency on HIV incidence in rural Uganda: a modeling study
    Nicky McCreesh
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Sex Transm Dis 39:407-13. 2012
    ..This modeling study explores the potential impact of an intervention to reduce partnership concurrency on HIV incidence in contemporary rural Uganda, keeping incidence of sex acts and partnerships in the population constant...
  14. doi request reprint Attempting to explain heterogeneous HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: potential role of historical changes in risk behaviour and male circumcision
    Kate K Orroth
    Epidemiology and Public Heath, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 87:640-5. 2011
    ..They also investigate the effects of different prevalence of male circumcision on the HIV epidemics in the four cities...
  15. pmc HIV and STI prevalence and determinants among male migrant workers in India
    Sangeeta S Dave
    Institute for Women s Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e43576. 2012
    ..Our objective was to estimate for the first time the prevalence and determinants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among male migrants in India...
  16. pmc Evaluation of respondent-driven sampling
    Nicky McCreesh
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Epidemiology 23:138-47. 2012
    ..We evaluated respondent-driven sampling by comparing estimates from a respondent-driven sampling survey with total population data...
  17. doi request reprint Attaining realistic and substantial reductions in HIV incidence: model projections of combining microbicide and male circumcision interventions in rural Uganda
    Andrew P Cox
    Social and Mathematical Epidemiology Group, Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Disease, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 87:635-9. 2011
    ..This study simulates the potential impact of male circumcision and female microbicide interventions, singularly and in combination, in rural Uganda...
  18. doi request reprint Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    Marie Claude Boily
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:118-29. 2009
    ..Efforts are needed to better understand these differences and to quantify infectivity in low-income countries...
  19. doi request reprint Polygyny and symmetric concurrency: comparing long-duration sexually transmitted infection prevalence using simulated sexual networks
    Shalini Santhakumaran
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 86:553-8. 2010
    ....
  20. pmc HIV transmission risk through anal intercourse: systematic review, meta-analysis and implications for HIV prevention
    Rebecca F Baggaley
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Paddington, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1048-63. 2010
    ..We assessed the per-act and per-partner HIV transmission risk from AI exposure for heterosexuals and MSM and its implications for HIV prevention...
  21. pmc Systematic review of orogenital HIV-1 transmission probabilities
    Rebecca F Baggaley
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 37:1255-65. 2008
    ..The objective was to assess the risk of HIV transmission from orogenital intercourse (OI)...
  22. pmc Periodic active case finding for TB: when to look?
    Peter J Dodd
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e29130. 2011
    ..To investigate the factors influencing the performance and cost-efficacy of periodic rounds of active case finding (ACF) for TB...
  23. doi request reprint The role of the natural epidemic dynamics and migration in explaining the course of the HIV epidemic in rural Uganda: a modelling study
    Leigh A Shafer
    Medical Research Council Unit on AIDS Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:397-404. 2011
    ..We simultaneously fit a mathematical model to the contrasting prevalence trends by age/gender in a southwest Ugandan cohort, which has never been done before...
  24. pmc Antiretroviral treatment cohort analysis using time-updated CD4 counts: assessment of bias with different analytic methods
    Katharina Kranzer
    Department of Clinical Research, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e27763. 2011
    ..The time-point when the CD4+ count is assumed to change potentially biases effect estimates but methods used to estimate this are infrequently reported...
  25. doi request reprint Calibrating models in economic evaluation: a seven-step approach
    Tazio Vanni
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Pharmacoeconomics 29:35-49. 2011
    ..In order to avoid the scepticism regarding calibration, we ought to unify the way we approach the problems and report the methods used, and continue to investigate different methods...
  26. doi request reprint Do behavioural differences help to explain variations in HIV prevalence in adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa?
    R Chapman
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 15:554-66. 2010
    ....
  27. pmc Comparison of STD prevalences in the Mwanza, Rakai, and Masaka trial populations: the role of selection bias and diagnostic errors
    K K Orroth
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 79:98-105. 2003
    ..To evaluate the effects of such biases on STD prevalence estimates from three community randomised trials of STD treatment for HIV prevention in Masaka and Rakai, Uganda and Mwanza, Tanzania...
  28. pmc Behaviour change and competitive exclusion can explain the diverging HIV-1 and HIV-2 prevalence trends in Guinea-Bissau
    W P Schmidt
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 136:551-61. 2008
    ..Importantly for public health, HIV-1 prevalence was predicted to continue increasing and to become the dominant HIV type by 2010. Data collection is required to validate this prediction...
  29. pmc Evaluation of the role of location and distance in recruitment in respondent-driven sampling
    Nicky McCreesh
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Int J Health Geogr 10:56. 2011
    ..The role of the spatial distribution of the target population has not been robustly examined for RDS. We examine patterns of recruitment by location, and how they may have biased an RDS study findings...
  30. doi request reprint Heterosexual HIV-1 infectiousness and antiretroviral use: systematic review of prospective studies of discordant couples
    Rebecca F Baggaley
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 24:110-21. 2013
    ....
  31. pmc Understanding the impact of male circumcision interventions on the spread of HIV in southern Africa
    Timothy B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e2212. 2008
    ..We have used a mathematical model, parameterised using existing trial findings, to understand and predict the impact of circumcision programmes at the population level...
  32. pmc Strong association between in-migration and HIV prevalence in urban sub-Saharan Africa
    Helene A C M Voeten
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Sex Transm Dis 37:240-3. 2010
    ..In this ecological analysis, we explore how much variation in HIV prevalence in urban sub-Saharan Africa is explained by in-migration...
  33. ncbi request reprint Proportion of new HIV infections attributable to herpes simplex 2 increases over time: simulations of the changing role of sexually transmitted infections in sub-Saharan African HIV epidemics
    Esther E Freeman
    Harvard Medical School, Francis Weld Peabody Society, 260 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 83:i17-24. 2007
    ..To understand the changing impact of herpes simplex 2 (HSV-2) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) on HIV incidence over time in four sub-Saharan African cities, using simulation models...
  34. ncbi request reprint Risk of HIV-1 transmission for parenteral exposure and blood transfusion: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rebecca F Baggaley
    AIDS 20:805-12. 2006
    ..The role of iatrogenic transmission within the HIV/AIDS pandemic remains contentious. Estimates of the risk of HIV transmission from injections and blood transfusions are required to inform appropriate prevention policy...
  35. ncbi request reprint How important are unsafe medical injections in the spread of HIV in Africa?
    Richard J Hayes
    Sex Transm Dis 33:135-6. 2006
  36. ncbi request reprint HIV incidence and recent injections among adults in rural southwestern Uganda
    Jimmy A Whitworth
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS 21:1056-8. 2007
    ..This association could either be the result of injections causing HIV infection or, more likely, injections for seroconversion illnesses or other consequences of unsafe sex...
  37. ncbi request reprint Amplified HIV transmission during early-stage infection
    Richard J Hayes
    J Infect Dis 193:604-5; author reply 605-6. 2006