C Ronsmans

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Need for caesarean sections in west Africa
    Carine Ronsmans
    Lancet 359:974; discussion 975. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Obstetric audit in resource-poor settings: lessons from a multi-country project auditing 'near miss' obstetrical emergencies
    Veronique Filippi
    Maternal Health Programme, Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Policy Plan 19:57-66. 2004
  3. pmc The WOMAN Trial (World Maternal Antifibrinolytic Trial): tranexamic acid for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: an international randomised, double blind placebo controlled trial
    Haleema Shakur
    Clinical Trials Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trials 11:40. 2010
  4. pmc A decade of inequality in maternity care: antenatal care, professional attendance at delivery, and caesarean section in Bangladesh (1991-2004)
    Simon M Collin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Equity Health 6:9. 2007
  5. pmc Obstetric near miss and deaths in public and private hospitals in Indonesia
    Asri Adisasmita
    Centre for Family Welfare, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:10. 2008
  6. pmc Institutional delivery in rural India: the relative importance of accessibility and economic status
    Amy J Kesterton
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:30. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint Maternal mortality: who, when, where, and why
    Carine Ronsmans
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 368:1189-200. 2006
  8. pmc Multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy in low-income countries: a meta-analysis of effects on stillbirths and on early and late neonatal mortality
    Carine Ronsmans
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S547-55. 2009
  9. pmc Professional assistance during birth and maternal mortality in two Indonesian districts
    Carine Ronsmans
    Initiative for Maternal Mortality Programme Assessment, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 87:416-23. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Estimation of population-based incidence of pregnancy-related illness and mortality (PRIAM) in two districts in West Java, Indonesia
    C Ronsmans
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BJOG 116:82-90. 2009

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint Need for caesarean sections in west Africa
    Carine Ronsmans
    Lancet 359:974; discussion 975. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Obstetric audit in resource-poor settings: lessons from a multi-country project auditing 'near miss' obstetrical emergencies
    Veronique Filippi
    Maternal Health Programme, Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Policy Plan 19:57-66. 2004
    ..Sustainability requires a commitment to audit from policy makers and managers at higher levels of the health system and some devolution of resources for implementing recommendations...
  3. pmc The WOMAN Trial (World Maternal Antifibrinolytic Trial): tranexamic acid for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: an international randomised, double blind placebo controlled trial
    Haleema Shakur
    Clinical Trials Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trials 11:40. 2010
    ..At present there is little reliable evidence from randomised trials on the effectiveness of tranexamic acid in the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage...
  4. pmc A decade of inequality in maternity care: antenatal care, professional attendance at delivery, and caesarean section in Bangladesh (1991-2004)
    Simon M Collin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Equity Health 6:9. 2007
    ..Since the early 1990s, Bangladesh has followed a strategy of improving access to facilities equipped and staffed to provide emergency obstetric care (EmOC)...
  5. pmc Obstetric near miss and deaths in public and private hospitals in Indonesia
    Asri Adisasmita
    Centre for Family Welfare, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:10. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to document the frequency and causes of near miss and maternal deaths in four hospitals in West Java, Indonesia...
  6. pmc Institutional delivery in rural India: the relative importance of accessibility and economic status
    Amy J Kesterton
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:30. 2010
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Maternal mortality: who, when, where, and why
    Carine Ronsmans
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 368:1189-200. 2006
    ..Inequalities in the risk of maternal death exist everywhere. Targeting of interventions to the most vulnerable--rural populations and poor people--is essential if substantial progress is to be achieved by 2015...
  8. pmc Multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy in low-income countries: a meta-analysis of effects on stillbirths and on early and late neonatal mortality
    Carine Ronsmans
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S547-55. 2009
    ..Multiple micronutrient deficiencies are common among women in low-income countries and may adversely affect pregnancy outcomes...
  9. pmc Professional assistance during birth and maternal mortality in two Indonesian districts
    Carine Ronsmans
    Initiative for Maternal Mortality Programme Assessment, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 87:416-23. 2009
    ..To examine determinants of maternal mortality and assess the effect of programmes aimed at increasing the number of births attended by health professionals in two districts in West Java, Indonesia...
  10. doi request reprint Estimation of population-based incidence of pregnancy-related illness and mortality (PRIAM) in two districts in West Java, Indonesia
    C Ronsmans
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BJOG 116:82-90. 2009
    ..By defining complications at the very extreme end of the severity spectrum, we postulate that its count in hospitals can be used to represent the incidence in the general population...
  11. doi request reprint Trends in stillbirths, early and late neonatal mortality in rural Bangladesh: the role of public health interventions
    Carine Ronsmans
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 22:269-79. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic differentials in caesarean rates in developing countries: a retrospective analysis
    Carine Ronsmans
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 368:1516-23. 2006
    ..We examined population-based caesarean rates by socioeconomic groups in various developing countries...
  13. pmc Questioning the indicators of need for obstetric care
    Carine Ronsmans
    Maternal Health Programme, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:317-24. 2002
    ..In this paper we review indicators of service use and need for obstetric care, and briefly discuss data collection issues...
  14. pmc Care seeking at time of childbirth, and maternal and perinatal mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh
    Carine Ronsmans
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, England
    Bull World Health Organ 88:289-96. 2010
    ..To examine the nature of the relationship between the use of skilled attendance around the time of delivery and maternal and perinatal mortality...
  15. doi request reprint Effect of parent's death on child survival in rural Bangladesh: a cohort study
    Carine Ronsmans
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 375:2024-31. 2010
    ..We therefore investigated the effect of the death of the mother or father on the survival of the child up to age 10 years in rural Bangladesh...
  16. ncbi request reprint Maternal mortality and access to obstetric services in West Africa
    C Ronsmans
    Maternal Health Programme, Department of Infectious Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 8:940-8. 2003
    ..In this study we examine the association between population indicators of access to obstetric care and levels of maternal mortality in urban and rural West Africa...
  17. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a comprehensive home-based midwifery programme in South Kalimantan, Indonesia
    C Ronsmans
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 6:799-810. 2001
    ..The high cost of emergency obstetric interventions may well be the most important obstacle to the use of hospital care...
  18. doi request reprint Severe acute maternal morbidity in low-income countries
    Carine Ronsmans
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 23:305-16. 2009
    ....
  19. pmc Quantifying the fall in mortality associated with interventions related to hypertensive diseases of pregnancy
    Carine Ronsmans
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:S8. 2011
    ..We chose HDP because they represent a major cause of death in low income countries and evidence of effect on maternal mortality from randomised studies is available for some interventions...
  20. doi request reprint Maternal mortality, birth with a health professional and distance to obstetric care in Indonesia and Bangladesh
    S Scott
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1193-201. 2013
    ..To examine the relationship between distance to a health facility, consulting a health professional and maternal mortality...
  21. ncbi request reprint Evidence for a 'healthy pregnant woman effect' in Niakhar, Senegal?
    C Ronsmans
    Maternal and Child Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 30:467-73; discussion 474-5. 2001
    ....
  22. pmc Household costs of healthcare during pregnancy, delivery, and the postpartum period: a case study from Matlab, Bangladesh
    Josephine Borghi
    Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:446-55. 2006
    ..The study highlights the regressive nature of the financing of CEOC services and the need for a financing strategy that covers both the costs of referral and BEOC care for those in need...
  23. pmc Estimating the prevalence of obstetric fistula: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    A J Adler
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, WC1E 7HT, London, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 13:246. 2013
    ..This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and incidence of fistula in low and middle income countries...
  24. pmc Effects of education and other socioeconomic factors on middle age mortality in rural Bangladesh
    L S Hurt
    Maternal Health Programme, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:315-20. 2004
    ..To examine socioeconomic gradients in mortality in adult women and their husbands in Bangladesh, paying particular attention to the independent effects of the educational status of each spouse...
  25. pmc Comparison of costs of home and facility-based basic obstetric care in rural Bangladesh
    J Borghi
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:286-93. 2010
    ..Facility-based delivery care is likely to be a cheaper and more feasible method for the care provider as demand rises. In settings where skilled attendance rates are very low, home-based care will be cheaper...
  26. ncbi request reprint The relationship between birth with a health professional and maternal mortality in observational studies: a review of the literature
    S Scott
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1523-33. 2009
    ..To examine the nature of the association between maternal mortality and birth with a health professional in observational studies...
  27. ncbi request reprint Decline in maternal mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh: a cautionary tale
    C Ronsmans
    Maternal and Child Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Lancet 350:1810-4. 1997
    ..3 years of this programme coincided with a significant reduction in direct obstetric mortality compared with the 3 years before the programme. We have examined whether the effects of the programme are sustained over time...
  28. pmc Does the number of sons born affect long-term mortality of parents? A cohort study in rural Bangladesh
    L S Hurt
    Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:149-55. 2006
    ..These data provide support for negative long-term costs of bearing sons in mothers in rural Bangladesh, and suggest that there are context-specific factors that mask the true effects of sons in some populations...
  29. doi request reprint Duration and magnitude of mortality after pregnancy in rural Bangladesh
    Lisa Sioned Hurt
    Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 37:397-404. 2008
    ..The aim of this study is to examine mortality after pregnancy in rural Bangladesh using data from a unique demographic surveillance system...
  30. ncbi request reprint Midwifery provision in two districts in Indonesia: how well are rural areas served?
    Krystyna Makowiecka
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Health Policy Plan 23:67-75. 2008
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Pierre Bourdieu and transformative agency: a study of how patients in Benin negotiate blame and accountability in the context of severe obstetric events
    Dominique P Behague
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sociol Health Illn 30:489-510. 2008
    ..The active negotiation of social conflict and blame enabled a minority of patients actively to divert blame from themselves and to develop and maintain critical healthcare evaluations...
  32. ncbi request reprint Long-term effects of reproductive history on all-cause mortality among adults in rural Bangladesh
    Lisa S Hurt
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    Stud Fam Plann 35:189-96. 2004
    ..A "healthy pregnant woman effect" coupled with the social and economic advantages of having surviving children may explain the observed effects...
  33. ncbi request reprint Maternity wards or emergency obstetric rooms? Incidence of near-miss events in African hospitals
    Veronique Filippi
    Maternal Health Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 84:11-6. 2005
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Maternal health in poor countries: the broader context and a call for action
    Veronique Filippi
    Maternal and Neonatal Health Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Lancet 368:1535-41. 2006
    ..Finally, after examining the political and financial context, we call for action. The need for strategic vision, financial resources, human resources, and information are discussed...
  35. ncbi request reprint Measuring the need for life-saving obstetric surgery in developing countries
    Carine Ronsmans
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    BJOG 111:1027-30. 2004
  36. ncbi request reprint Incidence of severe acute maternal morbidity associated with abortion: a systematic review
    A J Adler
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 17:177-90. 2012
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Women who experience obstetric haemorrhage are at higher risk of anaemia, in both rich and poor countries
    K S Wagner
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 17:9-22. 2012
    ..We sought to quantify this risk and explore the duration of increased risk for these women...
  38. ncbi request reprint The effect of number of births on women's mortality: systematic review of the evidence for women who have completed their childbearing
    L S Hurt
    Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Kintampo Health Research Centre, Brong Ahafo, Ghana
    Popul Stud (Camb) 60:55-71. 2006
    ..We discuss methodological, social, and biological factors that may have affected these associations...
  39. ncbi request reprint Costs of near-miss obstetric complications for women and their families in Benin and Ghana
    J Borghi
    Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Policy Plan 18:383-90. 2003
    ..Should a woman develop severe obstetric complications while in labour, the relatively high costs of hospital care could have a potentially catastrophic impact on the household budget...
  40. pmc Effects of severe obstetric complications on women's health and infant mortality in Benin
    Veronique Filippi
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 15:733-42. 2010
    ....
  41. pmc A district-based audit of the causes and circumstances of maternal deaths in South Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Gunawan Supratikto
    MotherCare John Snow, Inc, Indonesia
    Bull World Health Organ 80:228-34. 2002
    ..It may also be necessary to recognize that village midwives are not solely responsible for maternal deaths...
  42. ncbi request reprint Midwifery provision and uptake of maternity care in Indonesia
    Endang Achadi
    University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1490-7. 2007
    ....
  43. pmc Labour complications remain the most important risk factors for perinatal mortality in rural Kenya
    Renay Weiner
    School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 81:561-6. 2003
    ....
  44. pmc Reliability of data on caesarean sections in developing countries
    Cynthia K Stanton
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 83:449-55. 2005
    ..To examine the reliability of reported rates of caesarean sections from developing countries and make recommendations on how data collection for surveys and health facility-based studies could be improved...
  45. ncbi request reprint Attending home vs. clinic-based deliveries: perspectives of skilled birth attendants in Matlab, Bangladesh
    Lauren S Blum
    Centre for Health and Population Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Reprod Health Matters 14:51-60. 2006
    ..The study illuminates practical, cultural and medical issues that need to be taken into consideration when choosing between home- and facility-based strategies and designing safe motherhood interventions...
  46. ncbi request reprint Equity in use of home-based or facility-based skilled obstetric care in rural Bangladesh: an observational study
    Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury
    ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, Bangladesh
    Lancet 367:327-32. 2006
    ..We analysed whether socioeconomic status results in differences in the use of professional midwives at home and in a basic obstetric facility in a rural area of Bangladesh, where obstetric care was free of charge...
  47. ncbi request reprint Determinants of reduction in maternal mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh: a 30-year cohort study
    Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh ICDDR, B
    Lancet 370:1320-8. 2007
    ..We examined and compared trends in maternal mortality in two adjacent areas over 30 years, by separate analyses of causes of death, underlying sociodemographic determinants, and areas and time periods in which interventions differed...
  48. ncbi request reprint Quality of normal delivery care in Côte d'Ivoire
    Thérèse Delvaux
    STD HIV Research and Intervention Unit, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Afr J Reprod Health 11:22-32. 2007
    ..There was a lack of universal hygiene precautions and women received little support during labour. Our results question the quality of labour, delivery and postpartum care by skilled attendants in Côte d'Ivoire...
  49. pmc Huge poor-rich inequalities in maternity care: an international comparative study of maternity and child care in developing countries
    Tanja A J Houweling
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Bull World Health Organ 85:745-54. 2007
    ..This paper describes poor-rich inequalities in the use of maternity care and seeks to understand these inequalities through comparisons with other types of health care...
  50. pmc Did the strategy of skilled attendance at birth reach the poor in Indonesia?
    Laurel Hatt
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 85:774-82. 2007
    ..To assess whether the strategy of "a midwife in every village" in Indonesia achieved its aim of increasing professional delivery care for the poorest women...
  51. ncbi request reprint The effect of AIDS on maternal mortality in Malawi and Zimbabwe
    George Bicego
    Demographic and Health Surveys, ORC Macro International, Calverton, MD, USA
    AIDS 16:1078-81. 2002
  52. ncbi request reprint Current strategies for the reduction of maternal mortality
    Colin Bullough
    Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women s Health, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, University of Aberdeen, UK
    BJOG 112:1180-8. 2005
    ..Strengthening of the knowledge base on the effectiveness of public health strategies to reduce maternal mortality is urgently required but will need concerted action and international commitment...
  53. ncbi request reprint Levels and causes of maternal mortality in Senegal
    Belco Kodio
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Dakar, Senegal
    Trop Med Int Health 7:499-505. 2002
    ..To report the findings of a direct, community-based, assessment of maternal mortality and medical causes of death using verbal autopsy in three unique cohorts in rural Senegal...
  54. ncbi request reprint The population impact of HIV on fertility in sub-Saharan Africa
    James J C Lewis
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, University of London, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG, UK
    AIDS 18:S35-43. 2004
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint HIV and the magnitude of pregnancy-related mortality in Pointe Noire, Congo
    Sophie Le Coeur
    Institut National d Etudes Demographiques, Unités Mortalité Santé Epidémiologie et Population and Développement, Paris, France
    AIDS 19:69-75. 2005
    ..The objectives of this study were to investigate the mortality of women of reproductive age by both HIV and pregnancy status, and quantify the excess mortality attributable to HIV during pregnancy in Pointe Noire, Congo...
  56. ncbi request reprint Quality of antenatal and delivery care before and after the implementation of a prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programme in Côte d'Ivoire
    Thérèse Delvaux
    Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 13:970-9. 2008
    ..To assess whether implementation of a prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programme in Côte d'Ivoire improved the quality of antenatal and delivery care services...
  57. ncbi request reprint Comparison of family reporting of pregnancy status with a post-mortem beta-HCG test in deceased women: a study in Pointe-Noire, Congo
    Sophie Le Coeur
    Institut National d Etudes Demographiques, Unités Mortalité Santé Epidémiologie et Population and Développement, Paris, France
    Trop Med Int Health 11:528-31. 2006
    ..To compare family reports of pregnancy status in deceased women with a biological assessment of pregnancy using a post-mortem beta-HCG test...
  58. ncbi request reprint A comparison of socio-demographic and psychological factors between patients consenting to randomisation and those selecting treatment (the ProtecT study)
    Nicola Mills
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Contemp Clin Trials 27:413-9. 2006
    ..Moreover, randomising patients with a preference may affect treatment efficacy and threaten internal validity...