Tim Rhodes

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: a qualitative study of micro risk environment
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, University of London, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, SW6 8RP, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:39-54. 2003
  2. pmc Risky alcohol use among reproductive-age men, not women, in Mae La refugee camp, Thailand, 2009
    Nadine Ezard
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, 68 30 Baan Tung Road, P, O, Box 46, Mae Sot, Tak 63110, Thailand
    Confl Health 6:7. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Drug treatment and the conditionality of HIV treatment access: a qualitative study in a Russian city
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Addiction 107:1827-36. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Narrating the social relations of initiating injecting drug use: transitions in self and society
    Tim Rhodes
    The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 22:445-54. 2011
  5. doi request reprint "Back then" and "nowadays": social transition narratives in accounts of injecting drug use in an East European setting
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 74:425-33. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Public injecting and the need for 'safer environment interventions' in the reduction of drug-related harm
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Addiction 101:1384-93. 2006
  7. doi request reprint Parents who use drugs: accounting for damage and its limitation
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 71:1489-97. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Risk, shame and the public injector: a qualitative study of drug injecting in South Wales
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 65:572-85. 2007
  9. doi request reprint The social production of hepatitis C risk among injecting drug users: a qualitative synthesis
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    Addiction 103:1593-603. 2008
  10. pmc Police violence and sexual risk among female and transvestite sex workers in Serbia: qualitative study
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 337:a811. 2008

Detail Information

Publications70

  1. ncbi request reprint Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: a qualitative study of micro risk environment
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, University of London, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, SW6 8RP, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:39-54. 2003
    ..We note the role of policing practices in influencing risk reduction and the potential role of policing agencies in supporting HIV prevention initiatives among IDUs...
  2. pmc Risky alcohol use among reproductive-age men, not women, in Mae La refugee camp, Thailand, 2009
    Nadine Ezard
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, 68 30 Baan Tung Road, P, O, Box 46, Mae Sot, Tak 63110, Thailand
    Confl Health 6:7. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  3. doi request reprint Drug treatment and the conditionality of HIV treatment access: a qualitative study in a Russian city
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Addiction 107:1827-36. 2012
    ..We explored social factors affecting access to antiretroviral HIV treatment (ART) among people who inject drugs (PWID) in a Russian city with a large HIV burden...
  4. doi request reprint Narrating the social relations of initiating injecting drug use: transitions in self and society
    Tim Rhodes
    The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 22:445-54. 2011
    ....
  5. doi request reprint "Back then" and "nowadays": social transition narratives in accounts of injecting drug use in an East European setting
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 74:425-33. 2012
    ..We suggest that the narrative of transition offers a cultural script that says "transition is to blame"...
  6. ncbi request reprint Public injecting and the need for 'safer environment interventions' in the reduction of drug-related harm
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Addiction 101:1384-93. 2006
    ..Yet the quality of evidence on public injecting and related viral risk is variable, and is lacking in many countries such as the United Kingdom...
  7. doi request reprint Parents who use drugs: accounting for damage and its limitation
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 71:1489-97. 2010
    ..Noting the absence of space for parents who use drugs to openly reflect or talk about the challenges they face, we identify the need for social change interventions to create enabling environments for earlier help seeking and talking...
  8. ncbi request reprint Risk, shame and the public injector: a qualitative study of drug injecting in South Wales
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 65:572-85. 2007
    ..This highlights tensions between strategies seeking to create safer communities and environmental interventions seeking to reduce drug-related health harm, including recent innovations such as the 'drug consumption room' (DCR)...
  9. doi request reprint The social production of hepatitis C risk among injecting drug users: a qualitative synthesis
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    Addiction 103:1593-603. 2008
    ..Intervention impact on reductions in hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence among injecting drug users (IDUs) are modest. There is a need to explore how drug injectors' interpret HCV risk...
  10. pmc Police violence and sexual risk among female and transvestite sex workers in Serbia: qualitative study
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 337:a811. 2008
    ..To explore female and transvestite sex workers' perceptions of risk in the sex work environment in Serbia...
  11. pmc Street policing, injecting drug use and harm reduction in a Russian city: a qualitative study of police perspectives
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Urban Health 83:911-25. 2006
    ..We conclude that facilitating partnerships between policing agencies and HIV prevention initiatives are a critical feature of creating environments conducive for risk reduction...
  12. doi request reprint Hygiene and uncertainty in qualitative accounts of hepatitis C transmission among drug injectors in Serbia
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 66:1437-47. 2008
    ..Hygiene narratives are a core and symbolic feature of injectors' accounts of hepatitis C transmission. There is an urgent need for health promotion fostering hepatitis C risk awareness and risk avoidance among drug injectors in Serbia...
  13. doi request reprint Risk environments and drug harms: a social science for harm reduction approach
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 20:193-201. 2009
    ..A risk environment approach brings together multiple resources and methods in social science, and helps frame a 'social science for harm reduction'...
  14. ncbi request reprint Crack-heroin speedball injection and its implications for vein care: qualitative study
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Addiction 102:1782-90. 2007
    ..We report on an exploratory qualitative study investigating drug injectors' narratives of vein damage and groin (femoral vein) injection associated with the injection of crack-heroin speedball...
  15. ncbi request reprint Injecting equipment sharing among injecting drug users in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: maximizing the protective effects of syringe distribution
    Tim Rhodes
    The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour and Department for International Development Knowledge Programme in HIV AIDS, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, University of London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:293-300. 2004
    ..To compare risk factors for injecting equipment sharing among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Togliatti City, Russia...
  16. doi request reprint Systematic review examining differences in HIV, sexually transmitted infections and health-related harms between migrant and non-migrant female sex workers
    Lucy Platt
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 89:311-9. 2013
    ..To assess the evidence of differences in the risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STI) and health-related behaviours between migrant and non-migrant female sex workers (FSWs)...
  17. ncbi request reprint Impact of gender and sex work on sexual and injecting risk behaviors and their association with HIV positivity among injecting drug users in an HIV epidemic in Togliatti City, Russian Federation
    Lucy Platt
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour and the Unit for International Health and Development, Imperial College, London, UK
    Sex Transm Dis 32:605-12. 2005
    ..Togliatti City is witness to a large epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated with injecting drug use (IDU)...
  18. pmc Improving survey methods in sero-epidemiological studies of injecting drug users: a case example of two cross sectional surveys in Serbia and Montenegro
    Ali Judd
    MRC Clinical Trials Unit, London, UK
    BMC Infect Dis 9:14. 2009
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis C virus infection, HIV co-infection, and associated risk among injecting drug users in Togliatti, Russia
    Tim Rhodes
    The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour and Unit for International Public Health and Development, Imperial College, London, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 16:749-54. 2005
    ..There is an urgent need to maximize syringe distribution coverage, develop health promotion targeting HCV prevention for IDUs, and improve access among IDUs to treatments for HIV and HCV infection...
  20. doi request reprint Changes in HIV prevalence and risk among new injecting drug users in a Russian city of high HIV prevalence
    Lucy Platt
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:623-31. 2008
    ..To measure HIV prevalence and associated risk factors among recent initiates into drug injecting in 2001 and 2004 in Togliatti City, Russian Federation...
  21. pmc Methods to recruit hard-to-reach groups: comparing two chain referral sampling methods of recruiting injecting drug users across nine studies in Russia and Estonia
    Lucy Platt
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Urban Health 83:i39-53. 2006
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Risk of sexually transmitted infections and violence among indoor-working female sex workers in London: the effect of migration from Eastern Europe
    Lucy Platt
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 87:377-84. 2011
    ....
  23. pmc Exploring barriers to 'respondent driven sampling' in sex worker and drug-injecting sex worker populations in Eastern Europe
    Milena Simic
    The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Urban Health 83:i6-15. 2006
    ..We discuss the implications of these findings for recruitment and the use of monetary and non-monetary incentives in future RDS studies of SW populations in Eastern Europe...
  24. ncbi request reprint Estimating prevalence of injecting drug use: a comparison of multiplier and capture-recapture methods in cities in England and Russia
    Matthew Hickman
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, CRDHB, Division of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Imperial College, London, UK
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:131-40. 2006
    ..CRC methods should be preferred as the means of estimating numbers of drug users with multiplier methods being used with caution and only where CRC is not possible...
  25. ncbi request reprint Global estimates of prevalence of HCV infection among injecting drug users
    Carmen Aceijas
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 18:352-8. 2007
    ..In this paper, we review evidence of HCV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) worldwide...
  26. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of injecting drug use in a Russian city: implications for harm reduction and coverage
    Lucy Platt
    Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    Addiction 99:1430-8. 2004
    ..This study sought to estimate the prevalence of injecting drug users (IDU) in Togliatti city and to examine the implications of these estimates for HIV prevalence and harm reduction...
  27. ncbi request reprint Preventing hepatitis C: 'common sense', 'the bug' and other perspectives from the risk narratives of people who inject drugs
    Mark Davis
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Social Science and Medicine, Imperial College London, The Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, London SW6 8RP, UK
    Soc Sci Med 59:1807-18. 2004
    ....
  28. doi request reprint "You should be grateful to have medicines": continued dependence, altering stigma and the HIV treatment experience in Serbia
    Sarah Bernays
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS Care 22:14-20. 2010
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint High HIV prevalence among injecting drug users in Estonia: implications for understanding the risk environment
    Lucy Platt
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 20:2120-3. 2006
    ..Differences existed in risk behaviour between the cities. An urgent scale-up of HIV prevention is needed. It is also important to explore how local 'risk environments' mediate the risk of HIV transmission...
  30. doi request reprint Violence, dignity and HIV vulnerability: street sex work in Serbia
    Milena Simic
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sociol Health Illn 31:1-16. 2009
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint The social structural production of HIV risk among injecting drug users
    Tim Rhodes
    The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Imperial College London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 61:1026-44. 2005
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis C and its risk management among drug injectors in London: renewing harm reduction in the context of uncertainty
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Social Science and Medicine, Imperial College London, University of London, London, UK
    Addiction 99:621-33. 2004
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Taming systems to create enabling environments for HCV treatment: negotiating trust in the drug and alcohol setting
    Magdalena Harris
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H9SH, UK
    Soc Sci Med 83:19-26. 2013
    ..Whilst noting the effects of provider strategies to negotiate flexibility on behalf of would-be patients seeking treatment, we conclude by noting the limits of trust relations in settings of constrained choice...
  34. ncbi request reprint Model projections on the required coverage of syringe distribution to prevent HIV epidemics among injecting drug users
    Peter Vickerman
    HIVTools Research Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42:355-61. 2006
    ..Although syringe distribution is effective in preventing HIV transmission among injecting drug users (IDUs), there is little evidence on the required coverage to substantially reduce HIV transmission...
  35. doi request reprint Challenges in providing drug user treatment services in Russia: providers' views
    Natalia Bobrova
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Subst Use Misuse 43:1770-84. 2008
    ..At this stage, it seems unreasonable to initiate compulsory treatment as is advocated by some government officials...
  36. ncbi request reprint Injection drug users' perceptions of drug treatment services and attitudes toward substitution therapy: a qualitative study in three Russian cities
    Natalia Bobrova
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    J Subst Abuse Treat 33:373-8. 2007
    ..Although respondents had doubts that opiate substitution therapy could work effectively in Russia, most agreed that this type of treatment would help IDUs function better in the society...
  37. ncbi request reprint Global overview of injecting drug use and HIV infection among injecting drug users
    Carmen Aceijas
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour CRDHB, Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS 18:2295-303. 2004
    ..To provide global estimates of the prevalence of injecting drug use (IDU) and HIV prevalence among IDU, in particular to provide estimates for developing and transitional countries...
  38. pmc Transition and the HIV risk environment
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Imperial College, London W6 8RP, UK
    BMJ 331:220-3. 2005
  39. doi request reprint Medical promise and the recalibration of expectation: hope and HIV treatment engagement in a transitional setting
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 68:1050-9. 2009
    ..It shows that disjuncture between discourses of global promise and local expectation creates uncertainty which affected individuals have to find some way of accounting for...
  40. doi request reprint Hope: a new way to look at the HIV epidemic
    Sarah Bernays
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 21:S5-11. 2007
    ..It offers unrealized potential, particularly for thinking about structural interventions in relation to managing HIV as a chronic illness and for maximizing HIV risk reduction in resource-poor settings...
  41. ncbi request reprint Explosive spread and high prevalence of HIV infection among injecting drug users in Togliatti City, Russia
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, University of London, London, UK
    AIDS 16:F25-31. 2002
    ..To establish the prevalence of antibodies to HIV (anti-HIV) and associated risk factors among injecting drug users (IDU) in Togliatti City, Samara Oblast, Russian Federation...
  42. pmc Postgraduate career intentions of medical students and recent graduates in Malawi: a qualitative interview study
    Nicola Bailey
    St Georges University of London and Kingston University, Terrace, Cranmer SW17 ORE, London, UK
    BMC Med Educ 12:87. 2012
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Barriers to accessing drug treatment in Russia: a qualitative study among injecting drug users in two cities
    Natalia Bobrova
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Imperial College London, UK Mental Health NHS Trust, UK
    Drug Alcohol Depend 82:S57-63. 2006
    ..To assess factors influencing access to drug treatment among injecting drug users (IDUs) in two Russian cities...
  44. doi request reprint Venous access and care: harnessing pragmatics in harm reduction for people who inject drugs
    Magdalena Harris
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Addiction 107:1090-6. 2012
    ..To explore the facilitators of long-term hepatitis C avoidance among people who inject drugs...
  45. doi request reprint Cannabis use and 'safe' identities in an inner-city school risk environment
    Adam Fletcher
    The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 20:244-50. 2009
    ..This study explores how school experiences may shape young people's drug-related attitudes and actions and adds to existing evidence highlighting the importance of drug use in young people's identity construction and group bonding...
  46. pmc Rapid assessment and response studies of injection drug use: knowledge gain, capacity building, and intervention development in a multisite study
    Gerry V Stimson
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Imperial College London, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, London W6 8RP, United Kingdom
    Am J Public Health 96:288-95. 2006
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Accounting for risk and responsibility associated with smoking among mothers of children with respiratory illness
    Lauren Coxhead
    The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College London, UK
    Sociol Health Illn 28:98-121. 2006
    ..The study concludes that far greater consideration be given to the way in which mothers rationalise their smoking to others if paediatric doctors are to foster risk reduction practices associated with passive smoking more effectively...
  48. pmc Effects of sex work on the prevalence of syphilis among injection drug users in 3 Russian cities
    Lucy Platt
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behavior, Imperial College, London, England
    Am J Public Health 97:478-85. 2007
    ..We examined risk factors for syphilis infection among injection drug users in 3 Russian Federation cities, focusing particular attention on the potential roles of gender and sex work...
  49. doi request reprint Tuberculosis, injecting drug use and integrated HIV-TB care: a review of the literature
    Pippa Grenfell
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Drug Alcohol Depend 129:180-209. 2013
    ..People who inject drugs (PWID) are at increased risk of tuberculosis (TB) and reduced retention in treatment. There is a need to document strategies for integrated delivery of HIV, TB and drug dependency care...
  50. ncbi request reprint Accounting for unprotected sex: stories of agency and acceptability
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Imperial College School of Medicine, University of London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:211-26. 2002
    ..We conclude that accounts of risk management are risk managed. We call for greater attention by social scientists to the way in which accounts are constructed, and in particular, to 'anti-rational' forms of explanation within accounts...
  51. doi request reprint Pilot multimethod trial of a school-ethos intervention to reduce substance use: building hypotheses about upstream pathways to prevention
    Christopher P Bonell
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    J Adolesc Health 47:555-63. 2010
    ..We use qualitative and quantitative data from a pilot trial to build hypotheses regarding these...
  52. doi request reprint Experiencing uncertain HIV treatment delivery in a transitional setting: qualitative study
    Sarah Bernays
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS Care 21:315-21. 2009
    ..The onus is generally placed on the individual to adhere, and there is little focus in research or policy on the state's adherence to delivering treatment consistently...
  53. doi request reprint Negotiating access to medical treatment and the making of patient citizenship: the case of hepatitis C treatment
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK National Center for HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Australia
    Sociol Health Illn 35:1023-44. 2013
    ..Our findings underscore the situated limits of therapeutic and biological citizenship, emphasising that these processes are unavoidably forces of governance. ..
  54. doi request reprint Methadone diversion as a protective strategy: The harm reduction potential of 'generous constraints'
    Magdalena Harris
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H9SH, United Kingdom Electronic address
    Int J Drug Policy 24:e43-50. 2013
    ....
  55. pmc Systemic barriers accessing HIV treatment among people who inject drugs in Russia: a qualitative study
    Anya Sarang
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK E mail
    Health Policy Plan 28:681-91. 2013
    ....
  56. pmc Hepatitis C avoidance in injection drug users: a typology of possible protective practices
    Catherine McGowan
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e77038. 2013
    ..Using qualitative methods, we sought to detail the protective practices potentially linked to HCV avoidance among PWID, and explore the motivations for these...
  57. pmc Hepatitis C treatment access and uptake for people who inject drugs: a review mapping the role of social factors
    Magdalena Harris
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H9SH, UK
    Harm Reduct J 10:7. 2013
    ..Maximising HCV treatment for PWID can be an effective HCV preventative measure. Yet HCV treatment among PWID remains suboptimal. This review seeks to map social factors mediating HCV treatment access...
  58. ncbi request reprint Social and structural factors associated with HIV disease progression among illicit drug users: a systematic review
    Michael John S Milloy
    aSchool of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia bBritish Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada cDepartment of Epidemiology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA dDepartment of Medicine, University of British Columbia eBritish Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada fLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 26:1049-63. 2012
    ..To systematically review factors associated with HIV disease progression among illicit drug users, focusing on exposures exogenous to individuals that likely shape access and adherence to HIV treatment...
  59. pmc Social and environmental predictors of plasma HIV RNA rebound among injection drug users treated with antiretroviral therapy
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 59:393-9. 2012
    ..Although studies have suggested higher rates of plasma viral load (PVL) rebound among IDU on antiretroviral therapy (ART), risk factors for rebound have not been thoroughly investigated...
  60. ncbi request reprint Rapid assessment: an international review of diffusion, practice and outcomes in the substance use field
    Chris Fitch
    Department for International Development HIV AIDS Knowledge Programme, Department of Social Science and Medicine, Imperial College, The Reynolds Building 3rd Floor, St Dunstan s Road, University of London, London W6 8RP, UK
    Soc Sci Med 59:1819-30. 2004
    ....
  61. ncbi request reprint Transmission of hepatitis C--are noninjecting cocaine users at risk?
    Ali Judd
    Subst Use Misuse 37:573-5. 2002
  62. pmc High-prevalence and high-estimated incidence of HIV infection among new injecting drug users in Estonia: need for large scale prevention programs
    Anneli Uuskula
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:119-25. 2008
    ..Behavioral surveys were administered; serum samples were collected for HIV testing. Subjects were categorized into new injectors (injecting < or = 3 years) and long-term injectors (injecting > 3 years)...
  63. pmc Individual, social, and environmental influences associated with HIV infection among injection drug users in Tijuana, Mexico
    Steffanie A Strathdee
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:369-76. 2008
    ..We examined correlates of HIV infection among injection drug users (IDUs) in Tijuana, Mexico, a city bordering the United States, which is situated on major migration and drug trafficking routes...
  64. ncbi request reprint Safer groin-injecting interventions are needed and justifiable as part of a harm reduction approach
    Tim Rhodes
    Addiction 102:1987-8. 2007
  65. pmc How can hepatitis C be prevented in the long term?
    Pedro Mateu-Gelabert
    Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, National Development Research Institutes, New York City, NY, United States
    Int J Drug Policy 18:338-40. 2007
    ..These studies aim to provide the conceptual basis for developing a new generation of HCV prevention programs to assist both new and experienced IDUs to remain uninfected over the long run...
  66. ncbi request reprint Public injection settings in Vancouver: physical environment, social context and risk
    Will Small
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 18:27-36. 2007
    ....
  67. ncbi request reprint Drug use settings: an emerging focus for research and intervention
    Thomas Kerr
    Int J Drug Policy 18:1-4. 2007
  68. ncbi request reprint Drug injecting and syringe use in the HIV risk environment of Russian penitentiary institutions: Qualitative study
    Anya Sarang
    Russian Harm Reduction Network, Moscow, Russia
    Addiction 101:1787-96. 2006
    ..Evidence highlights the prison as a high risk environment in relation to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission associated with injecting drug use...
  69. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C and syphilis among injecting drug users in Russia: a multi-city study
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour and Unit for International Public Health and Development, Imperial College London, UK
    Addiction 101:252-66. 2006
    ..To estimate the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis in injecting drug users (IDUs) in Russia...
  70. doi request reprint Access to syringes in three Russian cities: implications for syringe distribution and coverage
    Anya Sarang
    Russian Harm Reduction Network, Ilimskaya Street, 4 1 38, 127576 Moscow, Russia
    Int J Drug Policy 19:S25-36. 2008
    ..We report findings from a multi-method study investigating drug injectors' access to needles and syringes in three large Russian cities (Moscow, Volgograd, Barnaul)...