Frank Mwaungulu

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Monitoring the impact of decentralised chronic care services on patient travel time in rural Africa--methods and results in Northern Malawi
    Rein M G J Houben
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Health Geogr 11:49. 2012
  2. pmc Characterizing the emergence and persistence of drug resistant mutations in HIV-1 subtype C infections using 454 ultra deep pyrosequencing
    Vijay Bansode
    Molecular Evolution and Systematics Laboratory, Zoology, Ryan Institute, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland
    BMC Infect Dis 13:52. 2013
  3. pmc Differences between naive and memory T cell phenotype in Malawian and UK adolescents: a role for Cytomegalovirus?
    Anne Ben-Smith
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    BMC Infect Dis 8:139. 2008
  4. pmc Reverse transcriptase drug resistance mutations in HIV-1 subtype C infected patients on ART in Karonga District, Malawi
    Vijay B Bansode
    Molecular Evolution and Systematics Laboratory, Zoology, Ryan Institute, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
    AIDS Res Ther 8:38. 2011
  5. pmc Assessment and evaluation of contact as a risk factor for tuberculosis in rural Africa
    A C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:612-8. 2008
  6. pmc Use of antenatal clinic surveillance to assess the effect of sexual behavior on HIV prevalence in young women in Karonga district, Malawi
    Amelia Catharine Crampin
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 48:196-202. 2008
  7. pmc What has Karonga taught us? Tuberculosis studied over three decades
    A C Crampin
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:153-64. 2009
  8. pmc Recurrent TB: relapse or reinfection? The effect of HIV in a general population cohort in Malawi
    Amelia C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    AIDS 24:417-26. 2010
  9. pmc What happens to ART-eligible patients who do not start ART? Dropout between screening and ART initiation: a cohort study in Karonga, Malawi
    Nuala McGrath
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:601. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Comparison of two versus three smears in identifying culture-positive tuberculosis patients in a rural African setting with high HIV prevalence
    A C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:994-9. 2001

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications25

  1. pmc Monitoring the impact of decentralised chronic care services on patient travel time in rural Africa--methods and results in Northern Malawi
    Rein M G J Houben
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Health Geogr 11:49. 2012
    ..Here we develop methods to monitor changes in travel time, using data from the antiretroviral therapy (ART) roll-out in a rural district in North Malawi...
  2. pmc Characterizing the emergence and persistence of drug resistant mutations in HIV-1 subtype C infections using 454 ultra deep pyrosequencing
    Vijay Bansode
    Molecular Evolution and Systematics Laboratory, Zoology, Ryan Institute, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland
    BMC Infect Dis 13:52. 2013
    ..The primary focus of this work was to characterize the genetic diversity and evolution of HIV drug resistant variants in an individual's provirus during antiretroviral therapy using next generation sequencing...
  3. pmc Differences between naive and memory T cell phenotype in Malawian and UK adolescents: a role for Cytomegalovirus?
    Anne Ben-Smith
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    BMC Infect Dis 8:139. 2008
    ....
  4. pmc Reverse transcriptase drug resistance mutations in HIV-1 subtype C infected patients on ART in Karonga District, Malawi
    Vijay B Bansode
    Molecular Evolution and Systematics Laboratory, Zoology, Ryan Institute, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
    AIDS Res Ther 8:38. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  5. pmc Assessment and evaluation of contact as a risk factor for tuberculosis in rural Africa
    A C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:612-8. 2008
    ..A rural district in Malawi...
  6. pmc Use of antenatal clinic surveillance to assess the effect of sexual behavior on HIV prevalence in young women in Karonga district, Malawi
    Amelia Catharine Crampin
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 48:196-202. 2008
    ..Sexual behavior monitoring to explain HIV distribution and trends is seldom attempted in ANC surveys. We explore the use of marital history in ANC surveillance as a proxy for sexual behavior...
  7. pmc What has Karonga taught us? Tuberculosis studied over three decades
    A C Crampin
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:153-64. 2009
    ..Current studies focus on immunological markers of infection, disease and protection, and on elucidating the impact of antiretroviral treatment on TB incidence at population level...
  8. pmc Recurrent TB: relapse or reinfection? The effect of HIV in a general population cohort in Malawi
    Amelia C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    AIDS 24:417-26. 2010
    ..To estimate rates of recurrent tuberculosis due to reinfection and relapse, by HIV status, in a general population...
  9. pmc What happens to ART-eligible patients who do not start ART? Dropout between screening and ART initiation: a cohort study in Karonga, Malawi
    Nuala McGrath
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:601. 2010
    ..We aimed to investigate the outcome of those who are eligible but do not start ART in the Malawi programme, factors associated with this dropout, and reasons for not starting treatment, in a prospective cohort study...
  10. ncbi request reprint Comparison of two versus three smears in identifying culture-positive tuberculosis patients in a rural African setting with high HIV prevalence
    A C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:994-9. 2001
    ..The potential for improving specificity is important because of the costs of misdiagnosis. In practice, both sensitivity and specificity may be increased due to the time saved by examining two rather than three smears...
  11. pmc Population-level effect of HIV on adult mortality and early evidence of reversal after introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Malawi
    Andreas Jahn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 371:1603-11. 2008
    ..We aimed to investigate mortality in a population before and after the introduction of free antiretroviral therapy, and therefore to assess the effects of such programmes on survival at the population level...
  12. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis and gender: exploring the patterns in a case control study in Malawi
    A C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:194-203. 2004
    ....
  13. doi request reprint Ascertainment of childhood vaccination histories in northern Malawi
    A Jahn
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Trop Med Int Health 13:129-38. 2008
    ..To assess factors related to recorded vaccine uptake, which may confound the evaluation of vaccine impact...
  14. ncbi request reprint The development of the HIV epidemic in Karonga District, Malawi
    J R Glynn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    AIDS 15:2025-9. 2001
    ..To investigate the prevalence and sociodemographic risk factors for HIV infection, during the early stages of the epidemic, in a rural area of northern Malawi...
  15. ncbi request reprint Field-based random sampling without a sampling frame: control selection for a case-control study in rural Africa
    A C Crampin
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95:481-3. 2001
    ..We also present an audit of the selection process, and discuss the potential of this method in other settings...
  16. pmc Human immunodeficiency virus increases the risk of tuberculosis due to recent re-infection in individuals with latent infection
    R M G J Houben
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 14:909-15. 2010
    ..tuberculosis. If contemporary TB cases share identical M. tuberculosis strains (i.e., are 'clustered'), the episode is likely to have followed recent (re-)infection, irrespective of evidence of previous latent infection...
  17. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis: associations with HIV and socioeconomic status in rural Malawi
    J R Glynn
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:500-3. 2000
    ..Increased risks of TB with age and in men are expected. Associations with measures of higher socioeconomic status were unexpected. They may reflect a greater likelihood of diagnosis in this group...
  18. ncbi request reprint Lymphatic filariasis in the Karonga district of northern Malawi: a prevalence survey
    B M M Ngwira
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 96:137-44. 2002
    ..The W. bancrofti infection focus in Karonga district is therefore wider than was previously known. This has important implications for the implementation and eventual impact of LF-control activities in this area...
  19. pmc Herpes simplex virus type 2 trends in relation to the HIV epidemic in northern Malawi
    J R Glynn
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:356-60. 2008
    ..HSV-2 prevalence trends in a rural African community were assessed over a period in which HIV prevalence rose sharply, and antenatal clinic (ANC) surveillance was explored as a method of estimating community HSV-2 prevalence...
  20. pmc HIV epidemic trend and antiretroviral treatment need in Karonga District, Malawi
    R G White
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 135:922-32. 2007
    ..1% of adults were in need of ART in 2005. This prediction was sensitive to the assumed eligibility period, ranging from 1.6% to 2.6% if the eligibility period was instead assumed to be 1.5 or 2.5 years, respectively...
  21. ncbi request reprint The social and economic impact of parental HIV on children in northern Malawi: retrospective population-based cohort study
    S Floyd
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS Care 19:781-90. 2007
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Human immunodeficiency virus associated tuberculosis more often due to recent infection than reactivation of latent infection
    R M G J Houben
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:24-31. 2011
    ..As HIV-positive TB cases are less likely to be source cases, equal or higher clustering in HIV-positives would suggest that HIV mainly increases the risk of TB following recent infection...
  23. ncbi request reprint Patterns of helminth infection and relationship to BCG vaccination in Karonga District, northern Malawi
    A E Randall
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:29-33. 2002
    ....
  24. pmc The influence of previous exposure to environmental mycobacteria on the interferon-gamma response to bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination in southern England and northern Malawi
    R E Weir
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Clin Exp Immunol 146:390-9. 2006
    ..These observations should assist the development and interpretation of human clinical trials of new vaccines against M. tuberculosis in areas of both low and high exposure to environmental mycobacteria...
  25. ncbi request reprint Patterns and implications of naturally acquired immune responses to environmental and tuberculous mycobacterial antigens in northern Malawi
    G F Black
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    J Infect Dis 184:322-9. 2001
    ..Although not statistically significant, the trend is consistent with the hypothesis that prior exposure to environmental mycobacteria interferes with immune responses to BCG vaccination...