Philippe Mayaud

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Using research to influence sexual and reproductive health practice and implementation in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case-study analysis
    Olivia Tulloch
    International Health Research Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    Health Res Policy Syst 9:S10. 2011
  2. pmc Getting research into policy - Herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) treatment and HIV infection: international guidelines formulation and the case of Ghana
    H Burris
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Res Policy Syst 9:S5. 2011
  3. pmc Investing in the future: lessons learnt from communicating the results of HSV/ HIV intervention trials in South Africa
    Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Health Res Policy Syst 9:S8. 2011
  4. pmc Strengthening the research to policy and practice interface: exploring strategies used by research organisations working on sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS
    Sally Theobald
    International Health Research Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    Health Res Policy Syst 9:S2. 2011
  5. pmc Bacterial vaginosis, vaginal flora patterns and vaginal hygiene practices in patients presenting with vaginal discharge syndrome in The Gambia, West Africa
    Edward Demba
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, Fajara, The Gambia
    BMC Infect Dis 5:12. 2005
  6. doi request reprint Impact of acyclovir on genital and plasma HIV-1 RNA, genital herpes simplex virus type 2 DNA, and ulcer healing among HIV-1-infected African women with herpes ulcers: a randomized placebo-controlled trial
    Philippe Mayaud
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Infect Dis 200:216-26. 2009
  7. pmc The interrelation of HIV, cervical human papillomavirus, and neoplasia among antenatal clinic attenders in Tanzania
    P Mayaud
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 77:248-54. 2001
  8. pmc Approaches to the control of sexually transmitted infections in developing countries: old problems and modern challenges
    P Mayaud
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 80:174-82. 2004
  9. pmc Genital human papillomavirus genotypes in northwestern Tanzania
    Philippe Mayaud
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 41:4451-3. 2003
  10. doi request reprint Effect of HIV-1 and antiretroviral therapy on herpes simplex virus type 2: a prospective study in African women
    P Mayaud
    Clinical Research Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:332-7. 2008

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. pmc Using research to influence sexual and reproductive health practice and implementation in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case-study analysis
    Olivia Tulloch
    International Health Research Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    Health Res Policy Syst 9:S10. 2011
    ..Policy issues in SRH can be controversial, influenced by political factors and shaped by context such as religion, ethnicity, gender and sexuality...
  2. pmc Getting research into policy - Herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) treatment and HIV infection: international guidelines formulation and the case of Ghana
    H Burris
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Res Policy Syst 9:S5. 2011
    ....
  3. pmc Investing in the future: lessons learnt from communicating the results of HSV/ HIV intervention trials in South Africa
    Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Health Res Policy Syst 9:S8. 2011
    ..Communicating the results of randomised controlled trials may present challenges for researchers who have to work with communities and policy-makers to anticipate positive outcomes, while being aware that results may show no effect or harm...
  4. pmc Strengthening the research to policy and practice interface: exploring strategies used by research organisations working on sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS
    Sally Theobald
    International Health Research Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    Health Res Policy Syst 9:S2. 2011
    ..They provide new insights on how researchers and communication specialists can respond to changing policy climates to create windows of opportunity for influence...
  5. pmc Bacterial vaginosis, vaginal flora patterns and vaginal hygiene practices in patients presenting with vaginal discharge syndrome in The Gambia, West Africa
    Edward Demba
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, Fajara, The Gambia
    BMC Infect Dis 5:12. 2005
    ..We conducted a study aimed at determining the prevalence of BV and patterns of BV-associated vaginal micro-flora among women with vaginal discharge syndrome (VDS) in The Gambia, West Africa...
  6. doi request reprint Impact of acyclovir on genital and plasma HIV-1 RNA, genital herpes simplex virus type 2 DNA, and ulcer healing among HIV-1-infected African women with herpes ulcers: a randomized placebo-controlled trial
    Philippe Mayaud
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Infect Dis 200:216-26. 2009
    ..Little is known about the impact of episodic treatment of herpes on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)...
  7. pmc The interrelation of HIV, cervical human papillomavirus, and neoplasia among antenatal clinic attenders in Tanzania
    P Mayaud
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 77:248-54. 2001
    ....
  8. pmc Approaches to the control of sexually transmitted infections in developing countries: old problems and modern challenges
    P Mayaud
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 80:174-82. 2004
    ..The challenge is not just to develop new interventions, but to identify barriers to the implementation of existing tools, and to devise strategies for ensuring that effective STI control programmes are implemented in the future...
  9. pmc Genital human papillomavirus genotypes in northwestern Tanzania
    Philippe Mayaud
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 41:4451-3. 2003
    ..A multivalent vaccine for HPV-16, -18, -31, -33, and -35 would be necessary to prevent 50% of the neoplasia in this population...
  10. doi request reprint Effect of HIV-1 and antiretroviral therapy on herpes simplex virus type 2: a prospective study in African women
    P Mayaud
    Clinical Research Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:332-7. 2008
    ....
  11. pmc Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis infection in HIV-1-infected women taking antiretroviral therapy: a prospective cohort study from Burkina Faso
    Andrea J Low
    Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 90:100-3. 2014
    ..We assessed the cumulative risk of NG and CT in a cohort of HIV-1-infected high-risk women taking antiretrovirals over 4 years in Burkina Faso...
  12. pmc High prevalence and incidence of human papillomavirus in a cohort of healthy young African female subjects
    Deborah Watson-Jones
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 89:358-65. 2013
    ..We measured the prevalence and incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in young female subjects recruited for a safety and immunogenicity trial of the bivalent HPV-16/18 vaccine in Tanzania...
  13. pmc Cervicovaginal HIV-1 shedding in women taking antiretroviral therapy in Burkina Faso: a longitudinal study
    Andrea J Low
    Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Research Unit on Reproductive Health, and HIV, Centre Muraz, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso Department of microbiology virology, and Medical Research, INSERM U1058 the Departments of Clinical Research and Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom and Department of Virology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 65:237-45. 2014
    ..Antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces transmission of HIV-1. However, genital HIV-1 can be detected in patients on ART. We analyzed factors associated with genital HIV-1 shedding among high-risk women on ART in Burkina Faso...
  14. pmc Genital warts and infection with human immunodeficiency virus in high-risk women in Burkina Faso: a longitudinal study
    Andrea J Low
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Infect Dis 11:20. 2011
    ..We examined risk factors for genital warts in a cohort of high-risk women in Burkina Faso, in order to further describe their epidemiology...
  15. doi request reprint Design of epidemiological studies measuring genital and plasma HIV-1 outcomes: lessons from a randomised controlled trial
    Natasha L Larke
    Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 14:267-75. 2009
    ..We set out to determine whether the variability of genital HIV-1 RNA over time necessitates design adjustments in studies measuring genital shedding to account for this variability...
  16. ncbi request reprint Antenatal syphilis screening in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons learned from Tanzania
    Deborah Watson-Jones
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 10:934-43. 2005
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Etiology of genital ulcer disease and association with HIV infection in Malawi
    SAM PHIRI
    From the Lighthouse Centre, Lilongwe, Malawi University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA and Clinical Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Dis 40:923-8. 2013
    ..However, effective treatment guidelines depend on a current country-specific GUD etiological profile, which may change over time...
  18. pmc Impact of malaria and helminth infections on immunogenicity of the human papillomavirus-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine in Tanzania
    Joelle Brown
    University of California, San Francisco, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, San Francisco, CA, USA University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Epidemiology, Los Angeles, CA, USA Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK Mwanza Intervention Trials Unit, National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza, Tanzania
    Vaccine 32:611-7. 2014
    ..We conducted a cohort study to measure the influence of malaria and helminth infections on the immunogenicity of the bivalent HPV-16/18 vaccine...
  19. pmc Modelling the interactions between herpes simplex virus type 2 and HIV: implications for the HIV epidemic in southern India
    Anna M Foss
    Department of Global Health and Development, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 87:22-7. 2011
    ....
  20. pmc Association between bacterial vaginosis and Herpes simplex virus type-2 infection: implications for HIV acquisition studies
    Nicolas Nagot
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, ITD CRU, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:365-8. 2007
    ..Recent research suggests an association between BV and HSV-2 acquisition, but the converse has not been studied. Here, we investigate whether an association exists between BV and HSV-2 infection..
  21. pmc Long-term virological, immunological and mortality outcomes in a cohort of HIV-infected female sex workers treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy in Africa
    Charlotte Huet
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine LSHTM, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:700. 2011
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Cervical infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) 6 or 11 in high-risk women in Burkina Faso
    Andrea Low
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 86:342-4. 2010
    ..Human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11 are known agents of genital warts but little is known about their epidemiology in Africa...
  23. ncbi request reprint The cost-effectiveness of herpes simplex virus-2 suppressive therapy with daily aciclovir for delaying HIV disease progression among HIV-1-infected women in South Africa
    Peter Vickerman
    Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Sex Transm Dis 38:401-9. 2011
    ..The cost-effectiveness of daily aciclovir for delaying HIV-1 disease progression in women not eligible for antiretroviral therapy (ART) is estimated...
  24. pmc Episodic therapy for genital herpes in sub-saharan Africa: a pooled analysis from three randomized controlled trials
    Helen A Weiss
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e22601. 2011
    ..The aim of this paper is to assess whether the variation in impact of acyclovir on ulcer healing in these trials can be explained by differences in the characteristics of the study populations...
  25. pmc The Cost of Providing Combined Prevention and Treatment Services, Including ART, to Female Sex Workers in Burkina Faso
    Fiona Cianci
    Social and Mathematical Epidemiology Group, Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 9:e100107. 2014
    ..This study aims to determine the mean cost of service provision per patient year for FSWs attending the Yerelon clinic, and identifies differences in costs between patient groups...
  26. pmc Human papillomavirus vaccination in Tanzanian schoolgirls: cluster-randomized trial comparing 2 vaccine-delivery strategies
    Deborah Watson-Jones
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Infect Dis 206:678-86. 2012
    ..We compared vaccine coverage achieved by 2 different delivery strategies for the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in Tanzanian schoolgirls...
  27. doi request reprint Prevalence of, and risk factors for Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection among blood donors in Brazil: a multi-center serosurvey
    Maria Claudia Nascimento
    Clinical Research Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Med Virol 80:1202-10. 2008
    ..KSHV seroprevalence is high among Brazilian blood donors, particularly from the Amazon region. This study supports the co-existence of sexual and non-sexual routes of KSHV transmission in this population...
  28. doi request reprint Epidemiology and prevention of human papillomavirus and cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa: a comprehensive review
    Karly S Louie
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1287-302. 2009
    ..To identify the gaps of knowledge and highlight the challenges and opportunities for controlling cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)...
  29. ncbi request reprint The costs of treating curable sexually transmitted infections in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
    Fern Terris-Prestholt
    HIVTools Research Group, Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London, United Kingdom
    Sex Transm Dis 33:S153-66. 2006
    ..Calls for increased investment in sexually transmitted infection (STI) treatment across the developing world have been made to address the high disease burden and the association with HIV transmission...
  30. doi request reprint Performance of commercial herpes simplex virus type-2 antibody tests using serum samples from Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Samuel Biraro
    Medical Research Council Uganda Virus Research Institute Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    Sex Transm Dis 38:140-7. 2011
    ..Several commercial type-specific serologic tests are available for herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). Poor specificity of some tests has been reported on samples from sub-Saharan Africa...
  31. pmc Seroprevalence of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and other serologic markers in the Brazilian Amazon
    Maria C Nascimento
    Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:663-7. 2009
    ..High KSHV seroprevalence in children and inverse association with herpes simplex virus type 2 indicates predominant nonsexual transmission among Amerindians...
  32. ncbi request reprint Molecular characterization of Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) from patients with AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma in Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Maria C Nascimento
    Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas Hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Clin Virol 33:52-9. 2005
    ..The molecular epidemiology of KSHV is related closely to ethnicity and geographical location of studied populations. There is little epidemiological and molecular information about KSHV strains circulating in Brazil...
  33. pmc Comparative study of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus serological assays using clinically and serologically defined reference standards and latent class analysis
    Maria Claudia Nascimento
    Clinical Research Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 45:715-20. 2007
    ..Commercially available ELISA-based tests yielded the lowest specificities using a spectrum of serum samples. The evaluation of KSHV serological assays is warranted before planning serosurveys in various settings...
  34. doi request reprint Prevalence of malaria and sexually transmitted and reproductive tract infections in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review
    R Matthew Chico
    Department of Disease Control, Malaria Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    JAMA 307:2079-86. 2012
    ..Malaria and sexually transmitted infections/reproductive tract infections (STIs/RTIs) in pregnancy are direct and indirect causes of stillbirth, prematurity, low birth weight, and maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality...
  35. ncbi request reprint Geographical variations in the prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in rural Tanzania
    Henrica A F M Jansen
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 14:274-80. 2003
    ..Differences in transmission dynamics may lead to geographical patterns that vary between STIs...
  36. doi request reprint Dynamic modeling of herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) transmission: issues in structural uncertainty
    Anna M Foss
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Bull Math Biol 71:720-49. 2009
    ..The analysis highlights the issue of structural uncertainty and the value of reducing complexity...
  37. pmc Performance of the HerpeSelect (Focus) and Kalon enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for detection of antibodies against herpes simplex virus type 2 by use of monoclonal antibody-blocking enzyme immunoassay and clinicovirological reference standards in Bra
    Maria Claudia Nascimento
    Clinical Research Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 45:2309-11. 2007
    ..9% and 94% compared with the results obtained by MAb-EIA and with a clinicovirological panel, respectively). A higher cutoff significantly improved the specificity of the HerpeSelect ELISA...
  38. ncbi request reprint Integrating reproductive health services in a reforming health sector: the case of Tanzania
    Monique Oliff
    Clinical Research Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine LSHTM, London, UK
    Reprod Health Matters 11:37-48. 2003
    ..Integration requires a coherent policy environment. The uncoordinated and conflicting agendas of donors, on whom Tanzania is too heavily reliant, is a major obstacle...
  39. pmc Costs of cervical cancer screening and treatment using visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and cryotherapy in Ghana: the importance of scale
    Wilm Quentin
    Department of Health Care Management, Technische Universitat, Berlin, Germany
    Trop Med Int Health 16:379-89. 2011
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Comparison of INNO-LiPA HPV Genotyping v2 with PCR product subcloning and sequencing for identification of genital human papillomavirus genotypes in African women
    Marie Noelle Didelot-Rousseau
    Laboratory of Virology, Montpellier University Hospital, and UMR145 University of Montpellier and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, 80 Augustin Fliche Av 34295 Montpellier, France
    J Virol Methods 135:181-5. 2006
    ..INNO-LiPA HPV Genotyping v2 test appears as a valid method for identifying HPV subtypes in women with multiple HPV infection...
  41. pmc Real-time PCR quantification of genital shedding of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women coinfected with HSV and HIV
    Jerome Legoff
    Unité INSERM Internationale U743 Immunologie Humaine, Equipe Immunité et Biothérapie Muqueuse, Centre de Recherches Biomedicales des Cordeliers, Paris, France
    J Clin Microbiol 44:423-32. 2006
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma: epidemiological, diagnostic, treatment and control aspects in sub-Saharan Africa
    Gerhard Sissolak
    Department of Internal Medicine, Tygerberg Academic Hospital, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 10:981-92. 2005
    ..Trials comparing different regimens of antiretroviral drugs in combination with systemic chemotherapeutic agents are urgently needed...
  43. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal assessment of HIV-1 and HSV-2 shedding in the genital tract of West African women
    Nicolas Nagot
    Centre Muraz, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:632-4. 2005
    ..This study showed that eCVL is a reliable sampling method for detecting both viruses. Three measurement points (at weekly intervals in this study) seem to adequately allow detection of most HIV-1 or HSV-2 genital shedders...
  44. pmc Operational and economic evaluation of an NGO-led sexually transmitted infections intervention: north-western Cambodia
    Verena Carrara
    Banteay Meanchey Projects, Cambodia Médecins Sans Frontières, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Bull World Health Organ 83:434-42. 2005
    ..These services targeted female sex workers but were available to the general population. We conducted an evaluation of the operational performance and costs of this real-life project...
  45. ncbi request reprint Genital shedding of herpes simplex virus-2 DNA and HIV-1 RNA and proviral DNA in HIV-1- and herpes simplex virus-2-coinfected African women
    Francois Xavier Mbopi-Keou
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 33:121-4. 2003
  46. ncbi request reprint The burden of infection with herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2: seroprevalence study in Estonia
    Anneli Uuskula
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Scand J Infect Dis 36:727-32. 2004
    ..HSV-2 prevalence in these non-high risk populations was relatively high, and may indicate a risk for an impending sexually- and STI- driven HIV epidemic...
  47. ncbi request reprint Comparison of HIV prevalences in community-based and antenatal clinic surveys in rural Mwanza, Tanzania
    John Changalucha
    National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza Centre, Mwanza, Tanzania
    AIDS 16:661-5. 2002
    ....
  48. pmc Cervicovaginal neutralizing antibodies to herpes simplex virus (HSV) in women seropositive for HSV Types 1 and 2
    Francois Xavier Mbopi-Keou
    Central Public Health Laboratory, Virus Reference Division, Colindale, United Kingdom
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 10:388-93. 2003
    ..A subset of these women had functional neutralizing activity against HSV-2 in their CVS. The origin of these antibodies and their role in HSV-2 disease of the female genital tract remain to be determined...
  49. doi request reprint Roles of clinical and subclinical reactivated herpes simplex virus type 2 infection and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-induced immunosuppression on genital and plasma HIV-1 levels
    N Nagot
    Centre Muraz, Burkina Faso
    J Infect Dis 198:241-9. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of hepatitis B and C serological markers among first-time blood donors in Brazil: a multi-center serosurvey
    Maria Claudia Nascimento
    Laboratório de Virologia do Instituto de Medicina Tropical, Departamento de Moléstias Infecciosas e Parasitárias da Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Med Virol 80:53-7. 2008
    ..95; 95% CI: 1.2-3.1), but not women. The seroprevalence of HBV and HCV was low among Brazilian blood donors, and exposure increased with age in both genders...
  51. pmc Performance of HerpeSelect and Kalon assays in detection of antibodies to herpes simplex virus type 2
    Jerome Legoff
    Universite Paris Descartes, Equipe Immunité et Biothérapie Muqueuse, Unité INSERM Internationale U743, Immunologie Humaine, Centres de Recherches Biomédicales des Cordeliers, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
    J Clin Microbiol 46:1914-8. 2008
    ..Low index values obtained with the HerpeSelect assay may correspond to true HSV-2 infection, in particular to nonprimary first episodes of genital HSV-2 infection, and need to be interpreted in the context of clinical history...
  52. pmc Human herpesvirus-8 infection and oral shedding in Amerindian and non-Amerindian populations in the Brazilian Amazon region
    Vanda A U F de Souza
    Laboratory of Virology, São Paulo Institute of Tropical Medicine and Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil
    J Infect Dis 196:844-52. 2007
    ..Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) is hyperendemic in Amerindian populations, but its modes of transmission are unknown...
  53. ncbi request reprint Cervicovaginal HIV-1 and herpes simplex virus type 2 shedding during genital ulcer disease episodes
    Jerome Legoff
    Université Paris Descartes Equipe Immunité et Biothérapie Muqueuse, Unité INSERM Internationale U743 Immunologie Humaine, Centre de Recherches Biomedicales des Cordeliers, 15 rue de l Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France
    AIDS 21:1569-78. 2007
    ..To investigate correlates of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) DNA and HIV-1 RNA among women with genital ulcer disease (GUD)...
  54. ncbi request reprint Viral load and genomic integration of HPV 16 in cervical samples from HIV-1-infected and uninfected women in Burkina Faso
    Marie Noelle Didelot Rousseau
    Department of Virology, Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier, France
    J Med Virol 79:766-70. 2007
    ..05; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.11-328.3, P = 0.03), but not with HIV-1 or other high-risk HPV types (HR-HPV). Integrated HPV 16 DNA load may be considered as a useful marker of high-grade cervical lesions in HPV 16-infected women...
  55. ncbi request reprint Reduction of HIV-1 RNA levels with therapy to suppress herpes simplex virus
    Nicolas Nagot
    Centre Muraz, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    N Engl J Med 356:790-9. 2007
    ..Epidemiologic data suggest that infection with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is associated with increased genital shedding of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA and HIV-1 transmissibility...
  56. ncbi request reprint Impact of suppressive herpes therapy on genital HIV-1 RNA among women taking antiretroviral therapy: a randomized controlled trial
    Abdoulaye Ouedraogo
    Centre Muraz, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    AIDS 20:2305-13. 2006
    ..To demonstrate a causal relationship between herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) and increased genital HIV-1-RNA shedding in women on HAART...
  57. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A deficiency and genital tract infections in women living in Central Africa
    Laurent Belec
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:203-4. 2002
  58. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a new rapid diagnostic kit (FemExam) for bacterial vaginosis in patients with vaginal discharge syndrome in The Gambia
    Beryl West
    MRC Laboratories, Fajara, PO Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia
    Sex Transm Dis 30:483-9. 2003
    ..Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV) in resource-poor primary health care settings is often overlooked; there is a need for a cheap, rapid, objective point-of-care diagnostic test...
  59. doi request reprint Herpes simplex virus and HIV-1: deciphering viral synergy
    Philippe Van de Perre
    EA 4205 Transmission, Pathogenèse et Prévention de l Infection par le VIH, Université Montpellier 1 and Laboratories of Bacteriology and Virology, CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:490-7. 2008
    ..Strategies to control HSV2 and other herpesviruses deserve urgent attention and should become part of the HIV-1 prevention and care package...
  60. ncbi request reprint Chapter 28: Studies to assess the long-term efficacy and effectiveness of HPV vaccination in developed and developing countries
    Matti Lehtinen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, KTL, Oulu, Finland
    Vaccine 24:S3/233-41. 2006
    ..Much of the research is already ongoing. Depending on the results of the planned immuno bridging studies among HIV-negative and HIV-positive women, further phase III and/or phase IV trials may be warranted...
  61. ncbi request reprint GASP-WAR: West African network to tackle gonorrhoea
    Philippe Mayaud
    Lancet 359:173. 2002