Immo Kleinschmidt

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc How much does malaria vector control quality matter: the epidemiological impact of holed nets and inadequate indoor residual spraying
    Andrea M Rehman
    MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e19205. 2011
  2. pmc Malaria transmission after five years of vector control on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Hans J Overgaard
    Department of Mathematical Sciences and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, As, Norway
    Parasit Vectors 5:253. 2012
  3. pmc Impact assessment of malaria vector control using routine surveillance data in Zambia: implications for monitoring and evaluation
    Emmanuel Chanda
    Ministry of Health, National Malaria Control Centre, Lusaka, Zambia
    Malar J 11:437. 2012
  4. pmc Performance of a malaria microscopy image analysis slide reading device
    William R Prescott
    Hydas World Health, Hershey, PA 17033, USA
    Malar J 11:155. 2012
  5. pmc The validation of a three-stage screening methodology for detecting active convulsive epilepsy in population-based studies in health and demographic surveillance systems
    Anthony K Ngugi
    The Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya
    Emerg Themes Epidemiol 9:8. 2012
  6. pmc Determinants of bed net use in children under five and household bed net ownership on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Alberto L García-Basteiro
    Preventative Medicine and Epidemiology Unit, Hospital Clinic, C Villarroel 174, Barcelona, Spain
    Malar J 10:179. 2011
  7. pmc The emergence of insecticide resistance in central Mozambique and potential threat to the successful indoor residual spraying malaria control programme
    Ana P Abilio
    1National Institute of Health, Av Eduardo Mondlane Salvador Allende, PO Box 264, Maputo, Mozambique
    Malar J 10:110. 2011
  8. pmc A pre-intervention study of malaria vector abundance in Rio Muni, Equatorial Guinea: their role in malaria transmission and the incidence of insecticide resistance alleles
    Frances C Ridl
    Malaria Research Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Malar J 7:194. 2008
  9. pmc Choice of treatment for fever at household level in Malawi: examining spatial patterns
    Lawrence N Kazembe
    Applied Statistics and Epidemiology Research Unit, Mathematical Sciences Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi
    Malar J 6:40. 2007
  10. pmc Developing a spatial-statistical model and map of historical malaria prevalence in Botswana using a staged variable selection procedure
    Marlies H Craig
    Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, 491 Ridge Road, Overport, Durban, 4091, South Africa
    Int J Health Geogr 6:44. 2007

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. pmc How much does malaria vector control quality matter: the epidemiological impact of holed nets and inadequate indoor residual spraying
    Andrea M Rehman
    MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e19205. 2011
    ..Data from three control programs were used to investigate the impact of: 1) the physical deterioration of ITNs, and 2) inadequate IRS spray coverage, on their respective protective effectiveness...
  2. pmc Malaria transmission after five years of vector control on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Hans J Overgaard
    Department of Mathematical Sciences and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, As, Norway
    Parasit Vectors 5:253. 2012
    ..While the project has been successful in reducing overall malaria morbidity and mortality, foci of high malaria transmission still persist on the island. Results from the 2009 entomological collections are reported here...
  3. pmc Impact assessment of malaria vector control using routine surveillance data in Zambia: implications for monitoring and evaluation
    Emmanuel Chanda
    Ministry of Health, National Malaria Control Centre, Lusaka, Zambia
    Malar J 11:437. 2012
    ..The impact of these interventions on malaria morbidity and mortality has not previously been formally assessed at the population level in Zambia...
  4. pmc Performance of a malaria microscopy image analysis slide reading device
    William R Prescott
    Hydas World Health, Hershey, PA 17033, USA
    Malar J 11:155. 2012
    ..Reported here is an evaluation of a diagnostic system (a "device" consisting of a microscope, a scanner, and a computer algorithm) that evaluates scanned images of standard Giemsa-stained slides and reports species and parasitaemia...
  5. pmc The validation of a three-stage screening methodology for detecting active convulsive epilepsy in population-based studies in health and demographic surveillance systems
    Anthony K Ngugi
    The Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya
    Emerg Themes Epidemiol 9:8. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  6. pmc Determinants of bed net use in children under five and household bed net ownership on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Alberto L García-Basteiro
    Preventative Medicine and Epidemiology Unit, Hospital Clinic, C Villarroel 174, Barcelona, Spain
    Malar J 10:179. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the determinants of bed net use in children under five and bed net ownership of the households in which they live...
  7. pmc The emergence of insecticide resistance in central Mozambique and potential threat to the successful indoor residual spraying malaria control programme
    Ana P Abilio
    1National Institute of Health, Av Eduardo Mondlane Salvador Allende, PO Box 264, Maputo, Mozambique
    Malar J 10:110. 2011
    ..In 2007, these efforts were strengthened by the President's Malaria Initiative. This manuscript reports on the monitoring and evaluation of this programme as carried out by the Malaria Decision Support Project...
  8. pmc A pre-intervention study of malaria vector abundance in Rio Muni, Equatorial Guinea: their role in malaria transmission and the incidence of insecticide resistance alleles
    Frances C Ridl
    Malaria Research Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Malar J 7:194. 2008
    ..This manuscript reports on the malaria vectors present and the incidence of insecticide resistant alleles prior to the onset of the programme...
  9. pmc Choice of treatment for fever at household level in Malawi: examining spatial patterns
    Lawrence N Kazembe
    Applied Statistics and Epidemiology Research Unit, Mathematical Sciences Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi
    Malar J 6:40. 2007
    ..Its success, however, depends on understanding the factors influencing health care decision making at household level, which has implications for implementing policies aimed at promoting health care practices and utilization...
  10. pmc Developing a spatial-statistical model and map of historical malaria prevalence in Botswana using a staged variable selection procedure
    Marlies H Craig
    Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, 491 Ridge Road, Overport, Durban, 4091, South Africa
    Int J Health Geogr 6:44. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to develop a malaria risk map using a systematic and practicable variable selection process for spatial analysis and mapping of historical malaria risk in Botswana...
  11. pmc Modelling the effect of malaria endemicity on spatial variations in childhood fever, diarrhoea and pneumonia in Malawi
    Lawrence N Kazembe
    Applied Statistics and Epidemiology Research Unit, Mathematical Sciences Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi
    Int J Health Geogr 6:33. 2007
    ..However, little is known about geographical overlaps in these illnesses. Spatial modelling may improve our understanding of the epidemiology of the diseases for efficient and cost-effective control...
  12. ncbi request reprint Injectable progestin contraceptive use and risk of HIV infection in a South African family planning cohort
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Contraception 75:461-7. 2007
    ....
  13. pmc Geographic distribution of human immunodeficiency virus in South Africa
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:1163-9. 2007
    ..Prevalence of HIV was associated with ethnicity, urban status, and unemployment. Detailed maps of HIV prevalence can be effectively used in guiding and focusing intervention programs to areas of particular need...
  14. pmc Marked increase in child survival after four years of intensive malaria control
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Medical Care Development International, Silver Spring, Maryland
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:882-8. 2009
    ..34 [95% CI = 0.23-0.49]). Effective malaria control measures can dramatically increase child survival and play a key role in achieving millennium development goals...
  15. pmc Factors influencing the effectiveness of malaria control in Bioko Island, equatorial Guinea
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:1027-32. 2007
    ..This can only be achieved if comprehensive monitoring systems are in place for both the management and evaluation of the intervention...
  16. pmc Combining indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated net interventions
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:519-24. 2009
    ..76-0.81) in Bioko and 0.34 (95% CI = 0.21-0.56) in Zambezia. Although the effects of confounding cannot be excluded, these results provide encouragement that the additional resources for combining IRS and LLIN are justified...
  17. pmc Reduced prevalence of malaria infection in children living in houses with window screening or closed eaves on Bioko Island, equatorial Guinea
    John Bradley
    Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e80626. 2013
    ..There is little evidence about the effect on malaria infection in humans that changes in house construction may have. This study examines the impact of protective housing improvements on malaria infection on Bioko Island...
  18. pmc Malaria risk factors in North West Tanzania: the effect of spraying, nets and wealth
    Philippa A West
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e65787. 2013
    ..High malaria prevalence in some clusters and the limited protection given by pyrethroid IRS and LLINs suggest that it may be necessary to enhance established vector control activities and consider additional interventions...
  19. pmc High level of resistance in the mosquito Anopheles gambiae to pyrethroid insecticides and reduced susceptibility to bendiocarb in north-western Tanzania
    Natacha Protopopoff
    Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Malar J 12:149. 2013
    ..l to different insecticides and the prevalence of the kdr resistance allele involved in pyrethroid resistance were investigated in north-western Tanzania, an area that has been subject to several rounds of pyrethroid IRS since 2006...
  20. pmc Has Tanzania embraced the green leaf? Results from outlet and household surveys before and after implementation of the Affordable Medicines Facility-malaria
    Rebecca Thomson
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    PLoS ONE 9:e95607. 2014
    ..Here we present findings from outlet and household surveys before and after AMFm implementation to evaluate its impact from both the supply and demand side...
  21. pmc Indoor residual spraying in combination with insecticide-treated nets compared to insecticide-treated nets alone for protection against malaria: a cluster randomised trial in Tanzania
    Philippa A West
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 11:e1001630. 2014
    ..A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted to investigate whether the combination provides added protection compared to ITNs alone...
  22. pmc Five years of malaria control in the continental region, Equatorial Guinea
    Andrea M Rehman
    MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Malar J 12:154. 2013
    ..Two provinces received long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and two provinces received biannual indoor residual spraying (IRS). Enhanced case management and communications were introduced throughout...
  23. pmc Increased risks of malaria due to limited residual life of insecticide and outdoor biting versus protection by combined use of nets and indoor residual spraying on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    John Bradley
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 11:242. 2012
    ..In this study, the effect of the short residual life of bendiocarb insecticide and of children spending time outdoors at night, on malaria infection prevalence was examined...
  24. pmc Understanding private sector antimalarial distribution chains: a cross-sectional mixed methods study in six malaria-endemic countries
    Benjamin Palafox
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 9:e93763. 2014
    ....
  25. pmc The impact of hotspot-targeted interventions on malaria transmission: study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial
    Teun Bousema
    Department of Immunology and Infection Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trials 14:36. 2013
    ..Targeting these hotspots might represent a highly efficacious way of controlling or eliminating malaria if the hotspots fuel malaria transmission to the wider community...
  26. pmc Multicentre studies of insecticide-treated durable wall lining in Africa and South-East Asia: entomological efficacy and household acceptability during one year of field use
    Louisa A Messenger
    Faculty of Infectious Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 11:358. 2012
    ....
  27. pmc High prevalence of malaria in Zambezia, Mozambique: the protective effect of IRS versus increased risks due to pig-keeping and house construction
    Emmanuel A Temu
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e31409. 2012
    ..The impact of IRS and ITNs, the effects of keeping farm animals and of the construction material of roofs of houses and other potential risk factors associated with malaria infection in children were assessed...
  28. pmc Serological markers suggest heterogeneity of effectiveness of malaria control interventions on Bioko Island, equatorial Guinea
    Jackie Cook
    Department of Immunology and Infection, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e25137. 2011
    ..Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, has been subject to comprehensive malaria control interventions since 2004. This has resulted in substantial reductions in the parasite burden, although this drop has not been uniform across the island...
  29. pmc Comparative analysis of two methods for measuring sales volumes during malaria medicine outlet surveys
    Edith Patouillard
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Malar J 12:311. 2013
    ..Several methods for measuring sales volumes are available, yet all have methodological challenges and evidence is lacking on the comparability of different methods...
  30. pmc Evaluation of a national universal coverage campaign of long-lasting insecticidal nets in a rural district in north-west Tanzania
    Philippa A West
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Malar J 11:273. 2012
    ..This study had two purposes: to evaluate the impact of a universal coverage campaign (UCC) of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) on LLIN ownership and usage, and to identify factors that may be associated with inadequate coverage...
  31. doi request reprint Getting antimalarials on target: impact of national roll-out of malaria rapid diagnostic tests on health facility treatment in three regions of Tanzania
    Katia Bruxvoort
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1269-82. 2013
    ..To evaluate the impact on case management practices of routine government implementation of mRDTs, we conducted large-scale health facility surveys in three regions of Tanzania before and after mRDT roll-out...
  32. doi request reprint Identification of hot spots of malaria transmission for targeted malaria control
    Teun Bousema
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 201:1764-74. 2010
    ..This heterogeneity creates opportunities for targeted interventions but only if hot spots of malaria transmission can be easily identified...
  33. pmc Premature mortality in active convulsive epilepsy in rural Kenya: causes and associated factors
    Anthony K Ngugi
    From the KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme A K N, G F, E C, R O, E B, C R N, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kilifi, Kenya Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health A K N, C B, I K, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom Studies of Epidemiology of Epilepsy in Demographic Surveillance Systems SEEDS INDEPTH Network A K N, E B, C R N, Accra, Ghana Research Support Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences A K N, Aga Khan University East Africa, Nairobi, Kenya MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health C B, I K, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom Nuffield Department of Medicine G F, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom Neurosciences Unit B N, C R N, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom NIHR University College London Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre, Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy J W S, UCL Institute of Neurology, London
    Neurology 82:582-9. 2014
    ..We estimated premature mortality and identified causes of death and associated factors in people with active convulsive epilepsy (ACE) in rural Kenya...
  34. pmc The potential contribution of mass treatment to the control of Plasmodium falciparum malaria
    Lucy C Okell
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modeling, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e20179. 2011
    ..The benefits of mass treatment need to be carefully weighed against the risks of increasing drug selection pressure...
  35. ncbi request reprint A community-based study to examine the effect of a youth HIV prevention intervention on young people aged 15-24 in South Africa: results of the baseline survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gyneacology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 10:971-80. 2005
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Rise in malaria incidence rates in South Africa: a small-area spatial analysis of variation in time trends
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    South African Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Am J Epidemiol 155:257-64. 2002
    ..Smoothing of small-area maps of incidence and growth in incidence (trend) is important for interpretation of the spatial distribution of disease incidence and the spatial distribution of rapid changes in disease incidence...
  37. ncbi request reprint Bone mineral density in women aged 40-49 years using depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate, norethisterone enanthate or combined oral contraceptives for contraception
    Mags E Beksinska
    Reproductive Heath Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Durban, 4001 South Africa
    Contraception 71:170-5. 2005
    ..8 mIU/mL. Significant interaction between FSH and BMI in their effect on BMD was observed (p=.006). This study found no evidence that long-term use of DMPA, NET-EN and COCs affects BMD in this population...
  38. pmc Seven years of regional malaria control collaboration--Mozambique, South Africa, and Swaziland
    Brian L Sharp
    Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:42-7. 2007
    ..The success of the program in reducing malaria transmission throughout the target area provides a strong argument for investment in regional malaria control...
  39. pmc Malaria vector control by indoor residual insecticide spraying on the tropical island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea
    Brian L Sharp
    Malaria Research Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Malar J 6:52. 2007
    ..This manuscript reports on the continuous entomological monitoring of the indoor residual spray (IRS) programme during the first two years of its implementation...
  40. ncbi request reprint Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS 19:1525-34. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15-24 years...
  41. ncbi request reprint Reduction in infection with Plasmodium falciparum one year after the introduction of malaria control interventions on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Durban, South Africa
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:972-8. 2006
    ..001). When the 12-month pre-intervention period was compared with the 12-month post-intervention period, there was a modest but statistically significant reduction in the number of malaria cases among hospital patients...
  42. ncbi request reprint Malaria control by residual insecticide spraying in Chingola and Chililabombwe, Copperbelt Province, Zambia
    Brian Sharp
    Malaria Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, Congella, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 7:732-6. 2002
    ..This house-spraying programme is an example of private/public sector collaboration in malaria control...
  43. pmc Differential effect of regional drug pressure on dihydrofolate reductase and dihydropteroate synthetase mutations in southern Mozambique
    Jaishree Raman
    Malaria Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:256-61. 2008
    ..Our results show that drug pressure can exert its influence at a regional level rather than merely at a national level...
  44. ncbi request reprint Ecological covariates of Ascaris lumbricoides infection in schoolchildren from rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Elmar Saathoff
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 10:412-22. 2005
    ..lumbricoides infection is positively associated with the soil clay content...
  45. pmc Patterns of malaria-related hospital admissions and mortality among Malawian children: an example of spatial modelling of hospital register data
    Lawrence N Kazembe
    Applied Statistics and Epidemiology Research Unit, Mathematical Sciences Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi
    Malar J 5:93. 2006
    ..Here spatial regression models were applied, aimed at quantifying spatial variation and risk factors associated with malaria hospitalization and in-hospital mortality...
  46. ncbi request reprint Detection of raised FSH levels among older women using depomedroxyprogesterone acetate and norethisterone enanthate
    Mags E Beksinska
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Suite 1301, Maritime House, 143 Salmon Grove, Durban, South Africa
    Contraception 68:339-43. 2003
    ..The data show that a raised FSH level can be detected during use of DMPA and NET-EN and could be used as a menopausal indicator without interrupting method use in this group of contraceptive users...
  47. ncbi request reprint El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and annual malaria incidence in Southern Africa
    Musawenkosi L H Mabaso
    Malaria Research Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, South Africa, Overport 4067, South Africa
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:326-30. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Dual protection in sexually active women
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
    S Afr Med J 93:854-7. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence and co-factors associated with the practice of dual protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancy in a cross-sectional sample of South African women...
  49. ncbi request reprint Ecologic covariates of hookworm infection and reinfection in rural Kwazulu-natal/south Africa: a geographic information system-based study
    Elmar Saathoff
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:384-91. 2005
    ..The GIS-aided prediction of areas in need of treatment is therefore a promising tool to guide control efforts when epidemiologic information is insufficient...
  50. pmc Spatial analysis and mapping of malaria risk in Malawi using point-referenced prevalence of infection data
    Lawrence N Kazembe
    Mathematical Sciences Department, Chancellor College, University of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi
    Int J Health Geogr 5:41. 2006
    ..To this end an analysis was carried out to predict and map malaria risk in Malawi using empirical data with the aim of identifying areas where greatest effort should be focussed...
  51. ncbi request reprint Mapping indicators of sexually transmitted infection services in the South African public health sector
    Immo Kleinschmidt
    Medical Research Council, 491 Ridge Road, Durban 4091, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 11:1047-57. 2006
    ..In this paper we present maps of key indicators obtained from the survey, and discuss their programmatic implications. We also address some methodological issues that arise in the context of producing appropriate maps...
  52. ncbi request reprint Bone mineral density in adolescents using norethisterone enanthate, depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate or combined oral contraceptives for contraception
    Mags E Beksinska
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Mayville 4091, South Africa
    Contraception 75:438-43. 2007
    ..The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate BMD in adolescent (aged 15-19 years) new users of hormonal contraception (DMPA, NET-EN and COCs)...