J R Glynn

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Interpreting DNA fingerprint clusters of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. European Concerted Action on Molecular Epidemiology and Control of Tuberculosis
    J R Glynn
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 3:1055-60. 1999
  2. ncbi request reprint Decreased fertility among HIV-1-infected women attending antenatal clinics in three African cities
    J R Glynn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:345-52. 2000
  3. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis: associations with HIV and socioeconomic status in rural Malawi
    J R Glynn
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:500-3. 2000
  4. ncbi request reprint Factors influencing the difference in HIV prevalence between antenatal clinic and general population in sub-Saharan Africa
    J R Glynn
    Infectious Diease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 15:1717-25. 2001
  5. ncbi request reprint The development of the HIV epidemic in Karonga District, Malawi
    J R Glynn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    AIDS 15:2025-9. 2001
  6. pmc Human immunodeficiency virus increases the risk of tuberculosis due to recent re-infection in individuals with latent infection
    R M G J Houben
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 14:909-15. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint Why do young women have a much higher prevalence of HIV than young men? A study in Kisumu, Kenya and Ndola, Zambia
    J R Glynn
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    AIDS 15:S51-60. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis treatment failure and drug resistance--same strain or reinfection?
    P Sonnenberg
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:603-7. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint Field-based random sampling without a sampling frame: control selection for a case-control study in rural Africa
    A C Crampin
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95:481-3. 2001
  10. pmc Population-level effect of HSV-2 therapy on the incidence of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
    R G White
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii12-8. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications27

  1. ncbi request reprint Interpreting DNA fingerprint clusters of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. European Concerted Action on Molecular Epidemiology and Control of Tuberculosis
    J R Glynn
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 3:1055-60. 1999
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Decreased fertility among HIV-1-infected women attending antenatal clinics in three African cities
    J R Glynn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:345-52. 2000
    ..Consistent results in different study sites help in the development of standard methods for improving ANC-based surveillance estimates of HIV prevalence. These may be easier to devise for multiparous women than for primiparous women...
  3. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis: associations with HIV and socioeconomic status in rural Malawi
    J R Glynn
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:500-3. 2000
    ..Increased risks of TB with age and in men are expected. Associations with measures of higher socioeconomic status were unexpected. They may reflect a greater likelihood of diagnosis in this group...
  4. ncbi request reprint Factors influencing the difference in HIV prevalence between antenatal clinic and general population in sub-Saharan Africa
    J R Glynn
    Infectious Diease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 15:1717-25. 2001
    ..To compare HIV prevalence in antenatal clinics (ANC) and the general population, and to identify factors determining the differences that were found...
  5. ncbi request reprint The development of the HIV epidemic in Karonga District, Malawi
    J R Glynn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    AIDS 15:2025-9. 2001
    ..To investigate the prevalence and sociodemographic risk factors for HIV infection, during the early stages of the epidemic, in a rural area of northern Malawi...
  6. pmc Human immunodeficiency virus increases the risk of tuberculosis due to recent re-infection in individuals with latent infection
    R M G J Houben
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 14:909-15. 2010
    ..tuberculosis. If contemporary TB cases share identical M. tuberculosis strains (i.e., are 'clustered'), the episode is likely to have followed recent (re-)infection, irrespective of evidence of previous latent infection...
  7. ncbi request reprint Why do young women have a much higher prevalence of HIV than young men? A study in Kisumu, Kenya and Ndola, Zambia
    J R Glynn
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    AIDS 15:S51-60. 2001
    ..To examine the factors responsible for the disparity in HIV prevalence between young men and women in two urban populations in Africa with high HIV prevalence...
  8. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis treatment failure and drug resistance--same strain or reinfection?
    P Sonnenberg
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:603-7. 2000
    ..Despite a high risk of infection, with a moderate proportion of background drug-resistant strains (11% SDR, 6% MDR), reinfection is not a common cause of treatment failure or drug resistance at 6 months...
  9. ncbi request reprint Field-based random sampling without a sampling frame: control selection for a case-control study in rural Africa
    A C Crampin
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95:481-3. 2001
    ..We also present an audit of the selection process, and discuss the potential of this method in other settings...
  10. pmc Population-level effect of HSV-2 therapy on the incidence of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
    R G White
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii12-8. 2008
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Human immunodeficiency virus associated tuberculosis more often due to recent infection than reactivation of latent infection
    R M G J Houben
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:24-31. 2011
    ..As HIV-positive TB cases are less likely to be source cases, equal or higher clustering in HIV-positives would suggest that HIV mainly increases the risk of TB following recent infection...
  12. doi request reprint Quantifying errors in the estimation of tuberculosis mortality in a population of South African miners
    P Sonnenberg
    Research Department of Infection and Population Health, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 16:1449-54. 2012
    ..All-cause mortality, based on national tuberculosis programme (NTP) register deaths, may under- or overestimate tuberculosis (TB) specific mortality in the population...
  13. pmc Herpes simplex virus type 2 trends in relation to the HIV epidemic in northern Malawi
    J R Glynn
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:356-60. 2008
    ..HSV-2 prevalence trends in a rural African community were assessed over a period in which HIV prevalence rose sharply, and antenatal clinic (ANC) surveillance was explored as a method of estimating community HSV-2 prevalence...
  14. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 and recurrence, relapse, and reinfection of tuberculosis after cure: a cohort study in South African mineworkers
    P Sonnenberg
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 358:1687-93. 2001
    ..We followed up a cohort of 326 South African mineworkers, who had successfully completed treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis in 1995, to determine the rate and mechanisms of recurrence...
  15. pmc What has Karonga taught us? Tuberculosis studied over three decades
    A C Crampin
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:153-64. 2009
    ..Current studies focus on immunological markers of infection, disease and protection, and on elucidating the impact of antiretroviral treatment on TB incidence at population level...
  16. ncbi request reprint The social and economic impact of parental HIV on children in northern Malawi: retrospective population-based cohort study
    S Floyd
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS Care 19:781-90. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in England, 1998
    J Love
    Respiratory Diseases Department, Health Protection Agency HPA Centre for Infections, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:201-7. 2009
    ..England...
  18. pmc HIV epidemic trend and antiretroviral treatment need in Karonga District, Malawi
    R G White
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 135:922-32. 2007
    ..1% of adults were in need of ART in 2005. This prediction was sensitive to the assumed eligibility period, ranging from 1.6% to 2.6% if the eligibility period was instead assumed to be 1.5 or 2.5 years, respectively...
  19. pmc Assessment and evaluation of contact as a risk factor for tuberculosis in rural Africa
    A C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:612-8. 2008
    ..A rural district in Malawi...
  20. ncbi request reprint The benefits to communities and individuals of screening for active tuberculosis disease: a systematic review
    K Kranzer
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 17:432-46. 2013
    ..Before screening programmes are recommended, evidence is needed of individual and/or community-level benefits...
  21. ncbi request reprint Impact of changing diagnostic criteria for smear-positive tuberculosis: a cohort study in Malawi
    O Koole
    lt label gt lt label gt London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 18:843-6. 2014
    ..Those with single scanty smears had higher mortality and a lower proportion starting treatment. The reclassification will increase the reported burden substantially, but should improve treatment access. ..
  22. pmc Measurement and determinants of tuberculosis outcome in Karonga District, Malawi
    J R Glynn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, England
    Bull World Health Organ 76:295-305. 1998
    ..When new interventions are assessed it cannot be assumed that factors which influence the smear conversion rate will also influence the mortality rate...
  23. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis and gender: exploring the patterns in a case control study in Malawi
    A C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:194-203. 2004
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Comparison of two versus three smears in identifying culture-positive tuberculosis patients in a rural African setting with high HIV prevalence
    A C Crampin
    Karonga Prevention Study, Chilumba, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:994-9. 2001
    ..The potential for improving specificity is important because of the costs of misdiagnosis. In practice, both sensitivity and specificity may be increased due to the time saved by examining two rather than three smears...
  25. ncbi request reprint Population differences in death rates in HIV-positive patients with tuberculosis
    I Ciglenecki
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Geneva, Switzerland
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:1121-8. 2007
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Induced abortion among women attending antenatal clinics in Yaounde, Cameroon
    J J Mosoko
    National AIDS Control Committee, Ministry of Public Health, Box 1459, Yaounde, Cameroon
    East Afr Med J 81:71-7. 2004
    ..Unsafe abortion is a public health concern because of its impact on maternal morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to document on induced abortion in Yaounde, Cameroon...
  27. pmc Explaining risk factors for drug-resistant tuberculosis in England and Wales: contribution of primary and secondary drug resistance
    S J Conaty
    Centre for Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, Department of Primary Care and Population Science, University College London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 132:1099-108. 2004
    ..Risk factors for each type of resistance differ. Elevated risks associated with London residence, HIV positivity, and ethnicity were mainly seen in those without previous tuberculosis (presumed transmission)...