S Cousens

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Tetanus toxoid immunization to reduce mortality from neonatal tetanus
    Hannah Blencowe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i102-9. 2010
  2. pmc The high burden of infant deaths in rural Burkina Faso: a prospective community-based cohort study
    Abdoulaye Hama Diallo
    Centre MURAZ Research Institute, Ministry of Health Burkina Faso, PO Box 390, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    BMC Public Health 12:739. 2012
  3. pmc Impact of long-term treatment of onchocerciasis with ivermectin in Kaduna State, Nigeria: first evidence of the potential for elimination in the operational area of the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control
    Afework Hailemariam Tekle
    African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control, WHO APOC P, O, Box 01 B, P, 549, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso
    Parasit Vectors 5:28. 2012
  4. pmc Effectiveness of artemisinin-based combination therapy used in the context of home management of malaria: a report from three study sites in sub-Saharan Africa
    IkeOluwapo O Ajayi
    Malaria Research Laboratories, Institute of Medical Research and Training, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
    Malar J 7:190. 2008
  5. pmc Feasibility and acceptability of artemisinin-based combination therapy for the home management of malaria in four African sites
    IkeOluwapo O Ajayi
    Malaria Research Laboratories, Institute of Medical Research and Training, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
    Malar J 7:6. 2008
  6. pmc Satisfactory safety and immunogenicity of MSP3 malaria vaccine candidate in Tanzanian children aged 12-24 months
    John P A Lusingu
    National Institute for Medical Research, Tanga Centre, Tanzania
    Malar J 8:163. 2009
  7. pmc Care during labor and birth for the prevention of intrapartum-related neonatal deaths: a systematic review and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S10. 2011
  8. pmc Lives Saved Tool supplement detection and treatment of syphilis in pregnancy to reduce syphilis related stillbirths and neonatal mortality
    Hannah Blencowe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:S9. 2011
  9. pmc Clean birth and postnatal care practices to reduce neonatal deaths from sepsis and tetanus: a systematic review and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Hannah Blencowe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:S11. 2011
  10. pmc Effect of case management on neonatal mortality due to sepsis and pneumonia
    Anita K M Zaidi
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Public Health 11:S13. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. pmc Tetanus toxoid immunization to reduce mortality from neonatal tetanus
    Hannah Blencowe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i102-9. 2010
    ....
  2. pmc The high burden of infant deaths in rural Burkina Faso: a prospective community-based cohort study
    Abdoulaye Hama Diallo
    Centre MURAZ Research Institute, Ministry of Health Burkina Faso, PO Box 390, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    BMC Public Health 12:739. 2012
    ..We measured IMR and explored risk factors for infant death in a cohort of children born in Banfora Health District, a rural area in South-West Burkina Faso...
  3. pmc Impact of long-term treatment of onchocerciasis with ivermectin in Kaduna State, Nigeria: first evidence of the potential for elimination in the operational area of the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control
    Afework Hailemariam Tekle
    African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control, WHO APOC P, O, Box 01 B, P, 549, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso
    Parasit Vectors 5:28. 2012
    ..This paper reports the first results for two onchocerciasis foci in Kaduna, Nigeria...
  4. pmc Effectiveness of artemisinin-based combination therapy used in the context of home management of malaria: a report from three study sites in sub-Saharan Africa
    IkeOluwapo O Ajayi
    Malaria Research Laboratories, Institute of Medical Research and Training, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
    Malar J 7:190. 2008
    ..However, the parasitological effectiveness of ACT when dispensed by community medicine distributors (CMDs) within the context of home management of malaria (HMM) and used unsupervised by caregivers at home has not been evaluated...
  5. pmc Feasibility and acceptability of artemisinin-based combination therapy for the home management of malaria in four African sites
    IkeOluwapo O Ajayi
    Malaria Research Laboratories, Institute of Medical Research and Training, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
    Malar J 7:6. 2008
    ..The feasibility and acceptability of incorporating ACT in HMM needs to be evaluated...
  6. pmc Satisfactory safety and immunogenicity of MSP3 malaria vaccine candidate in Tanzanian children aged 12-24 months
    John P A Lusingu
    National Institute for Medical Research, Tanga Centre, Tanzania
    Malar J 8:163. 2009
    ..A phase Ib dose-escalating study was conducted to assess the vaccine's safety and immunogenicity in children aged 12 to 24 months in Korogwe, Tanzania (ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT00469651)...
  7. pmc Care during labor and birth for the prevention of intrapartum-related neonatal deaths: a systematic review and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S10. 2011
    ..Our objective was to estimate the effect of various childbirth care packages on neonatal mortality due to intrapartum-related events ("birth asphyxia") in term babies for use in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST)...
  8. pmc Lives Saved Tool supplement detection and treatment of syphilis in pregnancy to reduce syphilis related stillbirths and neonatal mortality
    Hannah Blencowe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:S9. 2011
    ..Globally syphilis is an important yet preventable cause of stillbirth, neonatal mortality and morbidity...
  9. pmc Clean birth and postnatal care practices to reduce neonatal deaths from sepsis and tetanus: a systematic review and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Hannah Blencowe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:S11. 2011
    ..Annually over 520,000 newborns die from neonatal sepsis, and 60,000 more from tetanus. Estimates of the effect of clean birth and postnatal care practices are required for evidence-based program planning...
  10. pmc Effect of case management on neonatal mortality due to sepsis and pneumonia
    Anita K M Zaidi
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Public Health 11:S13. 2011
    ..We have estimated the effect of providing oral, or injectable antibiotics at home or in first-level facilities, and of in-patient hospital care on neonatal mortality from pneumonia and sepsis for use in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST)...
  11. pmc Neonatal resuscitation and immediate newborn assessment and stimulation for the prevention of neonatal deaths: a systematic review, meta-analysis and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S12. 2011
    ..03 million from complications of prematurity. No systematic assessment of mortality reduction from tactile stimulation or resuscitation has been published...
  12. pmc How much time is available for antenatal care consultations? Assessment of the quality of care in rural Tanzania
    Moke Magoma
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bugando Medical Centre and Teaching Hospital, Mwanza, Tanzania
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:64. 2011
    ....
  13. pmc High ANC coverage and low skilled attendance in a rural Tanzanian district: a case for implementing a birth plan intervention
    Moke Magoma
    Infectious Diseases Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population, Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:13. 2010
    ..The perspectives of health care providers and traditional birth attendants on childbirth and the factors determining where women deliver were also investigated...
  14. pmc Perinatal mortality in rural Burkina Faso: a prospective community-based cohort study
    Abdoulaye Hama Diallo
    Centre MURAZ Research Institute, Ministry of Health Burkina Faso, PO Box 390, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:45. 2010
    ..The PROMISE-EBF trial, during which we promoted exclusive breastfeeding, gave us the opportunity to describe the epidemiology of PNM in Banfora Health District, South-West in Burkina Faso...
  15. pmc Antibiotics for pre-term pre-labour rupture of membranes: prevention of neonatal deaths due to complications of pre-term birth and infection
    Simon Cousens
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i134-43. 2010
    ..In low and middle-income settings, where some 2 million neonatal deaths occur annually due to complications of pre-term birth or infection, many women do not receive antibiotic therapy for pPROM...
  16. doi National, regional, and worldwide estimates of stillbirth rates in 2009 with trends since 1995: a systematic analysis
    Simon Cousens
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 377:1319-30. 2011
    ..We aimed to develop more reliable estimates and a time series from 1995 for 193 countries, by increasing input data, using recent data, and applying improved modelling approaches...
  17. ncbi The geographical distribution of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease cases in the UK: what can we learn from it?
    Simon Cousens
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Stat Methods Med Res 12:235-46. 2003
    ..An ecological analysis relating the regional incidence of vCJD to historical dietary data does not provide a dear evidence that humans became infected through consumption of MRM...
  18. doi Alternatives to randomisation in the evaluation of public-health interventions: statistical analysis and causal inference
    S Cousens
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:576-81. 2011
    ..We review approaches to the control of confounding and discuss issues in drawing causal inference from these studies...
  19. ncbi Geographical distribution of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in Great Britain, 1994-2000
    S Cousens
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Lancet 357:1002-7. 2001
    ..We investigated whether regional incidences of vCJD were correlated with regional dietary data...
  20. doi Alternatives to randomisation in the evaluation of public health interventions: design challenges and solutions
    C P Bonell
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:582-7. 2011
    ..We aim to describe specific scenarios in which randomised trials may not be possible and describe, exemplify and assess alternative strategies...
  21. pmc Evidence of behaviour change following a hygiene promotion programme in Burkina Faso
    V Curtis
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England
    Bull World Health Organ 79:518-27. 2001
    ..The programme was tailored to local customs, targeted specific types of behaviour, built on existing motivation for hygiene, and used locally appropriate channels of communication...
  22. ncbi The influence of HIV-1 exposure and infection on levels of passively acquired antibodies to measles virus in Zambian infants
    Susana Scott
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1417-24. 2007
    ..Little is known about the influence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection on levels of prevaccination antibodies to measles virus...
  23. ncbi Neonatal measles immunity in rural Kenya: the influence of HIV and placental malaria infections on placental transfer of antibodies and levels of antibody in maternal and cord serum samples
    Susana Scott
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 191:1854-60. 2005
    ..The level of these antibodies at birth depends on the level of antibodies in the mother and the extent of placental transfer. We investigated predictors of levels of measles antibodies in newborns in rural Kenya...
  24. ncbi Estimating the force of measles virus infection from hospitalised cases in Lusaka, Zambia
    Susana Scott
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Vaccine 23:732-8. 2004
    ..Estimates of the force of infection using routinely available data were consistent with those based upon serological surveys in other sub-Saharan African countries...
  25. doi Predicted impact of the HIV-1 epidemic on measles in developing countries: results from a dynamic age-structured model
    Susana Scott
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 37:356-67. 2008
    ..Although measles incidence has been reduced to low levels in many countries, the potential exists for HIV-1 infection to enhance measles virus (MV) transmission and hinder measles control and elimination efforts...
  26. doi Addressing the challenge of neonatal mortality
    H Blencowe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 18:303-12. 2013
    ..Effective action is possible to reduce neonatal mortality, but innovative approaches to implementation will be required if these preventable deaths are to be avoided...
  27. doi Measures of between-cluster variability in cluster randomized trials with binary outcomes
    Andrew Thomson
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, U K
    Stat Med 28:1739-51. 2009
    ..We assess implications for sample size estimation and present a simple solution to the problems outlined...
  28. ncbi Glaucoma case finding: a cluster-randomised intervention trial
    J Theodossiades
    Department of Epidemiology and International Eye Health, Institute of Ophthalmology, and Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK
    Eye (Lond) 18:483-90. 2004
    ....
  29. ncbi Methods for the analysis of incidence rates in cluster randomized trials
    Steve Bennett
    MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:839-46. 2002
    ..In many trials, the outcome is an incidence rate, such as mortality, based on person-years data. In this paper we review methods for the analysis of such data in cluster randomized trials and present some simple approaches...
  30. ncbi Immunogenicity of standard-titer measles vaccine in HIV-1-infected and uninfected Zambian children: an observational study
    William J Moss
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 196:347-55. 2007
    ....
  31. ncbi Why are 4 million newborn babies dying each year?
    Joy E Lawn
    International Perinatal Unit, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Lancet 364:399-401. 2004
  32. ncbi Strain characterization of natural sheep scrapie and comparison with BSE
    Moira E Bruce
    Institute for Animal Health, Neuropathogenesis Unit, Ogston Building, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JF, UK
    J Gen Virol 83:695-704. 2002
    ..The tested sample is too small to come to any conclusions about whether the BSE strain is present in sheep, but the study provides a framework for further more extensive studies...
  33. ncbi 4 million neonatal deaths: when? Where? Why?
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, and International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 365:891-900. 2005
    ..While we neglect these challenges, 450 newborn children die every hour, mainly from preventable causes, which is unconscionable in the 21st century...
  34. ncbi Gaps in policy-relevant information on burden of disease in children: a systematic review
    Igor Rudan
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, UK
    Lancet 365:2031-40. 2005
    ....
  35. pmc Methodological issues in the assessment of antimalarial drug treatment: analysis of 13 studies in eight African countries from 2001 to 2004
    Jean Paul Guthmann
    Epicentre, 8 rue Saint Sabin, 75011 Paris, France
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50:3734-9. 2006
    ..Results support the implementation of the current WHO protocol and favor analyzing PCR-corrected outcomes by Kaplan-Meier analysis (which allows for dropouts) and retaining new infections (which minimizes losses)...
  36. ncbi Where is maternal and child health now?
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, Pinelands, Cape Town 7405, South Africa
    Lancet 368:1474-7. 2006
  37. ncbi Does selenium supplementation slow progression of HIV? Potentially misleading presentation of the results of a trial
    David A Ross
    Arch Intern Med 167:1555-6; author reply 1557. 2007
  38. pmc Effect of expanded insecticide-treated bednet coverage on child survival in rural Kenya: a longitudinal study
    Greg W Fegan
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Lancet 370:1035-9. 2007
    ..ITN coverage has increased rapidly in Kenya from 7% in 2004 to 67% in 2006. We aimed to assess the extent to which this investment has led to improvements in child survival...
  39. doi 30 years after Alma-Ata: has primary health care worked in countries?
    Jon Rohde
    Management Sciences for Health, Boston, MA, USA James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Lancet 372:950-61. 2008
    ..More detailed analysis and evaluation within and across countries would be invaluable in guiding investments for primary health care, and expediting progress towards the Millennium Development Goals and "health for all"...
  40. doi Saving newborn lives in Asia and Africa: cost and impact of phased scale-up of interventions within the continuum of care
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, E8153, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 23:101-17. 2008
    ....
  41. pmc Implementing community-based perinatal care: results from a pilot study in rural Pakistan
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Bull World Health Organ 86:452-9. 2008
    ..This pilot study investigated the feasibility of delivering a package of community-based interventions for improving perinatal care using lady health workers (LHWs) and traditional birth attendants (Dais) in rural Pakistan...
  42. doi Alma-Ata: Rebirth and Revision 6 Interventions to address maternal, newborn, and child survival: what difference can integrated primary health care strategies make?
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Lancet 372:972-89. 2008
    ..Strengthening MNCH at the primary health-care level should be a priority for countries to reach their Millennium Development Goal targets for reducing maternal and child mortality...