Francesco Checchi

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Validity and feasibility of a satellite imagery-based method for rapid estimation of displaced populations
    Francesco Checchi
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Int J Health Geogr 12:4. 2013
  2. pmc A new method to estimate mortality in crisis-affected and resource-poor settings: validation study
    Bayard Roberts
    Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1584-96. 2010
  3. pmc Implementation and utilisation of community-based mortality surveillance: a case study from Chad
    Sarah Bowden
    School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Confl Health 6:11. 2012
  4. pmc Sentinel site community surveillance of mortality and nutritional status in southwestern Central African Republic, 2010
    Grazia M Caleo
    Epicentre, 8 rue Saint Sabin, Paris, France
    Popul Health Metr 10:18. 2012
  5. pmc Prevalence and under-detection of gambiense human African trypanosomiasis during mass screening sessions in Uganda and Sudan
    Francesco Checchi
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Parasit Vectors 5:157. 2012
  6. pmc An algorithm to assess methodological quality of nutrition and mortality cross-sectional surveys: development and application to surveys conducted in Darfur, Sudan
    Claudine Prudhon
    Health and Nutrition Tracking Service, Geneva, Switzerland
    Popul Health Metr 9:57. 2011
  7. pmc Detection of infectious disease outbreaks in twenty-two fragile states, 2000-2010: a systematic review
    Catherine Bruckner
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Confl Health 5:13. 2011
  8. pmc Malaria epidemics and interventions, Kenya, Burundi, southern Sudan, and Ethiopia, 1999-2004
    Francesco Checchi
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Disease, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1477-85. 2006
  9. pmc The natural progression of Gambiense sleeping sickness: what is the evidence?
    Francesco Checchi
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e303. 2008
  10. pmc The burden of acute respiratory infections in crisis-affected populations: a systematic review
    Anna Bellos
    Disease Control in Humanitarian Emergencies, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Confl Health 4:3. 2010

Detail Information

Publications41

  1. pmc Validity and feasibility of a satellite imagery-based method for rapid estimation of displaced populations
    Francesco Checchi
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Int J Health Geogr 12:4. 2013
    ..In this study, we explored the potential use of very high resolution satellite imagery to remotely estimate forcibly displaced populations...
  2. pmc A new method to estimate mortality in crisis-affected and resource-poor settings: validation study
    Bayard Roberts
    Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1584-96. 2010
    ..The methods currently available to collect mortality data in such settings feature important methodological limitations. We developed and validated a new method to provide near real-time mortality estimates in such settings...
  3. pmc Implementation and utilisation of community-based mortality surveillance: a case study from Chad
    Sarah Bowden
    School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Confl Health 6:11. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  4. pmc Sentinel site community surveillance of mortality and nutritional status in southwestern Central African Republic, 2010
    Grazia M Caleo
    Epicentre, 8 rue Saint Sabin, Paris, France
    Popul Health Metr 10:18. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  5. pmc Prevalence and under-detection of gambiense human African trypanosomiasis during mass screening sessions in Uganda and Sudan
    Francesco Checchi
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Parasit Vectors 5:157. 2012
    ..brucei gambiense. However, its impact can be limited by incomplete attendance at screening sessions (screening coverage) and diagnostic inaccuracy...
  6. pmc An algorithm to assess methodological quality of nutrition and mortality cross-sectional surveys: development and application to surveys conducted in Darfur, Sudan
    Claudine Prudhon
    Health and Nutrition Tracking Service, Geneva, Switzerland
    Popul Health Metr 9:57. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  7. pmc Detection of infectious disease outbreaks in twenty-two fragile states, 2000-2010: a systematic review
    Catherine Bruckner
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Confl Health 5:13. 2011
    ..Greater reliance on formal and informal notifications is warranted. Outbreak reports should be more standardised and enable monitoring of surveillance systems' effectiveness...
  8. pmc Malaria epidemics and interventions, Kenya, Burundi, southern Sudan, and Ethiopia, 1999-2004
    Francesco Checchi
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Disease, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1477-85. 2006
    ....
  9. pmc The natural progression of Gambiense sleeping sickness: what is the evidence?
    Francesco Checchi
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e303. 2008
    ..Self-resolving and asymptomatic chronic infections probably constitute a minority if they do indeed exist. Chronic carriage, however, deserves further study, as it could seed renewed epidemics after control programmes cease...
  10. pmc The burden of acute respiratory infections in crisis-affected populations: a systematic review
    Anna Bellos
    Disease Control in Humanitarian Emergencies, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Confl Health 4:3. 2010
    ..Humanitarian agencies should include ARI prevention and control among infants, children and adults as priority activities in crises. Improved data collection, case management and vaccine strategies will help to reduce disease burden...
  11. doi request reprint Rates and causes of death in Chiradzulu District, Malawi, 2008: a key informant study
    Francesco Checchi
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 16:375-8. 2011
    ..HIV/AIDS was the leading cause of death (16.6%), with a cause-attributable mortality rate of 1.8 (0.4-3.6) deaths per 1000 person-years...
  12. pmc Supervised versus unsupervised antimalarial treatment with six-dose artemether-lumefantrine: pharmacokinetic and dosage-related findings from a clinical trial in Uganda
    Francesco Checchi
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Malar J 5:59. 2006
    ....
  13. pmc Accuracy of five algorithms to diagnose gambiense human African trypanosomiasis
    Francesco Checchi
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1233. 2011
    ..This paper presents estimates of the accuracy of five algorithms used by past Médecins Sans Frontières programmes in the Republic of Congo, Southern Sudan and Uganda...
  14. ncbi request reprint Evidence basis for antimalarial policy change in Sierra Leone: five in vivo efficacy studies of chloroquine, sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and amodiaquine
    Francesco Checchi
    Epicentre, 8 rue Saint Sabin, 75011 Paris, France
    Trop Med Int Health 10:146-53. 2005
    ..To provide nationally relevant information on the antimalarial efficacy of chloroquine (CQ), sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) and amodiaquine (AQ) in Sierra Leone, with a view to updating antimalarial policy in the country...
  15. pmc Estimates of the duration of the early and late stage of gambiense sleeping sickness
    Francesco Checchi
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    BMC Infect Dis 8:16. 2008
    ..Here, we outline a method to estimate these parameters...
  16. ncbi request reprint Supervised versus unsupervised intake of six-dose artemether-lumefantrine for treatment of acute, uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Mbarara, Uganda: a randomised trial
    Patrice Piola
    Epicentre, 8 rue Saint Sabin, 75011 Paris, France
    Lancet 365:1467-73. 2005
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Adherence to a six-dose regimen of artemether-lumefantrine for treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Uganda
    Carole Fogg
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:525-30. 2004
    ..The high adherence to artemether-lumefantrine found in our study suggest that this drug is likely to be very effective in Mbarara provided that patients receive clear dosage explanations...
  18. ncbi request reprint Antimalarial efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, amodiaquine and a combination of chloroquine plus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in Bundi Bugyo, western Uganda
    Francesco Checchi
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Trop Med Int Health 9:445-50. 2004
    ..Our study also confirms previous findings that resistance is considerably underestimated by 14-day follow-ups. Antimalarial policy decisions should therefore be based on 28-day studies, with PCR adjustment to distinguish re-infections...
  19. pmc Different methodological approaches to the assessment of in vivo efficacy of three artemisinin-based combination antimalarial treatments for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in African children
    Elizabeth A Ashley
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Malar J 7:154. 2008
    ..Use of different methods for assessing the efficacy of artemisinin-based combination antimalarial treatments (ACTs) will result in different estimates being reported, with implications for changes in treatment policy...
  20. pmc Economic feasibility of a new method to estimate mortality in crisis-affected and resource-poor settings
    Bayard Roberts
    Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e25175. 2011
    ..We evaluated the feasibility of an alternative method for rapidly quantifying mortality (the informant method). The study objective was to assess the economic feasibility of the informant method...
  21. ncbi request reprint Operational response to malaria epidemics: are rapid diagnostic tests cost-effective?
    Estelle Rolland
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Trop Med Int Health 11:398-408. 2006
    ..To compare the cost-effectiveness of malaria treatment based on presumptive diagnosis with that of malaria treatment based on rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs)...
  22. pmc Methodological issues in the assessment of antimalarial drug treatment: analysis of 13 studies in eight African countries from 2001 to 2004
    Jean Paul Guthmann
    Epicentre, 8 rue Saint Sabin, 75011 Paris, France
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50:3734-9. 2006
    ..Results support the implementation of the current WHO protocol and favor analyzing PCR-corrected outcomes by Kaplan-Meier analysis (which allows for dropouts) and retaining new infections (which minimizes losses)...
  23. ncbi request reprint Low efficacy of the combination artesunate plus amodiaquine for uncomplicated falciparum malaria among children under 5 years in Kailahun, Sierra Leone
    Francesco Grandesso
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Trop Med Int Health 11:1017-21. 2006
    ..In 2004, Sierra Leone adopted artesunate plus amodiaquine as first-line antimalarial treatment. We evaluated the efficacy of this combination in Kailahun, where a previous study had shown 70.2% efficacy of amodiaquine in monotherapy...
  24. pmc Community coverage of an antimalarial combination of artesunate and amodiaquine in Makamba Province, Burundi, nine months after its introduction
    Sibylle Gerstl
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Malar J 6:94. 2007
    ..Nine months after its implementation a study was carried out to assess whether children below five years of age with uncomplicated malaria were actually receiving AS+AQ...
  25. doi request reprint Risk associated with asymptomatic parasitaemia occurring post-antimalarial treatment
    Piero Olliaro
    UNICEF UNDP World Bank WHO Special Programme on Research and Training in Tropical Diseases TDR, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 13:83-90. 2008
    ..Current guidelines recommend treatment only when patients develop symptoms or at the end of follow-up. We wanted to assess prospectively the probability of becoming symptomatic and the risks of this practice...
  26. pmc Mortality among displaced former UNITA members and their families in Angola: a retrospective cluster survey
    Thomas Grein
    Epicentre, 8 rue Saint Sabin, 75011 Paris, France
    BMJ 327:650. 2003
    ..To measure retrospectively mortality among a previously inaccessible population of former UNITA members and their families displaced within Angola, before and after their arrival in resettlement camps after ceasefire of 4 April 2002...
  27. ncbi request reprint Violence and mortality in West Darfur, Sudan (2003-04): epidemiological evidence from four surveys
    Evelyn Depoortere
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Lancet 364:1315-20. 2004
    ..An epidemiological study of the effect of armed incursions on mortality in Darfur was needed to provide a basis for appropriate assistance to internally displaced people...
  28. pmc Nifurtimox plus Eflornithine for late-stage sleeping sickness in Uganda: a case series
    Francesco Checchi
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 1:e64. 2007
    ....
  29. pmc The uncertain burden of Plasmodium falciparum epidemics in Africa
    Jonathan Cox
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trends Parasitol 23:142-8. 2007
    ..We argue that conventional approaches that are used to assess the burden of epidemics are inadequate, and outline the future steps that are required to produce estimates that are more accurate...
  30. ncbi request reprint Pre-emptive war epidemiology: lessons from the Democratic Republic of Congo
    Evelyn Depoortere
    Epicentre, 75011 Paris, France
    Lancet 367:7-9. 2006
  31. doi request reprint A mixed methods study of a health worker training intervention to increase syndromic referral for gambiense human african trypanosomiasis in South Sudan
    Jennifer J Palmer
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8:e2742. 2014
    ..We tested a training intervention for HCWs in peripheral facilities in Nimule, South Sudan to increase knowledge of HAT symptomatology and the rate of syndromic referrals to a central screening and treatment centre...
  32. pmc Syndromic algorithms for detection of gambiense human African trypanosomiasis in South Sudan
    Jennifer J Palmer
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2003. 2013
    ..We explored the predictive value of syndromic referral algorithms to identify symptomatic cases of HAT among a treatment-seeking population in Nimule, South Sudan...
  33. doi request reprint The burden of tuberculosis in crisis-affected populations: a systematic review
    William Kimbrough
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 12:950-65. 2012
    ..Findings suggest the need for early establishment of tuberculosis services, especially in displaced populations from high-burden areas and for continued innovation and prioritisation of tuberculosis control in crisis settings...
  34. ncbi request reprint Consequences of armed conflict for an ethnic Karen population
    Francesco Checchi
    Epicentre, 8 rue Saint Sabin, 75011, Paris, France
    Lancet 362:74-5. 2003
  35. pmc Treating childhood pneumonia in hard-to-reach areas: a model-based comparison of mobile clinics and community-based care
    Catherine Pitt
    Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:9. 2012
    ....
  36. pmc Efficacy of two artemisinin combination therapies for uncomplicated falciparum malaria in children under 5 years, Malakal, Upper Nile, Sudan
    Ingrid van den Broek
    Manson s Unit, MSF UK, 67 74 Saffron Hill, London EC1N, UK
    Malar J 4:14. 2005
    ..Preceding the change, this study aimed to determine which artemisinin-based combination therapies is more effective to treat uncomplicated malaria in Malakal, Upper Nile, Sudan...
  37. ncbi request reprint Malaria in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan: baseline genotypic resistance and efficacy of the artesunate plus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and artesunate plus amodiaquine combinations
    Sally Hamour
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Plantage Middenlaan 14, 1018 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:548-54. 2005
    ..1%). CQ use should be rapidly discontinued in this region. SP resistance may propagate rapidly, and AS+AQ is likely to be a better long-term option, provided AQ use is limited to the combination...
  38. pmc Death rates from malaria epidemics, Burundi and Ethiopia
    Jean Paul Guthmann
    Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint Maurice, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:140-3. 2007
    ..Deaths likely from malaria ranged from 1,000 to 8,900, depending on site, and accounted for 52% to 78% of total deaths. Earlier detection of malaria and better case management are needed...
  39. pmc Treatment outcomes and risk factors for relapse in patients with early-stage human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) in the Republic of the Congo
    Manica Balasegaram
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 84:777-82. 2006
    ..We aimed to assess whether the increased threshold of 10 cells/mm(3) is a safe indicator of stage 2 disease...
  40. pmc Melarsoprol versus eflornithine for treating late-stage Gambian trypanosomiasis in the Republic of the Congo
    Manica Balasegaram
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 84:783-91. 2006
    ..To compare the effectiveness of melarsoprol and eflornithine in treating late-stage Gambian trypanosomiasis in the Republic of the Congo...
  41. pmc African sleeping sickness
    Francesco Checchi
    BMJ 336:679-80. 2008