B G Armstrong

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Measurement error in time-series analysis: a simulation study comparing modelled and monitored data
    Barbara K Butland
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 13:136. 2013
  2. pmc Mortality on extreme heat days using official thresholds in Spain: a multi-city time series analysis
    Aurelio Tobias
    Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research IDAEA, Spanish Council for Scientific Research CSIC, Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Public Health 12:133. 2012
  3. pmc Long-term effects of flooding on mortality in England and Wales, 1994-2005: controlled interrupted time-series analysis
    Ai Milojevic
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK
    Environ Health 10:11. 2011
  4. pmc Current and future climate- and air pollution-mediated impacts on human health
    Ruth M Doherty
    University of Edinburgh, UK
    Environ Health 8:S8. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Association of mortality with high temperatures in a temperate climate: England and Wales
    B G Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:340-5. 2011
  6. doi request reprint Exposure-response relationship between lung cancer and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
    B G Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Occup Environ Med 66:740-6. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Estimating reduction in occupational disease burden following reduction in exposure
    B G Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 65:592-6. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Models for the relationship between ambient temperature and daily mortality
    Ben Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Epidemiology 17:624-31. 2006
  9. pmc Effect of influenza vaccination on excess deaths occurring during periods of high circulation of influenza: cohort study in elderly people
    Ben G Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 329:660. 2004
  10. pmc Lung cancer risk after exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: a review and meta-analysis
    Ben Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 112:970-8. 2004

Detail Information

Publications38

  1. pmc Measurement error in time-series analysis: a simulation study comparing modelled and monitored data
    Barbara K Butland
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 13:136. 2013
    ..We used statistical simulation to compare the impact on epidemiological time-series analysis of additive measurement error in sparse monitor data as opposed to geographically and temporally complete model data...
  2. pmc Mortality on extreme heat days using official thresholds in Spain: a multi-city time series analysis
    Aurelio Tobias
    Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research IDAEA, Spanish Council for Scientific Research CSIC, Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Public Health 12:133. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc Long-term effects of flooding on mortality in England and Wales, 1994-2005: controlled interrupted time-series analysis
    Ai Milojevic
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK
    Environ Health 10:11. 2011
    ..The objective of this study is to explore the methods for quantifying such long-term health effects of flooding by analysis of routine mortality registrations in England and Wales...
  4. pmc Current and future climate- and air pollution-mediated impacts on human health
    Ruth M Doherty
    University of Edinburgh, UK
    Environ Health 8:S8. 2009
    ..We describe a project to quantify the burden of heat and ozone on mortality in the UK, both for the present-day and under future emission scenarios...
  5. doi request reprint Association of mortality with high temperatures in a temperate climate: England and Wales
    B G Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:340-5. 2011
    ..In particular, how heat-mortality associations (for example, slopes and thresholds) vary by climate has previously been considered only qualitatively...
  6. doi request reprint Exposure-response relationship between lung cancer and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
    B G Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Occup Environ Med 66:740-6. 2009
    ..To estimate the exposure-response function associating polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure and lung cancer, with consideration of smoking...
  7. ncbi request reprint Estimating reduction in occupational disease burden following reduction in exposure
    B G Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 65:592-6. 2008
    ..This paper sets out to clarify how to estimate the reduction in occupational disease following a reduction in exposure, and shows a real-data illustration for doing this...
  8. ncbi request reprint Models for the relationship between ambient temperature and daily mortality
    Ben Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Epidemiology 17:624-31. 2006
    ..The temperature-mortality relationship is often found to be substantially nonlinear and to persist (but change shape) with increasing lag. We review and extend models for such nonlinear multilag forms...
  9. pmc Effect of influenza vaccination on excess deaths occurring during periods of high circulation of influenza: cohort study in elderly people
    Ben G Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 329:660. 2004
    ..To estimate the protection against death provided by vaccination against influenza...
  10. pmc Lung cancer risk after exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: a review and meta-analysis
    Ben Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 112:970-8. 2004
    ..Limited information on total dust exposure did not suggest that dust exposure was an important confounder or modified the effect. These results provide a more secure basis for risk assessment than was previously available...
  11. ncbi request reprint Fixed factors that modify the effects of time-varying factors: applying the case-only approach
    Ben G Armstrong
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Epidemiology 14:467-72. 2003
    ..As an alternative, we investigate the use of case-only approaches originally proposed for studying gene-environment interactions...
  12. ncbi request reprint Declining vulnerability to temperature-related mortality in London over the 20th century
    Claire Carson
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 164:77-84. 2006
    ..This trend is likely to reflect improvements in social, environmental, behavioral, and health-care factors and has implications for the assessment of future burdens of heat and cold mortality...
  13. ncbi request reprint Case-referent survey of young adults with mesothelioma: I. Lung fibre analyses
    J C McDonald
    National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, UK
    Ann Occup Hyg 45:513-8. 2001
    ..In this age group it was thought that most, but not all, work-related exposures would have been since 1970, when the importation of crocidolite, but not amosite, was virtually eliminated...
  14. pmc Geographical variation in anophthalmia and microphthalmia in England, 1988-94
    H Dolk
    Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 317:905-9; discussion 910. 1998
    ..To investigate the geographical variation and clustering of congenital anophthalmia and microphthalmia in England, in response to media reports of clusters...
  15. ncbi request reprint Methodological approaches to the analysis of hierarchical studies of air pollution and respiratory health--examples from the CESAR study. Central European Study on Air pollution and Respiratory Health
    S Pattenden
    London School of Hygiene and Topical Medicine, UK
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 10:420-6. 2000
    ..This paper explores three approaches to analysis in such studies: a non hierarchical model, a two-stage analysis, and multilevel modelling. Illustrations are given using a preliminary subset of data from the CESAR study...
  16. ncbi request reprint The determinants of Canadian children's personal exposures to magnetic fields
    B G Armstrong
    Environmental Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
    Bioelectromagnetics 22:161-9. 2001
    ..Although several other easily-observed variables were associated with personal exposure, they were weak determinants, either individually or in combination...
  17. pmc An approach for estimating the health effects of changes over time in air pollution: an illustration using cardio-respiratory hospital admissions in London
    Cathryn Tonne
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 67:422-7. 2010
    ....
  18. pmc Effect of 20 mph traffic speed zones on road injuries in London, 1986-2006: controlled interrupted time series analysis
    Chris Grundy
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 339:b4469. 2009
    ..To quantify the effect of the introduction of 20 mph (32 km an hour) traffic speed zones on road collisions, injuries, and fatalities in London...
  19. doi request reprint Urban ambient particle metrics and health: a time-series analysis
    Richard W Atkinson
    Division of Community Health Sciences and MRC HPA Centre for Environment and Health, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 21:501-11. 2010
    ..We investigated associations of a range of particle metrics with daily deaths and hospital admissions in London...
  20. doi request reprint Ozone, heat and mortality: acute effects in 15 British conurbations
    Sam Pattenden
    PEHRU, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Occup Environ Med 67:699-707. 2010
    ..Acute associations between mortality and ozone are largely accepted, though recent evidence is less conclusive. Evidence on ozone-heat interaction is sparse. We assess effects of ozone, heat, and their interaction, on mortality in Britain...
  21. pmc The impact of heat waves on mortality
    Antonio Gasparrini
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 22:68-73. 2011
    ..Heat waves have been linked with an increase in mortality, but the associated risk has been only partly characterized...
  22. pmc Malaria in Britain: past, present, and future
    Katrin Gaardbo Kuhn
    Disease Control and Vector Biology Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9997-10001. 2003
    ..The current risk is negligible, as >52,000 imported cases since 1953 have not led to any secondary cases. The projected increase in proportional risk is clearly insufficient to lead to the reestablishment of endemicity...
  23. ncbi request reprint The association of respiratory syncytial virus infection and influenza with emergency admissions for respiratory disease in London: an analysis of routine surveillance data
    Punam Mangtani
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Clin Infect Dis 42:640-6. 2006
    ..Both RSV infection and influenza are seasonally related, and it is difficult to disentangle one from the other and to disentangle infection from the season and the cold...
  24. ncbi request reprint Eye anomalies: seasonal variation and maternal viral infections
    Araceli Busby
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 16:317-22. 2005
    ..We report an ecologic analysis of anophthalmia/microphthalmia prevalence in England in relation to temporal variation in these infections using routine infection data...
  25. pmc Preventing neural tube defects in Europe: population based study
    Araceli Busby
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 330:574-5. 2005
  26. pmc Vulnerability to winter mortality in elderly people in Britain: population based study
    Paul Wilkinson
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 329:647. 2004
    ..To examine the determinants of vulnerability to winter mortality in elderly British people...
  27. ncbi request reprint Impact of high temperatures on mortality: is there an added heat wave effect?
    Shakoor Hajat
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Epidemiology 17:632-8. 2006
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Preventing neural tube defects in Europe: a missed opportunity
    Araceli Busby
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Reprod Toxicol 20:393-402. 2005
    ..Only a public health policy including folic acid fortification of staple foods is likely to result in large-scale prevention of NTDs...
  29. pmc Outdoor air pollution and infant mortality: analysis of daily time-series data in 10 English cities
    Shakoor Hajat
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:719-22. 2007
    ..To date, there has been no investigation of the effects of outdoor pollution on infant mortality in the UK...
  30. pmc The effect of temperature on food poisoning: a time-series analysis of salmonellosis in ten European countries
    R S Kovats
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 132:443-53. 2004
    ..Our findings indicate that higher temperatures around the time of consumption are important and reinforce the need for further education on food-handling behaviour...
  31. pmc Mortality and temperature in Sofia and London
    S Pattenden
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:628-33. 2003
    ..This study explores associations between mortality and temperature in two European capitals-Sofia and London-using four years of daily deaths, air pollution, and weather data...
  32. pmc Host, weather and virological factors drive norovirus epidemiology: time-series analysis of laboratory surveillance data in England and Wales
    Ben Lopman
    Gastrointestinal, Emerging and Zoonotic Infections Department, Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 4:e6671. 2009
    ..Viral populations are dynamic and evolve under positive selection pressure...
  33. ncbi request reprint Association between climate variability and hospital visits for non-cholera diarrhoea in Bangladesh: effects and vulnerable groups
    Masahiro Hashizume
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:1030-7. 2007
    ..We estimated the effects of rainfall and temperature on the number of non-cholera diarrhoea cases and identified population factors potentially affecting vulnerability to the effect of the climate factors in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
  34. doi request reprint Time series analysis on the health effects of temperature: advancements and limitations
    Antonio Gasparrini
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK
    Environ Res 110:633-8. 2010
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint The effect of rainfall on the incidence of cholera in Bangladesh
    Masahiro Hashizume
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 19:103-10. 2008
    ..The incidence of cholera in Bangladesh shows clear seasonality, suggesting that weather factors could play a role in its epidemiology. We estimated the effects of rainfall on the incidence of cholera in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
  36. doi request reprint Air pollution and activation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators in London
    H Ross Anderson
    Division of Community Health Sciences and MRC HPA Centre for Environment and Health, St George s University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 21:405-13. 2010
    ..Air pollution may increase the incidence of ventricular cardiac arrhythmias. We investigated this in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators attending London clinics...
  37. ncbi request reprint Mortality displacement of heat-related deaths: a comparison of Delhi, São Paulo, and London
    Shakoor Hajat
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 16:613-20. 2005
    ..We compare the extent to which short-term mortality displacement can explain heat deaths in Delhi, São Paulo, and London given contrasting demographic and health profiles...
  38. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis in occupational epidemiology: a review of practice
    Damien M McElvenny
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Occup Med (Lond) 54:336-44. 2004
    ..To describe past practice in meta-analyses found in occupational epidemiology, identifying the major issues that should be considered by researchers planning a meta-analysis in this setting...