T Reilly

Summary

Affiliation: Liverpool John Moores University
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint The international face of sports science through the window of the Journal of Sports Sciences--with a special reference to kinanthropometry
    Thomas Reilly
    Institute of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 26:349-63. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint Bone mineral density among female sports participants
    Elizabeth Egan
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Bone 38:227-33. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Effects of moderate dietary manipulations on swim performance and on blood lactate-swimming velocity curves
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 20:93-7. 1999
  4. ncbi request reprint Effect of low-dose temazepam on physiological variables and performance tests following a westerly flight across five time zones
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 22:166-74. 2001
  5. ncbi request reprint The use of recovery methods post-exercise
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 23:619-27. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint An ergonomics model of the soccer training process
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    J Sports Sci 23:561-72. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Effects of loading on spinal shrinkage in males of different age groups
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, United Kingdom
    Appl Ergon 37:305-10. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Science and football: a review of applied research in the football codes
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    J Sports Sci 21:693-705. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Jet lag and air travel: implications for performance
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, England
    Clin Sports Med 24:367-80, xii. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Nutrition for travel
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L32 2ET, UK
    J Sports Sci 25:S125-34. 2007

Detail Information

Publications100

  1. doi request reprint The international face of sports science through the window of the Journal of Sports Sciences--with a special reference to kinanthropometry
    Thomas Reilly
    Institute of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 26:349-63. 2008
    ..Key areas in the kinanthropometric content are identified and placed in context. The review culminates in the highlighting of likely areas for future research...
  2. ncbi request reprint Bone mineral density among female sports participants
    Elizabeth Egan
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Bone 38:227-33. 2006
    ..It is concluded that sports participation has positive effects on BMD. The effects are site-specific and depend on the loading characteristics of the sport...
  3. ncbi request reprint Effects of moderate dietary manipulations on swim performance and on blood lactate-swimming velocity curves
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 20:93-7. 1999
    ..The dietary manipulations affected the response of blood lactate to both submaximal and maximal swimming velocities. The observations highlight the limitations of applying lactate response curves to swim training...
  4. ncbi request reprint Effect of low-dose temazepam on physiological variables and performance tests following a westerly flight across five time zones
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 22:166-74. 2001
    ..This illustrates the importance of monitoring jet lag symptoms and performance variables at different times of day following a flight to a new time zone...
  5. ncbi request reprint The use of recovery methods post-exercise
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 23:619-27. 2005
    ..This frequency of competition is unlikely to be sustainable in the long term...
  6. ncbi request reprint An ergonomics model of the soccer training process
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    J Sports Sci 23:561-72. 2005
    ..While complementary training may be necessary in specific cases, integrating fitness training into a holistic process is generally advisable...
  7. ncbi request reprint Effects of loading on spinal shrinkage in males of different age groups
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, United Kingdom
    Appl Ergon 37:305-10. 2006
    ..It was concluded that provided loading is related to individual capability, healthy older operators are not necessarily compromised by their age in activities that include handling and lifting weights...
  8. ncbi request reprint Science and football: a review of applied research in the football codes
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    J Sports Sci 21:693-705. 2003
    ..It is a challenge to those specializing in science and football to contribute to the success of such schemes...
  9. ncbi request reprint Jet lag and air travel: implications for performance
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, England
    Clin Sports Med 24:367-80, xii. 2005
    ..Measures to ameliorate adverse effects of jet lag include behavioral or pharmacologic strategies. Coaches and mentors and the athletes they support should be considered when preparing for long-haul flights across multiple meridians...
  10. ncbi request reprint Nutrition for travel
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L32 2ET, UK
    J Sports Sci 25:S125-34. 2007
    ..Equally, athletes often need special education initiatives to assist them to cope with the challenges of a new and unusual food supply, or altered access to food...
  11. ncbi request reprint The physiology of deep-water running
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    J Sports Sci 21:959-72. 2003
    ..Further research into the applications of deep-water running to exercise therapy and athletes' training is recommended...
  12. ncbi request reprint Science and Gaelic football: a review
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    J Sports Sci 19:181-93. 2001
    ..Although possessing unique characteristics, Gaelic football has many similarities with other football codes, especially Australian Rules football where the ball is played by both hands and feet and where tackling is permitted...
  13. ncbi request reprint A multidisciplinary approach to talent identification in soccer
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    J Sports Sci 18:695-702. 2000
    ..05). They were also better at dribbling the ball, but not shooting. We conclude that the test battery used may be useful in establishing baseline reference data for young players being selected onto specialized development programmes...
  14. ncbi request reprint Anthropometric and physiological predispositions for elite soccer
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    J Sports Sci 18:669-83. 2000
    ..No single method allows for a representative assessment of a player's physical capabilities for soccer. We conclude that anthropometric and physiological criteria do have a role as part of a holistic monitoring of talented young players...
  15. doi request reprint Fluid provision and metabolic responses to soccer-specific exercise
    N D Clarke
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 104:1069-77. 2008
    ..Furthermore, consuming a small volume of fluid at regular intervals reduces the sensation of gut fullness...
  16. ncbi request reprint Are there hangover-effects on physical performance when melatonin is ingested by athletes before nocturnal sleep?
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 22:232-4. 2001
    ..Further research is needed concerning the effects of daytime and nighttime admistration of melatonin on performance, in both situations of normal and disturbed sleep...
  17. ncbi request reprint Hormonal and metabolic responses to maintained hyperglycemia during prolonged exercise
    D P MacLaren
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool L3 2ET, United Kingdom
    J Appl Physiol 87:124-31. 1999
    ..The results from this study confirm that maintained hyperglycemia attenuates the hormonal response and promotes carbohydrate oxidation and utilization and that muscle glycogen may not be spared...
  18. ncbi request reprint The effect of activity on the waking temperature rhythm in humans
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 16:343-57. 1999
    ..We suggest also that the decreased effect of activity on temperature when the endogenous circadian rhythm and activity are at their peak will reduce the possibility of hyperthermia...
  19. ncbi request reprint Energy balance, metabolism, hydration, and performance during strenuous hill walking: the effect of age
    P N Ainslie
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2ET, United Kingdom
    J Appl Physiol 93:714-23. 2002
    ..Despite the dehydration and impaired performance in the older group, blood glucose concentrations were well maintained in both groups, probably mediated via the increased mobilization of fat...
  20. ncbi request reprint Strategies for hydration and energy provision during soccer-specific exercise
    N D Clarke
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 15:625-40. 2005
    ..05) by the experimental trials. This study demonstrates when the total volume of carbohydrate consumed is equal, manipulating the timing and volume of ingestion elicits similar metabolic responses without affecting exercise performance...
  21. ncbi request reprint Circadian rhythms in sports performance--an update
    B Drust
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:21-44. 2005
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Bright light and thermoregulatory responses to exercise
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 29:188-93. 2008
    ..030). There was evidence that the increase in perceived exertion was attenuated in BT (low) (p = 0.056). A chronobiologically-based light schedule can lower core temperature before and during morning exercise in hot conditions...
  23. ncbi request reprint Metabolic and appetite responses to prolonged walking under three isoenergetic diets
    P N Ainslie
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, L3 2ET, United Kingdom
    J Appl Physiol 92:2061-70. 2002
    ..05 vs. mixed and high CHO). Subjective ratings of fatigue and appetite showed no differences between the three trials. Although diet influenced the degree of total CHO and fat oxidation, fat was the main source of energy in all trials...
  24. doi request reprint Lifestyle factors and colorectal cancer risk (1): systematic review and meta-analysis of associations with body mass index
    D J Harriss
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool, UK
    Colorectal Dis 11:547-63. 2009
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint A comparison of some different methods for purifying core temperature data from humans
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 17:539-66. 2000
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Physiological, subjective and performance effects of pseudoephedrine and phenylpropanolamine during endurance running exercise
    N Chester
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 24:3-8. 2003
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint The role of a short post-lunch nap in improving cognitive, motor, and sprint performance in participants with partial sleep deprivation
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 25:1557-66. 2007
    ..These results indicate that a post-lunch nap improves alertness and aspects of mental and physical performance following partial sleep loss, and have implications for athletes with restricted sleep during training or before competition...
  28. ncbi request reprint Estimates of the daily phase and amplitude of the endogenous component of the circadian rhythm of core temperature in sedentary humans living nychthemerally
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Biol Rhythm Res 31:88-107. 2000
    ..The extent to which the purification methods enable the endogenous component of a circadian rhythm - and, by implication, the output of the endogenous circadian oscillator - to be estimated in subjects living normally is addressed...
  29. ncbi request reprint The stress of travel
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    J Sports Sci 22:946-65; discussion 965-6. 2004
    ..Sleep loss is also found in those who undertake challenges that involve long periods where the normal consolidated sleep of 8 h length is not possible. Advice on sleep regimens in such circumstances is given...
  30. doi request reprint The effect of a 9-week physical activity programme on bone and body composition of children aged 10-11 years: an exploratory trial
    N McWhannell
    Research Institute of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 29:941-7. 2008
    ..Structured impact exercise promoted significant and clinically relevant increases in bone measures, without significant changes to body composition. A larger, definitive randomised trial is needed to confirm the present results...
  31. ncbi request reprint Some chronobiological considerations related to physical exercise
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Clin Ter 157:249-64. 2006
    ..Chronobiologically, there is advantage in undertaking physical activity programmes towards the middle of the waking day and not at times when a sleep or nap has just been taken...
  32. ncbi request reprint A review on some of the problems associated with long-distance journeys
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Clin Ter 159:117-27. 2008
    ..In all cases, the traveller needs to be aware of these changes before setting off, so that appropriate preparations (different clothing, for example) can be made...
  33. ncbi request reprint Some factors influencing the sensitivity of body temperature to activity in neonates
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sports and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 17:679-92. 2000
    ..One possible explanation of this result is that temperature regulation and the circadian system are not fully developed in humans at this age...
  34. ncbi request reprint Purification of masked temperature data from humans: some preliminary observations on a comparison of the use of an activity diary, wrist actimetry, and heart rate monitoring
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom
    Chronobiol Int 16:461-75. 1999
    ....
  35. doi request reprint A practical cooling strategy for reducing the physiological strain associated with firefighting activity in the heat
    D Barr
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Ergonomics 52:413-20. 2009
    ..05). It is concluded that this practical cooling strategy is effective at reducing the physiological strain associated with demanding firefighting activity under high ambient temperatures...
  36. ncbi request reprint Exercise does not necessarily influence the phase of the circadian rhythm in temperature in healthy humans
    B Edwards
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Trueman Building, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    J Sports Sci 20:725-32. 2002
    ..The phase changes were not significantly different from those previously observed by us in sedentary individuals exposed to domestic lighting. We conclude that the amount of physical activity has very little effect on the body clock...
  37. ncbi request reprint Can cycling performance in an early morning, laboratory-based cycle time-trial be improved by morning exercise the day before?
    B J Edwards
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Sports Med 26:651-6. 2005
    ..It is suggested that it might partly reflect an advantage gained by performing exercise in the day(s) immediately beforehand at the same time as the competition...
  38. ncbi request reprint Physiological and metabolic responses to a hill walk
    P N Ainslie
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2ET, United Kingdom
    J Appl Physiol 92:179-87. 2002
    ..It is concluded that recreational hill walking can constitute a significant metabolic and thermoregulatory strain on participants...
  39. ncbi request reprint Do subjective symptoms predict our perception of jet-lag?
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Ergonomics 43:1514-27. 2000
    ..Such results complicate an exact interpretation that can be placed on an assessment of a global term such as jet-lag, particularly if the assessment is made only once per day...
  40. pmc Relationships between leisure-time energy expenditure and individual coping strategies for shift-work
    S Fullick
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Ergonomics 52:448-55. 2009
    ..It is recommended that physical activity interventions for shift workers should be designed with careful consideration of individual domestic responsibilities and perceived disruption to sleep...
  41. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the suitabilities of rectal, gut, and insulated axilla temperatures for measurement of the circadian rhythm of core temperature in field studies
    B Edwards
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 19:579-97. 2002
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Anthropometric and fitness profiles of elite players in two football codes
    A Strudwick
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 42:239-42. 2002
    ..The aims were to describe anthropometric and performance characteristics of elite players in two football codes and explore the differences between them...
  43. pmc Identifying some determinants of "jet lag" and its symptoms: a study of athletes and other travellers
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Br J Sports Med 36:54-60. 2002
    ..Travelling across multiple time zones disrupts normal circadian rhythms and induces "jet lag". Possible effects of this on training and performance in athletes were concerns before the Sydney Olympic Games...
  44. doi request reprint How well do skinfold equations predict percent body fat in elite soccer players?
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 30:607-13. 2009
    ..Regression analysis resulted in an equation incorporating anterior thigh, abdominal, triceps and medial calf sites, accounting for 78.4% variance in DXA criterion values...
  45. ncbi request reprint Muscle fatigue induced by exercise simulating the work rate of competitive soccer
    N Rahnama
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 21:933-42. 2003
    ..We conclude that there is a progressive reduction in muscle strength that applies across a range of functional characteristics during exercise that mimics the work rate in soccer...
  46. doi request reprint Body composition of female wheelchair athletes
    L Sutton
    Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 30:259-65. 2009
    ..90, p=0.001; waist: r=0.83, p=0.001), but weaker results in the reference group. It is recommended that specific anthropometric equations be developed for use in the absence of a 'gold standard' measure of body composition such as DXA...
  47. ncbi request reprint Talent identification and development in soccer
    A M Williams
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    J Sports Sci 18:657-67. 2000
    ..We conclude that the sport and exercise sciences have an important support role in the processes of identifying, monitoring and nurturing talented soccer players towards realizing their potential...
  48. ncbi request reprint Spinal shrinkage during a seated break and standing break during simulated nursing tasks
    C Beynon
    Public Health Sector, School of Health and Human Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Appl Ergon 32:617-22. 2001
    ..05). It is suggested that a seated break during a nursing shift may reduce the potential of suffering back problems resulting from spinal loading...
  49. ncbi request reprint Over-the-counter drug use amongst athletes and non-athletes
    N Chester
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 43:111-8. 2003
    ..The aim was to identify any differences between athletes and non-athletes and amongst athletic groups, with respect to the prevalence of URT conditions and the use of OTC drugs to treat such conditions...
  50. ncbi request reprint Salivary IgA response to intermittent and continuous exercise
    V Sari-Sarraf
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, England
    Int J Sports Med 27:849-55. 2006
    ..05). In conclusion, soccer-specific intermittent exercise did not suppress the salivary IgA response or alter cortisol secretion compared to continuous exercise performed at the same overall work-rate...
  51. ncbi request reprint Measurement of, and some reasons for, differences in eating habits between night and day workers
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 20:1075-92. 2003
    ..05), such effects being present to some extent during their rest days also. These findings have clear implications for measures designed to ease eating problems that are commonly problematic in night workers...
  52. ncbi request reprint Activation and disturbance of blood haemostasis following strenuous physical exercise
    X Lin
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 20:149-53. 1999
    ..This perturbed blood haemostasis could constitute an enhanced risk for coronary artery thrombosis and may contribute to exercise-related cardiovascular events...
  53. ncbi request reprint Influence of time of day and partial sleep loss on muscle strength in eumenorrheic females
    E Bambaeichi
    Department of Physical Education, Isfahan University, Iran
    Ergonomics 48:1499-511. 2005
    ..As the effect of time of day was observed with some of the muscle strength measures, it is suggested that, in designing future studies using females, the control of time of day is essential...
  54. pmc Physiology of accidental hypothermia in the mountains: a forgotten story
    P N Ainslie
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Calgary, Heritage Medical Research, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N1, Canada
    Br J Sports Med 37:548-50. 2003
    ..It is as important to facilitate heat loss, especially during periods of high exertion, as it is to maintain heat production and preserve insulation. This can be partly achieved by clothing adjustments...
  55. pmc Injury risk associated with playing actions during competitive soccer
    N Rahnama
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Br J Sports Med 36:354-9. 2002
    ..To assess the exposure of players to injury risk during English Premier League soccer matches in relation to selected factors...
  56. doi request reprint Lifestyle factors and colorectal cancer risk (2): a systematic review and meta-analysis of associations with leisure-time physical activity
    D J Harriss
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Colorectal Dis 11:689-701. 2009
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint The isolated and combined effects of menstrual cycle phase and time-of-day on muscle strength of eumenorrheic females
    E Bambaeichi
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 21:645-60. 2004
    ..The present results suggest that peripheral rather than central mechanisms (e.g., motivation) are implicated in the diurnal variation of maximal isometric strength of women...
  58. ncbi request reprint Seasonal variations in health-related human physical activity
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, UK
    Sports Med 36:473-85. 2006
    ..Trainers and selectors should acknowledge this trend if they are to avoid omitting gifted individuals, born later in the year, from talent development programmes...
  59. ncbi request reprint Special populations: the referee and assistant referee
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    J Sports Sci 24:795-801. 2006
    ..The effects of nutritional interventions on cognitive performance during the later stages of a game are in need of further investigation...
  60. ncbi request reprint The effects of single and repeated bouts of soccer-specific exercise on salivary IgA
    Vahid Sari-Sarraf
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Arch Oral Biol 52:526-32. 2007
    ..Athletes frequently train with a short time recovery between sessions. The present aim was to establish how salivary IgA is altered following two soccer-specific intermittent exercise bouts performed on the same day...
  61. ncbi request reprint Thermoregulation in elite athletes
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool, UK
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 9:666-71. 2006
    ..Loss of heat by evaporative processes leads to hypohydration which itself can eventually impair performance. This review focuses on thermoregulatory and behavioural processes during sustained exercise in the heat...
  62. ncbi request reprint Altered sleep-wake cycles and physical performance in athletes
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool, L3 2ET, United Kingdom
    Physiol Behav 90:274-84. 2007
    ..There are still unanswered questions about the sleep needs of athletes, the role of 'power naps' and the potential for exercise in improving the quality of sleep...
  63. ncbi request reprint Exercise as a synchroniser of human circadian rhythms: an update and discussion of the methodological problems
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 99:331-41. 2007
    ..An alternative explanation may involve exercise-induced hyperthermia. Moreover, it is perplexing why exercise should have a different phase response curve to light, given that humans are diurnally active...
  64. ncbi request reprint Diurnal variation in temperature, mental and physical performance, and tasks specifically related to football (soccer)
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 24:507-19. 2007
    ..While causal links cannot be established in these experiments, the results indicate that the diurnal variation of some aspects of football performance is affected by factor(s) other than body temperature alone...
  65. ncbi request reprint Rectal temperature, distal sweat rate, and forearm blood flow following mild exercise at two phases of the circadian cycle
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 24:63-85. 2007
    ..The results support our "heat-gain/heat-loss modes" hypothesis...
  66. ncbi request reprint Effects of time of day and distance upon accuracy and consistency of throwing darts
    Benjamin Edwards
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 25:1531-8. 2007
    ..Throwing darts can be used as a model for investigating factors that influence motor performance, and our results indicate that the effects of time of day upon performance depend upon the relative importance of force and accuracy...
  67. ncbi request reprint Physiological, metabolic, and performance implications of a prolonged hill walk: influence of energy intake
    Philip N Ainslie
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 4N1
    J Appl Physiol 94:1075-83. 2003
    ..The modestly impaired performance (particularly with respect to balance) and thermoregulation during the LEI condition may increase susceptibility to both fatigue and injury during the pursuit of recreational activity outdoors...
  68. ncbi request reprint Transient changes in the pattern of food intake following a simulated time-zone transition to the east across eight time zones
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:299-319. 2005
    ..However, these changes are generally transient and are only weakly linked to the sensation of jet lag...
  69. ncbi request reprint The circadian rhythm of core temperature: origin and some implications for exercise performance
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:207-25. 2005
    ..Understanding the circadian rhythm of core temperature may reduce potential hazards due to the time of day when exercise is performed...
  70. ncbi request reprint Diurnal variation in cycling performance: influence of warm-up
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 23:321-9. 2005
    ..Diurnal variation in cycling performance is, therefore, relatively robust to some external and behavioural factors...
  71. ncbi request reprint Further assessments of the relationship between jet lag and some of its symptoms
    James Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:121-36. 2005
    ..Inferences about any decrements due to time-zone transitions cannot be made reliably at times of the day that differ from the time when jet lag is assessed...
  72. ncbi request reprint Environmental factors in the summer Olympics in historical perspective
    Benny Peiser
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    J Sports Sci 22:981-1001; discussion 1001-2. 2004
    ..The unique environment conditions for outdoor endurance races in temperate climate zones tend to be highly variable and therefore difficult to predict...
  73. ncbi request reprint Effects of supra-physiological changes in human ovarian hormone levels on maximum force production of the first dorsal interosseus muscle
    Kirsty Jayne Elliott
    Applied Biomedical Sciences Research Group, Kings College London, UK
    Exp Physiol 90:215-23. 2005
    ..These data suggest that extreme changes in the concentrations of reproductive hormones do not affect the maximum force-generating capacity of young women...
  74. ncbi request reprint Electromyography of selected lower-limb muscles fatigued by exercise at the intensity of soccer match-play
    Nader Rahnama
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 16:257-63. 2006
    ..This decrease indicated that prolonged intermittent exercise had an effect on muscle activity even when work-rate was sustained...
  75. ncbi request reprint Thermoregulation during mild exercise at different circadian times
    James Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 21:253-75. 2004
    ....
  76. ncbi request reprint The relationship between assessments of jet lag and some of its symptoms
    James Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 20:1061-73. 2003
    ..These findings question exactly what causes jet lag at a particular time of day, and so are relevant to studies which use this measurement to investigate the problems associated with time-zone transitions, and ways to ameliorate them...
  77. pmc Elimination of ephedrines in urine following multiple dosing: the consequences for athletes, in relation to doping control
    Neil Chester
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 57:62-7. 2004
    ..To study the elimination of ephedrines with reference to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) doping control cut-off levels, following multiple dosing of over-the-counter decongestant preparations...
  78. ncbi request reprint The relevance of melatonin to sports medicine and science
    Greg Atkinson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK
    Sports Med 33:809-31. 2003
    ..It is unknown whether melatonin plays a role in some exercise training-related problems such as amenorrhoea and over-training syndrome...
  79. ncbi request reprint Physiological and metabolic aspects of very prolonged exercise with particular reference to hill walking
    Philip N Ainslie
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Calgary, Faculty of Medicine, Calgary, Canada
    Sports Med 35:619-47. 2005
    ..Periods of adverse weather, low energy intake, lowered fitness or increased age, can all increase the participants' susceptibility to injury, fatigue and hypothermia in the mountainous environment...
  80. ncbi request reprint The effects of circadian rhythmicity and time-awake on a simple motor task
    Ben Edwards
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 24:1109-24. 2007
    ..The accuracy of performance at this task seems to show circadian and time-awake effects, and so makes it of potential value in protocols where repetitive measurements during the course of a day are required...
  81. ncbi request reprint The prolactin responses to active and passive heating in man
    David Low
    Research Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Exp Physiol 90:909-17. 2005
    ..s.). These results suggest that thermoregulatory, i.e. core temperature, and not cardiovascular afferents provide the key stimulus for the release of prolactin, an indirect marker of central fatigue, during exercise in the heat...
  82. ncbi request reprint The combined effect of time of day and menstrual cycle on lactate threshold
    Jacky J Forsyth
    Sport and Exercise Sciences, North East Wales Institute of Higher Education, Plas Coch, Mold Road, Wrexham, Wales, UK
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:2046-53. 2005
    ..This study examined the isolated and combined effects of time of day and menstrual cycle phase on the determination of the lactate threshold (Tlac) and blood lactate concentration...
  83. ncbi request reprint Effects of melatonin on the thermoregulatory responses to intermittent exercise
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Pineal Res 39:353-9. 2005
    ..Whether such effects improve endurance athletic performance in hot conditions remains to be confirmed. Our data also suggest that postexercise systolic hypotension is more marked after ingestion of melatonin...
  84. ncbi request reprint Jet lag: trends and coping strategies
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Lancet 369:1117-29. 2007
    ..The results form the rationale for advice to travellers flying in different directions and crossing several time zones. Finally, there is an account of the main problems that remain unresolved...
  85. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with food intake in passengers on long-haul flights
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 23:985-1007. 2006
    ..They also have implications for airlines wishing to provide food that is acceptable to passengers and for those providing meals for night workers...
  86. ncbi request reprint Assessments of young soccer players: a holistic approach
    Thomas Reilly
    Liverpool John Moores University
    Percept Mot Skills 103:229-30. 2006
    ..Use of scores on a single test of endurance which discriminates potentially talented under-age players' performance is insufficient for prediction of later performance, but such data could be useful when considered with other test scores...
  87. ncbi request reprint The use of actimetry to assess changes to the rest-activity cycle
    Sandra Carvalho Bos
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 20:1039-59. 2003
    ..We conclude that objective estimates of the disruption caused to the rest-activity cycle and the circadian system can be obtained by suitable analysis of the activity record...
  88. ncbi request reprint Food intake in healthy young adults: effects of time pressure and social factors
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:1069-92. 2005
    ..quot; These findings might be relevant to some problems faced by the workforce, in general, and by night workers, in particular...
  89. ncbi request reprint Chronobiological considerations for exercise and heart disease
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, UK
    Sports Med 36:487-500. 2006
    ..Nevertheless, it is unclear whether time of day alters the risk of a cardiac event occurring during spontaneous physical activity performed by individuals with established risk factors for heart disease...
  90. ncbi request reprint Estimating human energy expenditure: a review of techniques with particular reference to doubly labelled water
    Philip Ainslie
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Calgary, Faculty of Medicine, Heritage Medical Research Building Room 209, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N1, Canada
    Sports Med 33:683-98. 2003
    ..A consideration of the relevant techniques used for the estimation of EE may also help improve the quality of these frequently reported measurements...
  91. ncbi request reprint Measuring phase shifts in humans following a simulated time-zone transition: agreement between constant routine and purification methods
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:829-58. 2005
    ....
  92. ncbi request reprint Muscle fatigue during football match-play
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Sports Med 38:357-67. 2008
    ..There is also a role for endurance training and for a pacing strategy that optimizes the expenditure of energy during match-play...
  93. doi request reprint Circadian rhythms and their association with body temperature and time awake when performing a simple task with the dominant and non-dominant hand
    Ben Edwards
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 25:115-32. 2008
    ..There was little evidence to support the view that the 24-h rhythmicity was less marked in the non-dominant hand, which argues against internal desynchronization, at least for the task used in this study...
  94. ncbi request reprint Lack of evidence for a marked endogenous component determining food intake in humans during forced desynchrony
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 21:445-68. 2004
    ....
  95. ncbi request reprint Altered sleep-wake cycles and food intake: the Ramadan model
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool, L3 2ET, United Kingdom
    Physiol Behav 90:219-28. 2007
    ..The Ramadan model provides an alternative to those for ageing, nocturnal shift-work and time-zone transitions in understanding the links between behaviour and endogenous circadian rhythms...
  96. ncbi request reprint Physical activity before and after diagnosis of colorectal cancer: disease risk, clinical outcomes, response pathways and biomarkers
    David J Harriss
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool, UK
    Sports Med 37:947-60. 2007
    ..Research evidence is, however, limited as to whether these markers are beneficially affected by physical activity, either before or after diagnosis of colorectal cancer...
  97. ncbi request reprint Injuries in young elite female soccer players: an 8-season prospective study
    Franck Le Gall
    Institut National du Football, Centre Technique National Fernand Sastre, Clairefontaine en Yvelines, France
    Am J Sports Med 36:276-84. 2008
    ..Epidemiologic data on injuries in young female soccer players at elite levels are scarce...
  98. ncbi request reprint Strong association of the rest-activity rhythm with well-being in demented elderly women
    S Sandra Carvalho-Bos
    Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 15:92-100. 2007
    ..The objective of this study is to investigate the association between actigraphic estimates of the sleep-wake rhythm and a range of functional domains that contribute to well-being in demented elderly patients...
  99. ncbi request reprint Future perspectives in the evaluation of the physiological demands of soccer
    Barry Drust
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool, UK
    Sports Med 37:783-805. 2007
    ....
  100. ncbi request reprint Incidence of injuries in elite French youth soccer players: a 10-season study
    Franck Le Gall
    Institut National de Sport et de l Education Physique, 11 Avenue du Tremblay, Paris, 75012, France
    Am J Sports Med 34:928-38. 2006
    ..Research on age-related injury incidence in elite youth soccer is needed to identify high-risk groups...