G Atkinson

Summary

Affiliation: Liverpool John Moores University
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint 24-hour variation in the reactivity of rate-pressure-product to everyday physical activity in patients attending a hypertension clinic
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 26:958-73. 2009
  2. ncbi request reprint Statistical methods for assessing measurement error (reliability) in variables relevant to sports medicine
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, England
    Sports Med 26:217-38. 1998
  3. ncbi request reprint Effects of daytime ingestion of melatonin on short-term athletic performance
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Ergonomics 48:1512-22. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Diurnal variation in cycling performance: influence of warm-up
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 23:321-9. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Seasonal rhythms and exercise
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Clin Sports Med 24:e25-34, xii-xiii. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Performance characteristics of gas analysis systems: what we know and what we need to know
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 26:S2-10. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Effects of melatonin on the thermoregulatory responses to intermittent exercise
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Pineal Res 39:353-9. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Are there hangover-effects on physical performance when melatonin is ingested by athletes before nocturnal sleep?
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 22:232-4. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Pacing strategies during a cycling time trial with simulated headwinds and tailwinds
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Ergonomics 43:1449-60. 2000
  10. ncbi request reprint The effect of activity on the waking temperature rhythm in humans
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 16:343-57. 1999

Detail Information

Publications85

  1. doi request reprint 24-hour variation in the reactivity of rate-pressure-product to everyday physical activity in patients attending a hypertension clinic
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 26:958-73. 2009
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Statistical methods for assessing measurement error (reliability) in variables relevant to sports medicine
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, England
    Sports Med 26:217-38. 1998
    ..We also stress the importance of relating the results of any reliability statistic to 'analytical goals' in sports medicine...
  3. ncbi request reprint Effects of daytime ingestion of melatonin on short-term athletic performance
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Ergonomics 48:1512-22. 2005
    ..Some effects of melatonin were apparent 5 h after ingestion when the hypothermic effects of melatonin had dissipated...
  4. ncbi request reprint Diurnal variation in cycling performance: influence of warm-up
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 23:321-9. 2005
    ..Diurnal variation in cycling performance is, therefore, relatively robust to some external and behavioural factors...
  5. ncbi request reprint Seasonal rhythms and exercise
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Clin Sports Med 24:e25-34, xii-xiii. 2005
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Performance characteristics of gas analysis systems: what we know and what we need to know
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 26:S2-10. 2005
    ..We stressed that this judgement should be based on expert-agreed position statements about acceptable error, which unfortunately have yet to be formulated for gas analysis systems...
  7. ncbi request reprint Effects of melatonin on the thermoregulatory responses to intermittent exercise
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Pineal Res 39:353-9. 2005
    ..Whether such effects improve endurance athletic performance in hot conditions remains to be confirmed. Our data also suggest that postexercise systolic hypotension is more marked after ingestion of melatonin...
  8. ncbi request reprint Are there hangover-effects on physical performance when melatonin is ingested by athletes before nocturnal sleep?
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 22:232-4. 2001
    ..Further research is needed concerning the effects of daytime and nighttime admistration of melatonin on performance, in both situations of normal and disturbed sleep...
  9. ncbi request reprint Pacing strategies during a cycling time trial with simulated headwinds and tailwinds
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Ergonomics 43:1449-60. 2000
    ..This strategy would be best monitored with 'power-measuring devices' rather than heart rate or subjective feelings as the sensitivity of these variables to small but meaningful changes in power during a race is low...
  10. ncbi request reprint The effect of activity on the waking temperature rhythm in humans
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 16:343-57. 1999
    ..We suggest also that the decreased effect of activity on temperature when the endogenous circadian rhythm and activity are at their peak will reduce the possibility of hyperthermia...
  11. ncbi request reprint Circadian rhythms in sports performance--an update
    B Drust
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:21-44. 2005
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Is there diurnal variation in initial and delayed orthostatic hypotension during standing and head-up tilt?
    N C S Lewis
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 28:135-45. 2011
    ..These responses, at least in this population, are unlikely contributors to the diurnal variation in orthostatic tolerance...
  13. doi request reprint Exercise intensity and blood pressure during sleep
    H Jones
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Sports Med 30:94-9. 2009
    ..1 to - 0.1). We conclude that daytime exercise can elicit a physiologically meaningful lower BP during sleep and exercise intensity is the most important factor in this phenomenon...
  14. ncbi request reprint Effect of low-dose temazepam on physiological variables and performance tests following a westerly flight across five time zones
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Int J Sports Med 22:166-74. 2001
    ..This illustrates the importance of monitoring jet lag symptoms and performance variables at different times of day following a flight to a new time zone...
  15. ncbi request reprint A comparison of some different methods for purifying core temperature data from humans
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 17:539-66. 2000
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Some chronobiological considerations related to physical exercise
    T Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Clin Ter 157:249-64. 2006
    ..Chronobiologically, there is advantage in undertaking physical activity programmes towards the middle of the waking day and not at times when a sleep or nap has just been taken...
  17. ncbi request reprint Estimates of the daily phase and amplitude of the endogenous component of the circadian rhythm of core temperature in sedentary humans living nychthemerally
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Biol Rhythm Res 31:88-107. 2000
    ..The extent to which the purification methods enable the endogenous component of a circadian rhythm - and, by implication, the output of the endogenous circadian oscillator - to be estimated in subjects living normally is addressed...
  18. doi request reprint Lifestyle factors and colorectal cancer risk (1): systematic review and meta-analysis of associations with body mass index
    D J Harriss
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool, UK
    Colorectal Dis 11:547-63. 2009
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Bright light and thermoregulatory responses to exercise
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 29:188-93. 2008
    ..030). There was evidence that the increase in perceived exertion was attenuated in BT (low) (p = 0.056). A chronobiologically-based light schedule can lower core temperature before and during morning exercise in hot conditions...
  20. ncbi request reprint Some factors influencing the sensitivity of body temperature to activity in neonates
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sports and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 17:679-92. 2000
    ..One possible explanation of this result is that temperature regulation and the circadian system are not fully developed in humans at this age...
  21. ncbi request reprint The role of a short post-lunch nap in improving cognitive, motor, and sprint performance in participants with partial sleep deprivation
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 25:1557-66. 2007
    ..These results indicate that a post-lunch nap improves alertness and aspects of mental and physical performance following partial sleep loss, and have implications for athletes with restricted sleep during training or before competition...
  22. ncbi request reprint Can cycling performance in an early morning, laboratory-based cycle time-trial be improved by morning exercise the day before?
    B J Edwards
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Sports Med 26:651-6. 2005
    ..It is suggested that it might partly reflect an advantage gained by performing exercise in the day(s) immediately beforehand at the same time as the competition...
  23. doi request reprint Effects of environmental heat stress (35 degrees C) with simulated air movement on the thermoregulatory responses during a 4-km cycling time trial
    N Altareki
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 30:9-15. 2009
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the suitabilities of rectal, gut, and insulated axilla temperatures for measurement of the circadian rhythm of core temperature in field studies
    B Edwards
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Chronobiol Int 19:579-97. 2002
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Do subjective symptoms predict our perception of jet-lag?
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    Ergonomics 43:1514-27. 2000
    ..Such results complicate an exact interpretation that can be placed on an assessment of a global term such as jet-lag, particularly if the assessment is made only once per day...
  26. ncbi request reprint Exercise does not necessarily influence the phase of the circadian rhythm in temperature in healthy humans
    B Edwards
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Trueman Building, Henry Cotton Campus, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    J Sports Sci 20:725-32. 2002
    ..The phase changes were not significantly different from those previously observed by us in sedentary individuals exposed to domestic lighting. We conclude that the amount of physical activity has very little effect on the body clock...
  27. pmc Identifying some determinants of "jet lag" and its symptoms: a study of athletes and other travellers
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Br J Sports Med 36:54-60. 2002
    ..Travelling across multiple time zones disrupts normal circadian rhythms and induces "jet lag". Possible effects of this on training and performance in athletes were concerns before the Sydney Olympic Games...
  28. ncbi request reprint Purification of masked temperature data from humans: some preliminary observations on a comparison of the use of an activity diary, wrist actimetry, and heart rate monitoring
    J Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom
    Chronobiol Int 16:461-75. 1999
    ....
  29. doi request reprint The acute post-exercise response of blood pressure varies with time of day
    Helen Jones
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 104:481-9. 2008
    ..We conclude that the acutely hypotensive effects following 30 min of steady state exercise are less marked in the morning, probably because the exercise-mediated decrease in peripheral resistance is not as apparent at this time of day...
  30. ncbi request reprint Selected issues in the design and analysis of sport performance research
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
    J Sports Sci 19:811-27. 2001
    ..Finally, we outline how confidence intervals can help in making statements about the probability of the population difference in performance exceeding the value designated as being worthwhile or not...
  31. pmc Relationships between leisure-time energy expenditure and individual coping strategies for shift-work
    S Fullick
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Ergonomics 52:448-55. 2009
    ..It is recommended that physical activity interventions for shift workers should be designed with careful consideration of individual domestic responsibilities and perceived disruption to sleep...
  32. doi request reprint Pre-race dietary carbohydrate intake can independently influence sub-elite marathon running performance
    G Atkinson
    Liverpool John Moores University, RISES, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 32:611-7. 2011
    ..02). We conclude that, in addition to gender, body size and training, pre-race day carbohydrate intake can significantly and independently influence marathon running performance...
  33. doi request reprint Human core temperature responses during exercise and subsequent recovery: an important interaction between diurnal variation and measurement site
    Chris Morris
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 26:560-75. 2009
    ....
  34. pmc Nitric oxide-mediated cutaneous microvascular function is impaired in polycystic ovary sydrome but can be improved by exercise training
    V S Sprung
    H Jones Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Tom Reilly Building, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street Campus, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK
    J Physiol 591:1475-87. 2013
    ..6% CVCmax (95% confidence interval, 4.3, 34.9; P = 0.02). Cutaneous microvascular NO function is impaired in women with PCOS compared with obese matched control women but can be improved with exercise training...
  35. doi request reprint Post-exercise blood pressure reduction is greater following intermittent than continuous exercise and is influenced less by diurnal variation
    Helen Jones
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 26:293-306. 2009
    ..Therefore, a bout of afternoon exercise that is occasionally interrupted with short rest periods is recommended for lowering BP acutely...
  36. ncbi request reprint Rectal temperature, distal sweat rate, and forearm blood flow following mild exercise at two phases of the circadian cycle
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 24:63-85. 2007
    ..The results support our "heat-gain/heat-loss modes" hypothesis...
  37. doi request reprint Diurnal variation in time to presyncope and associated circulatory changes during a controlled orthostatic challenge
    N C S Lewis
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Tom Reilly Bldg, Byrom St Campus, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 299:R55-61. 2010
    ..Such information may be used to help identify individuals who are particularly prone to orthostatic intolerance in the morning...
  38. ncbi request reprint Acceptability of power variation during a simulated hilly time trial
    G Atkinson
    Research Institute of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Webster Street, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Sports Med 28:157-63. 2007
    ..Nevertheless, an important time saving can still result even if a variable pacing strategy is only partially adopted during a hilly time trial, so that no additional physiological strain is incurred...
  39. doi request reprint Effects of time of day on post-exercise blood pressure: circadian or sleep-related influences?
    Helen Jones
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 25:987-98. 2008
    ..This phenomenon cannot be attributed simply to the residual effects of sleep, as it was not observed when participants exercised after a period of daytime sleep...
  40. ncbi request reprint Effects of time of day and distance upon accuracy and consistency of throwing darts
    Benjamin Edwards
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Sports Sci 25:1531-8. 2007
    ..Throwing darts can be used as a model for investigating factors that influence motor performance, and our results indicate that the effects of time of day upon performance depend upon the relative importance of force and accuracy...
  41. ncbi request reprint Reliability of maximal muscle force and voluntary activation as markers of exercise-induced muscle damage
    James Peter Morton
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, 15 21 Webster Street, Liverpool, L3 2ET, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 94:541-8. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Reactivity of ambulatory blood pressure to physical activity varies with time of day
    Helen Jones
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2ET, United Kingdom
    Hypertension 47:778-84. 2006
    ..485), medication use, age, and sex (P>0.350). In conclusion, under conditions of normal living, the reactivity of BP and HR to a given unit change in activity is highest in the morning and shows a secondary rise in the afternoon...
  43. ncbi request reprint The circadian rhythm of core temperature: origin and some implications for exercise performance
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:207-25. 2005
    ..Understanding the circadian rhythm of core temperature may reduce potential hazards due to the time of day when exercise is performed...
  44. pmc Prior exercise lowers blood pressure during simulated night-work with different meal schedules
    Sarah Fullick
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Am J Hypertens 22:835-41. 2009
    ..We present the first investigation into the acute effects of exercise on BP monitored during simulated night-work...
  45. pmc Circadian variation in the circulatory responses to exercise: relevance to the morning peaks in strokes and cardiac events
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 108:15-29. 2010
    ..We recommend that such 'semi-constant routine' protocols are employed to examine the relative influence of the body clock and exogenous factors on the 24-h variation in other circulatory factors...
  46. doi request reprint The practicality and effectiveness of supplementary bright light for reducing jet-lag in elite female athletes
    A Thompson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 34:582-9. 2013
    ....
  47. doi request reprint Match-to-match variability of high-speed activities in premier league soccer
    W Gregson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 31:237-42. 2010
    ..This inherent variability means that research requires large sample sizes in order to detect real systematic changes in performance characteristics...
  48. doi request reprint Blood pressure status and post-exercise hypotension: an example of a spurious correlation in hypertension research?
    C E Taylor
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Faculty of Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 24:585-92. 2010
    ..05). These data indicate that, if statistical artefacts are not controlled for, the influence of BP status on the degree of PEH can be spuriously exaggerated to the extent that other more important moderators of BP change are masked...
  49. ncbi request reprint Distribution of power output during cycling: impact and mechanisms
    Greg Atkinson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, England
    Sports Med 37:647-67. 2007
    ..How all this information is assimilated by the different regions of the brain is not known at present...
  50. doi request reprint Effects of exercise intensity on flow mediated dilation in healthy humans
    G K Birk
    School of Sport and Exercise Science, Exercise and Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Sports Med 34:409-14. 2013
    ..6±1.6 vs. 3.6±2.2%; 95%CI: 0.41-5.42%). In conclusion, even after accounting for exercise-mediated changes in shear and baseline diameter, our data indicate that a negative relationship exists between exercise intensity and FMD...
  51. ncbi request reprint The effects of massage on intra muscular temperature in the vastus lateralis in humans
    B Drust
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Sports Med 24:395-9. 2003
    ..These data suggest that massage and ultrasound have only limited effects on deep muscle temperature. As a result such approaches may not be suitable as a preparation strategy for exercise...
  52. doi request reprint Lifestyle factors and colorectal cancer risk (2): a systematic review and meta-analysis of associations with leisure-time physical activity
    D J Harriss
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Colorectal Dis 11:689-701. 2009
    ....
  53. doi request reprint Athletes' knowledge and views on OTC medication
    D Mottram
    School of Pharmacy and Chemistry, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Int J Sports Med 29:851-5. 2008
    ..Elite athletes require targeted education programmes that will enable them to make informed decisions on the potential of OTC medications for therapeutic or performance enhancing purposes...
  54. doi request reprint Evidence for a greater elevation in vascular shear stress after morning exercise
    Helen Jones
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:1188-93. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to assess vascular responses after exercise at different times of day...
  55. pmc Exercise, energy balance and the shift worker
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Sports Med 38:671-85. 2008
    ..We present a model of the various behavioural and biological factors relevant to exercise and energy balance during shift work as a framework for future research...
  56. ncbi request reprint Is the magnitude of acute post-exercise hypotension mediated by exercise intensity or total work done?
    Helen Jones
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 102:33-40. 2007
    ..0005). The acute post-exercise reduction in BP was clinically similar following high intensity short duration exercise and moderate intensity longer duration exercise that was matched for total work done...
  57. doi request reprint Intermittent exercise abolishes the diurnal variation in endothelial-dependent flow-mediated dilation in humans
    Helen Jones
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores Univ, Henry Cotton Campus, Webster St, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 298:R427-32. 2010
    ..This infers a reduced function of the intrinsic endothelial NO-vasodilator system in the morning. We also report, for the first time, that a bout of intermittent exercise abolishes this diurnal variation in endothelium-dependent FMD...
  58. ncbi request reprint Diurnal variation in temperature, mental and physical performance, and tasks specifically related to football (soccer)
    Thomas Reilly
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 24:507-19. 2007
    ..While causal links cannot be established in these experiments, the results indicate that the diurnal variation of some aspects of football performance is affected by factor(s) other than body temperature alone...
  59. ncbi request reprint Exercise as a synchroniser of human circadian rhythms: an update and discussion of the methodological problems
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 99:331-41. 2007
    ..An alternative explanation may involve exercise-induced hyperthermia. Moreover, it is perplexing why exercise should have a different phase response curve to light, given that humans are diurnally active...
  60. pmc Relationships between sleep, physical activity and human health
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Physiol Behav 90:229-35. 2007
    ....
  61. ncbi request reprint Measuring phase shifts in humans following a simulated time-zone transition: agreement between constant routine and purification methods
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:829-58. 2005
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint Acute changes in cardiovascular function during the onset period of daytime sleep: comparison to lying awake and standing
    Mohammad Zaregarizi
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool John Moores Univ, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    J Appl Physiol 103:1332-8. 2007
    ..05). Our findings suggest that the period between lights out and sleep onset is associated with the largest acute reduction in blood pressure during one afternoon siesta...
  63. ncbi request reprint Chronobiological considerations for exercise and heart disease
    Greg Atkinson
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, UK
    Sports Med 36:487-500. 2006
    ..Nevertheless, it is unclear whether time of day alters the risk of a cardiac event occurring during spontaneous physical activity performed by individuals with established risk factors for heart disease...
  64. pmc Paradoxical post-exercise responses of acylated ghrelin and leptin during a simulated night shift
    Christopher J Morris
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Chronobiol Int 27:590-605. 2010
    ..These findings differ from the known effects of exercise on acylated ghrelin and leptin during the day, and therefore have implications for energy balance during night work...
  65. ncbi request reprint Transient changes in the pattern of food intake following a simulated time-zone transition to the east across eight time zones
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:299-319. 2005
    ..However, these changes are generally transient and are only weakly linked to the sensation of jet lag...
  66. ncbi request reprint The effects of single and repeated bouts of soccer-specific exercise on salivary IgA
    Vahid Sari-Sarraf
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Arch Oral Biol 52:526-32. 2007
    ..Athletes frequently train with a short time recovery between sessions. The present aim was to establish how salivary IgA is altered following two soccer-specific intermittent exercise bouts performed on the same day...
  67. ncbi request reprint Future perspectives in the evaluation of the physiological demands of soccer
    Barry Drust
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool, UK
    Sports Med 37:783-805. 2007
    ....
  68. ncbi request reprint Jet lag: trends and coping strategies
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool L3 2ET, UK
    Lancet 369:1117-29. 2007
    ..The results form the rationale for advice to travellers flying in different directions and crossing several time zones. Finally, there is an account of the main problems that remain unresolved...
  69. ncbi request reprint Food intake in healthy young adults: effects of time pressure and social factors
    Jim Waterhouse
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    Chronobiol Int 22:1069-92. 2005
    ..quot; These findings might be relevant to some problems faced by the workforce, in general, and by night workers, in particular...
  70. doi request reprint The effectiveness of hand cooling at reducing exercise-induced hyperthermia and improving distance-race performance in wheelchair and able-bodied athletes
    Victoria Goosey-Tolfrey
    Research Institute for Health and Social Change, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, MMU Cheshire, Alsager, UK
    J Appl Physiol 105:37-43. 2008
    ..05). In conclusion, extraction of heat through the hands was effective in lowering T(ac) in both groups and improving 3-km performance in the AB athletes and trends toward positive gains for the 1-km performance times of the WA group...
  71. ncbi request reprint Mathematical constants that vary?
    Greg Atkinson
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1822; author reply 1823. 2005
  72. ncbi request reprint Statistical methods for analysing discrete and categorical data recorded in performance analysis
    Alan M Nevill
    School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure, University of Wolverhampton, UK
    J Sports Sci 20:829-44. 2002
    ..By applying log-linear and logit models to discrete events resulting from notational analysis, greater insight into the underlying mechanisms associated with sport performance can be achieved...
  73. ncbi request reprint The validity and reliability of intestinal temperature during intermittent running
    Nicholas Gant
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1926-31. 2006
    ..Therefore, in two investigations, we examined the validity and reliability of Tint during prolonged intermittent shuttle running...
  74. ncbi request reprint The relevance of melatonin to sports medicine and science
    Greg Atkinson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK
    Sports Med 33:809-31. 2003
    ..It is unknown whether melatonin plays a role in some exercise training-related problems such as amenorrhoea and over-training syndrome...
  75. ncbi request reprint Exercise-induced cardiac troponin T release: a meta-analysis
    Robert Shave
    Centre for Sports Medicine and Human Performance, Brunel University, Uxbridge, United Kingdom
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:2099-106. 2007
    ..Release of cTnT has been demonstrated in several small studies after endurance exercise. The purpose of this study was to explore, using a meta-analytic approach, the incidence of postexercise cTnT release after endurance exercise...
  76. ncbi request reprint The relationship between baseline blood pressure and magnitude of postexercise hypotension
    Greg Atkinson
    J Hypertens 23:1271-2; author reply 1272-3. 2005
  77. ncbi request reprint Does size matter for sports performance researchers?
    Greg Atkinson
    J Sports Sci 21:73-4. 2003
  78. ncbi request reprint The effects of changing pace on metabolism and stroke characteristics during high-speed breaststroke swimming
    Kevin G Thompson
    School of Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, Cyncoed Campus, Cardiff CF23 6XD
    J Sports Sci 22:149-57. 2004
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint Left ventricular function immediately following prolonged exercise: A meta-analysis
    Natalie Middleton
    Centre for Sports Medicine and Human Performance, Brunel University, Middlesex, United Kingdom
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:681-7. 2006
    ..The purpose of this meta-analysis was to quantify all data fulfilling the specified inclusion criteria, examining the short-term effect of prolonged endurance exercise on left ventricular function...
  80. ncbi request reprint Sport performance: variable or construct?
    Greg Atkinson
    J Sports Sci 20:291-2. 2002
  81. ncbi request reprint Science and cycling: current knowledge and future directions for research
    Greg Atkinson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, UK
    J Sports Sci 21:767-87. 2003
    ..Given the prevalence of stage racing in professional cycling, more research into the influence of nutrition on repeated bouts of exercise performance and training is required...
  82. pmc Elevation in cerebral blood flow velocity with aerobic fitness throughout healthy human ageing
    Philip N Ainslie
    Department of Physiology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Physiol 586:4005-10. 2008
    ..The persistence of this finding in older endurance-trained men may therefore help explain why there is a lower risk of cerebrovascular disease in this population...
  83. ncbi request reprint Could the correlation between maximal oxygen uptake and "ECONOMY" be spurious?
    Greg Atkinson
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1242-3; author reply 1244. 2003
  84. doi request reprint Twenty-five years of sport performance research in the Journal of Sports Sciences
    Alan Nevill
    School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure, University of Wolverhampton, Walsall, UK
    J Sports Sci 26:413-26. 2008
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint The dangers of reporting spurious regression to the mean
    Alan Nevill
    J Sports Sci 22:800-2. 2004