Peter N Lee

Summary

Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Why are lung cancer rate trends so different in the United States and United kingdom?
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5DA, UK
    Inhal Toxicol 15:909-49. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Does increased cigarette consumption nullify any reduction in lung cancer risk associated with low-tar filter cigarettes?
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Inhal Toxicol 16:817-33. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Circulatory disease and smokeless tobacco in Western populations: a review of the evidence
    Peter N Lee
    PN Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey, SM2 5DA, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:789-804. 2007
  4. pmc Meta-analysis of the relation between European and American smokeless tobacco and oral cancer
    Rolf Weitkunat
    PMI Research and Development, Philip Morris Products S, A, Neuchatel, Switzerland
    BMC Public Health 7:334. 2007
  5. doi request reprint Health risks related to dual use of cigarettes and snus - A systematic review
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5DA, UK Electronic address
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 69:125-34. 2014
  6. doi request reprint Estimating the decline in excess risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease following quitting smoking - a systematic review based on the negative exponential model
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom Electronic address
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 68:231-9. 2014
  7. doi request reprint Estimating the decline in excess risk of cerebrovascular disease following quitting smoking--a systematic review based on the negative exponential model
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom Electronic address
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 68:85-95. 2014
  8. ncbi request reprint Epidemiological evidence relating snus to health--an updated review based on recent publications
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5DA, United Kingdom
    Harm Reduct J 10:36. 2013
  9. doi request reprint The effect of reducing the number of cigarettes smoked on risk of lung cancer, COPD, cardiovascular disease and FEV(1)--a review
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5DA, UK Electronic address
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 67:372-81. 2013
  10. doi request reprint The effect on health of switching from cigarettes to snus - a review
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5DA, UK
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 66:1-5. 2013

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications26

  1. ncbi request reprint Why are lung cancer rate trends so different in the United States and United kingdom?
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5DA, UK
    Inhal Toxicol 15:909-49. 2003
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Does increased cigarette consumption nullify any reduction in lung cancer risk associated with low-tar filter cigarettes?
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Inhal Toxicol 16:817-33. 2004
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Circulatory disease and smokeless tobacco in Western populations: a review of the evidence
    Peter N Lee
    PN Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey, SM2 5DA, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:789-804. 2007
    ..There is some evidence that nicotine contributes to circulatory disease (CID) from smoking. We therefore reviewed the evidence relating smokeless tobacco (ST) to CID and related risk factors...
  4. pmc Meta-analysis of the relation between European and American smokeless tobacco and oral cancer
    Rolf Weitkunat
    PMI Research and Development, Philip Morris Products S, A, Neuchatel, Switzerland
    BMC Public Health 7:334. 2007
    ..We report a detailed quantitative review of the evidence in American and European smokeless tobacco users, and compare our findings with previous reviews and meta-analyses...
  5. doi request reprint Health risks related to dual use of cigarettes and snus - A systematic review
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5DA, UK Electronic address
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 69:125-34. 2014
    ..Epidemiological evidence from various sources, though suffering from weaknesses, consistently suggests concomitant snus use increases smoking quit rates, and aligns with evidence from RCTs using snus to aid smoking cessation. ..
  6. doi request reprint Estimating the decline in excess risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease following quitting smoking - a systematic review based on the negative exponential model
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom Electronic address
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 68:231-9. 2014
    ..40years for ischaemic heart disease and 4.78years for stroke, and also larger than the 9.93years for lung cancer. Heterogeneity was unimportant for COPD, unlike for the other three diseases. ..
  7. doi request reprint Estimating the decline in excess risk of cerebrovascular disease following quitting smoking--a systematic review based on the negative exponential model
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom Electronic address
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 68:85-95. 2014
    ..The estimates of H are similar for stroke and IHD, and the individual estimates similarly heterogeneous. Fitting the model is harder for stroke, due to its weaker association with smoking. ..
  8. ncbi request reprint Epidemiological evidence relating snus to health--an updated review based on recent publications
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5DA, United Kingdom
    Harm Reduct J 10:36. 2013
    ..Even if some adverse health effects of snus use do exist, it remains clear that they are far less than those of smoking. ..
  9. doi request reprint The effect of reducing the number of cigarettes smoked on risk of lung cancer, COPD, cardiovascular disease and FEV(1)--a review
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5DA, UK Electronic address
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 67:372-81. 2013
    ..Also, the variable definitions of reduction make meta-analysis problematic. Though the results suggest some benefits of smoking reduction, more evidence is needed. ..
  10. doi request reprint The effect on health of switching from cigarettes to snus - a review
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5DA, UK
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 66:1-5. 2013
    ..83-1.26) for switchers vs. quitters. Though based on limited evidence with some weaknesses, these results are consistent with a recent review which found no increased risk of cancer or heart disease from snus use...
  11. pmc Indirectly estimated absolute lung cancer mortality rates by smoking status and histological type based on a systematic review
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    BMC Cancer 13:189. 2013
    ..This hinders interpretation. We attempted to rectify this by deriving estimates indirectly, combining data from national rates and epidemiological studies...
  12. doi request reprint Reassessing the evidence relating smoking bans to heart disease
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey SM25DA, UK
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 61:318-31. 2011
    ..Further evidence is needed, possibly by analyzing national mortality data. Our findings highlight the need for a valid approach when estimating the effect of bans, and demonstrate major weaknesses in many previous publications...
  13. pmc Systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence in the 1900s relating smoking to lung cancer
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom
    BMC Cancer 12:385. 2012
    ..Smoking is a known lung cancer cause, but no detailed quantitative systematic review exists. We summarize evidence for various indices...
  14. doi request reprint Using the negative exponential distribution to quantitatively review the evidence on how rapidly the excess risk of ischaemic heart disease declines following quitting smoking
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, 17 Cedar Road, Sutton, Surrey, SM2 5DA, UK
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 64:51-67. 2012
    ..The US Surgeon-General's view that excess risk approximately halves after a year's abstinence seems over-optimistic...
  15. pmc Systematic review of the relation between smokeless tobacco and cancer of the pancreas in Europe and North America
    Zheng Sponsiello-Wang
    Philip Morris Products S A, PMI Research and Development, Neuchatel, Switzerland
    BMC Cancer 8:356. 2008
    ..We present a systematic review of studies from North America and Europe, since data are lacking from other continents. Risk is also difficult to quantify elsewhere due to the various products, compositions and usage practices involved...
  16. doi request reprint Summary of the epidemiological evidence relating snus to health
    Peter N Lee
    PN Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 59:197-214. 2011
    ....
  17. pmc Systematic review of the epidemiological evidence comparing lung cancer risk in smokers of mentholated and unmentholated cigarettes
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Surrey, UK
    BMC Pulm Med 11:18. 2011
    ....
  18. pmc Systematic review of the evidence relating FEV1 decline to giving up smoking
    Peter N Lee
    PN Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Surrey, UK
    BMC Med 8:84. 2010
    ..We review available evidence to estimate this reduction and quantify the relationship of smoking to beta...
  19. pmc The relation between smokeless tobacco and cancer in Northern Europe and North America. A commentary on differences between the conclusions reached by two recent reviews
    Peter N Lee
    PN Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Surrey, UK
    BMC Cancer 9:256. 2009
    ..We found no association with stomach, bladder and all cancers combined, using data as extensive as that for oesophageal, pancreatic and lung cancer. We explain these differences...
  20. pmc Systematic review of the relation between smokeless tobacco and cancer in Europe and North America
    Peter N Lee
    PN Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Surrey, UK
    BMC Med 7:36. 2009
    ..We review North American and European studies and compare effects of smokeless tobacco and smoking...
  21. doi request reprint Does use of flue-cured rather than blended cigarettes affect international variation in mortality from lung cancer and COPD?
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Inhal Toxicol 21:404-30. 2009
    ..Between-country differences in rates of two major diseases predominantly caused by smoking cannot materially be explained by whether the countries use flue-cured or blended cigarettes...
  22. ncbi request reprint How rapidly does the excess risk of lung cancer decline following quitting smoking? A quantitative review using the negative exponential model
    John S Fry
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 67:13-26. 2013
    ..98, 70+years 12.99). Given that reverse causation is taken account of, the model adequately describes the decline in excess risk. However, estimates of H may be biased by factors including misclassification of smoking status. ..
  23. ncbi request reprint Do reductions in the tar and nicotine yields of cigarettes help to explain recent reductions in lung cancer rates in young men and women in the United States?
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Inhal Toxicol 18:365-88. 2006
    ..Interpretation is not straightforward, but the findings suggest declines in yields have contributed to the recent declines in rates in young U.S. men and women...
  24. pmc Systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence relating smoking to COPD, chronic bronchitis and emphysema
    Barbara A Forey
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    BMC Pulm Med 11:36. 2011
    ..Smoking is a known cause of the outcomes COPD, chronic bronchitis (CB) and emphysema, but no previous systematic review exists. We summarize evidence for various smoking indices...
  25. pmc Systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence relating FEV1 decline to lung cancer risk
    John S Fry
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom
    BMC Cancer 12:498. 2012
    ..We used results reported directly as β, and as grouped levels of RR in terms of FEV1%P and of associated measures (e.g. FEV1/FVC)...
  26. ncbi request reprint Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and risk of breast cancer in nonsmoking women: a review with meta-analyses
    Peter N Lee
    P N Lee Statistics and Computing Ltd, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Inhal Toxicol 18:1053-70. 2006
    ..Because of the inherent implausibility that ETS exposure might cause breast cancer, given the similar risks of smokers and nonsmokers, one cannot confidently conclude ETS exposure increases risk in nonsmokers...