Anthony G Rudd

Summary

Affiliation: King's College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Cluster randomized trial in the general practice research database: 2. Secondary prevention after first stroke (eCRT study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Alex Dregan
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, King s College, London, UK
    Trials 13:181. 2012
  2. pmc Innovations in major system reconfiguration in England: a study of the effectiveness, acceptability and processes of implementation of two models of stroke care
    Naomi Fulop
    Department of Applied Health Research, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 7HB, United Kingdom
    Implement Sci 8:5. 2013
  3. pmc Validating self-reported strokes in a longitudinal UK cohort study (Whitehall II): Extracting information from hospital medical records versus the Hospital Episode Statistics database
    Annie Britton
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:83. 2012
  4. pmc Utility of electronic patient records in primary care for stroke secondary prevention trials
    Alex Dregan
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, Capital House, Weston Street, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:86. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Access to stroke care in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: the effect of age, gender and weekend admission
    A G Rudd
    Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians, London, UK
    Age Ageing 36:247-55. 2007
  6. pmc National stroke audit: a tool for change?
    A G Rudd
    Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians of London, 11 St Andrew s Place, London NW1 4LE, UK
    Qual Health Care 10:141-51. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Regional variations in stroke care in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: results from the National Sentinel Audit of Stroke. Royal College of Physicians Intercollegiate Stroke Working Party
    A G Rudd
    CEEU and Guy s and St Thomas Hospital, London, UK
    Clin Rehabil 15:562-72. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Stroke unit care and outcome: results from the 2001 National Sentinel Audit of Stroke (England, Wales, and Northern Ireland)
    A G Rudd
    Stroke Programme, Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians London, Guys and St Thomas Hospitals NHS Trust London
    Stroke 36:103-6. 2005
  9. pmc Stroke units: research and reality. Results from the National Sentinel Audit of Stroke
    A G Rudd
    Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians, 11 St Andrews Place, London NW1 4LE, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 14:7-12. 2005
  10. doi request reprint Stroke thrombolysis in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: how much do we do and how much do we need?
    A G Rudd
    Clinical Standards Department, Royal College of Physicians, London, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 82:14-9. 2011

Detail Information

Publications68

  1. pmc Cluster randomized trial in the general practice research database: 2. Secondary prevention after first stroke (eCRT study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Alex Dregan
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, King s College, London, UK
    Trials 13:181. 2012
    ..The proposal describes one application, in a less frequent chronic condition of public health importance, secondary prevention of stroke. A related protocol in antibiotic prescribing was reported previously...
  2. pmc Innovations in major system reconfiguration in England: a study of the effectiveness, acceptability and processes of implementation of two models of stroke care
    Naomi Fulop
    Department of Applied Health Research, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 7HB, United Kingdom
    Implement Sci 8:5. 2013
    ..We will examine whether the changes have delivered improvements in quality of care and patient outcomes; and, in light of this, whether the significant extra financial investment represented good value for money...
  3. pmc Validating self-reported strokes in a longitudinal UK cohort study (Whitehall II): Extracting information from hospital medical records versus the Hospital Episode Statistics database
    Annie Britton
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:83. 2012
    ..Such studies often rely on self-reported stroke events, which are best validated with external medical evidence. The aim of this paper is to compare the information on incident non-fatal stroke events arising from different sources...
  4. pmc Utility of electronic patient records in primary care for stroke secondary prevention trials
    Alex Dregan
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, Capital House, Weston Street, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:86. 2011
    ..The study also evaluated achievement of recommended standards of care; variation between family practices; and changes in risk factor values from before to after stroke...
  5. ncbi request reprint Access to stroke care in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: the effect of age, gender and weekend admission
    A G Rudd
    Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians, London, UK
    Age Ageing 36:247-55. 2007
    ..To determine whether access to high-quality stroke care is affected by the age or gender of the patient or by weekend admission...
  6. pmc National stroke audit: a tool for change?
    A G Rudd
    Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians of London, 11 St Andrew s Place, London NW1 4LE, UK
    Qual Health Care 10:141-51. 2001
    ..To describe the standards of care for stroke patients in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and to determine the power of national audit, coupled with an active dissemination strategy to effect change...
  7. ncbi request reprint Regional variations in stroke care in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: results from the National Sentinel Audit of Stroke. Royal College of Physicians Intercollegiate Stroke Working Party
    A G Rudd
    CEEU and Guy s and St Thomas Hospital, London, UK
    Clin Rehabil 15:562-72. 2001
    ..To identify the variations between regions in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in the case-mix, organization and process of care for stroke...
  8. ncbi request reprint Stroke unit care and outcome: results from the 2001 National Sentinel Audit of Stroke (England, Wales, and Northern Ireland)
    A G Rudd
    Stroke Programme, Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians London, Guys and St Thomas Hospitals NHS Trust London
    Stroke 36:103-6. 2005
    ....
  9. pmc Stroke units: research and reality. Results from the National Sentinel Audit of Stroke
    A G Rudd
    Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians, 11 St Andrews Place, London NW1 4LE, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 14:7-12. 2005
    ..To use data from the 2001-2 National Stroke Audit to describe the organisation of stroke units in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and to see if key characteristics deemed effective from the research literature were present...
  10. doi request reprint Stroke thrombolysis in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: how much do we do and how much do we need?
    A G Rudd
    Clinical Standards Department, Royal College of Physicians, London, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 82:14-9. 2011
    ..Data are limited on the proportion of stroke patients nationally appropriate for thrombolysis either within the 3 h time window or the recently tested 4.5 h. This information is important for the redesign of services...
  11. ncbi request reprint Staffing levels and patient dependence in English stroke units
    Anthony G Rudd
    Clinical Standards Department, Royal College of Physicians, London
    Clin Med 9:110-5. 2009
    ..Stroke patients in England receive relatively little rehabilitation from therapists and there is a wide variation in the amount of nursing time each patient receives...
  12. ncbi request reprint Estimates of the prevalence of acute stroke impairments and disability in a multiethnic population
    E S Lawrence
    Department of Public Health Medicine, Guy's, King's and St Thomas' School of Medicine, London, UK
    Stroke 32:1279-84. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: The extent of these findings indicates that an acute assessment of impairments and disability is necessary to determine the appropriate nursing and rehabilitation needs of patients with stroke...
  13. ncbi request reprint Institutionalization after stroke
    R Portelli
    Royal College of Physicians, London, UK
    Clin Rehabil 19:97-108. 2005
    ..This study sought to identify the factors that predict institutionalization after a primary diagnosis of stroke and determine whether institutionalization rate could be used to assess the quality of hospital care...
  14. doi request reprint Bigger, faster? Associations between hospital thrombolysis volume and speed of thrombolysis administration in acute ischemic stroke
    Benjamin D Bray
    From the Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, United Kingdom B D B, C D A W, A G R Royal College of Physicians, London, United Kingdom J C, A H St George s Hospital, London, United Kingdom C C G University of Manchester, MAHSC, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford, United Kingdom P J T and National Institute for Health Research Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom C D A W, A G R
    Stroke 44:3129-35. 2013
    ..We aimed to identify whether there were any associations between hospital thrombolysis volume and speed of thrombolysis (tissue-type plasminogen activator [tPA]) administration in patients with ischemic stroke...
  15. ncbi request reprint Incidence and associations of poststroke epilepsy: the prospective South London Stroke Register
    Neil S N Graham
    Department of Ageing and Health, St Thomas Hospital, London, UK
    Stroke 44:605-11. 2013
    ..To describe the epidemiology and associations of poststroke epilepsy (PSE) because there is limited evidence to inform clinicians and guide future research...
  16. ncbi request reprint Cause of stroke recurrence is multifactorial: patterns, risk factors, and outcomes of stroke recurrence in the South London Stroke Register
    Thomas Hillen
    Division of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, King s College, London, UK
    Stroke 34:1457-63. 2003
    ..This article examines stroke recurrence and whether the subtype of the initial stroke influences the risk and subtypes of further strokes. The proportion of recurrences attributable to conventional risk factors is quantified...
  17. doi request reprint Long-term effects of secondary prevention on cognitive function in stroke patients
    Abdel Douiri
    Division of Health and Social Care, King s College London, London, UK and National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Trust and King s College London, London, UK
    Circulation 128:1341-8. 2013
    ..The aim of this study is to determine the effect of secondary prevention of vascular events on cognitive function after stroke...
  18. doi request reprint Age and ethnic disparities in incidence of stroke over time: the South London Stroke Register
    Yanzhong Wang
    From the Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, United Kingdom Y W, A G R, C D A W NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust and King s College London, London, United Kingdom Y W, A G R, C D A W
    Stroke 44:3298-304. 2013
    ..Data on continuous monitoring of stroke risk among different age and ethnic groups are lacking. We aimed to investigate age and ethnic disparities in stroke incidence over time from an inner-city population-based stroke register...
  19. doi request reprint Incidence of aetiological subtypes of stroke in a multi-ethnic population based study: the South London Stroke Register
    Cother Hajat
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 82:527-33. 2011
    ..Although risk factors for stroke are known to differ between these populations, few population studies have reported on the risk of aetiological stroke subtypes in black ethnic populations...
  20. pmc Provision of acute stroke care and associated factors in a multiethnic population: prospective study with the South London Stroke Register
    Juliet Addo
    King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care Research, London, UK
    BMJ 342:d744. 2011
    ..To investigate time trends in receipt of effective acute stroke care and to determine the factors associated with provision of care...
  21. ncbi request reprint Improving clinical practice in stroke through audit: results of three rounds of National Stroke Audit
    P Irwin
    Stroke Programme Co ordinator, Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians London, London NW1 4LE, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 11:306-14. 2005
    ..The results of three rounds of National Stroke Audit in England, Wales and Northern Ireland are compared...
  22. pmc Impact of implementing evidence-based acute stroke interventions on survival: the South London Stroke Register
    Juliet Addo
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e61581. 2013
    ..Studies examining the impact of organised acute stroke care interventions on survival in subgroups of stroke patients remain limited...
  23. doi request reprint Comparison of 2 extended activities of daily living scales with the Barthel Index and predictors of their outcomes: cohort study within the South London Stroke Register (SLSR)
    Shah Jalal Sarker
    King s College, London, UK
    Stroke 43:1362-9. 2012
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Predicting independent survival after stroke: a European study for the development and validation of standardised stroke scales and prediction models of outcome
    Salma Ahmed Ayis
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College, London, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 84:288-96. 2013
    ..Accurate prediction of stroke outcome is desirable for clinical management and provision of appropriate care, and potentially for stratification of patients into studies...
  25. pmc Delay in presentation after an acute stroke in a multiethnic population in South london: the South london stroke register
    Juliet Addo
    King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care Research, London, United Kingdom J A, S A, J L, A G R, C M, C D A W National Institute for Health Research Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom J A, C D A W
    J Am Heart Assoc 1:e001685. 2012
    ..This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with delays in presentation after an acute stroke and changes after a mass media campaign...
  26. doi request reprint How is stroke thrombolysis portrayed in UK national and London local newspapers? A review and critical discourse analysis
    Gillian Cluckie
    King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care Research, London, UK
    Age Ageing 41:291-8. 2012
    ..thrombolysis for stroke has been licensed in the UK since 2007 and needs to be administered within 4.5 h. Given this time critical factor, the media may have an important role in public awareness...
  27. ncbi request reprint Secondary prevention for stroke in the United Kingdom: results from the National Sentinel Audit of Stroke
    Anthony G Rudd
    Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians of London, 11 St Andrew s Place, London NW1 4LE, UK
    Age Ageing 33:280-6. 2004
    ..To measure the quality of secondary prevention of stroke provided to patients in England, Wales and Northern Ireland...
  28. doi request reprint Antihypertensive treatment after stroke and all-cause mortality--an analysis of the General Practitioner Research Database (GPRD)
    Andre Michael Toschke
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Health and Social Care, King s College London, London, UK
    Cerebrovasc Dis 28:105-11. 2009
    ..The effect of antihypertensive treatment on survival and recurrence in an unselected sample of the general population, using the General Practice Research Database, was analysed...
  29. doi request reprint Natural history, predictors, and associations of depression 5 years after stroke: the South London Stroke Register
    Luis Ayerbe
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, Capital House, London, UK
    Stroke 42:1907-11. 2011
    ..The longer-term natural history of depression after stroke is poorly understood. We estimate frequency, predictors, and associations of depression up to 5 years after stroke in a population-based study...
  30. doi request reprint Risk and cumulative risk of stroke recurrence: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Keerthi M Mohan
    King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care Research, and Department of Elderly Care, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, St Thomas Hospital, 7 Floor Capital House, 42 Weston St, London SE1 3QD, UK
    Stroke 42:1489-94. 2011
    ..Estimates of risk of stroke recurrence are widely variable and focused on the short- term. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the pooled cumulative risk of stroke recurrence...
  31. doi request reprint Developing a tool to assess quality of stroke care across European populations: the EROS Quality Assessment Tool
    Ian Wellwood
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, King s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Guy s Campus, 7th Floor, Capital House, 42 Weston St, London SE1 3QD, UK
    Stroke 42:1207-11. 2011
    ..There are significant differences in the provision of care and outcome after stroke across countries. The European Registers of Stroke study aimed to develop, test, and refine a tool to assess quality of care...
  32. pmc Estimates of outcomes up to ten years after stroke: analysis from the prospective South London Stroke Register
    Charles D A Wolfe
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 8:e1001033. 2011
    ..This burden of disease study provides population-based estimates of outcomes with a focus on disability, cognition, and psychological outcomes up to 10 y after initial stroke event in a multi-ethnic European population...
  33. ncbi request reprint Incidence of hemorrhagic stroke in black Caribbean, black African, and white populations: the South London stroke register, 1995-2004
    Nigel C Smeeton
    King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care Research, Capital House, 42 Weston St, London SE1 3QD, UK
    Stroke 38:3133-8. 2007
    ..We estimated the incidence for primary intracerebral hemorrhage (PICH) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and the associated risk factors for BCs, BAs, and whites...
  34. ncbi request reprint Health care follow-up after stroke: opportunities for secondary prevention
    Judith Redfern
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, King s College, Guy s and St Thomas Hospital Trust, London, UK
    Fam Pract 19:378-82. 2002
    ..Little is known about health service follow-up of patients after stroke or, consequently, the opportunities for providing secondary prevention to patients...
  35. ncbi request reprint Poststroke survival for black-Caribbean populations in barbados and South london
    Charles D A Wolfe
    King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care, Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, United Kingdom
    Stroke 37:1991-6. 2006
    ..There are variations in mortality rates for stroke in black communities, but the factors associated with survival remain unclear...
  36. pmc Survival differences after stroke in a multiethnic population: follow-up study with the South London stroke register
    Charles D A Wolfe
    Division of Health and Social Care, King s College London, London SE1 3QD
    BMJ 331:431. 2005
    ..To identify ethnic differences in survival after stroke and examine the factors that influence survival...
  37. ncbi request reprint Estimation of the risk of stroke in black populations in Barbados and South London
    Charles D A Wolfe
    King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care, Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, UK
    Stroke 37:1986-90. 2006
    ..The incidence of stroke in black populations is a public health issue, but how risk varies between black communities is unclear...
  38. ncbi request reprint New-onset fecal incontinence after stroke: prevalence, natural history, risk factors, and impact
    Danielle Harari
    Department of Healthcare of the Elderly, Guy s and St Thomas Hospitals Trust, London, UK
    Stroke 34:144-50. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence, natural history, associations, and impact of new-onset FI after stroke...
  39. pmc Self ratings of health predict functional outcome and recurrence free survival after stroke
    T Hillen
    Division of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, King s College, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:960-6. 2003
    ..To measure stroke victims' self rated health (SRH) status and SRH transition, and to compare how the two are prospectively associated with disability and recurrence free survival...
  40. ncbi request reprint A new method for predicting recovery after stroke
    K Tilling
    Department of Public Health Sciences, King s College London, London, UK
    Stroke 32:2867-73. 2001
    ..To be useful, these models should take into account early changes in recovery and individual patient characteristics. We present such a model and demonstrate its clinical utility...
  41. pmc Incidence and case fatality rates of stroke subtypes in a multiethnic population: the South London Stroke Register
    C D A Wolfe
    Department of Public Health Sciences, GKT School of Medicine, Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 72:211-6. 2002
    ..To identify sociodemographic differences in the incidence of the subtypes of first ever stroke in a multiethnic population...
  42. ncbi request reprint Natural history and effects on 2-year outcomes of urinary incontinence after stroke
    M Patel
    Department of Public Health Medicine, Guy s, Kings, and St Thomas School of Medicine, King s College, London, England
    Stroke 32:122-7. 2001
    ..We sought to describe the natural history of poststroke incontinence and estimate its effect on survival and 2-year outcomes in stroke survivors...
  43. ncbi request reprint Cerebrovascular risk factors and stroke subtypes: differences between ethnic groups
    C Hajat
    Public Health Sciences, London, UK
    Stroke 32:37-42. 2001
    ....
  44. doi request reprint Patient-specific recovery patterns over time measured by dependence in activities of daily living after stroke and post-stroke care: the South London Stroke Register (SLSR)
    A M Toschke
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Eur J Neurol 17:219-25. 2010
    ..To quantify the recovery pattern up to 1 year post-stroke and assess effects of evidence-based treatments on the patient-specific course of recovery allowing its prediction...
  45. ncbi request reprint The effectiveness of community-based rehabilitation for stroke patients who remain at home: a pilot randomized trial
    C D Wolfe
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Guy s and St Thomas Hospital, London, UK
    Clin Rehabil 14:563-9. 2000
    ..To assess the effectiveness of community-based rehabilitation for stroke patients who were not admitted to hospital in South London...
  46. doi request reprint Frequency and predictors for the risk of stroke recurrence up to 10 years after stroke: the South London Stroke Register
    K M Mohan
    King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care Research, 7th Floor Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 80:1012-8. 2009
    ..Data estimating the risk of, and predictors for, long-term stroke recurrence are lacking...
  47. ncbi request reprint Influence of raised plasma osmolality on clinical outcome after acute stroke
    A Bhalla
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Guy s, King s and St Thomas Hospital School of Medicine, Guy s and St Thomas Hospital, London, England
    Stroke 31:2043-8. 2000
    ..We examined the association of raised plasma osmolality on stroke outcome at 3 months and the change of plasma osmolality with hydration during the first week after stroke...
  48. ncbi request reprint Predictors of survival after haemorrhagic stroke in a multi-ethnic population: the South London Stroke Register (SLSR)
    S J Sarker
    King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care Research, Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 79:260-5. 2008
    ..To identify the predictors of long-term survival after haemorrhagic stroke...
  49. ncbi request reprint Behavioral risk factor prevalence and lifestyle change after stroke: a prospective study
    J Redfern
    Division of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, King s College London, UK
    Stroke 31:1877-81. 2000
    ..This study estimates behavioral risk factor prevalence after stroke and explores lifestyle change...
  50. ncbi request reprint Clinical determinants of long-term quality of life after stroke
    M D Patel
    Division of Health and Social Care, King s College, London, UK
    Age Ageing 36:316-22. 2007
    ..To determine factors that independently predict health-related quality of life (HRQOL) 1 and 3 years after stroke...
  51. ncbi request reprint Natural history, predictors and associated outcomes of anxiety up to 10 years after stroke: the South London Stroke Register
    Luis Ayerbe
    Blizard Institute, Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK, London E12AB, UK Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Age Ageing 43:542-7. 2014
    ..ii) Predictors of anxiety and its association with depression. (iii) The association between anxiety 3 months after stroke and mortality, stroke recurrence, disability, cognitive impairment and quality of life (QoL) at follow-up...
  52. doi request reprint Natural history, predictors and outcomes of depression after stroke: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Luis Ayerbe
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 202:14-21. 2013
    ..Depression after stroke is a distressing problem that may be associated with other negative health outcomes...
  53. ncbi request reprint Variations in case fatality and dependency from stroke in western and central Europe. The European BIOMED Study of Stroke Care Group
    C D Wolfe
    Department of Public Health Sciences, The Guy s, Kings College, St Thomas Hospital Medical and Dental School, London, England, UK
    Stroke 30:350-6. 1999
    ..There are significant variations in mortality rates from stroke in Europe. A European Union BIOMED Concerted Action was established to assess and determine the reasons for the variations in case fatality and disability after stroke...
  54. ncbi request reprint Older stroke patients in Europe: stroke care and determinants of outcome
    A Bhalla
    Department of Public Health Sciences, GKT School of Medicine, London, UK
    Age Ageing 33:618-24. 2004
    ..in order to implement cost-effective stroke services for older patients, it is necessary to identify how stroke care is currently provided for these patients and how provision relates to outcome...
  55. pmc The effect of out of hours presentation with acute stroke on processes of care and outcomes: analysis of data from the Stroke Improvement National Audit Programme (SINAP)
    James T P Campbell
    Royal College of Physicians, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 9:e87946. 2014
    ..We aimed to identify if inequalities in the quality of care and mortality exist in contemporary stroke care in England...
  56. doi request reprint Depressive disorder, coronary heart disease, and stroke: dose-response and reverse causation effects in the Whitehall II cohort study
    Eric J Brunner
    University College London, London, UK
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 21:340-6. 2014
    ..Systematic reviews examining associations of depressive disorder with coronary heart disease and stroke produce mixed results. Failure to consider reverse causation and dose-response patterns may have caused inconsistencies in evidence...
  57. pmc Selection of medical diagnostic codes for analysis of electronic patient records. Application to stroke in a primary care database
    Martin C Gulliford
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, UK
    PLoS ONE 4:e7168. 2009
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the relevance of different codes for the identification of acute stroke in a primary care database, and to evaluate trends in the use of different codes over time...
  58. ncbi request reprint Natural history of cognitive impairment after stroke and factors associated with its recovery
    Mehool Patel
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, King s College, London, UK
    Clin Rehabil 17:158-66. 2003
    ..To describe the natural history of cognitive impairment following stroke over three years; determine factors associated with recovery of post-stroke cognitive impairment and examine the effect of this recovery on stroke outcomes...
  59. ncbi request reprint The inter- and intraobserver reliabilities of a new classification system for ischaemic stroke: the South London Stroke Register
    C Hajat
    Guy's, King's and St. Thomas' School of Medicine, King's College London, 5th Floor, Capital House, 42 Westmont Street, SE13QD, London, UK
    J Neurol Sci 190:79-85. 2001
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status and stroke
    Anna M Cox
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Lancet Neurol 5:181-8. 2006
    ..Understanding the causal associations between socioeconomic status and stroke will allow interventions to be appropriately targeted and assessed...
  61. ncbi request reprint Differences in stroke subtypes between black and white patients with stroke: the South London Ethnicity and Stroke Study
    Hugh S Markus
    Centre for Clinical Neuroscience, St George s University of London, London, SW17 ORE, UK
    Circulation 116:2157-64. 2007
    ..Determining whether the distribution of stroke subtypes differs between ethnic groups is important in understanding the mechanisms of the increased stroke incidence in black patients...
  62. doi request reprint An observational study of acute stroke care in four countries: the European registers of stroke study
    I Wellwood
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Cerebrovasc Dis 28:171-6. 2009
    ..This included comparing information on quality of care with direct observation of the stroke care process in 4 centres...
  63. ncbi request reprint Reliability and validity of the Intercollegiate Stroke Audit Package
    P H Gompertz
    Tower Hamlets Healthcare Trust, London, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 7:1-11. 2001
    ..This large study, across a range of hospital sites and involving many disciplines, demonstrates that careful piloting of audit tools, with use of clear instructions to auditors, promotes the reliability of data...
  64. ncbi request reprint Management of acute physiological parameters after stroke
    A Bhalla
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, London, UK
    QJM 94:167-72. 2001
    ..Whether we require large prospective randomized controlled trials to test whether these specific interventions are to be used in mainstay practice is unclear...
  65. pmc Comparison of patients' assessments of the quality of stroke care with audit findings
    Esther Howell
    Picker Institute Europe, King s Mead House, Oxpens Road, Oxford OX1 1RX, England
    Qual Saf Health Care 16:450-5. 2007
    ..To determine the extent of correlation between stroke patients' experiences of hospital care with the quality of services assessed in a national audit...
  66. ncbi request reprint Variations in the use of diagnostic procedures after acute stroke in Europe: results from the BIOMED II study of stroke care
    J Heidrich
    Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Munster, Germany
    Eur J Neurol 14:255-61. 2007
    ..001). Less than half of hospitalized stroke patients across Europe underwent diagnostic procedures to allow for aetiological classification of stroke, which may hamper the initiation of effective early management and secondary prevention...
  67. ncbi request reprint Relationships between long-term stroke disability, handicap and health-related quality of life
    M D Patel
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, King s College London, UK
    Age Ageing 35:273-9. 2006
    ..To estimate levels of disability, handicap and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) up to 3 years after stroke and examine the relationships between these domains...
  68. pmc Stroke care: how do we measure quality?
    Kieran Walsh
    Colchester General Hospital, Colchester, Essex SS16 5NL, UK
    Postgrad Med J 78:322-6. 2002
    ..Once a process of care has been linked to an outcome measure, this care process should be measured. The national sentinel audit for stroke is an audit tool used to examine the quality of the processes of stroke care...