Roberto J Rona

Summary

Affiliation: King's College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The meaning of self-perception of health in the UK armed forces
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, London, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 11:703-15. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Do psychological distress and somatization contribute to misattribution of asthma? A Chilean study
    Roberto J Rona
    Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, and Academic Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Psychosom Res 62:23-30. 2007
  3. pmc Mental health consequences of overstretch in the UK armed forces: first phase of a cohort study
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London SE5 9RJ
    BMJ 335:603. 2007
  4. pmc How many mailouts? Could attempts to increase the response rate in the Iraq war cohort study be counterproductive?
    A Rosemary Tate
    King s Centre for Military Health, Research, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:51. 2007
  5. doi request reprint Impact of specific sensitization on asthma and rhinitis in young Brazilian and Chilean adults
    R J Rona
    Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College London, London, UK
    Clin Exp Allergy 38:1778-86. 2008
  6. pmc Mental health screening in armed forces before the Iraq war and prevention of subsequent psychological morbidity: follow-up study
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London SE5 9RJ
    BMJ 333:991. 2006
  7. doi request reprint Alcohol misuse and functional impairment in the UK Armed Forces: a population-based study
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Drug Alcohol Depend 108:37-42. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Women in novel occupational roles: mental health trends in the UK Armed Forces
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:319-26. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint The contribution of prior psychological symptoms and combat exposure to post Iraq deployment mental health in the UK military
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 22:11-9. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Agreement between body mass index, waist circumference and skin-fold thickness in the United Kingdom Army
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, London, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 38:257-64. 2011

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. ncbi request reprint The meaning of self-perception of health in the UK armed forces
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, London, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 11:703-15. 2006
    ..We assessed the characteristics of self-perception of health (SPH) in relation to psychological distress and physical symptoms, and willingness of servicemen to see their Medical Officer (MO) by their SPH rating...
  2. ncbi request reprint Do psychological distress and somatization contribute to misattribution of asthma? A Chilean study
    Roberto J Rona
    Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, and Academic Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Psychosom Res 62:23-30. 2007
    ....
  3. pmc Mental health consequences of overstretch in the UK armed forces: first phase of a cohort study
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London SE5 9RJ
    BMJ 335:603. 2007
    ..To assess the relation between frequency and duration of deployment of UK armed forces personnel on mental health...
  4. pmc How many mailouts? Could attempts to increase the response rate in the Iraq war cohort study be counterproductive?
    A Rosemary Tate
    King s Centre for Military Health, Research, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:51. 2007
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Impact of specific sensitization on asthma and rhinitis in young Brazilian and Chilean adults
    R J Rona
    Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College London, London, UK
    Clin Exp Allergy 38:1778-86. 2008
    ..The pattern of associations and the attributable fractions (AF) of atopic conditions due to specific sensitizations vary between countries...
  6. pmc Mental health screening in armed forces before the Iraq war and prevention of subsequent psychological morbidity: follow-up study
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London SE5 9RJ
    BMJ 333:991. 2006
    ..To assess whether screening for mental disorder before the start of the 2003 Iraq war would have predicted subsequent mental disorders...
  7. doi request reprint Alcohol misuse and functional impairment in the UK Armed Forces: a population-based study
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Drug Alcohol Depend 108:37-42. 2010
    ..To assess whether alcohol misuse was associated with functional impairment in the military, and whether an association between any of the measures of alcohol misuse and impairment would be explained by psychiatric comorbidity...
  8. ncbi request reprint Women in novel occupational roles: mental health trends in the UK Armed Forces
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:319-26. 2007
    ..The aims of this study were to assess changes in psychological symptoms in military women over time, to compare them with men, and assess the effect of deployment...
  9. ncbi request reprint The contribution of prior psychological symptoms and combat exposure to post Iraq deployment mental health in the UK military
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 22:11-9. 2009
    ..The authors concluded that combat exposure and group cohesion have an effect on mental health outcomes independent of previous mental health status, which explains why screening prior to deployment is ineffective...
  10. doi request reprint Agreement between body mass index, waist circumference and skin-fold thickness in the United Kingdom Army
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King s Centre for Military Health Research, London, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 38:257-64. 2011
    ..Body Mass Index (BMI) does not distinguish between fat-free mass and fat mass, yet this distinction is important as a clinical tool, especially in the military and occupations for which physical fitness is important...
  11. ncbi request reprint The impact of posttraumatic stress disorder on impairment in the UK military at the time of the Iraq war
    Roberto J Rona
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE1 9RJ, UK
    J Psychiatr Res 43:649-55. 2009
    ..Functional impairment is a serious problem for those with PTSD. The impairment is not confined to those with the highest PCL-score. Avoidance/numbing is the criterion which makes the greatest independent contribution to impairment...
  12. ncbi request reprint Explanations for the increase in mental health problems in UK reserve forces who have served in Iraq
    Tess Browne
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 190:484-9. 2007
    ..Deployment to the 2003 Iraq War was associated with ill health in reserve armed forces personnel...
  13. doi request reprint Is previous psychological health associated with the likelihood of Iraq War deployment? An investigation of the "healthy warrior effect"
    Jennifer Wilson
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1362-9. 2009
    ..This study demonstrated a small "healthy warrior effect"; persons with better psychological health had a higher chance of being deployed, even after adjustment for predeployment medical fitness...
  14. pmc The prevalence of common mental disorders and PTSD in the UK military: using data from a clinical interview-based study
    Amy C Iversen
    Department of Psychological Medicine, King s Centre for Military Health Research, Institute of Psychiatry, Denmark Hill, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 9:68. 2009
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Violent offending by UK military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: a data linkage cohort study
    Deirdre Macmanus
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    Lancet 381:907-17. 2013
    ..We describe our use of criminal records to investigate the effect of deployment, combat, and post-deployment mental health problems on violent offending among military personnel relative to pre-existing risk factors...
  16. doi request reprint Do medical services personnel who deployed to the Iraq war have worse mental health than other deployed personnel?
    Margaret Jones
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Eur J Public Health 18:422-7. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the burden of mental ill health in deployed medics with all other trades during the Iraq war...
  17. doi request reprint Mild traumatic brain injury in UK military personnel returning from Afghanistan and Iraq: cohort and cross-sectional analyses
    Roberto J Rona
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 27:33-44. 2012
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Is there an Iraq war syndrome? Comparison of the health of UK service personnel after the Gulf and Iraq wars
    Oded Horn
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Lancet 367:1742-6. 2006
    ..UK armed forces personnel who took part in the 1991 Gulf war experienced an increase in symptomatic ill health, colloquially known as Gulf war syndrome. Speculation about an Iraq war syndrome has already started...
  19. doi request reprint What are the consequences of deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan on the mental health of the UK armed forces? A cohort study
    Nicola T Fear
    Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, King s College London, London, UK
    Lancet 375:1783-97. 2010
    ..We examined the consequences of deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan on the mental health of UK armed forces from 2003 to 2009, the effect of multiple deployments, and time since return from deployment...
  20. ncbi request reprint Untreated asthma, final height and sitting height/leg length ratio in Chile
    Roberto J Rona
    Department of Public Health Sciences, King s College London, 5th Floor Capital House, 42 Weston St, London SE1 3QD, UK
    Respir Med 100:911-7. 2006
    ..We investigated using subjective and objective assessments whether untreated asthma is associated with final height, leg length and sitting height to leg length ratio in an area of Chile in which almost no one received asthma treatment...
  21. ncbi request reprint Job strain, rank, and mental health in the UK Armed Forces
    Nicola Townsend Fear
    Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    Int J Occup Environ Health 15:291-8. 2009
    ..Adjustment for rank had negligible effect on level of association between job strain and psychological symptoms. Reported job strain and rank contributed independently to psychological symptoms...
  22. doi request reprint Upward trends in symptom reporting in the UK Armed Forces
    Oded Horn
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 25:87-94. 2010
    ..It suggests that the threshold for reporting symptoms has decreased and cannot be explained by psychological distress. The possible implication of this trend for medical practice in the wider population deserves close scrutiny...
  23. doi request reprint Help-seeking and receipt of treatment among UK service personnel
    Amy C Iversen
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 197:149-55. 2010
    ..For armed forces personnel, data on help-seeking behaviour and receipt of treatment for mental disorders are important for both research and policy...
  24. doi request reprint Risky driving among regular armed forces personnel from the United Kingdom
    Nicola T Fear
    Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Weston Education Centre, 10 Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, England
    Am J Prev Med 35:230-6. 2008
    ..Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of death for service personnel from the United Kingdom (UK). Little is known about the pattern of risky driving by these service personnel...
  25. doi request reprint Irritable bowel syndrome in the UK military after deployment to Iraq: what are the risk factors?
    Laura Goodwin
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College London, London, SE5 9RJ, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 48:1755-65. 2013
    ..This study examined the prevalence of IBS in a military sample with a history of deployment to Iraq and the association between D & V and common mental disorder (CMD) with IBS...
  26. doi request reprint Health of national service veterans: an analysis of a community-based sample using data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey of England
    Charlotte Woodhead
    Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, Weston Education Centre, King s College London, Cutcombe Rd, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 46:559-66. 2011
    ..The compulsory nature of national service sets these veterans apart from younger veterans...
  27. pmc The stigma of mental health problems and other barriers to care in the UK Armed Forces
    Amy C Iversen
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:31. 2011
    ..As the military is a profession at high risk of occupational psychiatric injury, understanding barriers to help-seeking is a priority...
  28. doi request reprint Does prior psychological health influence recall of military experiences? a prospective study
    Jennifer Wilson
    Department of Psychological Medicine, King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 21:385-93. 2008
    ..With the exception of intrusive thoughts, there is insufficient evidence to suggest predeployment psychological status would be useful in correcting for recall bias in subsequent cross-sectional studies...
  29. doi request reprint Predicting persistent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in UK military personnel who served in Iraq: a longitudinal study
    Roberto J Rona
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Rd, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    J Psychiatr Res 46:1191-8. 2012
    ..Many factors contribute to the persistence of PTSD but none alone is useful for clinical prediction...
  30. ncbi request reprint Patterns of drinking in the UK Armed Forces
    Nicola T Fear
    Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, King s College London, London, UK
    Addiction 102:1749-59. 2007
    ..To examine patterns of drinking in the UK Armed Forces, how they vary according to gender and other demographics, and to make comparisons with the general population...
  31. doi request reprint Frequency of mild traumatic brain injury in Iraq and Afghanistan: are we measuring incidence or prevalence?
    Roberto J Rona
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, King s College of London, England
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 27:75-82. 2012
    ..We assessed, in the UK forces, if the differences in rates based on last deployment can be explained by differences in deployment length, given that US forces deploy for approximately twice as long as UK forces...
  32. doi request reprint Why do UK military personnel refuse the anthrax vaccination?
    Dominic Murphy
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    Biosecur Bioterror 6:237-42. 2008
    ..The findings provide evidence that for some people, the policy to increase confidence in the anthrax vaccination program may have led to a decrease in levels of trust...
  33. ncbi request reprint Anthrax vaccination in a military population before the war in Iraq: side effects and informed choice
    Dominic Murphy
    Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, United Kingdom
    Vaccine 25:7641-8. 2007
    ..To assess any health consequences of the anthrax vaccination programme in UK Armed Forces deployed to Iraq...
  34. doi request reprint Risk factors for headache in the UK military: cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses
    Roberto J Rona
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College, London, UK
    Headache 53:787-98. 2013
    ..To assess the importance of service demographic, mental disorders, and deployment factors on headache severity and prevalence, and to assess the impact of headache on functional impairment...
  35. doi request reprint Prevalence of delayed-onset posttraumatic stress disorder in military personnel: is there evidence for this disorder?: Results of a prospective UK cohort study
    Laura Goodwin
    Department of Psychological Medicine, King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, London, UK
    J Nerv Ment Dis 200:429-37. 2012
    ..Leaving the military or experiencing relationship breakdown was not associated...
  36. doi request reprint Rewarding and unrewarding aspects of deployment to Iraq and its association with psychological health in UK military personnel
    Josefin Sundin
    Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Weston Education Centre, King s College London, 10 Cutcombe Road, London SE59RJ, UK
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 83:653-63. 2010
    ..This study examines perceptions among UK military personnel with regard to rewarding and unrewarding aspects of deployment in Iraq...
  37. ncbi request reprint Obesity in the UK Armed Forces: risk factors
    Josefin Sundin
    Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Weston Education Centre, 10 Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Mil Med 176:507-12. 2011
    ..To assess the risk factors of obesity in terms of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference in the UK Armed Forces...
  38. ncbi request reprint Screening for psychological illness in military personnel
    Roberto J Rona
    Department of Public Health Sciences, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    JAMA 293:1257-60. 2005
  39. ncbi request reprint The burden of psychological symptoms in UK Armed Forces
    Margaret Jones
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College, London, UK
    Occup Med (Lond) 56:322-8. 2006
    ..To assess the prevalence of psychological symptoms during periods of relatively low deployment activity and the factors associated with each psychological health outcome...
  40. ncbi request reprint Obesity in the United Kingdom Armed Forces: prevalence based on measured and self-reported data
    Nicola T Fear
    Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Weston Education Centre, 10 Cutcombe Road, London, SE5 9RJ, United Kingdom
    Mil Med 176:44-9. 2011
    ..To assess the prevalence of obesity in the United Kingdom military and general population and the extent to which self-reported data underestimates obesity...
  41. ncbi request reprint Unmet expectations in primary care and the agreement between doctor and patient: a questionnaire study
    Richard Hooper
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Guy s, King s and St Thomas School of Medicine, London, UK
    Health Expect 8:26-33. 2005
    ..This disagreement will affect an assessment of whether patient expectations of care were met, and may itself be influenced by fulfillment of expectations...
  42. ncbi request reprint Agreement between responses to a standardized asthma questionnaire and a questionnaire following a demonstration of asthma symptoms in adults
    Nigel C Smeeton
    Department of Public Health Sciences, King s College London, Capital House 5th Floor, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 2QD, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 163:384-91. 2006
    ..For etiologic studies of asthma, it may contribute to the lack of consistency between different studies analyzing the same etiologic exposures...
  43. ncbi request reprint Commentary: the relation of growth to socioeconomic deprivation
    Susan Chinn
    Department of Public Health Sciences, King s College London, 5th Floor Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:152-3. 2004
  44. doi request reprint PTSD in the armed forces: what have we learned from the recent cohort studies of Iraq/Afghanistan?
    Laura Goodwin
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College London, London, UK
    J Ment Health 22:397-401. 2013
    ..In this editorial, we focus on this recent epidemiological contribution to the understanding of PTSD in military personnel. ..
  45. pmc Parental attitudes towards the management of asthma in ethnic minorities
    Nigel C Smeeton
    Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Arch Dis Child 92:1082-7. 2007
    ..We examine parents' beliefs and management of childhood asthma that possibly contribute to their greater use of hospital services...
  46. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of food allergy: a meta-analysis
    Roberto J Rona
    Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 120:638-46. 2007
    ..There is uncertainty about the prevalence of food allergy in communities...
  47. pmc Assessing the determinants of stillbirths and early neonatal deaths using routinely collected data in an inner city area
    Nigel C Smeeton
    Department of Public Health Sciences, King s College London, Guy s, King s and St, Thomas Hospitals Medical School, London SE1 3QD, UK
    BMC Med 2:27. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the factors associated with stillbirths and early neonatal deaths (ENND) and the suitability of the available databases in a health authority with one of the highest rates in the country...
  48. ncbi request reprint Can we explain why Brazilian babies are becoming lighter?
    Antonio A M Silva
    Department of Public Health, Federal University of Maranhao, Sao Luis, MA, Brazil
    Int J Epidemiol 33:821-8. 2004
    ..We tried to explain why a marked decrease in birthweight of 122 g occurred over a 15-year period in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil...
  49. pmc Socioeconomic risk factors for asthma in Chilean young adults
    Camila Corvalan
    Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago
    Am J Public Health 95:1375-81. 2005
    ..We studied the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and asthma symptoms, severity of asthma, atopy, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) to methacholine...
  50. ncbi request reprint A feeling of well-being accompanied by a period of prosperity and birthweight in Chile: a possible link?
    Hugo Amigo
    Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, University of Chile, Chile
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:426-34. 2005
    ..Our study showed a remarkable decrease in the differences in birthweight by educational level not shown in other countries of similar wealth...
  51. ncbi request reprint [Risk factors of cardiovascular disease among young adults]
    Patricia Bustos
    Departamento de Nutricion, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Independencia 1027, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 131:973-80. 2003
    ..A precise knowledge of the prevalence and importance of cardiovascular risk factors will facilitate the development of preventive strategies...
  52. pmc Indoor risk factors for cough and their relation to wheeze and sensitization in Chilean young adults
    James F Potts
    Respiratory Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, Emmanuel Kaye Building, Manresa Rd, London SW3 6LR, England
    Am J Public Health 98:680-6. 2008
    ..We assessed the effects of indoor risk factors, including smoking, on different types of cough and on cough and wheeze in combination...
  53. doi request reprint Childhood environment and atopic conditions, with emphasis on asthma in a Chilean agricultural area
    Claudio Vargas
    Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Chile
    J Asthma 45:73-8. 2008
    ..An explanation of the etiology of atopic conditions based on the hygiene hypothesis remains controversial...
  54. pmc The case for postdeployment mental health screening was not made
    Roberto J Rona
    Am J Public Health 98:1542; author reply 1542-3. 2008
  55. ncbi request reprint Obesity and asthma in children
    Susan Chinn
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 170:95; author reply 95-6. 2004
  56. doi request reprint The prevalence of plant food allergies: a systematic review
    Laurian Zuidmeer
    Academic Medical Center, Department of Experimental Immunology, Laboratory of Allergy, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 121:1210-1218.e4. 2008
    ..There is uncertainty regarding the prevalence of allergies to plant food...