Anke Ehlers

Summary

Affiliation: King's College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Perceptual processing advantages for trauma-related visual cues in post-traumatic stress disorder
    B Kleim
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Psychol Med 42:173-81. 2012
  2. pmc Reducing unwanted trauma memories by imaginal exposure or autobiographical memory elaboration: an analogue study of memory processes
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 43:S67-75. 2012
  3. pmc Heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures in acute posttraumatic stress disorder
    Anke Ehlers
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, London, UK
    Int J Psychophysiol 78:27-34. 2010
  4. pmc Do all psychological treatments really work the same in posttraumatic stress disorder?
    Anke Ehlers
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, UK
    Clin Psychol Rev 30:269-76. 2010
  5. pmc Intensive cognitive therapy for PTSD: a feasibility study
    Anke Ehlers
    NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health, South London and Maudsley NHS Trust and King s College London, UK
    Behav Cogn Psychother 38:383-98. 2010
  6. pmc Early heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures predict posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective study
    Oliver Suendermann
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Psychosom Med 72:301-8. 2010
  7. pmc Reduced autobiographical memory specificity predicts depression and posttraumatic stress disorder after recent trauma
    Birgit Kleim
    Department of Psychology, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:231-42. 2008
  8. pmc Do cognitive models help in predicting the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder, phobia, and depression after motor vehicle accidents? A prospective longitudinal study
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Psychology, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:219-30. 2008
  9. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of cognitive therapy, a self-help booklet, and repeated assessments as early interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:1024-32. 2003
  10. pmc The effects of rumination on mood and intrusive memories after exposure to traumatic material: An experimental study
    Ulrike Zetsche
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 40:499-514. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. pmc Perceptual processing advantages for trauma-related visual cues in post-traumatic stress disorder
    B Kleim
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Psychol Med 42:173-81. 2012
    ..One possibility is that PTSD is characterized by a processing advantage for stimuli that resemble those that accompanied the trauma, which would lead to increased detection of such cues in the environment...
  2. pmc Reducing unwanted trauma memories by imaginal exposure or autobiographical memory elaboration: an analogue study of memory processes
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 43:S67-75. 2012
    ..Both interventions reduced the evaluative conditioning effect. Imaginal exposure and autobiographical memory elaboration both reduced the frequency of subsequent unwanted memories of the picture stories...
  3. pmc Heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures in acute posttraumatic stress disorder
    Anke Ehlers
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, London, UK
    Int J Psychophysiol 78:27-34. 2010
    ..The early generalization of triggers of reexperiencing symptoms observed in this study is consistent with associative learning and cognitive models of PTSD...
  4. pmc Do all psychological treatments really work the same in posttraumatic stress disorder?
    Anke Ehlers
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, UK
    Clin Psychol Rev 30:269-76. 2010
    ..We also recommend transparency in reporting exclusions in meta-analyses and suggest that bona fide treatments should be defined on empirical and theoretical grounds rather than by judgments of the investigators' intent...
  5. pmc Intensive cognitive therapy for PTSD: a feasibility study
    Anke Ehlers
    NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health, South London and Maudsley NHS Trust and King s College London, UK
    Behav Cogn Psychother 38:383-98. 2010
    ..There is evidence that intensive CBT can be effective in phobias and obsessive compulsive disorder. Studies of intensive CBT for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are lacking...
  6. pmc Early heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures predict posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective study
    Oliver Suendermann
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Psychosom Med 72:301-8. 2010
    ..Results are consistent with a role of associative learning in PTSD and suggest that early stimulus generalization may be an indicator of risk for chronic PTSD...
  7. pmc Reduced autobiographical memory specificity predicts depression and posttraumatic stress disorder after recent trauma
    Birgit Kleim
    Department of Psychology, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:231-42. 2008
    ..Mediation analyses suggested that rumination partly mediated and perceived permanent change fully mediated the effects of low memory specificity on posttrauma psychopathology at follow-up...
  8. pmc Do cognitive models help in predicting the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder, phobia, and depression after motor vehicle accidents? A prospective longitudinal study
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Psychology, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:219-30. 2008
    ..In addition, the predictors derived from cognitive models of PTSD and depression were disorder-specific. The results support the role of cognitive factors in the maintenance of emotional disorders following trauma...
  9. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of cognitive therapy, a self-help booklet, and repeated assessments as early interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:1024-32. 2003
    ..Similarly, there is a lack of clarity about the best way of identifying people who are unlikely to recover from early posttraumatic symptoms without intervention...
  10. pmc The effects of rumination on mood and intrusive memories after exposure to traumatic material: An experimental study
    Ulrike Zetsche
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 40:499-514. 2009
    ..Taken together, the results partially support the hypothesis that rumination is involved in the maintenance of negative mood and post-traumatic stress symptoms...
  11. ncbi Feeling anxious: a twin study of panic/somatic ratings, anxiety sensitivity and heartbeat perception in children
    Thalia C Eley
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:1184-91. 2007
    ..We examined genetic and environmental influences on childhood AS, HBP, panic/somatic ratings, and their associations...
  12. ncbi Cognitive therapy versus exposure and applied relaxation in social phobia: A randomized controlled trial
    David M Clark
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:568-78. 2006
    ..In addition, patients in EXP = AR were more likely to have sought additional treatment. Therapist effects were small and nonsignificant. CT appears to be superior to EXP = AR in the treatment of social phobia...
  13. pmc Internet-delivered cognitive therapy for social anxiety disorder: a development pilot series
    Richard Stott
    Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, UK
    Behav Cogn Psychother 41:383-97. 2013
    ..Normally the treatment involves up to 14 weekly face-to-face therapy sessions...
  14. ncbi The Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: development and preliminary psychometric properties
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    J Anxiety Disord 21:493-509. 2007
    ..It discriminated well between people with and without driving phobia. It also showed convergent validity with other measures. The questionnaire shows promise for use in research and clinical practice...
  15. pmc Clinically significant avoidance of public transport following the London bombings: travel phobia or subthreshold posttraumatic stress disorder?
    Rachel V Handley
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, and Centre for Anxiety Disorders and Trauma, London, UK
    J Anxiety Disord 23:1170-6. 2009
    ..There was no difference between the groups in the reported severity of trauma or in presence of daily transport difficulties. Implications of these results for future trauma response are discussed...
  16. ncbi Screening for posttraumatic stress disorder: what combination of symptoms predicts best?
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:1004-12. 2007
    ..The results underscore the need to cross-validate findings before using screening instruments for clinical applications...
  17. pmc Sex differences in heart rate responses to script-driven imagery soon after trauma and risk of posttraumatic stress disorder
    Birgit Kleim
    Department of Psychology, King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 72:917-24. 2010
    ..Physiological responses to idiosyncratic trauma reminders may be predictive of later PTSD. The majority of previous studies have been cross sectional and have produced mixed findings. Sex differences may contribute to this heterogeneity...
  18. pmc Do acute psychological and psychobiological responses to trauma predict subsequent symptom severities of PTSD and depression?
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Psychiatry Res 161:67-75. 2008
    ....
  19. pmc Early predictors of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder in assault survivors
    Birgit Kleim
    Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, King s College London, London, UK
    Psychol Med 37:1457-67. 2007
    ....
  20. ncbi Contribution of cognitive factors to the prediction of post-traumatic stress disorder, phobia and depression after motor vehicle accidents
    Thomas Ehring
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 44:1699-716. 2006
    ..The results support the hypothesis that disorder-specific sets of cognitive factors contribute to the development and maintenance of PTSD, phobias and depression following traumatic events...
  21. ncbi Changes in intrusive memories associated with imaginal reliving in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Anne E M Speckens
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Centre for Anxiety Disorders and Trauma, 99 Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    J Anxiety Disord 20:328-41. 2006
    ..The patient's anxiety, depression, self-blame, and dissociation were not predictive of response to reliving...
  22. ncbi Cognitive therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder: development and evaluation
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 43:413-31. 2005
    ....
  23. pmc Treating clinically significant avoidance of public transport following the London bombings?
    Rachel V Handley
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Behav Cogn Psychother 37:87-93. 2009
    ..The present paper describes the cognitive-behavioural approach evolved and adapted to treat survivors of the London bombings experiencing fear and avoidance of public transport (travel phobia)...
  24. pmc Evidence for a curvilinear relationship between posttraumatic growth and posttrauma depression and PTSD in assault survivors
    Birgit Kleim
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 22:45-52. 2009
    ..Posttraumatic growth may thus be most relevant in trauma survivors who attach enduring significance to the trauma for their lives and show initial distress. Moderate levels of PTG do not seem to ameliorate posttrauma psychopathology...
  25. ncbi Imagery special issue: intrusive images and memories of earlier adverse events in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder
    Anne E M Speckens
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AZ, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:411-22. 2007
    ....
  26. ncbi Enhanced perceptual priming for neutral stimuli in a traumatic context: A pathway to intrusive memories?
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
    Memory 14:316-28. 2006
    ..Enhanced priming predicted subsequent re-experiencing symptoms. The results support the role of perceptual priming in re-experiencing...
  27. ncbi Dissociative symptoms and the acute stress disorder diagnosis in children and adolescents: a replication of the Harvey and Bryant (1999) study
    Richard Meiser-Stedman
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London
    J Trauma Stress 20:359-64. 2007
    ..The implications of these findings for how ASD is applied to youth are discussed...
  28. pmc Cognitive change predicts symptom reduction with cognitive therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Birgit Kleim
    Department of Psychology, King s College London, London, UK
    J Consult Clin Psychol 81:383-93. 2013
    ..If this is the case, then changes in appraisals should predict a change in symptoms. The present study investigated whether cognitive change precedes symptom change in Cognitive Therapy for PTSD, a version of TF-CBT...
  29. pmc Promoting mental health following the London bombings: a screen and treat approach
    Chris R Brewin
    Traumatic Stress Clinic, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 21:3-8. 2008
    ..The program succeeded in its aim of generating many more referrals of affected individuals than came through normal referral channels...
  30. ncbi Intrusive memories and ruminations related to violent crime among young offenders: phenomenological characteristics
    Ceri Evans
    Department of Psychological Medicine, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 20:183-96. 2007
    ..The intrusive memories tended to concern the moment when the event turned for the worse for the perpetrator. The findings have implications for risk assessment and therapeutic interventions for violent offenders...
  31. pmc Perception of arousal in social anxiety: effects of false feedback during a social interaction
    Jennifer Wild
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:102-16. 2008
    ..Observers rated the behaviour of participants who believed that their arousal had decreased most favourably. The results have implications for the treatment of social phobia...
  32. ncbi Intrusive memories and rumination in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder: a phenomenological comparison
    Anne E M Speckens
    Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Memory 15:249-57. 2007
    ....
  33. ncbi Intrusive re-experiencing in post-traumatic stress disorder: phenomenology, theory, and therapy
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Memory 12:403-15. 2004
    ..into the worst moments of the trauma memory, and to train patients to discriminate between the stimuli that were present during the trauma ("then") and the innocuous triggers of re-experiencing symptoms ("now")...
  34. pmc Perceptual processing during trauma, priming and the development of intrusive memories
    Oliver Sündermann
    Department of Psychology, King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 44:213-20. 2013
    ..Information processing theories suggest that perceptual processing during the trauma and enhanced perceptual priming contribute to the easy triggering of intrusive memories by these cues...
  35. ncbi Cognitive therapy versus fluoxetine in generalized social phobia: a randomized placebo-controlled trial
    David M Clark
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 71:1058-67. 2003
    ..FLU + SE and PLA + SE did not differ. CT remained superior to FLU + SE at the end of the booster period and at 12-month follow-up. On general mood measures, there were few differences between the treatments..
  36. pmc Enhanced priming for trauma-related words predicts posttraumatic stress disorder
    Thomas Ehring
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, London, England
    J Abnorm Psychol 120:234-9. 2011
    ..The results are in line with the hypothesis that enhanced priming for traumatic material contributes to the development of chronic PTSD...
  37. ncbi Overgeneral memory extends to pictorial retrieval cues and correlates with cognitive features in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Sabine Schönfeld
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    Emotion 6:611-21. 2006
    ..OGM correlated with PTSD symptoms and perceived self-change; with intrusive memories, their perceived "nowness," responses to intrusions (thought suppression, rumination, dissociation), and negative interpretations of symptoms...
  38. pmc Post-traumatic stress disorder: the development of effective psychological treatments
    Anke Ehlers
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, London, UK
    Nord J Psychiatry 62:11-8. 2008
    ..CT addresses the cognitive abnormalities and maintaining behaviors in an individualized, but focused, way. Four randomized controlled trials and two dissemination studies showed that CT for PTSD is acceptable and effective...
  39. ncbi Internal versus external attention in social anxiety: an investigation using a novel paradigm
    Warren Mansell
    Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, University of London, SE5 8AF, London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 41:555-72. 2003
    ..Compared to low speech anxious individuals, high speech anxious individuals showed an internal attentional bias, that was specific to conditions of social-evaluative threat...
  40. ncbi The nature of intrusive memories after trauma: the warning signal hypothesis
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 40:995-1002. 2002
    ....
  41. ncbi Heart-beat perception, panic/somatic symptoms and anxiety sensitivity in children
    Thalia C Eley
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Box P080, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 42:439-48. 2004
    ..These results extend the literature on HBP and panic and suggest that in children, as in adults, increased panic/somatic symptoms are associated with enhanced ability to perceive internal physiological cues, and fear of such sensations...
  42. ncbi Dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder: two prospective studies of road traffic accident survivors
    James Murray
    Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 180:363-8. 2002
    ..Dissociative symptoms during trauma predict post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but they are often transient. It is controversial whether they predict chronic PTSD over and above what can be predicted from other post-trauma symptoms...
  43. pmc Capturing intrusive re-experiencing in trauma survivors' daily lives using ecological momentary assessment
    Birgit Kleim
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London
    J Abnorm Psychol 122:998-1009. 2013
    ..The findings contribute to a better understanding of everyday experiences of intrusive reexperiencing in trauma survivors with PTSD and offer clinical treatment implications...
  44. pmc Are Trauma Memories Disjointed from other Autobiographical Memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder? An Experimental Investigation
    Birgit Kleim
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology
    Behav Cogn Psychother 36:221-34. 2008
    ..The findings are in line with suggestions that traumatic memories are less integrated with other autobiographical information in trauma survivors with PTSD than in those without PTSD...
  45. ncbi Early psychological interventions for adult survivors of trauma: a review
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 53:817-26. 2003
    ..Some ideas for alternative ways of offering help to trauma survivors are presented, and methodologic suggestions for future research are given...