A Ehlers

Summary

Affiliation: King's College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Cognitive predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder in children: results of a prospective longitudinal study
    A Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 41:1-10. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Cognitive therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder: development and evaluation
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 43:413-31. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint The Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: development and preliminary psychometric properties
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    J Anxiety Disord 21:493-509. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Enhanced perceptual priming for neutral stimuli in a traumatic context: A pathway to intrusive memories?
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
    Memory 14:316-28. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of cognitive therapy, a self-help booklet, and repeated assessments as early interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:1024-32. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint The nature of intrusive memories after trauma: the warning signal hypothesis
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 40:995-1002. 2002
  7. pmc Early heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures predict posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective study
    Oliver Suendermann
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Psychosom Med 72:301-8. 2010
  8. pmc Do cognitive models help in predicting the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder, phobia, and depression after motor vehicle accidents? A prospective longitudinal study
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Psychology, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:219-30. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Reduced heart rate responding to trauma reliving in trauma survivors with PTSD: correlates and consequences
    Sarah L Halligan
    School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom
    J Trauma Stress 19:721-34. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Contribution of cognitive factors to the prediction of post-traumatic stress disorder, phobia and depression after motor vehicle accidents
    Thomas Ehring
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 44:1699-716. 2006

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint Cognitive predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder in children: results of a prospective longitudinal study
    A Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 41:1-10. 2003
    ..The accuracy of the prediction increased to 49% or 53% when the cognitive variables measured at initial assessment or 3 months, respectively, were taken into account...
  2. ncbi request reprint Cognitive therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder: development and evaluation
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 43:413-31. 2005
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint The Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: development and preliminary psychometric properties
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    J Anxiety Disord 21:493-509. 2007
    ..It discriminated well between people with and without driving phobia. It also showed convergent validity with other measures. The questionnaire shows promise for use in research and clinical practice...
  4. ncbi request reprint Enhanced perceptual priming for neutral stimuli in a traumatic context: A pathway to intrusive memories?
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
    Memory 14:316-28. 2006
    ..Enhanced priming predicted subsequent re-experiencing symptoms. The results support the role of perceptual priming in re-experiencing...
  5. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of cognitive therapy, a self-help booklet, and repeated assessments as early interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:1024-32. 2003
    ..Similarly, there is a lack of clarity about the best way of identifying people who are unlikely to recover from early posttraumatic symptoms without intervention...
  6. ncbi request reprint The nature of intrusive memories after trauma: the warning signal hypothesis
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 40:995-1002. 2002
    ....
  7. pmc Early heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures predict posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective study
    Oliver Suendermann
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Psychosom Med 72:301-8. 2010
    ..Results are consistent with a role of associative learning in PTSD and suggest that early stimulus generalization may be an indicator of risk for chronic PTSD...
  8. pmc Do cognitive models help in predicting the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder, phobia, and depression after motor vehicle accidents? A prospective longitudinal study
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Psychology, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:219-30. 2008
    ..In addition, the predictors derived from cognitive models of PTSD and depression were disorder-specific. The results support the role of cognitive factors in the maintenance of emotional disorders following trauma...
  9. ncbi request reprint Reduced heart rate responding to trauma reliving in trauma survivors with PTSD: correlates and consequences
    Sarah L Halligan
    School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom
    J Trauma Stress 19:721-34. 2006
    ..B. Foa and M. J. Kozak's (1986) hypothesis that full activation of trauma memories facilitates emotional processing...
  10. ncbi request reprint Contribution of cognitive factors to the prediction of post-traumatic stress disorder, phobia and depression after motor vehicle accidents
    Thomas Ehring
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 44:1699-716. 2006
    ..The results support the hypothesis that disorder-specific sets of cognitive factors contribute to the development and maintenance of PTSD, phobias and depression following traumatic events...
  11. pmc Perceptual processing advantages for trauma-related visual cues in post-traumatic stress disorder
    B Kleim
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Psychol Med 42:173-81. 2012
    ..One possibility is that PTSD is characterized by a processing advantage for stimuli that resemble those that accompanied the trauma, which would lead to increased detection of such cues in the environment...
  12. ncbi request reprint Cognitive factors involved in the onset and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after physical or sexual assault
    E Dunmore
    Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Behav Res Ther 37:809-29. 1999
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Screening for posttraumatic stress disorder: what combination of symptoms predicts best?
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:1004-12. 2007
    ..The results underscore the need to cross-validate findings before using screening instruments for clinical applications...
  14. ncbi request reprint Rumination in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Tanja Michael
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Depress Anxiety 24:307-17. 2007
    ..These characteristics explained significantly more variance in PTSD severity than the mere presence of rumination, thereby indicating that not all ways of ruminative thinking are equally maladaptive...
  15. ncbi request reprint A prospective investigation of the role of cognitive factors in persistent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after physical or sexual assault
    E Dunmore
    Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Behav Res Ther 39:1063-84. 2001
    ..These findings support the cognitive model of PTSD proposed by Ehlers and Clark and suggest that effective treatment will need to address these cognitive factors...
  16. ncbi request reprint Changes in intrusive memories associated with imaginal reliving in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Anne E M Speckens
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Centre for Anxiety Disorders and Trauma, 99 Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    J Anxiety Disord 20:328-41. 2006
    ..The patient's anxiety, depression, self-blame, and dissociation were not predictive of response to reliving...
  17. pmc The effects of rumination on mood and intrusive memories after exposure to traumatic material: An experimental study
    Ulrike Zetsche
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 40:499-514. 2009
    ..Taken together, the results partially support the hypothesis that rumination is involved in the maintenance of negative mood and post-traumatic stress symptoms...
  18. pmc Promoting mental health following the London bombings: a screen and treat approach
    Chris R Brewin
    Traumatic Stress Clinic, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 21:3-8. 2008
    ..The program succeeded in its aim of generating many more referrals of affected individuals than came through normal referral channels...
  19. ncbi request reprint Enhanced priming for trauma-related material in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Tanja Michael
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
    Emotion 5:103-12. 2005
    ..The enhanced priming effect was specific to trauma-related words. Enhanced perceptual priming for traumatic material appears to be one of the cognitive processes operating in PTSD...
  20. ncbi request reprint Dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder: two prospective studies of road traffic accident survivors
    James Murray
    Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 180:363-8. 2002
    ..Dissociative symptoms during trauma predict post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but they are often transient. It is controversial whether they predict chronic PTSD over and above what can be predicted from other post-trauma symptoms...
  21. ncbi request reprint Unwanted memories of assault: what intrusion characteristics are associated with PTSD?
    T Michael
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 43:613-28. 2005
    ..The results have implications for the early identification of trauma survivors at risk of chronic PTSD...
  22. ncbi request reprint Intrusive memories and ruminations related to violent crime among young offenders: phenomenological characteristics
    Ceri Evans
    Department of Psychological Medicine, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 20:183-96. 2007
    ..The intrusive memories tended to concern the moment when the event turned for the worse for the perpetrator. The findings have implications for risk assessment and therapeutic interventions for violent offenders...
  23. pmc Do acute psychological and psychobiological responses to trauma predict subsequent symptom severities of PTSD and depression?
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Psychiatry Res 161:67-75. 2008
    ....
  24. pmc Early predictors of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder in assault survivors
    Birgit Kleim
    Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, King s College London, London, UK
    Psychol Med 37:1457-67. 2007
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Cognitive processing, memory, and the development of PTSD symptoms: two experimental analogue studies
    Sarah L Halligan
    Department of Psychology, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AL, UK S L
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 33:73-89. 2002
    ..The results indicated that data-driven processing is associated with the development of PTSD-like memories and analogue symptoms...
  26. ncbi request reprint Intrusive memories in perpetrators of violent crime: emotions and cognitions
    Ceri Evans
    Department of Psychological Medicine, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, England
    J Consult Clin Psychol 75:134-44. 2007
    ..The results suggest that cognitive factors that predict reexperiencing symptoms in victims of crime generalize to perpetrators...
  27. ncbi request reprint Dissociative symptoms and the acute stress disorder diagnosis in children and adolescents: a replication of the Harvey and Bryant (1999) study
    Richard Meiser-Stedman
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London
    J Trauma Stress 20:359-64. 2007
    ..The implications of these findings for how ASD is applied to youth are discussed...
  28. ncbi request reprint Cognitive therapy versus fluoxetine in generalized social phobia: a randomized placebo-controlled trial
    David M Clark
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 71:1058-67. 2003
    ..FLU + SE and PLA + SE did not differ. CT remained superior to FLU + SE at the end of the booster period and at 12-month follow-up. On general mood measures, there were few differences between the treatments..
  29. ncbi request reprint Feeling anxious: a twin study of panic/somatic ratings, anxiety sensitivity and heartbeat perception in children
    Thalia C Eley
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:1184-91. 2007
    ..We examined genetic and environmental influences on childhood AS, HBP, panic/somatic ratings, and their associations...
  30. pmc Post-traumatic stress disorder: the development of effective psychological treatments
    Anke Ehlers
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, London, UK
    Nord J Psychiatry 62:11-8. 2008
    ..CT addresses the cognitive abnormalities and maintaining behaviors in an individualized, but focused, way. Four randomized controlled trials and two dissemination studies showed that CT for PTSD is acceptable and effective...
  31. pmc Treating clinically significant avoidance of public transport following the London bombings?
    Rachel V Handley
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Behav Cogn Psychother 37:87-93. 2009
    ..The present paper describes the cognitive-behavioural approach evolved and adapted to treat survivors of the London bombings experiencing fear and avoidance of public transport (travel phobia)...
  32. pmc Evidence for a curvilinear relationship between posttraumatic growth and posttrauma depression and PTSD in assault survivors
    Birgit Kleim
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 22:45-52. 2009
    ..Posttraumatic growth may thus be most relevant in trauma survivors who attach enduring significance to the trauma for their lives and show initial distress. Moderate levels of PTG do not seem to ameliorate posttrauma psychopathology...
  33. ncbi request reprint Internal versus external attention in social anxiety: an investigation using a novel paradigm
    Warren Mansell
    Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, University of London, SE5 8AF, London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 41:555-72. 2003
    ..Compared to low speech anxious individuals, high speech anxious individuals showed an internal attentional bias, that was specific to conditions of social-evaluative threat...
  34. pmc Reduced autobiographical memory specificity predicts depression and posttraumatic stress disorder after recent trauma
    Birgit Kleim
    Department of Psychology, King s College, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:231-42. 2008
    ..Mediation analyses suggested that rumination partly mediated and perceived permanent change fully mediated the effects of low memory specificity on posttrauma psychopathology at follow-up...
  35. ncbi request reprint Overgeneral memory extends to pictorial retrieval cues and correlates with cognitive features in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Sabine Schönfeld
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    Emotion 6:611-21. 2006
    ..OGM correlated with PTSD symptoms and perceived self-change; with intrusive memories, their perceived "nowness," responses to intrusions (thought suppression, rumination, dissociation), and negative interpretations of symptoms...
  36. pmc Clinically significant avoidance of public transport following the London bombings: travel phobia or subthreshold posttraumatic stress disorder?
    Rachel V Handley
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, and Centre for Anxiety Disorders and Trauma, London, UK
    J Anxiety Disord 23:1170-6. 2009
    ..There was no difference between the groups in the reported severity of trauma or in presence of daily transport difficulties. Implications of these results for future trauma response are discussed...
  37. pmc Do all psychological treatments really work the same in posttraumatic stress disorder?
    Anke Ehlers
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, UK
    Clin Psychol Rev 30:269-76. 2010
    ..We also recommend transparency in reporting exclusions in meta-analyses and suggest that bona fide treatments should be defined on empirical and theoretical grounds rather than by judgments of the investigators' intent...
  38. ncbi request reprint Cognitive therapy versus exposure and applied relaxation in social phobia: A randomized controlled trial
    David M Clark
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:568-78. 2006
    ..In addition, patients in EXP = AR were more likely to have sought additional treatment. Therapist effects were small and nonsignificant. CT appears to be superior to EXP = AR in the treatment of social phobia...
  39. ncbi request reprint Intrusive re-experiencing in post-traumatic stress disorder: phenomenology, theory, and therapy
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Memory 12:403-15. 2004
    ....
  40. pmc Intensive cognitive therapy for PTSD: a feasibility study
    Anke Ehlers
    NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health, South London and Maudsley NHS Trust and King s College London, UK
    Behav Cogn Psychother 38:383-98. 2010
    ..There is evidence that intensive CBT can be effective in phobias and obsessive compulsive disorder. Studies of intensive CBT for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are lacking...
  41. ncbi request reprint Heart-beat perception, panic/somatic symptoms and anxiety sensitivity in children
    Thalia C Eley
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Box P080, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Behav Res Ther 42:439-48. 2004
    ..These results extend the literature on HBP and panic and suggest that in children, as in adults, increased panic/somatic symptoms are associated with enhanced ability to perceive internal physiological cues, and fear of such sensations...
  42. pmc Perception of arousal in social anxiety: effects of false feedback during a social interaction
    Jennifer Wild
    Department of Psychology PO77, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:102-16. 2008
    ..Observers rated the behaviour of participants who believed that their arousal had decreased most favourably. The results have implications for the treatment of social phobia...
  43. pmc Heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures in acute posttraumatic stress disorder
    Anke Ehlers
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, London, UK
    Int J Psychophysiol 78:27-34. 2010
    ..The early generalization of triggers of reexperiencing symptoms observed in this study is consistent with associative learning and cognitive models of PTSD...
  44. ncbi request reprint Characteristics and content of intrusive memories in PTSD and their changes with treatment
    Ann Hackmann
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Trauma Stress 17:231-40. 2004
    ..Ehlers et al.'s (2002) hypothesis that intrusive memories are usually of warning stimuli that signalled the moments with the greatest emotional impact. The results were consistent with this hypothesis...
  45. ncbi request reprint More evidence for the role of persistent dissociation in PTSD
    Anke Ehlers
    Am J Psychiatry 163:1112. 2006
  46. ncbi request reprint Patients with generalized social phobia direct their attention away from faces
    Y P Chen
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 40:677-87. 2002
    ..In contrast, controls did not exhibit an attentional preference. The results are in line with recent theories of social phobia that emphasize the role of reduced processing of external social cues in maintaining social anxiety...
  47. ncbi request reprint Imagery special issue: intrusive images and memories of earlier adverse events in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder
    Anne E M Speckens
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AZ, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:411-22. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Overgeneral memory and suppression of trauma memories in post-traumatic stress disorder
    Sabine Schönfeld
    University of Bielefeld, Germany
    Memory 15:339-52. 2007
    ..OGM correlated with PTSD symptom severity, and measures of cognitive avoidance. The results are discussed with reference to current theories of overgeneral memory and its possible relationship with PTSD...
  49. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder following assault: the role of cognitive processing, trauma memory, and appraisals
    Sarah L Halligan
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, England
    J Consult Clin Psychol 71:419-31. 2003
    ..Assault severity measures explained 22% of symptom variance; measures of cognitive processing, memory disorganization, and appraisals increased prediction accuracy to 71%...
  50. pmc An investigation of whether patients with post-traumatic stress disorder overestimate the probability and cost of future negative events
    Melanie White
    Lowestoft Community Mental Health Team, Norfolk and Waverley NHS Foundation Trust, Victoria House, 28 Alexandra Road, Lowestoft, UK
    J Anxiety Disord 22:1244-54. 2008
    ..Results suggest that patients with PTSD show specific judgment biases in the estimation of probability and cost, which can be successfully modified by cognitive therapy...
  51. ncbi request reprint Intrusive memories and rumination in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder: a phenomenological comparison
    Anne E M Speckens
    Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Memory 15:249-57. 2007
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Psychological treatments for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder. Systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jonathan I Bisson
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Cardiff University, and University Hospital of Wales, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 190:97-104. 2007
    ..The relative efficacy of different psychological treatments for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is unclear...
  53. ncbi request reprint Measuring adjustment to chronic skin disorders: validation of a self-report measure
    Ulrich Stangier
    Department of Psychology, University of Frankfurt, Georg Voigt Strasse 1, Postfach 111932, Fach 54, 60054 Frankfurt, Germany
    Psychol Assess 15:532-49. 2003
    ..A treatment study showed that changes in some of the subscales correlated with changes in the severity of the skin condition...
  54. doi request reprint Predictive validity of acute stress disorder in children and adolescents
    Tim Dalgleish
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 192:392-3. 2008
    ..Furthermore, thresholds of either three or more re-experiencing symptoms, or six or more re-experiencing/hyperarousal symptoms, were as effective at predicting PTSD as the full acute stress disorder diagnosis...
  55. ncbi request reprint Mindsets in social anxiety: a new look at selective information processing
    Anette Hiemisch
    Department of Psychology, University of Greifswald, Germany
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 33:103-14. 2002
    ..The result indicate that socially anxious people engage in information processing that interferes with successful goal attainment when approaching social situations...
  56. pmc Risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder among UK Armed Forces personnel
    A C Iversen
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College, London, UK
    Psychol Med 38:511-22. 2008
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Predicting long-term outcome in group treatment of atopic dermatitis
    Ulrich Stangier
    Department of Psychology, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
    Psychother Psychosom 73:293-301. 2004
    ..However, no data are available on variables that may predict which patients benefit from such group treatments...
  58. ncbi request reprint Early psychological interventions for adult survivors of trauma: a review
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 53:817-26. 2003
    ..Some ideas for alternative ways of offering help to trauma survivors are presented, and methodologic suggestions for future research are given...