Timothy J Key

Summary

Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians
    Paul N Appleby
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:29-36. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:533S-538S. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipids and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1353-63. 2008
  4. doi request reprint Macronutrient intake and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 132:635-44. 2013
  5. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat intake and risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1405-13. 2008
  6. doi request reprint A prospective analysis of the association between dietary fiber intake and prostate cancer risk in EPIC
    Reiko Suzuki
    Nuffield Department of Medicine, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 124:245-9. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle determinants of serum insulin-like growth-factor-I (IGF-I), C-peptide and hormone binding protein levels in British women
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 14:65-74. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Plasma selenium concentration and prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1567-75. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Plasma carotenoids, retinol, and tocopherols and the risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:672-81. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1613S-1619S. 2009

Detail Information

Publications60

  1. ncbi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians
    Paul N Appleby
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:29-36. 2002
    ..To compare the mortality of British vegetarians and non-vegetarians...
  2. ncbi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:533S-538S. 2003
    ..Three prospective studies have examined the mortality of vegetarians in Britain...
  3. ncbi request reprint Fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipids and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1353-63. 2008
    ..Plausible biological mechanisms underlie possible associations between fatty acids in blood and risk of prostate cancer; epidemiologic evidence for an association, however, is inconsistent...
  4. doi request reprint Macronutrient intake and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 132:635-44. 2013
    ..These findings suggest that animal and/or plant protein may affect the risk of urothelial cell carcinoma, and examination of these associations in other studies is needed...
  5. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat intake and risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1405-13. 2008
    ..However, the results from more recent prospective studies do not support this hypothesis, and the possible association between different food sources of fat and prostate cancer risk also remains unclear...
  6. doi request reprint A prospective analysis of the association between dietary fiber intake and prostate cancer risk in EPIC
    Reiko Suzuki
    Nuffield Department of Medicine, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 124:245-9. 2009
    ..Our results suggest that dietary fiber intake is not associated with prostate cancer risk...
  7. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle determinants of serum insulin-like growth-factor-I (IGF-I), C-peptide and hormone binding protein levels in British women
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 14:65-74. 2003
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Plasma selenium concentration and prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1567-75. 2008
    ..Some evidence indicates that a low selenium intake may be associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer...
  9. ncbi request reprint Plasma carotenoids, retinol, and tocopherols and the risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:672-81. 2007
    ..Previous studies suggest that high plasma concentrations of carotenoids, retinol, or tocopherols may reduce the risk of prostate cancer...
  10. doi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1613S-1619S. 2009
    ..Few prospective studies have examined the mortality of vegetarians...
  11. doi request reprint Vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids and colorectal cancer risk in the United Kingdom Dietary Cohort Consortium
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 131:E320-5. 2012
    ..There were no statistically significant associations between colorectal cancer risk and dietary intake of any of the vitamins, minerals or essential fatty acids examined...
  12. pmc Endogenous sex hormones and endometrial cancer risk in women in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Endocr Relat Cancer 15:485-97. 2008
    ..In conclusion, relatively high blood concentrations of estrogens and free testosterone are associated with an increased endometrial cancer risk in postmenopausal women...
  13. doi request reprint Menopausal hormone therapy and risk of endometrial carcinoma among postmenopausal women in the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Medical Sciences Division, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 172:1394-403. 2010
    ..The increased risk associated with tibolone use requires further investigation...
  14. pmc Insulin-like growth factor pathway genes and blood concentrations, dietary protein and risk of prostate cancer in the NCI Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3)
    Konstantinos K Tsilidis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 133:495-504. 2013
    ..001); SSTR5-rs197057 (uncorrected p for interaction, 0.002)]. We found no strong evidence that the associations between 16 IGF pathway SNPs and prostate cancer differed by intakes of dietary protein...
  15. ncbi request reprint Serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-binding protein-3 concentrations and prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1121-7. 2007
    ..Some studies suggest that elevated serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I concentrations are associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer and, in particular, with an increased risk of advanced-stage prostate cancer...
  16. ncbi request reprint Serum androgens and prostate cancer among 643 cases and 643 controls in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 121:1331-8. 2007
    ....
  17. doi request reprint Cancer incidence in vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1620S-1626S. 2009
    ..Few prospective studies have examined cancer incidence among vegetarians...
  18. ncbi request reprint EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK
    Gwyneth K Davey
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003
    ..To describe the lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes of the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)...
  19. doi request reprint Plasma phytanic acid concentration and risk of prostate cancer: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Alison J Price
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1769-76. 2010
    ..Phytanic acid, a fatty acid predominantly obtained from foods high in ruminant fat, may have a biological role in the up-regulation of the protein alpha-methylacyl-coenzyme A racemase, which is overexpressed in prostate cancer tissue...
  20. doi request reprint Dietary fat and breast cancer: comparison of results from food diaries and food-frequency questionnaires in the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:1043-52. 2011
    ..Epidemiologic studies of dietary fat and breast cancer risk are inconsistent, and it has been suggested that a true relation may have been obscured by the imprecise measurement of fat intake...
  21. ncbi request reprint Diet, nutrition and the prevention of cancer
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:187-200. 2004
    ..To assess the epidemiological evidence on diet and cancer and make public health recommendations...
  22. pmc Serum uric acid concentrations in meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans: a cross-sectional analysis in the EPIC-Oxford cohort
    Julie A Schmidt
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e56339. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate differences in serum uric acid concentrations between meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans...
  23. doi request reprint Diet, vegetarianism, and cataract risk
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:1128-35. 2011
    ..Age-related cataract is a major cause of morbidity. Previous studies of diet and cataract risk have focused on specific nutrients or healthy eating indexes but not on identifiable dietary groups such as vegetarians...
  24. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of vegetarianism and isoflavone intake in relation to breast cancer risk in British women
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 122:705-10. 2008
    ..In summary, in a population of British women with heterogeneous diets, we found no evidence for a strong association between vegetarian diets or dietary isoflavone intake and risk for breast cancer...
  25. ncbi request reprint Soy intake and blood cholesterol concentrations: a cross-sectional study of 1033 pre- and postmenopausal women in the Oxford arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1391-6. 2004
    ..Clinical trials have suggested that the intake of soy protein reduces blood cholesterol. Few studies have explored this relation in subjects who consume soy as part of their regular diet...
  26. ncbi request reprint The associations of diet with serum insulin-like growth factor I and its main binding proteins in 292 women meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:1441-8. 2002
    ..0001) and explained most of the differences in IGF-I concentration between the diet groups. These data suggest that a plant-based diet is associated with lower circulating levels of total IGF-I and higher levels of IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2...
  27. ncbi request reprint Nutrition, hormones and prostate cancer risk: results from the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Recent Results Cancer Res 202:39-46. 2014
    ....
  28. pmc Genetic variation in the lactase gene, dairy product intake and risk for prostate cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 132:1901-10. 2013
    ..CC homozygotes: 1.12, 0.96-1.32). These findings show that while variation in the lactase gene is associated with milk intake in men, the lactase polymorphism does not have a large effect on prostate cancer risk...
  29. ncbi request reprint Reproducibility of a short semi-quantitative food group questionnaire and its performance in estimating nutrient intake compared with a 7-day diet diary in the Million Women Study
    Andrew W Roddam
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 8:201-13. 2005
    ..To assess the short- and long-term reproducibility of a short food group questionnaire, and to compare its performance for estimating nutrient intakes in comparison with a 7-day diet diary...
  30. ncbi request reprint Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building
    Proc Nutr Soc 65:35-41. 2006
    ..Overall, the data suggest that the health of Western vegetarians is good and similar to that of comparable non-vegetarians...
  31. pmc Insulin-like growth factors, their binding proteins, and prostate cancer risk: analysis of individual patient data from 12 prospective studies
    Andrew W Roddam
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Ann Intern Med 149:461-71, W83-8. 2008
    ..Some, but not all, published results have shown an association between circulating blood levels of some insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) and the subsequent risk for prostate cancer...
  32. ncbi request reprint Nutrition and breast cancer
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Breast 12:412-6. 2003
    ..Nutrition might affect breast cancer risk by altering levels of growth factors such as insulin-like growth factor-I. Current dietary advice should be to avoid obesity, limit alcohol intake, and maintain a varied diet...
  33. doi request reprint Physical activity and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34,696 British men and women
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    J Bone Miner Metab 26:191-8. 2008
    ..The markedly increased risk of fractures associated with bicycling, and the moderately increased risk associated with other exercise and sports, are probably the result of an increased incidence of injury...
  34. ncbi request reprint Association between plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and fracture risk: the EPIC-Oxford study
    Andrew W Roddam
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1327-36. 2007
    ..15 (95% confidence interval: 0.82, 1.61) and 0.95 (95% confidence interval: 0.80, 1.13), respectively. These results were not affected by adjustment for potential confounders and were consistent across a number of subgroups...
  35. ncbi request reprint Association between two polymorphisms in the SRD5A2 gene and serum androgen concentrations in British men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:578-81. 2003
    ..0003). Because of the rarity of this variant allele, larger studies are needed to additionally clarify the role of the A49T polymorphism in androgen metabolism...
  36. ncbi request reprint Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma in British meat-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:327-34. 2005
    ..Plasma concentrations of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are lower in vegetarians and in vegans than in omnivores. No data are available on whether these concentrations differ between long- and short-term vegetarians and vegans...
  37. ncbi request reprint No association of polymorphisms in CYP17, CYP19, and HSD17-B1 with plasma estradiol concentrations in 1,090 British women
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:2282-4. 2004
  38. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle and nutritional determinants of bioavailable androgens and related hormones in British men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 13:353-63. 2002
    ..To investigate the lifestyle and nutritional determinants of serum bioavailable androgens and their related hormones in men...
  39. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of diet and prostate cancer in Japanese men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 15:911-20. 2004
    ..This study aimed to examine the association between dietary intake and prostate cancer risk among 18,115 men in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, using prospective data from the Life Span Study...
  40. pmc Interactions between genome-wide significant genetic variants and circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor 1, sex hormones, and binding proteins in relation to prostate cancer risk in the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cance
    Konstantinos K Tsilidis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 175:926-35. 2012
    ..005)). The authors found no strong evidence that associations between GWAS-identified SNPs and prostate cancer are modified by circulating concentrations of IGF-1, sex hormones, or their major binding proteins...
  41. ncbi request reprint The effect of diet on risk of cancer
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Lancet 360:861-8. 2002
    ..Prudent advice is to eat a varied diet including plenty of fruit, vegetables, and cereals to maintain a healthy bodyweight with the help of regular physical activity and to restrict consumption of alcohol...
  42. ncbi request reprint Fruits and vegetables and prostate cancer: no association among 1104 cases in a prospective study of 130544 men in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research U K Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 109:119-24. 2004
    ..79-1.26) for total fruits and vegetables combined; intake of cruciferous vegetables was not associated with risk. These results suggest that total consumption of fruits and vegetables is not associated with the risk for prostate cancer...
  43. ncbi request reprint Reproducibility over 5 years of measurements of 6-sulphatoxymelatonin in urine samples from postmenopausal women
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:806-8. 2003
    ..39-0.73). The classification of aMT6S concentrations in first morning voids from postmenopausal women appears to be sufficiently reproducible to justify its use as a marker for long-term exposure to melatonin in epidemiological studies...
  44. ncbi request reprint Folate intake and colorectal cancer risk: a meta-analytical approach
    Miguel A Sanjoaquin
    Cancer Research U K, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 113:825-8. 2005
    ..These results offer some support for the hypothesis that folate has a small protective effect against colorectal cancer but confounding by other dietary factors cannot be ruled out...
  45. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of self-reported waist and hip measurements in 4492 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:723-7. 2004
    ..To assess the accuracy of self-reported waist and hip circumferences and the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) by comparison with measured waist and hip circumferences and WHR in a sample of middle-aged men and women...
  46. ncbi request reprint Serum insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) concentration in men is not associated with the cytosine-adenosine repeat polymorphism of the IGF-I gene
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:319-20. 2002
  47. ncbi request reprint Hypertension and blood pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in EPIC-Oxford
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:645-54. 2002
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Calcium, diet and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34 696 British women and men
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 10:1314-20. 2007
    ..The risk factors for fractures are incompletely understood. An outstanding question concerns the optimal amount of dietary calcium needed to minimise the risk of fracture...
  49. doi request reprint Alcohol consumption and the risk for prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Sabine Rohrmann
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology C020, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:1282-7. 2008
    ..No statistically significant association was observed for alcohol intake from specific alcoholic beverages. Our results indicate no association between the consumption of alcohol and prostate cancer in this cohort of European men...
  50. ncbi request reprint Endogenous versus exogenous exposure to N-nitroso compounds and gastric cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-EURGAST) study
    Paula Jakszyn
    Department of Epidemiology, Catalan Institute of Oncology, ICO IDIBELL Barcelona, Spain
    Carcinogenesis 27:1497-501. 2006
    ..09). Moreover, we observed an interaction between plasma vitamin C and ENOC (P < 0.02). ENOC formation may account for our previously reported association between red and processed meat consumption and gastric cancer risk...
  51. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of stomach and oesophagus adenocarcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-EURGAST)
    Carlos A Gonzalez
    Department of Epidemiology, Catalan Institute of Oncology, Barcelona ICO IDIBELL, Spain
    Int J Cancer 118:2559-66. 2006
    ..Our study supports a possible protective role of vegetable intake in the intestinal type of GC and the ACO. Citrus fruit consumption may have a role in the protection against cardia GC and ACO...
  52. ncbi request reprint Validity of self-reported height and weight in 4808 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:561-5. 2002
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic position and the risk of gastric and oesophageal cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-EURGAST)
    Gabriele Nagel
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany
    Int J Epidemiol 36:66-76. 2007
    ..To evaluate the association of socioeconomic position with adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus and stomach...
  54. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable consumption and lung cancer risk: updated information from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Jakob Linseisen
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Centre, Heidelberg, Germany
    Int J Cancer 121:1103-14. 2007
    ..In addition to an overall inverse association with fruit intake, the results of this evaluation add evidence for a significant inverse association of vegetable consumption and lung cancer incidence in smokers...
  55. ncbi request reprint Body size and breast cancer risk: findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer And Nutrition (EPIC)
    Petra H Lahmann
    Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam Rehbrucke, Germany
    Int J Cancer 111:762-71. 2004
    ..Among premenopausal women, weight and BMI showed nonsignificant inverse associations with breast cancer...
  56. ncbi request reprint Melatonin and breast cancer: a prospective study
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:475-82. 2004
    ..To determine whether low levels of endogenous melatonin are associated with an increased risk for developing breast cancer, we conducted a prospective nested case-control study among British women...
  57. ncbi request reprint Eating out of home and its correlates in 10 European countries. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study
    Philippos Orfanos
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, 75 Mikras Asias Street, Athens 11527, Greece
    Public Health Nutr 10:1515-25. 2007
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint Consumption of vegetables and fruits and risk of breast cancer
    Carla H van Gils
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    JAMA 293:183-93. 2005
    ..Most of the evidence comes from case-control studies, but a recent pooled analysis of the relatively few published cohort studies suggests no significantly reduced breast cancer risk is associated with vegetable and fruit consumption...
  59. ncbi request reprint Is the association with fiber from foods in colorectal cancer confounded by folate intake?
    Sheila A Bingham
    Medical Research Council Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:1552-6. 2005
    ..The association with fiber from different food sources was analyzed, but again, there were no significance trends after maximum adjustment...
  60. ncbi request reprint Nutrition and lifestyle in relation to bowel movement frequency: a cross-sectional study of 20630 men and women in EPIC-Oxford
    Miguel A Sanjoaquin
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:77-83. 2004
    ..To investigate the relationships between nutritional and lifestyle factors and bowel movement frequency...