Affiliation: Institute of Education
- Systematic reviews and their application to research in speech and language therapy: a response to T. R. Pring's 'Ask a silly question: two decades of troublesome trials' (2004)Zoe Garrett
Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, London, UK
Int J Lang Commun Disord 41:95-105. 2006..This, it is argued, is most likely to demonstrate statistically significant effects and also help to ensure that therapies become sufficiently defined so that clinicians can apply them in practice...
- Using text mining for study identification in systematic reviews: a systematic review of current approachesAlison O'Mara-Eves
Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Coordinating EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, UCL Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
Syst Rev 4:5. 2015..Focusing mainly on non-technical issues, the review aims to increase awareness of the potential of these technologies and promote further collaborative research between the computer science and systematic review communities...
- Reducing systematic review workload through certainty-based screeningMakoto Miwa
The National Centre for Text Mining and School of Computer Science, Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester M1 7DN, UK Toyota Technological Institute, 2 12 1 Hisakata, Tempaku ku, Nagoya 468 8511, Japan Electronic address
J Biomed Inform 51:242-53. 2014..The most promising criterion and weighting method are the same regardless of the review topic, and unsupervised techniques like LDA have a possibility to boost the performance of active learning without manual annotation. ..
- The school environment and student health: a systematic review and meta-ethnography of qualitative researchFarah Jamal
Institute for Health and Human Development, UH250, Stratford Campus, University of East London, Water Lane, London E15 4LZ, UK
BMC Public Health 13:798. 2013..For these reasons, this paper reports on a meta-ethnography of qualitative studies examining: through what processes does the school environment (social and physical) influence young people's health?..
- A systematic review of barriers to and facilitators of the use of evidence by policymakersKathryn Oliver
School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester, Bridgeford Street, M13 9PL Manchester, UK
BMC Health Serv Res 14:2. 2014..To identify new barriers of and facilitators to the use of evidence by policymakers, and assess the state of research in this area, we updated a systematic review...
- Using qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) in systematic reviews of complex interventions: a worked exampleJames Thomas
EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, 18 Woburn Square, London WC1H 0NR, UK
Syst Rev 3:67. 2014..Here, intervention replication is rare, and commonly used synthesis methods are less useful when the focus of analysis is the identification of those components of an intervention that are critical to its success...
- Teaching meta-analysis using MetaLightJames Thomas
EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
BMC Res Notes 5:571. 2012..Valuable teaching time can be spent learning the mechanics of a new software application, rather than on the principles and practices of meta-analysis...
- Protocol for a systematic review of the effects of schools and school-environment interventions on health: evidence mapping and synthesesChris Bonell
Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK
BMC Public Health 11:453. 2011..Evidence concerning the effects of such interventions has not been recently synthesised...
- Integrating qualitative research with trials in systematic reviewsJames Thomas
Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Coordinating EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, London WC1H 0NR
BMJ 328:1010-2. 2004
- Methods for the thematic synthesis of qualitative research in systematic reviewsJames Thomas
EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, UK
BMC Med Res Methodol 8:45. 2008..This paper reports on the use of this type of analysis in systematic reviews to bring together and integrate the findings of multiple qualitative studies...
- The selection of search sources influences the findings of a systematic review of people's views: a case study in public healthClaire Stansfield
Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Coordinating Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
BMC Med Res Methodol 12:55. 2012..impact of search methods employed to redress potential database selection bias on the overall findings of the review? and b) how did each search source contribute to the identification of all the research studies included in the review?..
- Comparing midwife-led and doctor-led maternity care: a systematic review of reviewsKaty Sutcliffe
Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co Ordinating Centre EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, UK
J Adv Nurs 68:2376-86. 2012..A report of a systematic review of reviews which examines the impact of having midwives-led maternity care for low-risk women, rather than physicians...
- Psychosocial predictors, assessment, and outcomes of cosmetic procedures: a systematic rapid evidence assessmentGinny Brunton
Social Science Research Unit, EPPI Centre, Institute of Education, University of London, London, WC1H 0NR, UK
Aesthetic Plast Surg 38:1030-40. 2014....
- Methods for the synthesis of qualitative research: a critical reviewElaine Barnett-Page
Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co ordinating Centre, Social Science Research Unit, 18 Woburn Square, London WC1H 0NS, UK
BMC Med Res Methodol 9:59. 2009..There is a need for both researchers and commissioners to be able to distinguish between these methods and to select which method is the most appropriate to their situation...
- The 'active ingredients' for successful community engagement with disadvantaged expectant and new mothers: a qualitative comparative analysisGinny Brunton
EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, UK Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK
J Adv Nurs 70:2847-60. 2014..To explore which conditions of community engagement are implicated in effective interventions targeting disadvantaged pregnant women and new mothers...
- 'It's on your conscience all the time': a systematic review of qualitative studies examining views on obesity among young people aged 12-18 years in the UKRebecca W Rees
EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Department of Children and Health, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
BMJ Open 4:e004404. 2014..To explore the perspectives of young people in the UK on obesity, body size, shape and weight...
- How explicable are differences between reviews that appear to address a similar research question? A review of reviews of physical activity interventionsJenny Woodman
MRC Centre for Epidemiology of Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK
Syst Rev 1:37. 2012..Systematic reviews are promoted as being important to inform decision-making. However, when presented with a set of reviews in a complex area, how easy is it to understand how and why they may differ from one another?..
- Clarifying differences between review designs and methodsDavid Gough
EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, 20 Bedford Way, London, WC1H 0AL, UK
Syst Rev 1:28. 2012..This then provides an overarching strategy to encompass more detailed descriptions of methodology and may lead in time to a more overarching system of terminology for systematic reviews...
- Cancer survival in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and the UK, 1995-2007 (the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership): an analysis of population-based cancer registry dataM P Coleman
Cancer Research UK Cancer Survival Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 377:127-38. 2011..This is the first study in a programme to investigate international survival disparities, with the aim of informing health policy to raise standards and reduce inequalities in survival...
- The views of young children in the UK about obesity, body size, shape and weight: a systematic reviewRebecca Rees
EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, 18 Woburn Square, London, WC1H 0NR, UK
BMC Public Health 11:188. 2011..This systematic review of qualitative and quantitative research aimed to explore the views of UK children about the meanings of obesity and body size, shape or weight and their own experiences of these issues...
- Exploring the evidence-practice gap: a workshop report on mixed and participatory training for HIV prevention in Southern AfricaRuth Stewart
Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
Educ Health (Abingdon) 18:224-35. 2005..The gap between what is known and what is done about public health (the evidence-practice gap) needs addressing. One solution may be through mixed and participatory training in accessing and appraising research...
- Standardized mean differences in individually-randomized and cluster-randomized trials, with applications to meta-analysisIan R White
MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
Clin Trials 2:141-51. 2005..We also describe methods for estimating the standard deviation. Various pitfalls are identified which can lead to major errors especially in the cluster-randomized setting...
- Developing evidence-based recommendations in public health--incorporating the views of practitioners, service users and user representativesMary J Renfrew
Mother and Infant Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
Health Expect 11:3-15. 2008....
- Impact of physical activity on cancer recurrence and survival in patients with stage III colon cancer: findings from CALGB 89803Jeffrey A Meyerhardt
Division of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Clin Oncol 24:3535-41. 2006..Regular physical activity reduces the risk of developing colon cancer, however, its influence on patients with established disease is unknown...