Andy Purvis

Summary

Affiliation: Imperial College
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Nonrandom extinction and the loss of evolutionary history
    A Purvis
    Department of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Science 288:328-30. 2000
  2. pmc Predicting extinction risk in declining species
    A Purvis
    Department of Biology, and Natural Environment Research Council Population Biology, Imperial College, Ascot, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 267:1947-52. 2000
  3. ncbi request reprint Extinction
    A Purvis
    Department of Biology, Imperial College, Ascot, UK
    Bioessays 22:1123-33. 2000
  4. ncbi request reprint Evaluating phylogenetic tree shape: two modifications to Fusco & Cronk's method
    Andy Purvis
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK
    J Theor Biol 214:99-103. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Multiple causes of high extinction risk in large mammal species
    Marcel Cardillo
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Science 309:1239-41. 2005
  6. pmc Human population density and extinction risk in the world's carnivores
    Marcel Cardillo
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College London, Ascot, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 2:E197. 2004
  7. doi request reprint Geographical variation in predictors of mammalian extinction risk: big is bad, but only in the tropics
    Susanne A Fritz
    Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, SL5 7PY Berkshire, UK
    Ecol Lett 12:538-49. 2009
  8. pmc The predictability of extinction: biological and external correlates of decline in mammals
    Marcel Cardillo
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:1441-8. 2008
  9. pmc Where do species' geographic ranges stop and why? Landscape impermeability and the Afrotropical avifauna
    Lynsey McInnes
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:3063-70. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Correlates of species richness in mammals: body size, life history, and ecology
    Nick J B Isaac
    Division of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 165:600-7. 2005

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. ncbi request reprint Nonrandom extinction and the loss of evolutionary history
    A Purvis
    Department of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Science 288:328-30. 2000
    ..We estimate that the prospective extra loss of mammalian evolutionary history alone would be equivalent to losing a monotypic phylum...
  2. pmc Predicting extinction risk in declining species
    A Purvis
    Department of Biology, and Natural Environment Research Council Population Biology, Imperial College, Ascot, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 267:1947-52. 2000
    ..These traits together explain nearly 50% of the total between-species variation in extinction risk. Much of the remaining variation can be accounted for by external anthropogenic factors that affect species irrespective of their biology...
  3. ncbi request reprint Extinction
    A Purvis
    Department of Biology, Imperial College, Ascot, UK
    Bioessays 22:1123-33. 2000
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Evaluating phylogenetic tree shape: two modifications to Fusco & Cronk's method
    Andy Purvis
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK
    J Theor Biol 214:99-103. 2002
    ..We propose two modifications that remove the dependency and so increase the measure's usefulness. We illustrate the use of the modified measures, which are implemented in a freely-available program, MESA...
  5. ncbi request reprint Multiple causes of high extinction risk in large mammal species
    Marcel Cardillo
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Science 309:1239-41. 2005
    ..Thus, the disadvantages of large size are greater than generally recognized, and future loss of large mammal biodiversity could be far more rapid than expected...
  6. pmc Human population density and extinction risk in the world's carnivores
    Marcel Cardillo
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College London, Ascot, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 2:E197. 2004
    ..We suggest that a preemptive approach to species conservation is needed to identify and protect species that may not be threatened at present but may become so in the near future...
  7. doi request reprint Geographical variation in predictors of mammalian extinction risk: big is bad, but only in the tropics
    Susanne A Fritz
    Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, SL5 7PY Berkshire, UK
    Ecol Lett 12:538-49. 2009
    ..The interactions we describe between biological traits and anthropogenic threats increase understanding of the processes determining extinction risk...
  8. pmc The predictability of extinction: biological and external correlates of decline in mammals
    Marcel Cardillo
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:1441-8. 2008
    ..Our results therefore support the view that comparative models of relatively narrow taxonomic scope are likely to be the most precise...
  9. pmc Where do species' geographic ranges stop and why? Landscape impermeability and the Afrotropical avifauna
    Lynsey McInnes
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:3063-70. 2009
    ..Therefore, impermeability provides a simple measure for identifying regions, where continuing global change and human encroachment are likely to cause profound changes in regional diversity patterns...
  10. ncbi request reprint Correlates of species richness in mammals: body size, life history, and ecology
    Nick J B Isaac
    Division of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 165:600-7. 2005
    ..Our analyses provide no evidence that mammalian species richness is associated with body size or degree of sexual dimorphism...
  11. pmc Phylogenetic diversity does not capture body size variation at risk in the world's mammals
    Susanne A Fritz
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 277:2435-41. 2010
    ..This low surrogacy stresses a need for conservation prioritization based on threatened trait diversity, and for conservation efforts to take an ecosystem perspective...
  12. ncbi request reprint Biological correlates of extinction risk in bats
    Kate E Jones
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 161:601-14. 2003
    ....
  13. pmc The shape of mammalian phylogeny: patterns, processes and scales
    Andy Purvis
    Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:2462-77. 2011
    ..We conclude with a verbal model of mammalian macroevolution, which emphasizes the importance to diversification of accessing new regions of geographical or niche space...
  14. pmc A higher-level MRP supertree of placental mammals
    Robin M D Beck
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    BMC Evol Biol 6:93. 2006
    ....
  15. pmc Global patterns in the phylogenetic structure of island mammal assemblages
    Marcel Cardillo
    Division of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:1549-56. 2008
    ..Our results suggest that part of the signal of assemblage formation processes is detectable in the phylogenies of contemporary island mammal faunas, though much is obscured by the complexity of these processes...
  16. pmc The island rule: made to be broken?
    Shai Meiri
    NERC Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:141-8. 2008
    ..Instead of a rule, size evolution on islands is likely to be governed by the biotic and abiotic characteristics of different islands, the biology of the species in question and contingency...
  17. doi request reprint Interplay between changing climate and species' ecology drives macroevolutionary dynamics
    Thomas H G Ezard
    Division of Biology, Silwood Park Campus, Imperial College London, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK
    Science 332:349-51. 2011
    ..The ensuing macroevolutionary dynamics depend fundamentally on the ecological structure of species' assemblages...
  18. pmc The meaning of birth and death (in macroevolutionary birth-death models)
    Thomas H G Ezard
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Ascot, Berkshire, UK
    Biol Lett 8:139-42. 2012
    ..Discussing reasons for this discrepancy, we emphasize that clarity of species concept leads to clarity of meaning when interpreting macroevolutionary birth-death models...
  19. ncbi request reprint Phylogeny imbalance: taxonomic level matters
    Andy Purvis
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Syst Biol 51:844-54. 2002
    ..The imbalance measure adopted here permits the use of trees that contain polytomies, facilitating a larger sample than has been achieved previously...
  20. ncbi request reprint Evolutionary biology and practical conservation: bridging a widening gap
    Georgina M Mace
    NERC Centre for Population Biology, Division of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Mol Ecol 17:9-19. 2008
    ..Improved methods for integrating the work of scientists and policymakers is recommended, from the beginning to end of the planning process...
  21. pmc Climatic associations of British species distributions show good transferability in time but low predictive accuracy for range change
    Giovanni Rapacciuolo
    Division of Ecology and Evolution, Imperial College London, Ascot, Berkshire, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e40212. 2012
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Evolution: how do characters evolve?
    Andy Purvis
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berks SL5 7PY, UK
    Nature 432:1 p following 165; discussion following 165. 2004
    ..Here I show that both clade age and the logarithm of species number independently predict variance under both gradual and punctuational change, rendering Ricklefs' results uninformative about his central hypothesis...
  23. ncbi request reprint Phylogenetically nested comparisons for testing correlates of species richness: a simulation study of continuous variables
    Nick J B Isaac
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berks SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Evolution 57:18-26. 2003
    ..We provide a set of simple guidelines to maximize the performance of phylogenetically nested comparisons in tests of putative correlates of species richness...
  24. pmc Are most species small? Not within species-level phylogenies
    C David L Orme
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 269:1279-87. 2002
    ..We explore possible explanations for the inconsistency of our findings with macro-ecological patterns...
  25. ncbi request reprint Complex evolutionary history of primate lentiviral vpr genes
    M Tristem
    Department of Biology, Imperial College, Ascot, Berkshire, U K
    Virology 240:232-7. 1998
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Changing the landscape: a new strategy for estimating large phylogenies
    D L Quicke
    Unit of Parasite Systematics, CABI, Bioscience UK Centre Ascot, Department of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY
    Syst Biol 50:60-6. 2001
    ..We also compare our new strategy with a recent, independently developed strategy known as the Parsimony Ratchet...
  27. pmc Integrating ecology into macroevolutionary research
    Lynsey McInnes
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Biol Lett 7:644-6. 2011
    ..The meeting highlighted methodological advances and recent analyses of exemplar datasets focusing on the exploration of the role of ecological processes in shaping macroevolutionary patterns...
  28. pmc A common tendency for phylogenetic overdispersion in mammalian assemblages
    Natalie Cooper
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:2031-7. 2008
    ....
  29. pmc Algorithmic approaches to aid species' delimitation in multidimensional morphospace
    Thomas H G Ezard
    Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire, UK
    BMC Evol Biol 10:175. 2010
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint The life history legacy of evolutionary body size change in carnivores
    A J Webster
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, UK
    J Evol Biol 17:396-407. 2004
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint A phylogenetic supertree of the bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera)
    Kate E Jones
    Department of Biology, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 77:223-59. 2002
    ....
  32. pmc Testing the accuracy of methods for reconstructing ancestral states of continuous characters
    Andrea J Webster
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 269:143-9. 2002
    ..Shape showed no trend but was still estimated very poorly: we consider possible reasons. We discuss the implications of our results for the use of estimates of ancestral characteristics...
  33. ncbi request reprint Macroevolutionary trends in the Dinosauria: Cope's rule
    D W E Hone
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College London, Ascot, UK
    J Evol Biol 18:587-95. 2005
    ..We discuss ways of unlocking the full potential usefulness of phylogenies for studying the dynamics of evolutionary trends...
  34. ncbi request reprint Evolution: opportunity versus innovation
    Paul H Harvey
    Nature 425:676-7. 2003
  35. ncbi request reprint Preserving the tree of life
    Georgina M Mace
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Science 300:1707-9. 2003
    ..In the future, as techniques improve and more data become accessible, we will have an expanded set of conservation options, including ways to prioritize outcomes from evolutionary and ecological processes...
  36. ncbi request reprint Power of eight tree shape statistics to detect nonrandom diversification: a comparison by simulation of two models of cladogenesis
    Paul Michael Agapow
    School of Applied Statistics, University of Reading, UK
    Syst Biol 51:866-72. 2002
    ..Two tests that do not require completely resolved phylogenies, mean I' and mean I'(10), have reasonable power...
  37. ncbi request reprint Supertrees are a necessary not-so-evil: a comment on Gatesy et al
    Olaf R P Bininda-Emonds
    Lehrstuhl für Tierzucht, Technical University of Munich, Alte Akademie 12, 85354 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
    Syst Biol 52:724-9. 2003
  38. ncbi request reprint The delayed rise of present-day mammals
    Olaf R P Bininda-Emonds
    Lehrstuhl für Tierzucht, Technical University of Munich, 85354 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
    Nature 446:507-12. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint The impact of species concept on biodiversity studies
    Paul Michael Agapow
    Department of Biology, University College London, Darwin Building, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Q Rev Biol 79:161-79. 2004
    ..We discuss the serious consequences of this trend for conservation, including an apparent change in the number of endangered species, potential political fallout, and the difficulty of deciding what should be conserved...
  40. pmc Colloquium paper: phylogenetic trees and the future of mammalian biodiversity
    T Jonathan Davies
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:11556-63. 2008
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Getting to the roots of matrix representation
    Olaf R P Bininda-Emonds
    Lehrstuhl für Tierzucht, Technical University of Munich, Hochfeldweg 1, 85354 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
    Syst Biol 54:668-72. 2005
  42. pmc Latent extinction risk and the future battlegrounds of mammal conservation
    Marcel Cardillo
    Division of Biology and Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:4157-61. 2006
    ..Incorporating latent extinction risk patterns into conservation planning could help guard against future biodiversity loss by anticipating and preventing species declines before they begin...
  43. pmc Increasing morphological complexity in multiple parallel lineages of the Crustacea
    Sarah J Adamowicz
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:4786-91. 2008
    ..These results provide a rare demonstration of a large-scale and probably driven trend occurring across multiple independent lineages and influencing both the form and number of species through deep time and in the present day...
  44. ncbi request reprint From more to fewer? Testing an allegedly pervasive trend in the evolution of morphological structure
    Sarah J Adamowicz
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Evolution 60:1402-16. 2006
    ..Nevertheless, oligomerization-as a trend rather than a law-may be an important process that influences evolutionary trajectories from both morphological and functional perspectives...
  45. pmc Hotspots and the conservation of evolutionary history
    Wes Sechrest
    Department of Biology, Gilmer Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4328, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:2067-71. 2002
    ..We used supertrees for carnivores and primates to estimate that nearly 70% of the total amount of evolutionary history represented in these groups is found in 25 biodiversity hotspots...