P N Appleby

Summary

Affiliation: Imperial Cancer Research Fund
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians
    Paul N Appleby
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:29-36. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint The Oxford Vegetarian Study: an overview
    P N Appleby
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:525S-531S. 1999
  3. ncbi request reprint Mortality in vegetarians and non-vegetarians: a collaborative analysis of 8300 deaths among 76,000 men and women in five prospective studies
    T J Key
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 1:33-41. 1998
  4. doi request reprint Dietary fibre intake and ischaemic heart disease mortality: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Heart study
    F L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:950-6. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Soya intake and plasma concentrations of daidzein and genistein: validity of dietary assessment among eighty British women (Oxford arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)
    P K Verkasalo
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Br J Nutr 86:415-21. 2001
  6. pmc Cancer incidence in British vegetarians
    T J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 101:192-7. 2009
  7. pmc Plasma phyto-oestrogens and prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    R C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Br J Cancer 100:1817-23. 2009
  8. pmc A case-control study of diet and prostate cancer
    T J Key
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 76:678-87. 1997
  9. pmc Hormones and diet: low insulin-like growth factor-I but normal bioavailable androgens in vegan men
    N E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 83:95-7. 2000
  10. ncbi request reprint Mortality in vegetarians and nonvegetarians: detailed findings from a collaborative analysis of 5 prospective studies
    T J Key
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:516S-524S. 1999

Detail Information

Publications41

  1. ncbi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians
    Paul N Appleby
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:29-36. 2002
    ..To compare the mortality of British vegetarians and non-vegetarians...
  2. ncbi request reprint The Oxford Vegetarian Study: an overview
    P N Appleby
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:525S-531S. 1999
    ..Thus, the health of vegetarians in this study is generally good and compares favorably with that of the nonvegetarian control subjects. Larger studies are needed to examine rates of specific cancers and other diseases among vegetarians...
  3. ncbi request reprint Mortality in vegetarians and non-vegetarians: a collaborative analysis of 8300 deaths among 76,000 men and women in five prospective studies
    T J Key
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 1:33-41. 1998
    ..To compare the mortality rates of vegetarians and non-vegetarians...
  4. doi request reprint Dietary fibre intake and ischaemic heart disease mortality: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Heart study
    F L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:950-6. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the associations of total and food sources of dietary fibre with IHD mortality in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Heart study...
  5. ncbi request reprint Soya intake and plasma concentrations of daidzein and genistein: validity of dietary assessment among eighty British women (Oxford arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)
    P K Verkasalo
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Br J Nutr 86:415-21. 2001
    ....
  6. pmc Cancer incidence in British vegetarians
    T J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 101:192-7. 2009
    ..Few prospective studies have examined cancer incidence among vegetarians...
  7. pmc Plasma phyto-oestrogens and prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    R C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Br J Cancer 100:1817-23. 2009
    ..These results suggest that higher concentrations of circulating genistein may reduce the risk of prostate cancer but do not support an association with plasma lignans...
  8. pmc A case-control study of diet and prostate cancer
    T J Key
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 76:678-87. 1997
    ..This study does not support the hypothesis that fat increases risk and is equivocal in relation to carotene. The possible relationships of vitamin B6, garlic, beans and peas with risk for prostate cancer should be further investigated...
  9. pmc Hormones and diet: low insulin-like growth factor-I but normal bioavailable androgens in vegan men
    N E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 83:95-7. 2000
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Mortality in vegetarians and nonvegetarians: detailed findings from a collaborative analysis of 5 prospective studies
    T J Key
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:516S-524S. 1999
    ..There were no significant differences between vegetarians and nonvegetarians in mortality from cerebrovascular disease, stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, or all other causes combined...
  11. pmc Circulating sex hormones and breast cancer risk factors in postmenopausal women: reanalysis of 13 studies
    T J Key
    Endogenous Hormones and Breast Cancer Collaborative Group, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Br J Cancer 105:709-22. 2011
    ..Breast cancer risk for postmenopausal women is positively associated with circulating concentrations of oestrogens and androgens, but the determinants of these hormones are not well understood...
  12. ncbi request reprint Diet and body mass index in 38000 EPIC-Oxford meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans
    E A Spencer
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:728-34. 2003
    ....
  13. pmc Serum concentrations of vitamin B12 and folate in British male omnivores, vegetarians and vegans: results from a cross-sectional analysis of the EPIC-Oxford cohort study
    A M J Gilsing
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 64:933-9. 2010
    ....
  14. pmc Animal foods, protein, calcium and prostate cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    N E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 98:1574-81. 2008
    ..The results support the hypothesis that a high intake of protein or calcium from dairy products may increase the risk for prostate cancer...
  15. ncbi request reprint The effect of diet on serum insulin-like growth-factor-I and its main binding proteins
    N E Allen
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Oxford, UK
    IARC Sci Publ 156:295-6. 2002
  16. ncbi request reprint Mortality and fresh fruit consumption
    P N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    IARC Sci Publ 156:131-3. 2002
  17. ncbi request reprint Health benefits of a vegetarian diet
    T J Key
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 58:271-5. 1999
    ..The evidence available suggests that widespread adoption of a vegetarian diet could prevent approximately 40,000 deaths from IHD in Britain each year...
  18. pmc Endogenous sex hormones and prostate cancer: a quantitative review of prospective studies
    N E Eaton
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 80:930-4. 1999
    ..Further research is needed to substantiate the small difference found in A-diol-g concentrations between prostate cancer cases and controls...
  19. ncbi request reprint Validation study of soya intake and plasma isoflavone levels among British women
    P K Verkasalo
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, University of Oxford, UK
    IARC Sci Publ 156:135-6. 2002
  20. pmc Soya foods and breast cancer risk: a prospective study in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan
    T J Key
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 81:1248-56. 1999
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Circulating levels of sex hormones and their relation to risk factors for breast cancer: a cross-sectional study in 1092 pre- and postmenopausal women (United Kingdom)
    P K Verkasalo
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 12:47-59. 2001
    ..To investigate the relationships between plasma concentrations of sex hormones and risk factors for breast cancer...
  22. ncbi request reprint Body mass index, serum sex hormones, and breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women
    T J Key
    Cancer Research U K Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Bldg, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    J Natl Cancer Inst 95:1218-26. 2003
    ..Obesity is associated with increased breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women. We examined whether this association could be explained by the relationship of body mass index (BMI) with serum sex hormone concentrations...
  23. ncbi request reprint The associations of diet with serum insulin-like growth factor I and its main binding proteins in 292 women meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:1441-8. 2002
    ..0001) and explained most of the differences in IGF-I concentration between the diet groups. These data suggest that a plant-based diet is associated with lower circulating levels of total IGF-I and higher levels of IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2...
  24. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle and nutritional determinants of bioavailable androgens and related hormones in British men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 13:353-63. 2002
    ..To investigate the lifestyle and nutritional determinants of serum bioavailable androgens and their related hormones in men...
  25. ncbi request reprint Nutrition and lifestyle in relation to bowel movement frequency: a cross-sectional study of 20630 men and women in EPIC-Oxford
    Miguel A Sanjoaquin
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:77-83. 2004
    ..To investigate the relationships between nutritional and lifestyle factors and bowel movement frequency...
  26. ncbi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:533S-538S. 2003
    ..Three prospective studies have examined the mortality of vegetarians in Britain...
  27. ncbi request reprint Validity of self-reported height and weight in 4808 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:561-5. 2002
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK
    Gwyneth K Davey
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003
    ..To describe the lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes of the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)...
  29. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle determinants of serum insulin-like growth-factor-I (IGF-I), C-peptide and hormone binding protein levels in British women
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 14:65-74. 2003
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Hypertension and blood pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in EPIC-Oxford
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:645-54. 2002
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Physical activity and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34,696 British men and women
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    J Bone Miner Metab 26:191-8. 2008
    ..The markedly increased risk of fractures associated with bicycling, and the moderately increased risk associated with other exercise and sports, are probably the result of an increased incidence of injury...
  32. doi request reprint Circulating concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 in relation to prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study
    Mattias Johansson
    Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umea University, 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:279-85. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between prostate cancer risk and circulating concentrations of folate and vitamin B(12) in a large prospective cohort...
  33. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of vegetarianism and isoflavone intake in relation to breast cancer risk in British women
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 122:705-10. 2008
    ..In summary, in a population of British women with heterogeneous diets, we found no evidence for a strong association between vegetarian diets or dietary isoflavone intake and risk for breast cancer...
  34. ncbi request reprint Phytanic acid: measurement of plasma concentrations by gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and associations with diet and other plasma fatty acids
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Br J Nutr 99:653-9. 2008
    ..These data show that a diet high in fat from dairy products is associated with increased plasma phytanic acid concentration, which may play a role in cancer development...
  35. ncbi request reprint Serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-binding protein-3 concentrations and prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1121-7. 2007
    ..Some studies suggest that elevated serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I concentrations are associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer and, in particular, with an increased risk of advanced-stage prostate cancer...
  36. ncbi request reprint Serum androgens and prostate cancer among 643 cases and 643 controls in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 121:1331-8. 2007
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Calcium, diet and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34 696 British women and men
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 10:1314-20. 2007
    ..The risk factors for fractures are incompletely understood. An outstanding question concerns the optimal amount of dietary calcium needed to minimise the risk of fracture...
  38. ncbi request reprint Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building
    Proc Nutr Soc 65:35-41. 2006
    ..Overall, the data suggest that the health of Western vegetarians is good and similar to that of comparable non-vegetarians...
  39. ncbi request reprint Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma in British meat-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:327-34. 2005
    ..Plasma concentrations of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are lower in vegetarians and in vegans than in omnivores. No data are available on whether these concentrations differ between long- and short-term vegetarians and vegans...
  40. ncbi request reprint Soy intake and blood cholesterol concentrations: a cross-sectional study of 1033 pre- and postmenopausal women in the Oxford arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1391-6. 2004
    ..Clinical trials have suggested that the intake of soy protein reduces blood cholesterol. Few studies have explored this relation in subjects who consume soy as part of their regular diet...
  41. ncbi request reprint Plasma carotenoids, retinol, and tocopherols and the risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:672-81. 2007
    ..Previous studies suggest that high plasma concentrations of carotenoids, retinol, or tocopherols may reduce the risk of prostate cancer...