Affiliation: Health Protection Agency
- What has happened to antimicrobial usage in primary care in the United Kingdom since the SMAC report? - description of trends in antimicrobial usage using the General Practice Research DatabaseGillian E Smith
Regional Surveillance Unit, Health Protection Agency West Midlands, 2nd Floor, Lincoln House, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Bordesley Green East, Bordesley Green, Birmingham B9 5SS
J Public Health (Oxf) 26:359-64. 2004..The aim of the study was to assess antibiotic prescribing within the United Kingdom for three of the Standing Medical Advisory Committee recommendations 'four things which could be done'...
- Methods for determining disease burden and calibrating national surveillance data in the United Kingdom: the second study of infectious intestinal disease in the community (IID2 study)Sarah J O'Brien
School of Translational Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Stopford Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
BMC Med Res Methodol 10:39. 2010..We will also outline methods to determine whether or not incidence has declined since the mid-1990s...
- Tracking the spatial diffusion of influenza and norovirus using telehealth data: a spatiotemporal analysis of syndromic dataDuncan L Cooper
Bradford and Airedale tPCT, West Yorkshire, UK
BMC Med 6:16. 2008..We aim to describe the geographical origin and diffusion of rises in fever and vomiting calls to a national telehealth system, and consider the usefulness of these findings for influenza and norovirus surveillance...
- Developing a national primary care-based early warning system for health protection--a surveillance tool for the future? Analysis of routinely collected dataGillian Smith
Health Protection Agency West Midlands, 9th Floor Ladywood House, Birmingham B2 4DY, UK
J Public Health (Oxf) 29:75-82. 2007..The data were used 'real time' to reassure about lack of illness following the Buncefield Fuel Depot incident. This scheme is being further developed to provide daily local influenza-related information needed in an influenza pandemic...
- The effect of deprivation, age and sex on NHS Direct call ratesDuncan Cooper
Regional Serveillance Unit, Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency West Midlands, Birmingham
Br J Gen Pract 55:287-91. 2005..The use of primary care services in the UK is traditionally high in deprived areas. There has been little research into the effect of deprivation on the uptake of NHS Direct, a national nurse-led health helpline...
- No association of polymorphisms in CYP17, CYP19, and HSD17-B1 with plasma estradiol concentrations in 1,090 British womenRuth C Travis
Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:2282-4. 2004
- Inequalities in uptake of influenza vaccine by deprivation and risk group: time trends analysisCarol Coupland
Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
Vaccine 25:7363-71. 2007..This general practice based study suggests that substantial increases in influenza vaccination rates have occurred across all risk groups, but that increased focus should be given to immunising high-risk patients below the age of 65...
- Vegetable, fruit and meat consumption and potential risk modifying genes in relation to colorectal cancerFaye Turner
Genetic Epidemiology Division, Cancer Research UK Clinical Centre, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, United Kingdom
Int J Cancer 112:259-64. 2004..06), GSTP1 (p=0.16, with p=0.02 after adjustment for potential confounders) and NQO1 predicted phenotype (p=0.01). Because of the multiple hypotheses tested in our study, these findings require independent confirmation...
- Methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase genotype modifies the chemopreventive effect of folate in colorectal adenoma, but not colorectal cancerTracy J Lightfoot
Epidemiology and Genetics Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:2421-30. 2008..57; 95% CI, 1.81-3.64). Our data suggest that dietary folate intake may be an important determinant for premalignant colorectal disease development but not colorectal cancer, an association that is modified by MTHFR genotype...
- A pharmacogenetic study to investigate the role of dietary carcinogens in the etiology of colorectal cancerChristoph Sachse
Biomedical Research Centre, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK
Carcinogenesis 23:1839-49. 2002..This data suggests that heterocyclic amines do not play an important role in the aetiology of colorectal cancer but that exposure to other carcinogens such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons may be important determinants of cancer risk...