Brad S Metcalf

Summary

Affiliation: Derriford Hospital
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi Fatness leads to inactivity, but inactivity does not lead to fatness: a longitudinal study in children (EarlyBird 45)
    B S Metcalf
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, University Medicine, Level 7, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth PL6 8DH, UK
    Arch Dis Child 96:942-7. 2011
  2. ncbi Technical reliability of the CSA activity monitor: The EarlyBird Study
    Brad S Metcalf
    University Medicine Level 7, Derriford Hospital, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL6 8DH, UK
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1533-7. 2002
  3. doi BMI was right all along: taller children really are fatter (implications of making childhood BMI independent of height) EarlyBird 48
    B S Metcalf
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:541-7. 2011
  4. pmc Objectively measured physical activity and its association with adiponectin and other novel metabolic markers: a longitudinal study in children (EarlyBird 38)
    Brad S Metcalf
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Diabetes Care 32:468-73. 2009
  5. doi Physical activity at the government-recommended level and obesity-related health outcomes: a longitudinal study (Early Bird 37)
    B S Metcalf
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Arch Dis Child 93:772-7. 2008
  6. ncbi Little evidence for early programming of weight and insulin resistance for contemporary children: EarlyBird Diabetes Study report 19
    Alison N Jeffery
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 118:1118-23. 2006
  7. doi Changes in resting energy expenditure and their relationship to insulin resistance and weight gain: a longitudinal study in pre-pubertal children (EarlyBird 17)
    Joanne Hosking
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Clin Nutr 29:448-52. 2010
  8. ncbi Behavior of insulin resistance and its metabolic correlates in prepubertal children: a longitudinal study (EarlyBird 32)
    Alison N Jeffery
    Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Diabetes Care 30:2962-4. 2007
  9. doi Adiponectin in childhood
    Alison N Jeffery
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, UK
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:130-40. 2008
  10. doi Resting energy expenditure, adiponectin and changes in body composition of young children (EarlyBird 34)
    Joanne Hosking
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, UK
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:46-51. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications23

  1. doi Fatness leads to inactivity, but inactivity does not lead to fatness: a longitudinal study in children (EarlyBird 45)
    B S Metcalf
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, University Medicine, Level 7, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth PL6 8DH, UK
    Arch Dis Child 96:942-7. 2011
    ..To establish in children whether inactivity is the cause of fatness or fatness the cause of inactivity...
  2. ncbi Technical reliability of the CSA activity monitor: The EarlyBird Study
    Brad S Metcalf
    University Medicine Level 7, Derriford Hospital, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL6 8DH, UK
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1533-7. 2002
    ..To evaluate the technical performance of the CSA accelerometer-based activity monitor...
  3. doi BMI was right all along: taller children really are fatter (implications of making childhood BMI independent of height) EarlyBird 48
    B S Metcalf
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:541-7. 2011
    ..We used objective measures of %body fat and hormonal/metabolic markers of fatness to investigate whether BMI and the corresponding fat mass index (FMI) mislead in childhood, or whether taller children really are fatter...
  4. pmc Objectively measured physical activity and its association with adiponectin and other novel metabolic markers: a longitudinal study in children (EarlyBird 38)
    Brad S Metcalf
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Diabetes Care 32:468-73. 2009
    ..Recent evidence suggests that, in children, traditional markers of metabolic disturbance are related only weakly to physical activity. We therefore sought to establish the corresponding relationships with newer metabolic markers...
  5. doi Physical activity at the government-recommended level and obesity-related health outcomes: a longitudinal study (Early Bird 37)
    B S Metcalf
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Arch Dis Child 93:772-7. 2008
    ..In the UK and USA, government guidelines for childhood physical activity have been set (> or =60 min/day at > or =3 metabolic equivalents of thermogenesis (METs)), and body mass index (BMI) chosen as the outcome measure...
  6. ncbi Little evidence for early programming of weight and insulin resistance for contemporary children: EarlyBird Diabetes Study report 19
    Alison N Jeffery
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 118:1118-23. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate whether adaptive responses made to the uterine or very early infant environment are affecting the current metabolic health of young children in the United Kingdom...
  7. doi Changes in resting energy expenditure and their relationship to insulin resistance and weight gain: a longitudinal study in pre-pubertal children (EarlyBird 17)
    Joanne Hosking
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Clin Nutr 29:448-52. 2010
    ..Little is known of these associations in children. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that long-term weight gain in children is met with adaptive changes in resting energy expenditure, mediated by insulin resistance and/or leptin...
  8. ncbi Behavior of insulin resistance and its metabolic correlates in prepubertal children: a longitudinal study (EarlyBird 32)
    Alison N Jeffery
    Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Diabetes Care 30:2962-4. 2007
  9. doi Adiponectin in childhood
    Alison N Jeffery
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, UK
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:130-40. 2008
    ..However, adiponectin's role as a predictor of metabolic dysfunction in healthy, normal-weight youngsters is less clear...
  10. doi Resting energy expenditure, adiponectin and changes in body composition of young children (EarlyBird 34)
    Joanne Hosking
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, UK
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:46-51. 2008
    ..REE is not a significant predictor of future weight gain or adverse change in body composition and, although the period of follow-up was limited, adiponectin seems unlikely to confound such a relationship in healthy young children...
  11. doi Trends, associations and predictions of insulin resistance in prepubertal children (EarlyBird 29)
    Daphne S L Gardner
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Pediatr Diabetes 9:214-20. 2008
    ..Rising obesity has been observed in all age groups. Anthropometric cut-points have been used to predict metabolic risk in children, although they are not based on known outcomes...
  12. doi Little impact of resting energy expenditure on childhood weight and body composition: a longitudinal study (EarlyBird 47)
    Joanne Hosking
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, UK
    Nutr Res 31:9-13. 2011
    ..Resting energy expenditure does not appear to provide an explanation for childhood obesity...
  13. ncbi Preventable factors in childhood that lead to insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome: the EarlyBird diabetes study 1
    Linda D Voss
    The EarlyBird Research Centre, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth, UK
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 16:1211-24. 2003
    ..It situates the anthropometric, physical activity and dietary status of the EarlyBird children and provides a detailed metabolic profile of the British 5 year-old in the year 2000...
  14. doi The relationship of height and body fat to gender-assortative weight gain in children. A longitudinal cohort study (EarlyBird 44)
    Olubukola Ajala
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry Plymouth Campus, UK
    Int J Pediatr Obes 6:223-8. 2011
    ..Height, body fat and body mass index (BMI) are correlated in children, so we hypothesized that the gender-assortative associations in BMI recently reported in contemporary children might extend to their height and body fat...
  15. doi Direction of causality between body fat and insulin resistance in children--a longitudinal study (EarlyBird 51)
    Joanne Hosking
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, UK
    Int J Pediatr Obes 6:428-33. 2011
    ..To investigate the direction of causality in the association between adiposity and insulin resistance in children...
  16. doi Contribution of early weight gain to childhood overweight and metabolic health: a longitudinal study (EarlyBird 36)
    Daphne S L Gardner
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Pediatrics 123:e67-73. 2009
    ..There is a scarcity of longitudinal studies in contemporary children reporting the impact of early weight gain on metabolic health...
  17. ncbi The impact of pregnancy weight and glucose on the metabolic health of mother and child in the south west of the UK
    Alison N Jeffery
    Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, UK
    Midwifery 20:281-9. 2004
    ..to explore relationships between maternal pre-pregnancy weight, third trimester glucose, baby birth weight, weight and metabolic health of the mother and child 5 years after birth...
  18. pmc Age before stage: insulin resistance rises before the onset of puberty: a 9-year longitudinal study (EarlyBird 26)
    Alison N Jeffery
    University Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth, UK
    Diabetes Care 35:536-41. 2012
    ..We sought to establish from longitudinal data its relationship to pubertal onset, and interactions with age, sex, adiposity, and IGF-1...
  19. ncbi Validation of foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the assessment of body composition in young children: the EarlyBird cohort
    Joanne Hosking
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Br J Nutr 96:1163-8. 2006
    ..Therefore, BIA may be useful for large-scale studies but is not interchangeable with DEXA and should be interpreted with caution in individuals...
  20. ncbi Sex differences in resting energy expenditure and their relation to insulin resistance in children (EarlyBird 13)
    Jo Kirkby
    Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:430-5. 2004
    ..Resting energy expenditure (REE) is variable among individuals and is one of many factors controlling body mass...
  21. doi Consistency of children's dietary choices: annual repeat measures from 5 to 13 years (EarlyBird 49)
    Alissa E Frémeaux
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University Medicine, Level 7, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth PL6 8DH, UK
    Br J Nutr 106:725-31. 2011
    ..The quality of diet diminished over time in 29 % of the children and improved in only 14 %. Dietary habits appear to be set early and seldom improve spontaneously...
  22. pmc Contribution of timetabled physical education to total physical activity in primary school children: cross sectional study
    Katie M Mallam
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth PL6 8DH
    BMJ 327:592-3. 2003
  23. doi Distribution of adiponectin, leptin, and metabolic correlates of insulin resistance: a longitudinal study in British children; 1: Prepuberty (EarlyBird 15)
    Michael J Murphy
    Division of Pathology and Neuroscience, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    Clin Chem 54:1298-306. 2008
    ..We sought to establish age- and sex-specific distributions of metabolic correlates of insulin resistance in healthy prepubertal children...