C D Deakin

Summary

Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint A critical reassessment of ambulance service airway management in prehospital care: Joint Royal Colleges Ambulance Liaison Committee Airway Working Group, June 2008
    Charles D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service, Southern House, Sparrowgrove, Otterbourne, UK
    Emerg Med J 27:226-33. 2010
  2. ncbi request reprint Confusion between monophasic and biphasic defibrillators
    Richard J Green
    Resuscitation 68:433-4. 2006
  3. doi request reprint Do clinical examination gloves provide adequate electrical insulation for safe hands-on defibrillation? I: Resistive properties of nitrile gloves
    Charles D Deakin
    Department of Anaesthetics, University Hospital Southampton, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom
    Resuscitation 84:895-9. 2013
  4. doi request reprint A comparison of rectilinear and truncated exponential biphasic waveforms in elective cardioversion of atrial fibrillation: a prospective randomized controlled trial
    Charles D Deakin
    Department of Anaesthetics, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 84:286-91. 2013
  5. pmc Prehospital randomised assessment of a mechanical compression device in cardiac arrest (PaRAMeDIC) trial protocol
    Gavin D Perkins
    Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 18:58. 2010
  6. doi request reprint Advances in defibrillation
    Charles D Deakin
    Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Southampton, UK
    Curr Opin Crit Care 17:231-5. 2011
  7. ncbi request reprint Differential contribution of skin impedance and thoracic volume to transthoracic impedance during external defibrillation
    Charles D Deakin
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital, N H S Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 60:171-4. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Chronic illness masquerading as acute injury in pre-hospital care
    Charles D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Winchester SO22 5DH, UK
    Resuscitation 76:465-7. 2008
  9. doi request reprint Changes in transthoracic impedance during sequential biphasic defibrillation
    Charles D Deakin
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 78:141-5. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Prehospital end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration and outcome in major trauma
    Charles D Deakin
    Helicopter Emergency Service, Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London, United Kingdom
    J Trauma 57:65-8. 2004

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. doi request reprint A critical reassessment of ambulance service airway management in prehospital care: Joint Royal Colleges Ambulance Liaison Committee Airway Working Group, June 2008
    Charles D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service, Southern House, Sparrowgrove, Otterbourne, UK
    Emerg Med J 27:226-33. 2010
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Confusion between monophasic and biphasic defibrillators
    Richard J Green
    Resuscitation 68:433-4. 2006
  3. doi request reprint Do clinical examination gloves provide adequate electrical insulation for safe hands-on defibrillation? I: Resistive properties of nitrile gloves
    Charles D Deakin
    Department of Anaesthetics, University Hospital Southampton, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom
    Resuscitation 84:895-9. 2013
    ..We therefore examined whether commonly used nitrile clinical examination gloves provide adequate resistance to current flow to enable safe hands-on defibrillation...
  4. doi request reprint A comparison of rectilinear and truncated exponential biphasic waveforms in elective cardioversion of atrial fibrillation: a prospective randomized controlled trial
    Charles D Deakin
    Department of Anaesthetics, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 84:286-91. 2013
    ..The two main waveforms are the biphasic rectilinear (BR) and biphasic truncated exponential (BTE) waveforms, both of which have important differences, particularly at the extremes of transthoracic impedance...
  5. pmc Prehospital randomised assessment of a mechanical compression device in cardiac arrest (PaRAMeDIC) trial protocol
    Gavin D Perkins
    Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 18:58. 2010
    ....
  6. doi request reprint Advances in defibrillation
    Charles D Deakin
    Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Southampton, UK
    Curr Opin Crit Care 17:231-5. 2011
    ..The place of defibrillation in the chain of survival is paramount and this review covers advances in this aspect of resuscitation over the past 18 months...
  7. ncbi request reprint Differential contribution of skin impedance and thoracic volume to transthoracic impedance during external defibrillation
    Charles D Deakin
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital, N H S Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 60:171-4. 2004
    ..The relative contribution of each mechanism is unknown...
  8. ncbi request reprint Chronic illness masquerading as acute injury in pre-hospital care
    Charles D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Winchester SO22 5DH, UK
    Resuscitation 76:465-7. 2008
    ..The importance of past medical history and the incidence of co-morbidity in relation to pre-hospital care are discussed...
  9. doi request reprint Changes in transthoracic impedance during sequential biphasic defibrillation
    Charles D Deakin
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 78:141-5. 2008
    ..The effect of sequential biphasic shocks on TTI is unknown. We therefore studied patients undergoing elective cardioversion using a biphasic waveform to establish whether this is a phenomenon seen in the clinical setting...
  10. ncbi request reprint Prehospital end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration and outcome in major trauma
    Charles D Deakin
    Helicopter Emergency Service, Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London, United Kingdom
    J Trauma 57:65-8. 2004
    ..Petco2 correlates with outcome after prehospital primary cardiac arrest, but association with outcome from prehospital trauma has not been established...
  11. doi request reprint Evaluation of telephone-cardiopulmonary resuscitation advice for paediatric cardiac arrest
    Charles D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service, Southern House, Sparrowgrove, Otterbourne, Hampshire, UK
    Resuscitation 81:853-6. 2010
    ..We evaluated a current paediatric telephone protocol (AMPDS v11.1) to assess the effectiveness of verbal CPR instructions in paediatric cardiac arrest...
  12. doi request reprint Is ambulance telephone triage using advanced medical priority dispatch protocols able to identify patients with acute stroke correctly?
    C D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust, North Wing, Southern House, Sparrowgrove, Otterbourne, Hants, UK
    Emerg Med J 26:442-5. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc Securing the prehospital airway: a comparison of laryngeal mask insertion and endotracheal intubation by UK paramedics
    C D Deakin
    Hampshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Winchester SO22 5DH, UK
    Emerg Med J 22:64-7. 2005
    ..The recent introduction of a disposable laryngeal mask airway has provided paramedics with an alternative to endotracheal intubation. Time taken to secure the airway with each device was compared in patients undergoing elective surgery...
  14. ncbi request reprint What is the optimal paddle force during paediatric external defibrillation?
    Charles D Deakin
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 59:83-8. 2003
    ..No study has yet established the optimal paddle force required to minimise TTI in children of different ages...
  15. ncbi request reprint From agonal to output: An ECG history of a successful pre-hospital thoracotomy
    Charles D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust Hampshire Division, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Winchester SO22 5DH, UK
    Resuscitation 75:525-9. 2007
    ..Continuous ECG monitoring during the procedure has allowed presentation of sequential ECGs recorded during the procedure...
  16. pmc Does telephone triage of emergency (999) calls using Advanced Medical Priority Dispatch (AMPDS) with Department of Health (DH) call prioritisation effectively identify patients with an acute coronary syndrome? An audit of 42,657 emergency calls to Hampshi
    C D Deakin
    Hampshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust, Highcroft, Winchester, Hampshire, UK
    Emerg Med J 23:232-5. 2006
    ..We retrospectively examined patients with ACS to identify whether this triage tool had been able to allocate an appropriate emergency response...
  17. ncbi request reprint Assessment of the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation following modification of a standard telephone-directed protocol
    Charles D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust Hampshire Division, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Winchester SO22 5DH, and Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, UK
    Resuscitation 72:436-43. 2007
    ..11.1 telephone instructions are limited in their ability to produce correctly performed basic life support. The current telephone instructions were modified in an attempt to improve areas of poor CPR performance...
  18. ncbi request reprint Post-shock myocardial stunning: a prospective randomised double-blind comparison of monophasic and biphasic waveforms
    Charles D Deakin
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 68:329-33. 2006
    ..We therefore hypothesised that earlier sodium channel activation would result in earlier restoration of the first sinus beat following elective DC cardioversion...
  19. doi request reprint Does an advanced life support course give non-anaesthetists adequate skills to manage an airway?
    Charles D Deakin
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 81:539-43. 2010
    ..Does the ALS course give non-anaesthetists adequate skills to manage an airway during a cardiac arrest?..
  20. ncbi request reprint Does compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation generate adequate passive ventilation during cardiac arrest?
    Charles D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust Hampshire Division, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Winchester SO22 5DH, UK
    Resuscitation 75:53-9. 2007
    ..We measured passive ventilation during optimal chest compression to determine whether compression-only CPR provides adequate gas exchange during cardiac arrest...
  21. doi request reprint Prehospital advanced airway management by ambulance technicians and paramedics: is clinical practice sufficient to maintain skills?
    C D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust, Hampshire Division, Sparrowgrove, Otterbourne, UK
    Emerg Med J 26:888-91. 2009
    ....
  22. pmc Effects of international football matches on ambulance call profiles and volumes during the 2006 World Cup
    Charles D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Winchester SO22 5DH, UK
    Emerg Med J 24:405-7. 2007
    ..The effects of the 2006 World Cup football matches on call volumes and profiles were analysed to understand how public events can influence demands on the ambulance service...
  23. ncbi request reprint Determining the optimal paddle force for external defibrillation
    Charles D Deakin
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Am J Cardiol 90:812-3. 2002
  24. ncbi request reprint Is the orientation of the apical defibrillation paddle of importance during manual external defibrillation?
    Charles D Deakin
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 56:15-8. 2003
    ..This may theoretically result in a higher TTI than a longitudinal orientation because of poorer contact at the lateral paddle edges. We compared TTI with the apical paddle in both a transverse and longitudinal orientation...
  25. ncbi request reprint How often should defibrillation pads be changed?: the effect of evaporative drying
    C D Deakin
    Department of Anaesthesia, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, UK
    Resuscitation 48:157-62. 2001
    ..This study was carried out to assess the effect of evaporative drying of defibrillation pads on TTI...
  26. ncbi request reprint Effects of respiratory gas composition on transthoracic impedance
    C D Deakin
    Department of Anaesthesia, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southampton General Hospital, UK
    Resuscitation 38:193-5. 1998
    ..Therefore transthoracic current during defibrillation is unlikely to be affected by different respiratory gases. This is the first study to document that these respiratory gases do not change the impedance of transthoracic pathways...
  27. ncbi request reprint A randomised controlled trial of the effect of biphasic or monophasic waveform on the incidence and severity of cutaneous burns following external direct current cardioversion
    Jonathan J S Ambler
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 71:293-300. 2006
    ..We designed a prospective randomised double-blinded controlled study to determine the effect of biphasic or monophasic waveform on the pain and inflammation occurring after elective cardioversion...
  28. ncbi request reprint Effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition on systemic vascular resistance and vasoconstrictor requirements during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass
    C D Deakin
    Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton General Hospital, UK
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 13:546-50. 1998
    ..We proposed that angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy would alter systemic vascular resistance (SVR) during rewarming and increase the requirement for vasoactive drugs in the immediate post-bypass period...
  29. ncbi request reprint Are European Resuscitation Council recommendations for paddle force achievable during defibrillation?
    D M Sado
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Tremona Road, SO16 6YD, Southampton, UK
    Resuscitation 51:287-90. 2001
    ..27) and dominant hand-grip strength (r2=0.34). The ERC recommendation of 12 kg paddle force is not achievable by the majority of defibrillator operators...
  30. ncbi request reprint Autotransfusion decreases blood usage following cardiac surgery -- a prospective randomized trial
    M J Dalrymple-Hay
    Wessex Cardiothoracic Centre, Southampton, UK
    Cardiovasc Surg 9:184-7. 2001
    ..Transfusion reactions, infection risk and cost should stimulate us to decrease this transfusion rate. We tested the efficacy of autotransfusion of washed postoperative mediastinal fluid in a prospective randomized trial...
  31. ncbi request reprint A prospective infant manikin-based observational study of telephone-cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    S Dawkins
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust Hampshire Division, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Winchester SO22 5DH, UK
    Resuscitation 76:63-8. 2008
    ..Little is known as to whether laypeople carrying out these instructions deliver effective CPR...
  32. ncbi request reprint Does paddle force applied during defibrillation meet advanced life support guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council?
    C D Deakin
    Shackleton Departments of Anaesthetics and Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, Southampton University Hospital, NHS Trust Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 48:301-3. 2001
    ..to determine whether paddle force applied during defibrillation meets the 12 kg (approximately 120 N) force recommended by the advanced life support (ALS) guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC)...
  33. ncbi request reprint Methylene blue during cardiopulmonary bypass to treat refractory hypotension in septic endocarditis
    M Grayling
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthesia, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 125:426-7. 2003
  34. ncbi request reprint Do physiological changes in pregnancy change defibrillation energy requirements?
    J Nanson
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthesia, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Br J Anaesth 87:237-9. 2001
    ..3 (15.8) Omega at term and 91.6 (11.8) Omega 6-8 weeks after delivery; the difference was not statistically significant. We conclude that current energy requirements for adult defibrillation are appropriate for use during pregnancy...
  35. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based guidelines for the use of defibrillation pads
    N E Drury
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, SO16 6YD, Southampton, UK
    Resuscitation 51:283-6. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Defibrillation pads can be used for up to 30 min without evaporation causing a clinically significant increase in TTI. The passage of a defibrillation current across pads does not further accelerate water loss...
  36. ncbi request reprint Reducing allogeneic transfusion in cardiac surgery: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of antifibrinolytic therapies used in addition to intra-operative cell salvage
    P Diprose
    Department of Anaesthesia, Southampton University Hospitals, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Br J Anaesth 94:271-8. 2005
    ..This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial investigated practices to avoid transfusion in patients undergoing first-time cardiac surgery...
  37. ncbi request reprint The incidence and severity of cutaneous burns following external DC cardioversion
    Jonathan J S Ambler
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 61:281-8. 2004
    ..Cutaneous burns are a common cause of morbidity following direct current (DC) cardioversion, but the incidence and severity have never been quantified...
  38. ncbi request reprint A prospective manikin-based observational study of telephone-directed cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    Spencer Cheung
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust Hampshire Division, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Winchester SO22 5DH, and Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, UK
    Resuscitation 72:425-35. 2007
    ..The effectiveness of this technique was examined in a manikin-based study...
  39. ncbi request reprint Haemodynamic effects of descending aortic occlusion during cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    C D Deakin
    Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton General Hospital, UK
    Resuscitation 33:49-52. 1996
    ..Animal studies are consistent with these findings and show that aortic occlusion may significantly improve outcome from cardiac arrest...
  40. pmc Laryngopharyngeal pH measurement
    E J Spurrier
    School of Medicine, Southampton University School of Medicine, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Emerg Med J 21:493-4. 2004
    ..This study assessed one technique for investigating the aspiration risk in ED patients. Cricoid pressure is used to reduce this risk and the technique may also examine this manoeuvre...
  41. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of efficacy and ST change following use of the Welch-Allyn MRL PIC biphasic waveform versus damped sine monophasic waveform for external DC cardioversion
    Jonathan J S Ambler
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 71:146-51. 2006
    ..No studies have investigated this effect on ST change with atrial arrhythmias. We studied the efficacy of the Welch Allyn-MRL PIC biphasic defibrillator...
  42. ncbi request reprint Is optimal paddle force applied during paediatric external defibrillation?
    Sarah H Bennetts
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 60:29-32. 2004
    ..9 kgf, and for children >10 kg using adult paddles is 5.1 kgf. We compared defibrillation paddle force applied during simulated paediatric defibrillation with these optimal values...
  43. ncbi request reprint Ambient oxygen concentrations resulting from use of the Lund University Cardiopulmonary Assist System (LUCAS) device during simulated cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    Charles D Deakin
    South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Winchester SO22 5DH, UK
    Resuscitation 74:303-9. 2007
    ..This study used simulated CPR with a LUCAS device to measure resulting ambient oxygen concentrations and assess safety of the device...
  44. ncbi request reprint Cardiopulmonary resuscitation following minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (Nuss technique)
    P Picton
    Department of Anaesthesia, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton S016 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 57:309-10. 2003
  45. ncbi request reprint The effect of prophylactic topical steroid cream on the incidence and severity of cutaneous burns following external DC cardioversion
    Jonathan J S Ambler
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 65:179-84. 2005
    ..We designed a prospective double-blinded controlled study to determine whether the application of steroid cream prior to cardioversion reduces their incidence and severity...
  46. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the effects of removal of chest hair with not doing so before external defibrillation on transthoracic impedance
    Daniel M Sado
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Southampton, UK
    Am J Cardiol 93:98-100. 2004
    ..When the chests of nonhirsute patients were shaved, a decrease in TTI occurred, which was probably related to the creation of low-impedance pathways through skin abrasions...
  47. ncbi request reprint External defibrillation in the left lateral position--a comparison of manual paddles with self-adhesive pads
    Tamsin E L Dodd
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO166YD, UK
    Resuscitation 63:283-6. 2004
    ..We compared TTI between the AA and AP positions and between manual paddles and self-adhesive pads to establish if the AP position precludes firm paddle force and to compare TTI between paddles and self-adhesive pads...
  48. ncbi request reprint The effect of topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory cream on the incidence and severity of cutaneous burns following external DC cardioversion
    Jonathan J S Ambler
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 65:173-8. 2005
    ..We designed a study to determine whether the application of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory cream prior to cardioversion reduces their incidence and severity...
  49. ncbi request reprint Defibrillation during renal dialysis: a survey of UK practice and procedural recommendations
    Scott Bird
    Shackleton Department of Anaesthetics, Southampton University Hospital N H S Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Resuscitation 73:347-53. 2007
    ..Although national and international safety standards caution against defibrillating under this circumstance, it appears to be an area of confusion that we have investigated in more detail...
  50. ncbi request reprint European Resuscitation Council guidelines for resuscitation 2005. Section 4. Adult advanced life support
    Jerry P Nolan
    Resuscitation 67:S39-86. 2005
  51. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of telephone CPR advice for adult cardiac arrest patients
    Charles D Deakin
    Resuscitation Council UK Research Fellow, North Hampshire Hospital NHS Trust, Basingstoke RG24 9NA, UK
    Resuscitation 74:63-7. 2007
    ..We evaluated a current telephone protocol (based on 2000 ILCOR guidelines) to assess the effectiveness of verbal CPR instructions...
  52. pmc How good is your defibrillation technique?
    Daniel M Sado
    Department of Oncology, Poole General Hospital, Poole BH15 2JB, UK
    J R Soc Med 98:3-6. 2005
  53. pmc New standards for cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    Charles D Deakin
    BMJ 330:685-6. 2005
  54. ncbi request reprint European Resuscitation Council guidelines for resuscitation 2005. Section 3. Electrical therapies: automated external defibrillators, defibrillation, cardioversion and pacing
    Charles D Deakin
    Resuscitation 67:S25-37. 2005
  55. pmc Local anaesthesia for venous cannulation and arterial blood gas sampling: are doctors using it?
    Daniel M Sado
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Bournemouth Hospital, Castle Lane East, Bournemouth BH7 7DW, UK
    J R Soc Med 98:158-60. 2005
    ..For arterial blood sampling it was used by 60% of anaesthetists and 2% of ward doctors. Previous recommendations to use local anaesthesia seem to have been ignored, and in many instances these procedures are more painful than necessary...
  56. ncbi request reprint Do we hyperventilate cardiac arrest patients?
    John F O'Neill
    North Hampshire Hospital, NHS Trust, Basingstoke RG24 9NA, UK
    Resuscitation 73:82-5. 2007
    ..We observed detailed ventilation variables prospectively during manual ventilation of 12 cardiac arrest patients treated in the emergency department of a UK Hospital...
  57. ncbi request reprint Pre-hospital fluid therapy in the critically injured patient--a clinical update
    Eldar Søreide
    Division of Acute Care Medicine, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway
    Injury 36:1001-10. 2005
    ..This review is intended to help the clinician to balance the pros and cons of fluid therapy in the individual patient...
  58. ncbi request reprint Chest-compression-only or full cardiopulmonary resuscitation?
    Rudolph W Koster
    Lancet 369:1924; author reply 1925. 2007
  59. ncbi request reprint Scientific knowledge gaps and clinical research priorities for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care identified during the 2005 International Consensus Conference on ECC [corrected] and CPR science with treatment recommendations:
    Raúl J Gazmuri
    North Chicago VA and Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, USA
    Circulation 116:2501-12. 2007
  60. ncbi request reprint Scientific knowledge gaps and clinical research priorities for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care identified during the 2005 International Consensus Conference on ECC and CPR Science with Treatment Recommendations. A consensus
    Raúl J Gazmuri
    Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, USA
    Resuscitation 75:400-11. 2007
  61. pmc Gastric rupture and laryngeal mask airway: laryngeal mask airway was not likely cause of gastric rupture
    Jerry P Nolan
    BMJ 330:538; author reply 538. 2005
  62. ncbi request reprint European Resuscitation Council guidelines for resuscitation 2005. Section 7. Cardiac arrest in special circumstances
    Jasmeet Soar
    Resuscitation 67:S135-70. 2005