Nicholas A Beresford

Summary

Affiliation: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Estimating the biological half-life for radionuclides in homoeothermic vertebrates: a simplified allometric approach
    N A Beresford
    NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP, UK
    Radiat Environ Biophys 52:505-11. 2013
  2. doi request reprint A new approach to predicting environmental transfer of radionuclides to wildlife: a demonstration for freshwater fish and caesium
    N A Beresford
    NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, United Kingdom Electronic address
    Sci Total Environ 463:284-92. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Observations of Fukushima fallout in Great Britain
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, United Kingdom
    J Environ Radioact 114:48-53. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Exposure of burrowing mammals to 222Rn
    N A Beresford
    NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, United Kingdom
    Sci Total Environ 431:252-61. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Derivation of transfer parameters for use within the ERICA Tool and the default concentration ratios for terrestrial biota
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 99:1393-407. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Background exposure rates of terrestrial wildlife in England and Wales
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, United Kingdom
    J Environ Radioact 99:1430-9. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Estimating the exposure of small mammals at three sites within the Chernobyl exclusion zone--a test application of the ERICA Tool
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 99:1496-502. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint An international comparison of models and approaches for the estimation of the radiological exposure of non-human biota
    Nicholas A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    Appl Radiat Isot 66:1745-9. 2008
  9. doi request reprint Inter-comparison of models to estimate radionuclide activity concentrations in non-human biota
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    Radiat Environ Biophys 47:491-514. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Assessment of risk to wildlife from ionising radiation: can initial screening tiers be used with a high level of confidence?
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Radiol Prot 30:265-81. 2010

Detail Information

Publications34

  1. ncbi request reprint Estimating the biological half-life for radionuclides in homoeothermic vertebrates: a simplified allometric approach
    N A Beresford
    NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP, UK
    Radiat Environ Biophys 52:505-11. 2013
    ..However, reasons why some radionuclides deviate from what would be anticipated from Kleiber's law need to be determined to allow a more complete exploitation of the potential of allometric extrapolation within radioecological models. ..
  2. doi request reprint A new approach to predicting environmental transfer of radionuclides to wildlife: a demonstration for freshwater fish and caesium
    N A Beresford
    NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, United Kingdom Electronic address
    Sci Total Environ 463:284-92. 2013
    ..We recommend that this alternative approach be further investigated for other radionuclides and ecosystems. ..
  3. doi request reprint Observations of Fukushima fallout in Great Britain
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, United Kingdom
    J Environ Radioact 114:48-53. 2012
    ....
  4. doi request reprint Exposure of burrowing mammals to 222Rn
    N A Beresford
    NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, United Kingdom
    Sci Total Environ 431:252-61. 2012
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Derivation of transfer parameters for use within the ERICA Tool and the default concentration ratios for terrestrial biota
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 99:1393-407. 2008
    ..The approaches taken for selecting the remaining values are described. These included, for example, assuming values for similar reference organisms and/or biogeochemically similar elements, and various simple modelling approaches...
  6. ncbi request reprint Background exposure rates of terrestrial wildlife in England and Wales
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, United Kingdom
    J Environ Radioact 99:1430-9. 2008
    ..Mean total weighted whole-body absorbed dose rates estimated for the selected terrestrial organisms was in the range 6.9 x 10(-2) to 6.1 x 10(-1) microGy h(-1)...
  7. ncbi request reprint Estimating the exposure of small mammals at three sites within the Chernobyl exclusion zone--a test application of the ERICA Tool
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 99:1496-502. 2008
    ..Given the uncertainties of conducting a study such as this, the agreement observed between the TLD results and the predicted external dose rates gives confidence to the predictions of the ERICA Tool...
  8. ncbi request reprint An international comparison of models and approaches for the estimation of the radiological exposure of non-human biota
    Nicholas A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    Appl Radiat Isot 66:1745-9. 2008
    ..This paper presents the work of the International Atomic Energy Agency's EMRAS Biota Working Group which compares the predictions of a number of such models in model-model and model-data inter-comparisons...
  9. doi request reprint Inter-comparison of models to estimate radionuclide activity concentrations in non-human biota
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Av, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    Radiat Environ Biophys 47:491-514. 2008
    ..There is a clear need to focus efforts and provide authoritative compilations of those data which are available...
  10. ncbi request reprint Assessment of risk to wildlife from ionising radiation: can initial screening tiers be used with a high level of confidence?
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Radiol Prot 30:265-81. 2010
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Predicting the radiation exposure of terrestrial wildlife in the Chernobyl exclusion zone: an international comparison of approaches
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Radiol Prot 30:341-73. 2010
    ..Potential reasons for differences between predictions between the various approaches and the available data are explored...
  12. doi request reprint An overview of the transfer of radionuclides to farm animals and potential countermeasures of relevance to Fukushima releases
    Nicholas A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP, United Kingdom
    Integr Environ Assess Manag 7:382-4. 2011
    ..Much of this knowledge was obtained during the years of global fallout from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests and the response to the Chernobyl accident, in Ukraine in 1986...
  13. doi request reprint Effects of ionizing radiation on wildlife: what knowledge have we gained between the Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents?
    Nicholas A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP, United Kingdom
    Integr Environ Assess Manag 7:371-3. 2011
    ..The lack of agreement highlights the need for further research to establish whether current radiological protection criteria for wildlife are adequate (and to determine if there are any implications for human radiological protection)...
  14. ncbi request reprint The transfer of radionuclides from saltmarsh vegetation to sheep tissues and milk
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 98:36-49. 2007
    ..A field study to determine the activity concentrations of (137)Cs and (239,240)Pu in the milk of ewes grazing a saltmarsh close to Sellafield is also described...
  15. ncbi request reprint The transfer of radiocaesium to ewes through a breeding cycle--an illustration of the pitfalls of the transfer coefficient
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 98:24-35. 2007
    ..A wider discussion of transfer coefficients and concentration ratios leads us to suggest that the concentration ratio is the more robust and potentially generic parameter...
  16. ncbi request reprint Radiocaesium variability within sheep flocks: determination of 137Cs intake in free-ranging sheep
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Grange Over Sands, Cumbria, UK
    Radiat Environ Biophys 39:207-12. 2000
    ..Potential reasons for these observations are discussed...
  17. ncbi request reprint Factors contributing to radiocaesium variability in upland sheep flocks in west Cumbria (United Kingdom)
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LAI 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 98:50-68. 2007
    ..However, the factors are too site specific to be able to generalise the findings to other farms within the restricted areas of the UK...
  18. ncbi request reprint Self-help countermeasure strategies for populations living within contaminated areas of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Merlewood Research Station, Grange Over Sands, Cumbria LA11 6JU, UK
    J Environ Radioact 56:215-39. 2001
    ..Evidence to suggest that the transfer of radiocaesium to cow milk is considerably higher in the FSU than within western Europe and North America is discussed...
  19. ncbi request reprint Predicting radionuclide transfer to wild animals: an application of a proposed environmental impact assessment framework to the Chernobyl exclusion zone
    Nicholas A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP, UK
    Radiat Environ Biophys 44:161-8. 2005
    ..In a separate paper the outputs of this assessment will be used to estimate doses to reference organisms and compare these to observed radiation induced effects reported within the Chernobyl zone...
  20. ncbi request reprint A simple method for the estimation of the bioavailability of radiocaesium from herbage contaminated by adherent soil
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Merlewood, Grange Over Sands, Cumbria, UK
    J Environ Radioact 63:77-84. 2002
    ..The use of this technique would negate the need for detailed measurements of the amount of soil adhering to sampled vegetation and soil-specific radiocaesium bioavailability assessments...
  21. ncbi request reprint Estimating radionuclide transfer to wild species--data requirements and availability for terrestrial ecosystems
    N A Beresford
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Radiol Prot 24:A89-103. 2004
    ..Furthermore, there is a need to validate the various methodologies to enable their use with confidence. The requirements of improving our ability to predict radionuclide transfer to wild species are discussed and recommendations made...
  22. ncbi request reprint Radiocaesium activity concentrations in the fruit-bodies of macrofungi in Great Britain and an assessment of dietary intake habits
    C L Barnett
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology ITE, Merlewood Research Station, Grange Over Sands, Cumbria, UK
    Sci Total Environ 231:67-83. 1999
    ..However, the results of this study demonstrate that, in the event of any future accidental release of radiocaesium, the potential ingestion dose received from the consumption of wild fungi would need to be considered...
  23. ncbi request reprint Variation in the metabolism of radiocaesium between individual sheep
    N A Beresford
    Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Merlewood Research Station, Grange Over Sands, Cumbria, UK
    Radiat Environ Biophys 37:277-81. 1998
    ..Similarly, in dairy cattle, for which feed intake changes considerably during the course of a lactation, large temporal variation in radiocaesium transfer to milk could be expected...
  24. ncbi request reprint Quantifying the transfer of radionuclides to food products from domestic farm animals
    B J Howard
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue Bailrigg, Lancaster, UK
    J Environ Radioact 100:767-73. 2009
    ..However, transfer coefficients will continue to be used as few studies currently report CR values or give data from which they can be estimated...
  25. ncbi request reprint The transfer of different forms of 35S to goat milk
    B J Howard
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LAI 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 98:177-90. 2007
    ..The rate of transfer of (35)S to milk of a further group of goats receiving (35)S-sulphate daily appeared to reach equilibrium within 30 d. Extrapolation of transfer parameters derived to other dairy ruminants is discussed...
  26. ncbi request reprint The transfer of 239/240Pu to cow milk
    B J Howard
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 98:191-204. 2007
    ..We recommend for screening purposes an F(m) value of 1x10(-5)d l(-1) for Pu, with an order of magnitude lower value being appropriate for cows which are only exposed for one grazing season...
  27. ncbi request reprint Countermeasures for animal products: a review of effectiveness and potential usefulness after an accident
    B J Howard
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Merlewood, Grange Over Sands, Cumbria, LA11 6JU, UK
    J Environ Radioact 56:115-37. 2001
    ..Evaluation of these factors has shown that some previously recommended countermeasures are unlikely to be feasible...
  28. ncbi request reprint Inter-comparison of absorbed dose rates for non-human biota
    J Vives i Batlle
    Westlakes Scientific Consulting Ltd, The Princess Royal Building, Westlakes Science and Technology Park, Moor Row, Cumbria, UK
    Radiat Environ Biophys 46:349-73. 2007
    ..The intercomparison demonstrated that all participating approaches to biota dose calculation are reasonably comparable, despite a range of different assumptions being made...
  29. ncbi request reprint The STRATEGY project: decision tools to aid sustainable restoration and long-term management of contaminated agricultural ecosystems
    B J Howard
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 83:275-95. 2005
    ..The applicability and usefulness of STRATEGY outputs for food production systems in the medium to long term is assessed...
  30. ncbi request reprint Monte-Carlo prediction of changes in areas of west Cumbria requiring restrictions on sheep following the Chernobyl accident
    S M Wright
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Merlewood, Windermere Road, Grange Over Sands, Cumbria, LA11 6JU, United Kingdom
    Radiat Environ Biophys 42:41-7. 2003
    ..This work represents a novel implementation of a spatial radioecological model using a Monte-Carlo approach...
  31. ncbi request reprint Protection of the environment from ionising radiation in a regulatory context--an overview of the PROTECT coordinated action project
    B J Howard
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Radiol Prot 30:195-214. 2010
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint A critical evaluation of the strategy project
    B J Howard
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Lancaster University Campus, Lancaster, LA1 4AP, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 109:63-7. 2004
    ..The outputs of the project are described and critically evaluated...
  33. doi request reprint Radionuclide transfer to animal products: revised recommended transfer coefficient values
    B J Howard
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LAI 4AP, UK
    J Environ Radioact 100:263-73. 2009
    ..Many data gaps remain...
  34. ncbi request reprint Gastrointestinal fractional absorption of radionuclides in adult domestic ruminants
    B J Howard
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP, United Kingdom
    J Environ Radioact 100:1069-78. 2009
    ..The values for domestic ruminants are compared with those derived by the International Commission for Radiological Protection for adult humans...