Chris C Butler

Summary

Affiliation: Cardiff University
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 for vitamin B12 deficiency: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of General Practice, Cardiff University, Wales, UK
    Fam Pract 23:279-85. 2006
  2. pmc Effectiveness of multifaceted educational programme to reduce antibiotic dispensing in primary care: practice based randomised controlled trial
    Christopher C Butler
    Institute of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK
    BMJ 344:d8173. 2012
  3. pmc Building an international network for a primary care research program: reflections on challenges and solutions in the set-up and delivery of a prospective observational study of acute cough in 13 European countries
    Jacqueline Nuttall
    South East Wales Trials Unit SEWTU, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionnydd, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 12:78. 2011
  4. pmc Stemming the Tide of Antibiotic Resistance (STAR): a protocol for a trial of a complex intervention addressing the 'why' and 'how' of appropriate antibiotic prescribing in general practice
    Sharon A Simpson
    South East Wales Trials Unit, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, 7th floor Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 10:20. 2009
  5. pmc Antibiotic-resistant infections in primary care are symptomatic for longer and increase workload: outcomes for patients with E. coli UTIs
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of Epidemiology, Statistics and Public Health, Centre for Health Sciences Research, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff
    Br J Gen Pract 56:686-92. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Predicting the clinical course of suspected acute viral upper respiratory tract infection in children
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of General Practice, Cardiff University, Llanedeyrn Health Centre, Cardiff CF23 9PN, UK
    Fam Pract 22:92-5. 2005
  7. pmc Qualitative study of patients' perceptions of doctors' advice to quit smoking: implications for opportunistic health promotion
    C C Butler
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff CF3 7PN
    BMJ 316:1878-81. 1998
  8. pmc Medically unexplained symptoms: the biopsychosocial model found wanting
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Llanedeyrn Health Centre, Cardiff CF23 9PN, Wales, UK
    J R Soc Med 97:219-22. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Should children be screened to undergo early treatment for otitis media with effusion? A systematic review of randomized trials
    C C Butler
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Llanedeyrn Health Centre, Llanederyn, Cardiff, UK
    Child Care Health Dev 29:425-32. 2003
  10. pmc Clinical course of acute infection of the upper respiratory tract in children: cohort study
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Llanedeyrn Health Centre, Cardiff CF23 9PN
    BMJ 327:1088-9. 2003

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. ncbi request reprint Oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 for vitamin B12 deficiency: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of General Practice, Cardiff University, Wales, UK
    Fam Pract 23:279-85. 2006
    ..Vitamin B(12) deficiency is common, increasing with age. Most people are treated in primary care with intramuscular vitamin B(12). Several studies have reported equal efficacy of oral administration of vitamin B(12)...
  2. pmc Effectiveness of multifaceted educational programme to reduce antibiotic dispensing in primary care: practice based randomised controlled trial
    Christopher C Butler
    Institute of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK
    BMJ 344:d8173. 2012
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness and costs of a multifaceted flexible educational programme aimed at reducing antibiotic dispensing at the practice level in primary care...
  3. pmc Building an international network for a primary care research program: reflections on challenges and solutions in the set-up and delivery of a prospective observational study of acute cough in 13 European countries
    Jacqueline Nuttall
    South East Wales Trials Unit SEWTU, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionnydd, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 12:78. 2011
    ....
  4. pmc Stemming the Tide of Antibiotic Resistance (STAR): a protocol for a trial of a complex intervention addressing the 'why' and 'how' of appropriate antibiotic prescribing in general practice
    Sharon A Simpson
    South East Wales Trials Unit, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, 7th floor Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 10:20. 2009
    ..This paper describes the protocol for a pragmatic, randomized evaluation of a complex intervention aimed at reducing antibiotic prescribing by primary care clinicians...
  5. pmc Antibiotic-resistant infections in primary care are symptomatic for longer and increase workload: outcomes for patients with E. coli UTIs
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of Epidemiology, Statistics and Public Health, Centre for Health Sciences Research, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff
    Br J Gen Pract 56:686-92. 2006
    ..Antimicrobial resistance is considered to be one of the major threats to public health. However, the practical implications for patients and workload in primary care are largely unknown...
  6. ncbi request reprint Predicting the clinical course of suspected acute viral upper respiratory tract infection in children
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of General Practice, Cardiff University, Llanedeyrn Health Centre, Cardiff CF23 9PN, UK
    Fam Pract 22:92-5. 2005
    ....
  7. pmc Qualitative study of patients' perceptions of doctors' advice to quit smoking: implications for opportunistic health promotion
    C C Butler
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff CF3 7PN
    BMJ 316:1878-81. 1998
    ..To determine the effectiveness and acceptability of general practitioners'opportunistic antismoking interventions by examining detailed accounts of smokers' experiences of these...
  8. pmc Medically unexplained symptoms: the biopsychosocial model found wanting
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Llanedeyrn Health Centre, Cardiff CF23 9PN, Wales, UK
    J R Soc Med 97:219-22. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Should children be screened to undergo early treatment for otitis media with effusion? A systematic review of randomized trials
    C C Butler
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Llanedeyrn Health Centre, Llanederyn, Cardiff, UK
    Child Care Health Dev 29:425-32. 2003
    ..The primary outcome was language development...
  10. pmc Clinical course of acute infection of the upper respiratory tract in children: cohort study
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Llanedeyrn Health Centre, Cardiff CF23 9PN
    BMJ 327:1088-9. 2003
  11. pmc Reducing antibiotics for respiratory tract symptoms in primary care: consolidating 'why' and considering 'how'
    C C Butler
    University of Wales College of Medicine, Llanedeyrn Health Centre, Cardiff
    Br J Gen Pract 48:1865-70. 1998
    ..Ways of changing present practice are underresearched. Enhanced consulting skills, guidelines and monitoring strategies, patient education, and anti-inflammatory drugs for recurrent and chronic sufferers all hold promise...
  12. pmc Containing antibiotic resistance: decreased antibiotic-resistant coliform urinary tract infections with reduction in antibiotic prescribing by general practices
    Chris C Butler
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Cardiff University, Centre for Health Sciences Research, School of Medicine, Cardiff, Wales
    Br J Gen Pract 57:785-92. 2007
    ..GPs are urged to prescribe antibiotics less frequently, despite lack of evidence linking reduced antibiotic prescribing with reductions in resistance at a local level...
  13. ncbi request reprint A case study of nurse management of upper respiratory tract infections in general practice
    C C Butler
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Llanedeyrn Health Centre, Cardiff, UK
    J Adv Nurs 33:328-33. 2001
    ..Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is the commonest reason for consulting. Inappropriate antibiotics promote resistant bacteria. Nurse management of URTI is an ideal opportunity to promote self-care and nonantibiotic management...
  14. pmc Communicating about expected course and re-consultation for respiratory tract infections in children: an exploratory study
    Christopher C Butler
    University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff
    Br J Gen Pract 54:536-8. 2004
    ..Providing carers with an evidence-based account of the likely clinical course and communicating specific triggers to re-consult may help them manage more of these illness episodes without re-consulting...
  15. ncbi request reprint Management of suspected acute viral upper respiratory tract infection in children with intranasal sodium cromoglicate: a randomised controlled trial
    Chris C Butler
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
    Lancet 359:2153-8. 2002
    ..Sodium cromoglicate inhibits the ICAM-1 molecule, which is the receptor for human rhinoviruses. We aimed to investigate whether intranasal cromoglicate shortens duration of infection of the upper respiratory tract...
  16. pmc A qualitative study of lay beliefs about influenza immunisation in older people
    Meirion R Evans
    Department of Epidemiology, Statistics and Public Health, Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales
    Br J Gen Pract 57:352-8. 2007
    ..Although influenza immunisation is now recommended for all people aged 65 years and over in the UK, many people in that age group still remain unimmunised...
  17. pmc General practitioners' perceptions of introducing near-patient testing for common infections into routine primary care: a qualitative study
    Christopher C Butler
    School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Wales, UK
    Scand J Prim Health Care 26:17-21. 2008
    ..We therefore explored the views of general practitioners concerning the possible introduction of near-patient tests for managing common infections...
  18. ncbi request reprint General practitioners' perceptions of antimicrobial resistance: a qualitative study
    Sharon A Simpson
    Department of General Practice, Cardiff University, 3rd Floor Neuadd Merionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 59:292-6. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was therefore to achieve a deeper understanding of GPs' perceptions of antimicrobial resistance...
  19. ncbi request reprint Socially responsible antibiotic choices in primary care: a qualitative study of GPs' decisions to prescribe broad-spectrum and fluroquinolone antibiotics
    Fiona Wood
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionydd, Heath Park, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    Fam Pract 24:427-34. 2007
    ..Urgently promoting cautious fluroquinolone prescribing in primary care may limit increase in resistance...
  20. pmc Preventing disease through opportunistic, rapid engagement by primary care teams using behaviour change counselling (PRE-EMPT): protocol for a general practice-based cluster randomised trial
    Clio Spanou
    South East Wales Trials Unit, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 11:69. 2010
    ..This paper describes the protocol for an evaluation of a training intervention (the Talking Lifestyles Programme) which will enable practitioners to routinely use BCC during consultations for the above four risk behaviours...
  21. doi request reprint Antibiotics in the community: a typology of user behaviours
    Nancy J Hawkings
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 73:146-52. 2008
    ..To contribute to achieving a deep understanding of lay beliefs about antibiotics and develop a typology of antibiotic user behaviours in the community...
  22. pmc Consultations about changing behaviour
    Stephen Rollnick
    Department of General Practice, Centre for Health Sciences Research, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN
    BMJ 331:961-3. 2005
  23. pmc Effect of using an interactive booklet about childhood respiratory tract infections in primary care consultations on reconsulting and antibiotic prescribing: a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Nick A Francis
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN
    BMJ 339:b2885. 2009
    ....
  24. pmc A case-control study of presentations in general practice before diagnosis of coeliac disease
    Rebecca Cannings-John
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Centre for Health Sciences Research, Cardiff University, Cardiff
    Br J Gen Pract 57:636-42. 2007
    ..Delay in the diagnosis of coeliac disease prolongs morbidity and may increase mortality. Little is known about presentations in general practice that may predict a subsequent diagnosis of coeliac disease...
  25. ncbi request reprint Public attitudes towards bacterial resistance: a qualitative study
    Nancy J Hawkings
    Centre for Health Sciences Research, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Cardiff University, 3rd Floor, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 59:1155-60. 2007
    ..Public campaigns have, so far, not been informed by detailed understanding of public attitudes to the problem. We therefore set out to explore the attitudes of members of the public to bacterial resistance...
  26. doi request reprint Missed opportunities for earlier treatment? A qualitative interview study with parents of children admitted to hospital with serious respiratory tract infections
    Nick A Francis
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK
    Arch Dis Child 96:154-9. 2011
    ..To identify potential opportunities for earlier intervention among children who develop a complicated respiratory tract infection (RTI)...
  27. pmc Unwrapping the diagnosis of tuberculosis in primary care: a qualitative study
    Elizabeth P Metcalf
    Department of General Practice, Centre for Health Sciences Research, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff, Wales
    Br J Gen Pract 57:116-22. 2007
    ..Atypical presentations may be common, and patients' help-seeking behaviour may influence the diagnostic process in primary care. Little is known about the process of diagnosing TB in primary care in developed countries...
  28. pmc Prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in sequential acutely unwell children presenting in primary care: exploratory study
    Kathryn O'Brien
    The Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    Scand J Prim Health Care 29:19-22. 2011
    ..Due to the non-specific nature of symptoms of UTI in children and low levels of urine sampling, the prevalence of UTI amongst acutely ill children in primary care is unknown...
  29. ncbi request reprint When do general practitioners request urine specimens for microbiology analysis? The applicability of antibiotic resistance surveillance based on routinely collected data
    Sharon Hillier
    Department of Epidemiology, Statistics and Public Health, Centre for Health Sciences Research, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 58:1303-6. 2006
    ..We used a questionnaire to investigate variation in sampling for patients with suspected UTI to explore any systematic bias that may influence interpretation of surveillance data based on routine data...
  30. doi request reprint Developing an 'interactive' booklet on respiratory tract infections in children for use in primary care consultations
    Nick Francis
    South East Wales Trials Unit, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, United Kingdom
    Patient Educ Couns 73:286-93. 2008
    ..To construct a systematic process for developing an 'interactive' booklet for use in primary care consultations and to use this process to develop a booklet on respiratory tract infections in children...
  31. pmc The effect of using an interactive booklet on childhood respiratory tract infections in consultations: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial in primary care
    Nick A Francis
    South East Wales Trials Unit, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 9:23. 2008
    ..This paper outlines the protocol for a study designed to evaluate the use of a booklet on respiratory tract infections in children within primary care consultations...
  32. pmc Reducing uncertainty in managing respiratory tract infections in primary care
    Naomi Stanton
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 60:e466-75. 2010
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Commentary: Controversies in NICE guidance on antibiotic prescribing for self limiting respiratory tract infections in primary care
    Christopher C Butler
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Cardiff University, UK
    BMJ 337:a656. 2008
  34. ncbi request reprint Treating patients not diagnoses: challenging assumptions underlying the investigation and management of LRTI in general practice
    Rogier M Hopstaken
    Maastricht University, Care and Public Health Research Institute, Department of General Practice, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Antimicrob Chemother 56:941-3. 2005
    ..The necessity of antibiotic treatment is largely unknown and rarely challenged...
  35. ncbi request reprint Evidence based management of acute bronchitis; sustained competence of enhanced communication skills acquisition in general practice
    Jochen W L Cals
    Department of General Practice, Care and Public Health Research Institute Caphri, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 68:270-8. 2007
    ....
  36. pmc Public beliefs on antibiotics and respiratory tract infections: an internet-based questionnaire study
    Jochen W L Cals
    School of Primary Care and Public Health CAPHRI, Department of General Practice, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Br J Gen Pract 57:942-7. 2007
    ..Although public knowledge, beliefs, and experiences of antibiotics contribute to these expectations, little is known about these public views...
  37. ncbi request reprint The role of evidence in the decline of antibiotic use for common respiratory infections in primary care
    Jarold L Cosby
    Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, St Catharines, ON, Canada
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:749-56. 2007
    ..Future policies must move beyond a "one size fits all" mindset if public and provider behaviours are expected to become more congruent with the growing research evidence...
  38. pmc Improving management of patients with acute cough by C-reactive protein point of care testing and communication training (IMPAC3T): study protocol of a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Jochen W L Cals
    Maastricht University, Care and Public Health Research Institute, Department of General Practice, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    BMC Fam Pract 8:15. 2007
    ..The aim of this paper is to describe the design and methods of a study to assess two interventions for improving LRTI management in general practice...
  39. ncbi request reprint Do clinical findings in lower respiratory tract infection help general practitioners prescribe antibiotics appropriately? An observational cohort study in general practice
    Rogier M Hopstaken
    Maastricht University, Care and Public Health Research Institute, Department of General Practice, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Fam Pract 23:180-7. 2006
    ..A clearer understanding is crucial to achieving evidence-based prescribing...
  40. ncbi request reprint Advising patients to stop smoking
    Christopher C Butler
    J Fam Pract 51:181; author reply 181. 2002
  41. pmc Are sore throat patients who hope for antibiotics actually asking for pain relief?
    Mieke L Van Driel
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, UZ 1K3, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Ann Fam Med 4:494-9. 2006
    ..We studied patients' concerns when visiting their family physician for acute sore throat, more specifically the importance they attach to antibiotic treatment and pain relief...
  42. doi request reprint Antibiotics for sinusitis-like symptoms in primary care
    Morten Lindbaek
    Antibiotic Centre for Primary Care, University of Oslo, Blindern 0317 Oslo, Norway
    Lancet 371:874-6. 2008
  43. pmc Diagnosis of bacterial LRTI
    Rogier Hopstaken
    Br J Gen Pract 54:216; author reply 216-7. 2004
  44. ncbi request reprint Negotiating frame ambiguity: a study of simulated encounters in medical education
    Clive Seale
    School of Social Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK
    Commun Med 4:177-87. 2007
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Treatment of tobacco use and dependence
    Christopher C Butler
    N Engl J Med 347:294-5; author reply 294-5. 2002
  46. ncbi request reprint Clinical course of suspected viral sore throat in young adults: cohort study
    Morten Lindbaek
    Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Prim Health Care 24:93-7. 2006
    ..To evaluate the natural clinical course of suspected viral sore throat...