Paul N Appleby

Summary

Affiliation: Cancer Research UK
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Hypertension and blood pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in EPIC-Oxford
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:645-54. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Risk of hospitalization or death from ischemic heart disease among British vegetarians and nonvegetarians: results from the EPIC-Oxford cohort study
    Francesca L Crowe
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:597-603. 2013
  3. doi request reprint The association between diet and serum concentrations of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1333-40. 2009
  4. pmc Serum vitamin D and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1223-32. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Lifestyle factors and serum androgens among 636 middle aged men from seven countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Reiko Suzuki
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:811-21. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Diet and risk of kidney stones in the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Benjamin W Turney
    Department of Urology, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 29:363-9. 2014
  7. doi request reprint A cross-sectional analysis of the associations between adult height, BMI and serum concentrations of IGF-I and IGFBP-1 -2 and -3 in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Francesca L Crowe
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 38:194-202. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans: results from the EPIC-Oxford study
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 14:340-6. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK
    Gwyneth K Davey
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003
  10. doi request reprint Prospective study of the association between grapefruit intake and risk of breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:803-9. 2009

Detail Information

Publications36

  1. ncbi request reprint Hypertension and blood pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in EPIC-Oxford
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:645-54. 2002
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Risk of hospitalization or death from ischemic heart disease among British vegetarians and nonvegetarians: results from the EPIC-Oxford cohort study
    Francesca L Crowe
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:597-603. 2013
    ..Few previous prospective studies have examined differences in incident ischemic heart disease (IHD) risk between vegetarians and nonvegetarians...
  3. doi request reprint The association between diet and serum concentrations of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1333-40. 2009
    ....
  4. pmc Serum vitamin D and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1223-32. 2009
    ..In summary, the results of this large nested case-control study provide no evidence in support of a protective effect of circulating concentrations of vitamin D on the risk of prostate cancer...
  5. doi request reprint Lifestyle factors and serum androgens among 636 middle aged men from seven countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Reiko Suzuki
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:811-21. 2009
    ..To evaluate the association between lifestyle and dietary factors and serum concentrations of androgens in middle-aged healthy men...
  6. ncbi request reprint Diet and risk of kidney stones in the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Benjamin W Turney
    Department of Urology, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 29:363-9. 2014
    ..In conclusion, vegetarians have a lower risk of developing kidney stones compared with those who eat a high meat diet. This information may be important to advise the public about prevention of kidney stone formation...
  7. doi request reprint A cross-sectional analysis of the associations between adult height, BMI and serum concentrations of IGF-I and IGFBP-1 -2 and -3 in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Francesca L Crowe
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 38:194-202. 2011
    ..Height and BMI are risk factors for several types of cancer and may be related to circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), a peptide associated with increased cancer risk...
  8. doi request reprint Plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans: results from the EPIC-Oxford study
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 14:340-6. 2011
    ..The objective was to investigate differences in vitamin D intake and plasma concentrations of 25(OH)D among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans...
  9. ncbi request reprint EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK
    Gwyneth K Davey
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003
    ..To describe the lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes of the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)...
  10. doi request reprint Prospective study of the association between grapefruit intake and risk of breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:803-9. 2009
    ..05). There was no association between grapefruit intake and estradiol or estrone among postmenopausal women. In this study, we found no evidence of an association between grapefruit intake and risk of breast cancer...
  11. ncbi request reprint Nutrition and lifestyle in relation to bowel movement frequency: a cross-sectional study of 20630 men and women in EPIC-Oxford
    Miguel A Sanjoaquin
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:77-83. 2004
    ..To investigate the relationships between nutritional and lifestyle factors and bowel movement frequency...
  12. pmc Prediagnostic concentrations of plasma genistein and prostate cancer risk in 1,605 men with prostate cancer and 1,697 matched control participants in EPIC
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 23:1163-71. 2012
    ..We examined the association between circulating concentrations of genistein and prostate cancer risk in a case-control study nested in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition...
  13. pmc Fruit and vegetable intake and mortality from ischaemic heart disease: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Heart study
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur Heart J 32:1235-43. 2011
    ..The objective was to assess the relation between fruit and vegetable intake and risk of mortality from IHD in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Heart study...
  14. ncbi request reprint Phytanic acid: measurement of plasma concentrations by gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and associations with diet and other plasma fatty acids
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Br J Nutr 99:653-9. 2008
    ..These data show that a diet high in fat from dairy products is associated with increased plasma phytanic acid concentration, which may play a role in cancer development...
  15. doi request reprint Development and evaluation of the Oxford WebQ, a low-cost, web-based method for assessment of previous 24 h dietary intakes in large-scale prospective studies
    Bette Liu
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 14:1998-2005. 2011
    ....
  16. pmc Diet and risk of diverticular disease in Oxford cohort of European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): prospective study of British vegetarians and non-vegetarians
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    BMJ 343:d4131. 2011
    ..To examine the associations of a vegetarian diet and dietary fibre intake with risk of diverticular disease...
  17. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle determinants of serum insulin-like growth-factor-I (IGF-I), C-peptide and hormone binding protein levels in British women
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 14:65-74. 2003
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of vegetarianism and isoflavone intake in relation to breast cancer risk in British women
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 122:705-10. 2008
    ..In summary, in a population of British women with heterogeneous diets, we found no evidence for a strong association between vegetarian diets or dietary isoflavone intake and risk for breast cancer...
  19. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle and nutritional determinants of bioavailable androgens and related hormones in British men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 13:353-63. 2002
    ..To investigate the lifestyle and nutritional determinants of serum bioavailable androgens and their related hormones in men...
  20. ncbi request reprint Calcium, diet and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34 696 British women and men
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 10:1314-20. 2007
    ..The risk factors for fractures are incompletely understood. An outstanding question concerns the optimal amount of dietary calcium needed to minimise the risk of fracture...
  21. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34,696 British men and women
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    J Bone Miner Metab 26:191-8. 2008
    ..The markedly increased risk of fractures associated with bicycling, and the moderately increased risk associated with other exercise and sports, are probably the result of an increased incidence of injury...
  22. ncbi request reprint Validity of self-reported height and weight in 4808 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:561-5. 2002
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Meat, poultry and fish and risk of colorectal cancer: pooled analysis of data from the UK dietary cohort consortium
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 21:1417-25. 2010
    ..In the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium, we examined associations of meat, poultry and fish intakes with colorectal cancer risk using standardised individual dietary data pooled from seven UK prospective studies...
  24. doi request reprint Macronutrient intake and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 132:635-44. 2013
    ..These findings suggest that animal and/or plant protein may affect the risk of urothelial cell carcinoma, and examination of these associations in other studies is needed...
  25. ncbi request reprint Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma in British meat-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:327-34. 2005
    ..Plasma concentrations of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are lower in vegetarians and in vegans than in omnivores. No data are available on whether these concentrations differ between long- and short-term vegetarians and vegans...
  26. ncbi request reprint Soy intake and blood cholesterol concentrations: a cross-sectional study of 1033 pre- and postmenopausal women in the Oxford arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1391-6. 2004
    ..Clinical trials have suggested that the intake of soy protein reduces blood cholesterol. Few studies have explored this relation in subjects who consume soy as part of their regular diet...
  27. ncbi request reprint The associations of diet with serum insulin-like growth factor I and its main binding proteins in 292 women meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:1441-8. 2002
    ..0001) and explained most of the differences in IGF-I concentration between the diet groups. These data suggest that a plant-based diet is associated with lower circulating levels of total IGF-I and higher levels of IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2...
  28. pmc Source of dietary fibre and diverticular disease incidence: a prospective study of UK women
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Gut 63:1450-6. 2014
    ..We assessed these associations in a large UK prospective study of middle-aged women...
  29. ncbi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians
    Paul N Appleby
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:29-36. 2002
    ..To compare the mortality of British vegetarians and non-vegetarians...
  30. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat intake and risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1405-13. 2008
    ..However, the results from more recent prospective studies do not support this hypothesis, and the possible association between different food sources of fat and prostate cancer risk also remains unclear...
  31. ncbi request reprint Plasma carotenoids, retinol, and tocopherols and the risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:672-81. 2007
    ..Previous studies suggest that high plasma concentrations of carotenoids, retinol, or tocopherols may reduce the risk of prostate cancer...
  32. ncbi request reprint Serum androgens and prostate cancer among 643 cases and 643 controls in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 121:1331-8. 2007
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:533S-538S. 2003
    ..Three prospective studies have examined the mortality of vegetarians in Britain...
  34. ncbi request reprint Serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-binding protein-3 concentrations and prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1121-7. 2007
    ..Some studies suggest that elevated serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I concentrations are associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer and, in particular, with an increased risk of advanced-stage prostate cancer...
  35. ncbi request reprint Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building
    Proc Nutr Soc 65:35-41. 2006
    ..Overall, the data suggest that the health of Western vegetarians is good and similar to that of comparable non-vegetarians...
  36. doi request reprint Circulating concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 in relation to prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study
    Mattias Johansson
    Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umea University, 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:279-85. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between prostate cancer risk and circulating concentrations of folate and vitamin B(12) in a large prospective cohort...