Naomi E Allen

Summary

Affiliation: Cancer Research UK
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi Lifestyle determinants of serum insulin-like growth-factor-I (IGF-I), C-peptide and hormone binding protein levels in British women
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 14:65-74. 2003
  2. ncbi Lifestyle and nutritional determinants of bioavailable androgens and related hormones in British men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 13:353-63. 2002
  3. ncbi Soy milk intake in relation to serum sex hormone levels in British men
    N E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Nutr Cancer 41:41-6. 2001
  4. ncbi Association between two polymorphisms in the SRD5A2 gene and serum androgen concentrations in British men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:578-81. 2003
  5. ncbi The associations of diet with serum insulin-like growth factor I and its main binding proteins in 292 women meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:1441-8. 2002
  6. pmc A case--control study of selenium in nails and prostate cancer risk in British men
    N E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Br J Cancer 90:1392-6. 2004
  7. pmc Serum vitamin D and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1223-32. 2009
  8. ncbi Fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipids and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1353-63. 2008
  9. doi Lifestyle factors and serum androgens among 636 middle aged men from seven countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Reiko Suzuki
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:811-21. 2009
  10. doi The association between diet and serum concentrations of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1333-40. 2009

Detail Information

Publications74

  1. ncbi Lifestyle determinants of serum insulin-like growth-factor-I (IGF-I), C-peptide and hormone binding protein levels in British women
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 14:65-74. 2003
    ....
  2. ncbi Lifestyle and nutritional determinants of bioavailable androgens and related hormones in British men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 13:353-63. 2002
    ..To investigate the lifestyle and nutritional determinants of serum bioavailable androgens and their related hormones in men...
  3. ncbi Soy milk intake in relation to serum sex hormone levels in British men
    N E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Nutr Cancer 41:41-6. 2001
    ..These results suggest that soy milk intake, as a marker of isoflavone intake, is not associated with serum sex hormone concentrations among free-living Western men...
  4. ncbi Association between two polymorphisms in the SRD5A2 gene and serum androgen concentrations in British men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:578-81. 2003
    ..0003). Because of the rarity of this variant allele, larger studies are needed to additionally clarify the role of the A49T polymorphism in androgen metabolism...
  5. ncbi The associations of diet with serum insulin-like growth factor I and its main binding proteins in 292 women meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:1441-8. 2002
    ..0001) and explained most of the differences in IGF-I concentration between the diet groups. These data suggest that a plant-based diet is associated with lower circulating levels of total IGF-I and higher levels of IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2...
  6. pmc A case--control study of selenium in nails and prostate cancer risk in British men
    N E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Br J Cancer 90:1392-6. 2004
    ..78, 95% CI, 0.27-2.25). These results suggest that selenium is not strongly associated with prostate cancer risk in British men...
  7. pmc Serum vitamin D and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1223-32. 2009
    ..In summary, the results of this large nested case-control study provide no evidence in support of a protective effect of circulating concentrations of vitamin D on the risk of prostate cancer...
  8. ncbi Fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipids and risk of prostate cancer in a case-control analysis nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1353-63. 2008
    ..Plausible biological mechanisms underlie possible associations between fatty acids in blood and risk of prostate cancer; epidemiologic evidence for an association, however, is inconsistent...
  9. doi Lifestyle factors and serum androgens among 636 middle aged men from seven countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Reiko Suzuki
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:811-21. 2009
    ..To evaluate the association between lifestyle and dietary factors and serum concentrations of androgens in middle-aged healthy men...
  10. doi The association between diet and serum concentrations of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1333-40. 2009
    ....
  11. pmc Insulin-like growth factor pathway genes and blood concentrations, dietary protein and risk of prostate cancer in the NCI Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3)
    Konstantinos K Tsilidis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 133:495-504. 2013
    ..001); SSTR5-rs197057 (uncorrected p for interaction, 0.002)]. We found no strong evidence that the associations between 16 IGF pathway SNPs and prostate cancer differed by intakes of dietary protein...
  12. doi A prospective analysis of the association between dietary fiber intake and prostate cancer risk in EPIC
    Reiko Suzuki
    Nuffield Department of Medicine, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 124:245-9. 2009
    ..Our results suggest that dietary fiber intake is not associated with prostate cancer risk...
  13. doi Mortality in British vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1613S-1619S. 2009
    ..Few prospective studies have examined the mortality of vegetarians...
  14. doi Macronutrient intake and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 132:635-44. 2013
    ..These findings suggest that animal and/or plant protein may affect the risk of urothelial cell carcinoma, and examination of these associations in other studies is needed...
  15. ncbi Association between endogenous plasma hormone concentrations and fracture risk in men and women: the EPIC-Oxford prospective cohort study
    Andrew W Roddam
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    J Bone Miner Metab 27:485-93. 2009
    ....
  16. ncbi Plasma selenium concentration and prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1567-75. 2008
    ..Some evidence indicates that a low selenium intake may be associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer...
  17. doi Plasma phytanic acid concentration and risk of prostate cancer: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Alison J Price
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1769-76. 2010
    ..Phytanic acid, a fatty acid predominantly obtained from foods high in ruminant fat, may have a biological role in the up-regulation of the protein alpha-methylacyl-coenzyme A racemase, which is overexpressed in prostate cancer tissue...
  18. ncbi Plasma carotenoids, retinol, and tocopherols and the risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:672-81. 2007
    ..Previous studies suggest that high plasma concentrations of carotenoids, retinol, or tocopherols may reduce the risk of prostate cancer...
  19. doi Menopausal hormone therapy and risk of colorectal cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Konstantinos K Tsilidis
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Int J Cancer 128:1881-9. 2011
    ..Our results show no significant association of estrogen-only or estrogen plus progestin therapy with colorectal cancer risk...
  20. doi Menopausal hormone therapy and risk of ovarian cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Konstantinos K Tsilidis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 22:1075-84. 2011
    ..19; 95% CI, 1.06-4.50), but was based on small numbers. In conclusion, women who currently use HT have a moderate increased risk of ovarian cancer, and which may be stronger for estrogen-only than estrogen plus progestin preparations...
  21. doi Menopausal hormone therapy and risk of endometrial carcinoma among postmenopausal women in the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Medical Sciences Division, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 172:1394-403. 2010
    ..The increased risk associated with tibolone use requires further investigation...
  22. ncbi Serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-binding protein-3 concentrations and prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1121-7. 2007
    ..Some studies suggest that elevated serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I concentrations are associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer and, in particular, with an increased risk of advanced-stage prostate cancer...
  23. ncbi Insulin-like growth factor-I concentration and risk of prostate cancer: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Alison J Price
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 21:1531-41. 2012
    ..In this study, we investigate the association between circulating IGF-I concentration and risk of prostate cancer over the long term in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study...
  24. pmc Prediagnostic concentrations of plasma genistein and prostate cancer risk in 1,605 men with prostate cancer and 1,697 matched control participants in EPIC
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 23:1163-71. 2012
    ..We examined the association between circulating concentrations of genistein and prostate cancer risk in a case-control study nested in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition...
  25. doi Cancer incidence in vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1620S-1626S. 2009
    ..Few prospective studies have examined cancer incidence among vegetarians...
  26. ncbi EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK
    Gwyneth K Davey
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003
    ..To describe the lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes of the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)...
  27. doi Plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans: results from the EPIC-Oxford study
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 14:340-6. 2011
    ..The objective was to investigate differences in vitamin D intake and plasma concentrations of 25(OH)D among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans...
  28. ncbi Serum androgens and prostate cancer among 643 cases and 643 controls in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 121:1331-8. 2007
    ....
  29. pmc Endogenous sex hormones and endometrial cancer risk in women in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Endocr Relat Cancer 15:485-97. 2008
    ..In conclusion, relatively high blood concentrations of estrogens and free testosterone are associated with an increased endometrial cancer risk in postmenopausal women...
  30. ncbi A prospective study of vegetarianism and isoflavone intake in relation to breast cancer risk in British women
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 122:705-10. 2008
    ..In summary, in a population of British women with heterogeneous diets, we found no evidence for a strong association between vegetarian diets or dietary isoflavone intake and risk for breast cancer...
  31. doi A cross-sectional analysis of the associations between adult height, BMI and serum concentrations of IGF-I and IGFBP-1 -2 and -3 in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Francesca L Crowe
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 38:194-202. 2011
    ..Height and BMI are risk factors for several types of cancer and may be related to circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), a peptide associated with increased cancer risk...
  32. ncbi Phytanic acid: measurement of plasma concentrations by gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and associations with diet and other plasma fatty acids
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Br J Nutr 99:653-9. 2008
    ..These data show that a diet high in fat from dairy products is associated with increased plasma phytanic acid concentration, which may play a role in cancer development...
  33. ncbi Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:533S-538S. 2003
    ..Three prospective studies have examined the mortality of vegetarians in Britain...
  34. doi Diet, vegetarianism, and cataract risk
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:1128-35. 2011
    ..Age-related cataract is a major cause of morbidity. Previous studies of diet and cataract risk have focused on specific nutrients or healthy eating indexes but not on identifiable dietary groups such as vegetarians...
  35. doi A prospective analysis of the association between macronutrient intake and renal cell carcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 125:982-7. 2009
    ..Our results indicate that macronutrient intake is not associated with risk of renal cell carcinoma in this cohort of European men and women...
  36. pmc Genetic variation in the lactase gene, dairy product intake and risk for prostate cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 132:1901-10. 2013
    ..CC homozygotes: 1.12, 0.96-1.32). These findings show that while variation in the lactase gene is associated with milk intake in men, the lactase polymorphism does not have a large effect on prostate cancer risk...
  37. ncbi Moderate alcohol intake and cancer incidence in women
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:296-305. 2009
    ..With the exception of breast cancer, little is known about the effect of moderate intakes of alcohol, or of particular types of alcohol, on cancer risk in women...
  38. ncbi Nutrition and breast cancer
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Breast 12:412-6. 2003
    ..Nutrition might affect breast cancer risk by altering levels of growth factors such as insulin-like growth factor-I. Current dietary advice should be to avoid obesity, limit alcohol intake, and maintain a varied diet...
  39. ncbi Diet, nutrition and the prevention of cancer
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:187-200. 2004
    ..To assess the epidemiological evidence on diet and cancer and make public health recommendations...
  40. ncbi Calcium, diet and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34 696 British women and men
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 10:1314-20. 2007
    ..The risk factors for fractures are incompletely understood. An outstanding question concerns the optimal amount of dietary calcium needed to minimise the risk of fracture...
  41. pmc CYP19A1 genetic variation in relation to prostate cancer risk and circulating sex hormone concentrations in men from the Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:2734-44. 2009
    ..These results suggest that although germline variation in CYP19A1 characterized by the htSNPs produces measurable differences in sex hormone concentrations in men, they do not substantially influence risk of prostate cancer...
  42. pmc Diet and risk of diverticular disease in Oxford cohort of European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): prospective study of British vegetarians and non-vegetarians
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK
    BMJ 343:d4131. 2011
    ..To examine the associations of a vegetarian diet and dietary fibre intake with risk of diverticular disease...
  43. pmc Insulin-like growth factors, their binding proteins, and prostate cancer risk: analysis of individual patient data from 12 prospective studies
    Andrew W Roddam
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Ann Intern Med 149:461-71, W83-8. 2008
    ..Some, but not all, published results have shown an association between circulating blood levels of some insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) and the subsequent risk for prostate cancer...
  44. ncbi The impact of reducing the prostate-specific antigen threshold and including isoform reflex tests on the performance characteristics of a prostate-cancer detection programme
    Andrew W Roddam
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    BJU Int 100:514-7. 2007
    ..To assess the effects on the performance characteristics, in a prostate-cancer detection programme using prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, of a lower PSA threshold and the incorporation of reflex (free or complexed PSA) tests...
  45. doi Physical activity and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34,696 British men and women
    Paul N Appleby
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    J Bone Miner Metab 26:191-8. 2008
    ..The markedly increased risk of fractures associated with bicycling, and the moderately increased risk associated with other exercise and sports, are probably the result of an increased incidence of injury...
  46. doi Characteristics of the Million Women Study participants who have and have not worked at night
    Xiao Si Wang
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7L, United Kingdom
    Scand J Work Environ Health 38:590-9. 2012
    ....
  47. ncbi Association between plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and fracture risk: the EPIC-Oxford study
    Andrew W Roddam
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1327-36. 2007
    ..15 (95% confidence interval: 0.82, 1.61) and 0.95 (95% confidence interval: 0.80, 1.13), respectively. These results were not affected by adjustment for potential confounders and were consistent across a number of subgroups...
  48. pmc Interactions between genome-wide significant genetic variants and circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor 1, sex hormones, and binding proteins in relation to prostate cancer risk in the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cance
    Konstantinos K Tsilidis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 175:926-35. 2012
    ..005)). The authors found no strong evidence that associations between GWAS-identified SNPs and prostate cancer are modified by circulating concentrations of IGF-1, sex hormones, or their major binding proteins...
  49. ncbi Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma in British meat-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:327-34. 2005
    ..Plasma concentrations of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are lower in vegetarians and in vegans than in omnivores. No data are available on whether these concentrations differ between long- and short-term vegetarians and vegans...
  50. ncbi The effect of diet on risk of cancer
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Lancet 360:861-8. 2002
    ..Prudent advice is to eat a varied diet including plenty of fruit, vegetables, and cereals to maintain a healthy bodyweight with the help of regular physical activity and to restrict consumption of alcohol...
  51. ncbi Use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) isoforms for the detection of prostate cancer in men with a PSA level of 2-10 ng/ml: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Andrew W Roddam
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Eur Urol 48:386-99; discussion 398-9. 2005
    ..We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic performance of these tests among men with PSA levels between 2 and 10 ng/ml...
  52. ncbi A prospective study of diet and prostate cancer in Japanese men
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 15:911-20. 2004
    ..This study aimed to examine the association between dietary intake and prostate cancer risk among 18,115 men in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, using prospective data from the Life Span Study...
  53. ncbi Serum insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) concentration in men is not associated with the cytosine-adenosine repeat polymorphism of the IGF-I gene
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:319-20. 2002
  54. ncbi Reproducibility over 5 years of measurements of 6-sulphatoxymelatonin in urine samples from postmenopausal women
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:806-8. 2003
    ..39-0.73). The classification of aMT6S concentrations in first morning voids from postmenopausal women appears to be sufficiently reproducible to justify its use as a marker for long-term exposure to melatonin in epidemiological studies...
  55. ncbi Diet and risk of kidney stones in the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Benjamin W Turney
    Department of Urology, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 29:363-9. 2014
    ..In conclusion, vegetarians have a lower risk of developing kidney stones compared with those who eat a high meat diet. This information may be important to advise the public about prevention of kidney stone formation. ..
  56. ncbi Assessing the clinical impact of prostate-specific antigen assay variability and nonequimolarity: a simulation study based on the population of the United Kingdom
    Andrew W Roddam
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom
    Clin Chem 50:1012-6. 2004
    ..This report investigates the effects of biased and nonequimolar assays on the decision to recommend a patient for a prostate biopsy based on age-specific PSA values...
  57. ncbi Genetic variation in the growth hormone synthesis pathway in relation to circulating insulin-like growth factor-I, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3, and breast cancer risk: results from the European prospective investigation into cancer and nu
    Federico Canzian
    Hormones and Cancer Team, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, F 69372 Lyon, France
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:2316-25. 2005
    ....
  58. ncbi Fish consumption and breast cancer risk. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Dagrun Engeset
    Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
    Int J Cancer 119:175-82. 2006
    ..Although the period of follow-up is relatively short, the results provide no evidence for an association between fish intake and breast cancer risk...
  59. ncbi The insulin-like growth factor system and mammographic features in premenopausal and postmenopausal women
    Isabel dos Santos Silva
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:449-55. 2006
    ....
  60. ncbi Physical activity and breast cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Petra H Lahmann
    Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam Rehbrucke, Nuthetal, Germany
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:36-42. 2007
    ..This study provides additional evidence for a protective effect of physical activity on breast cancer risk...
  61. ncbi Fruit and vegetable consumption and lung cancer risk: updated information from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Jakob Linseisen
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Centre, Heidelberg, Germany
    Int J Cancer 121:1103-14. 2007
    ..In addition to an overall inverse association with fruit intake, the results of this evaluation add evidence for a significant inverse association of vegetable consumption and lung cancer incidence in smokers...
  62. ncbi Fruit and vegetable consumption and lymphoma risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Sabine Rohrmann
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology C020, German Cancer Research Centre, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, Heidelberg, 69120, Germany
    Cancer Causes Control 18:537-49. 2007
    ..The best-established risk factors are related to dys-regulation of immune function, and evidence suggests that factors such as dietary or lifestyle habits may be involved in the etiology...
  63. ncbi Serum C-peptide, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 and risk of colon and rectal cancers in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Mazda Jenab
    Nutrition and Hormones Group, IARC WHO, Lyon, France
    Int J Cancer 121:368-76. 2007
    ..No clear colorectal cancer risk associations were observed for IGFBP-1 or -2. This large prospective study confirms that hyperinsulinemia, as determined by C-peptide levels, is associated with an increased colorectal cancer risk...
  64. ncbi Haplotype-based analysis of common variation in the acetyl-coA carboxylase alpha gene and breast cancer risk: a case-control study nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Olga M Sinilnikova
    IARC, Lyon, France
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:409-15. 2007
    ..However, they suggest a possible role of the ACC-alpha common sequence variants in susceptibility to breast cancer and encourage studies of other genes involved in fatty acid synthesis...
  65. ncbi Serum levels of C-peptide, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 and endometrial cancer risk; results from the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Anne E Cust
    Nutrition and Hormones Unit, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Int J Cancer 120:2656-64. 2007
    ..bottom quartile = 1.28 [95% CI 0.67-2.45], p(trend) = 0.42. Our results provide modest support to the hypothesis that hyperinsulinaemia is a risk factor for endometrial cancer...
  66. ncbi Socioeconomic position and the risk of gastric and oesophageal cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-EURGAST)
    Gabriele Nagel
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany
    Int J Epidemiol 36:66-76. 2007
    ..To evaluate the association of socioeconomic position with adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus and stomach...
  67. ncbi Endogenous androgens and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Sabina Rinaldi
    IARC, Lyon, France
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:23-9. 2007
    ..The heterogeneity of results on the associations of fT with ovarian cancer risk in postmenopausal women deserves further investigation...
  68. doi Endogenous sex hormones and prostate cancer: a collaborative analysis of 18 prospective studies
    Andrew W Roddam
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:170-83. 2008
    ..We performed a collaborative analysis of the existing worldwide epidemiologic data to examine these associations in a uniform manner and to provide more precise estimates of risks...
  69. doi Diabetes and the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Aneire E Khan
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Public Health and Primary Care, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Variety Wing, Norfolk Place, Paddington, London W2 1PG
    Haematologica 93:842-50. 2008
    ..Increases in the incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma in the past implicate environmental factors as potential causal agents...
  70. doi Circulating concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 in relation to prostate cancer risk: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study
    Mattias Johansson
    Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umea University, 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:279-85. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between prostate cancer risk and circulating concentrations of folate and vitamin B(12) in a large prospective cohort...
  71. ncbi C-reactive protein concentrations and subsequent ovarian cancer risk
    Meghan A McSorley
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21202, USA, and Academic Oncology Unit, Guy s Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 109:933-41. 2007
    ..To estimate the association between prediagnostic levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of chronic systemic inflammation, and subsequent development of ovarian cancer...
  72. ncbi Dietary carbohydrates, glycemic index, glycemic load, and endometrial cancer risk within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort
    Anne E Cust
    Nutrition and Hormones Unit, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Am J Epidemiol 166:912-23. 2007
    ....
  73. pmc A comprehensive analysis of the androgen receptor gene and risk of breast cancer: results from the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3)
    David G Cox
    Program in Molecular and Genetic Epidemiology, Epidemiology Department, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 8:R54. 2006
    ..Here, we report on the results of a large and comprehensive study of the association between genetic variation in the AR gene and risk of breast cancer in the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3)...
  74. doi Smoking and lymphoma risk in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Alexandra Nieters
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1081-9. 2008
    ..Future analysis should involve viral biomarkers and genetic susceptibility markers to elucidate potential mechanisms of smoking-induced carcinogenesis, particularly for Hodgkin's lymphoma...