A Ruberantwari

Summary

Affiliation: Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS
Country: Uganda

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 envelope subtypes A and D on disease progression in a large cohort of HIV-1-positive persons in Uganda
    Pontiano Kaleebu
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Infect Dis 185:1244-50. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Chronic facial crusts
    B N Mayanja
    Medical Research Council Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    Lancet 360:1940. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint A community randomized controlled trial to investigate impact of improved STD management and behavioural interventions on HIV incidence in rural Masaka, Uganda: trial design, methods and baseline findings
    Anatoli Kamali
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS in Uganda, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 7:1053-63. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Generalizability of population-based studies on AIDS: a comparison of newly and continuously surveyed villages in rural southwest Uganda
    S M Mbulaiteye
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS Uganda Virus Research Institute, PO Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    Int J Epidemiol 31:961-7. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Eosinophilia and progression to active tuberculosis in HIV-1-infected Ugandans
    Alison M Elliott
    Virus Research Institute, PO Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:477-80. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Condom awareness and intended use: gender and religious contrasts among school pupils in rural Masaka, Uganda
    J Kinsman
    MRC Programme on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS Care 13:215-20. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint The stability between two HIV-1 RNA measurements one year apart and the relationship with HIV subtype in rural Uganda
    D Morgan
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    Int J STD AIDS 12:116-21. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Alcohol and HIV: a study among sexually active adults in rural southwest Uganda
    S M Mbulaiteye
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, PO Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    Int J Epidemiol 29:911-5. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint Effect of HIV-1 and increasing immunosuppression on malaria parasitaemia and clinical episodes in adults in rural Uganda: a cohort study
    J Whitworth
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    Lancet 356:1051-6. 2000
  10. pmc Survival by AIDS defining condition in rural Uganda
    D Morgan
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    Sex Transm Infect 76:193-7. 2000

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications28

  1. ncbi request reprint Effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 envelope subtypes A and D on disease progression in a large cohort of HIV-1-positive persons in Uganda
    Pontiano Kaleebu
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Infect Dis 185:1244-50. 2002
    ..001), compared with subtype A, after adjusting for CD4 cell count at enrollment. In Africa, envelope subtype D is associated with faster disease progression, compared with subtype A...
  2. ncbi request reprint Chronic facial crusts
    B N Mayanja
    Medical Research Council Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    Lancet 360:1940. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint A community randomized controlled trial to investigate impact of improved STD management and behavioural interventions on HIV incidence in rural Masaka, Uganda: trial design, methods and baseline findings
    Anatoli Kamali
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS in Uganda, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 7:1053-63. 2002
    ..To describe study design, methods and baseline findings of a behavioural intervention alone and in combination with improved management of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) aimed at reducing HIV incidence and other STDs...
  4. ncbi request reprint Generalizability of population-based studies on AIDS: a comparison of newly and continuously surveyed villages in rural southwest Uganda
    S M Mbulaiteye
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS Uganda Virus Research Institute, PO Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    Int J Epidemiol 31:961-7. 2002
    ..However, longitudinal studies are susceptible to bias from added attention caused by study activities. We compare HIV-1 prevalence in previously and newly surveyed villages in rural southwest Uganda...
  5. ncbi request reprint Eosinophilia and progression to active tuberculosis in HIV-1-infected Ugandans
    Alison M Elliott
    Virus Research Institute, PO Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:477-80. 2003
    ..Eosinophilia is most likely to be indicative of a type 2 immune response induced by helminth infection in this Ugandan cohort, but the mechanism of the observed association between eosinophilia and risk of TB remains to be determined...
  6. ncbi request reprint Condom awareness and intended use: gender and religious contrasts among school pupils in rural Masaka, Uganda
    J Kinsman
    MRC Programme on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS Care 13:215-20. 2001
    ..Possible interventions based on these findings are discussed, and a research agenda for the delivery of assertiveness training to girls is proposed...
  7. ncbi request reprint The stability between two HIV-1 RNA measurements one year apart and the relationship with HIV subtype in rural Uganda
    D Morgan
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    Int J STD AIDS 12:116-21. 2001
    ..Individuals infected with subtype D had a higher average increase in viral load and this was statistically significant if adjusted for baseline levels and CD4 count (P=0.015)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Alcohol and HIV: a study among sexually active adults in rural southwest Uganda
    S M Mbulaiteye
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, PO Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    Int J Epidemiol 29:911-5. 2000
    ..To investigate the association between alcohol consumption and HIV sero-positivity in a rural Ugandan population...
  9. ncbi request reprint Effect of HIV-1 and increasing immunosuppression on malaria parasitaemia and clinical episodes in adults in rural Uganda: a cohort study
    J Whitworth
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    Lancet 356:1051-6. 2000
    ..An association between HIV-1 and malaria is expected in theory, but has not been convincingly shown in practice. We studied the effects of HIV-1 infection and advancing immunosuppression on falciparum parasitaemia and clinical malaria...
  10. pmc Survival by AIDS defining condition in rural Uganda
    D Morgan
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    Sex Transm Infect 76:193-7. 2000
    ..To report the initial AIDS defining conditions, CD4 lymphocyte counts around the time of AIDS diagnosis, and survival by AIDS defining condition in a population based cohort in rural Uganda...
  11. ncbi request reprint The immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in HIV-infected and uninfected adults in Uganda: application of a whole blood cytokine assay in an epidemiological study
    A M Elliott
    Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 3:239-47. 1999
    ..Out-patient clinic, Entebbe, Uganda...
  12. ncbi request reprint Independent evaluation of onchocerciasis rapid assessment methods in Benue State, Nigeria
    J A Whitworth
    Tropical Health Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 4:26-30. 1999
    ..To evaluate the prevalence of palpable nodules or skin depigmentation as rapid indicators of onchocerciasis epidemicity in at-risk communities...
  13. ncbi request reprint Implementation of a comprehensive AIDS education programme for schools in Masaka District, Uganda
    J Kinsman
    Masaka Intervention Trial and MRC Programme on AIDS, Uganda
    AIDS Care 11:591-601. 1999
    ..These findings are placed in the context of other life skills/AIDS education programmes being introduced both in Uganda and elsewhere in Africa...
  14. ncbi request reprint Associations between helminth infection and CD4+ T cell count, viral load and cytokine responses in HIV-1-infected Ugandan adults
    Alison M Elliott
    Uganda Virus Research Institute, P O Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:103-8. 2003
    ..The possibility that chronic helminth infection may suppress HIV replication and that effects on HIV replication may vary during helminth infection and treatment should be considered...
  15. ncbi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of HIV type 1 in a rural community in southwest Uganda
    P Kaleebu
    Medical Research Council Programme for AIDS in Uganda Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 16:393-401. 2000
    ..The DNA sequences showed between 0.5 and 8.3% divergence from the cohort clade A or D consensus sequences. The sequences were not closely related to those published for other clade A or D proviruses...
  16. ncbi request reprint An improved algorithm for determining HIV type 1 subtypes in a primary laboratory in Uganda
    P Kaleebu
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS in Uganda, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 16:621-5. 2000
    ..This proposed approach is suitable for epidemiological studies in Uganda and other regions with a predominance of A and D subtypes...
  17. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 RNA levels in an African population-based cohort and their relation to CD4 lymphocyte counts and World Health Organization clinical staging
    D Morgan
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 22:167-73. 1999
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 epidemic trends in rural south-west Uganda over a 10-year period
    J A G Whitworth
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 7:1047-52. 2002
    ..This was an observational cohort exposed to national health education messages, giving hope that similar campaigns elsewhere in Africa could be used effectively in efforts to control the HIV epidemic...
  19. ncbi request reprint Declining HIV-1 incidence and associated prevalence over 10 years in a rural population in south-west Uganda: a cohort study
    S M Mbulaiteye
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS in Uganda, Uganda Virus Research Institute, PO Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    Lancet 360:41-6. 2002
    ..We describe HIV-1 incidence and prevalence trends in a rural population-based cohort between 1989 and 1999...
  20. doi request reprint Nevirapine/zidovudine/lamivudine has superior immunological and virological responses not reflected in clinical outcomes in a 48-week randomized comparison with abacavir/zidovudine/lamivudine in HIV-infected Ugandan adults with low CD4 cell counts
    P Munderi
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    HIV Med 11:334-44. 2010
    ..Concerns exist about virological potency; efficacy has not been assessed in Africa...
  21. ncbi request reprint Causes and prevalence of non-vision impairing ocular conditions among a rural adult population in sw Uganda
    A Kamali
    Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 6:41-8. 1999
    ..Training health workers to recognise and treat these conditions would serve the great majority of eye patients. Hospital activity data can be used cautiously to assess the relative frequency of NVIC in the community...
  22. doi request reprint Evolution of drug resistance during 48 weeks of zidovudine/lamivudine/tenofovir in the absence of real-time viral load monitoring
    Fred Lyagoba
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:277-83. 2010
    ..To describe the resistance mutations selected by a first-line regimen of zidovudine/lamivudine/tenofovir in the absence of real-time viral load monitoring...
  23. pmc Mortality associated with HIV-1 infection over five years in a rural Ugandan population: cohort study
    A J Nunn
    Medical Research Programme on AIDS in Uganda, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    BMJ 315:767-71. 1997
    ..To assess the impact of HIV-1 infection on mortality over five years in a rural Ugandan population...
  24. ncbi request reprint Relationship between HIV-1 Env subtypes A and D and disease progression in a rural Ugandan cohort
    P Kaleebu
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS in Uganda, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe
    AIDS 15:293-9. 2001
    ..15; P = 0.15). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that although subtype A may have a slower progression than D, HIV-1 envelope subtype is not a major factor in determining the progression of HIV-1 disease in a rural population in Uganda...
  25. doi request reprint Distribution of HLA-B alleles in a Ugandan HIV-infected adult population: NORA pharmacogenetic substudy of DART
    Paula Munderi
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 16:200-4. 2011
    ..To determine the frequencies of HLA-B alleles in Ugandan patients in the NORA substudy of the DART trial and to compare HLA-B allele frequencies in those with and without clinically diagnosed hypersensitivity reaction (HSR)...
  26. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of E-optotypes as a screening test and the prevalence and causes of visual loss in a rural population in SW Uganda
    S M Mbulaiteye
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 9:251-62. 2002
    ..In the present paper, we describe the prevalence of visual loss in rural Uganda and the screening accuracy of E-optotypes when used by non-medical staff...
  27. doi request reprint Viral rebound and emergence of drug resistance in the absence of viral load testing: a randomized comparison between zidovudine-lamivudine plus Nevirapine and zidovudine-lamivudine plus Abacavir
    Nicaise Ndembi
    Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Medical Research Council MRC Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Kampala, Uganda
    J Infect Dis 201:106-13. 2010
    ..We investigated virological response and the emergence of resistance in the Nevirapine or Abacavir (NORA) substudy of the Development of Antiretroviral Treatment in Africa (DART) trial...
  28. doi request reprint Low incidence of abacavir hypersensitivity reaction among African children initiating antiretroviral therapy
    Patricia Nahirya-Ntege
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:535-7. 2011
    ..3%; 95% CI, 0.01-0.9). Patients were managed successfully through the provision of clear guidelines and education of clinical staff, children, and their caregivers...