James M Tielsch

Summary

Publications

  1. pmc Effect of daily zinc supplementation on child mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2013, USA
    Lancet 370:1230-9. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Incidence of and risk factors for neonatal jaundice among newborns in southern Nepal
    Carolyn G Scrafford
    Department of International Health, Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1317-28. 2013
  3. pmc Inconsistent effects of iron-folic acid and/or zinc supplementation on the cognitive development of infants
    Emily H Siegel
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:593-604. 2011
  4. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in neonatal mortality in Sarlahi, Nepal: the role of biology and environment
    Summer Rosenstock
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 67:986-91. 2013
  5. pmc Maternal and birth attendant hand washing and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal
    Victor Rhee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:603-8. 2008
  6. pmc Prevalence of decreased visual acuity among preschool-aged children in an American urban population: the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study, methods, and results
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:1786-95, 1795.e1-4. 2008
  7. pmc Zinc modifies the association between nasopharyngeal Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage and risk of acute lower respiratory infection among young children in rural Nepal
    Christian L Coles
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 138:2462-7. 2008
  8. pmc Impact of newborn skin-cleansing with chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 119:e330-40. 2007
  9. doi request reprint Prenatal micronutrient supplementation and intellectual and motor function in early school-aged children in Nepal
    Parul Christian
    Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room W2041, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 304:2716-23. 2010
  10. pmc Risk factors for neonatal mortality due to birth asphyxia in southern Nepal: a prospective, community-based cohort study
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1381-90. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications73

  1. pmc Effect of daily zinc supplementation on child mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2013, USA
    Lancet 370:1230-9. 2007
    ..However, whether routine supplementation would decrease morbidity and mortality in populations with zinc deficiency is unclear. We assessed the effect of daily zinc supplementation on children in southern Nepal...
  2. ncbi request reprint Incidence of and risk factors for neonatal jaundice among newborns in southern Nepal
    Carolyn G Scrafford
    Department of International Health, Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1317-28. 2013
    ..To quantify the incidence of and risk factors for neonatal jaundice among infants referred for care from a rural, low-resource, population-based cohort in southern Nepal...
  3. pmc Inconsistent effects of iron-folic acid and/or zinc supplementation on the cognitive development of infants
    Emily H Siegel
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:593-604. 2011
    ..05). These findings suggest that broader interventions (both in terms of scope and duration) are needed for infants who face many biological and social stressors...
  4. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in neonatal mortality in Sarlahi, Nepal: the role of biology and environment
    Summer Rosenstock
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 67:986-91. 2013
    ..Associations between gender preference and mortality are cited as reasons for excess mortality among girls. This has not, however, been tested in statistical models...
  5. pmc Maternal and birth attendant hand washing and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal
    Victor Rhee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:603-8. 2008
    ..More than 95% of neonatal deaths occur in developing countries, approximately 50% at home. Few data are available on the impact of hand-washing practices by birth attendants or caretakers on neonatal mortality...
  6. pmc Prevalence of decreased visual acuity among preschool-aged children in an American urban population: the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study, methods, and results
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:1786-95, 1795.e1-4. 2008
    ..To determine the age- and ethnicity-specific prevalence of decreased visual acuity (VA) in white and black preschool-aged children...
  7. pmc Zinc modifies the association between nasopharyngeal Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage and risk of acute lower respiratory infection among young children in rural Nepal
    Christian L Coles
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 138:2462-7. 2008
    ..09; P = 0.006) than in the zinc group (AMOR = 2.77; P = 0.288). These findings suggest that zinc prophylaxis may protect children against ALRI associated with carriage of Spn and that the effect may differ by infectious etiology...
  8. pmc Impact of newborn skin-cleansing with chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 119:e330-40. 2007
    ..Our objective was to assess the efficacy of a 1-time skin-cleansing of newborn infants with 0.25% chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality...
  9. doi request reprint Prenatal micronutrient supplementation and intellectual and motor function in early school-aged children in Nepal
    Parul Christian
    Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room W2041, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 304:2716-23. 2010
    ..Few studies have examined whether iron and zinc supplementation during gestation, a critical period of central nervous system development, affects children's later functioning...
  10. pmc Risk factors for neonatal mortality due to birth asphyxia in southern Nepal: a prospective, community-based cohort study
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1381-90. 2008
    ..Our goal was to identify antepartum, intrapartum, and infant risk factors for birth asphyxia mortality in a rural, low-resource, population-based cohort in southern Nepal...
  11. pmc Home care practices for newborns in rural southern Nepal during the first 2 weeks of life
    Dominique J Karas
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 58:200-7. 2012
    ..5%). Many of these commonly practiced behaviors are detrimental to the health and survival of newborns. Key areas to be addressed when designing a community-endorsed care package were identified...
  12. pmc Prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in white and African American children aged 6 through 71 months the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:2128-34.e1-2. 2009
    ..To determine the age-specific prevalence of strabismus in white and African American children aged 6 through 71 months and of amblyopia in white and African American children aged 30 through 71 months...
  13. pmc Daily supplementation with iron plus folic acid, zinc, and their combination is not associated with younger age at first walking unassisted in malnourished preschool children from a deficient population in rural Nepal
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health and 6Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 140:1317-21. 2010
    ..5 cm [60.6 d, (95% CI: 28.5, 92.6)]. Risks and benefits of universal iron+folic acid supplementation of infants beyond improved hematologic status deserve further consideration...
  14. pmc Effect of routine prophylactic supplementation with iron and folic acid on preschool child mortality in southern Nepal: community-based, cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    James M Tielsch
    Center for Human Nutrition and the Sight and Life Institute, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 367:144-52. 2006
    ..Supplementation with iron and folic acid alleviates severe anaemia and enhances neurodevelopment in deficient populations, but little is known about the risks of mortality and morbidity associated with supplementation...
  15. pmc Prevalence of refractive error among preschool children in an urban population: the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study
    Lydia Giordano
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:739-46, 746.e1-4. 2009
    ..To determine the age-specific prevalence of refractive errors in white and African-American preschool children...
  16. pmc Pneumococcal carriage at age 2 months is associated with growth deficits at age 6 months among infants in South India
    Christian L Coles
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Nutr 142:1088-94. 2012
    ..Results suggest that pneumococcal carriage at age 2 mo is an independent risk factor for poor growth in young infants. Future studies need to clarify the role of Spn carriage on growth retardation in low-income countries...
  17. pmc Verbal autopsy methods to ascertain birth asphyxia deaths in a community-based setting in southern Nepal
    Anne C C Lee
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1372-80. 2008
    ....
  18. pmc Neonatal hypothermia and associated risk factors among newborns of southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Med 8:43. 2010
    ..Estimates of association between neonatal hypothermia in the community and risk factors are needed to guide the design of interventions to reduce exposure...
  19. pmc Child development and refractive errors in preschool children
    Josephine O Ibironke
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 88:181-7. 2011
    ..Many parents are concerned about their child's development. The purpose of this study is to determine whether parental concerns about overall development are associated with significant refractive errors among urban preschool children...
  20. pmc Preschool iron-folic acid and zinc supplementation in children exposed to iron-folic acid in utero confers no added cognitive benefit in early school-age
    Parul Christian
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Nutr 141:2042-8. 2011
    ..The late timing of supplementation during preschool may explain the lack of impact of iron and/or zinc...
  21. pmc Injections during labor and intrapartum-related hypoxic injury and mortality in rural southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21228, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 122:22-6. 2013
    ..To estimate the association between unmonitored use of injections during labor and intrapartum-related neonatal mortality and morbidity among home births...
  22. pmc Effects of zinc and iron supplementation fail to improve motor and language milestone scores of infants and toddlers
    Pamela J Surkan
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Nutrition 29:542-8. 2013
    ..To assess the effects of zinc and iron-folic acid supplementation on motor and language milestones in Nepali children...
  23. pmc The prevalence of ocular structural disorders and nystagmus among preschool-aged children
    Michael X Repka
    Zanvyl Krieger Children s Eye Center and Adult Strabismus Service, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 9028, USA
    J AAPOS 16:182-4. 2012
    ..To describe the prevalence of structural disorders of the eye and nystagmus in preschool-aged children...
  24. ncbi request reprint Unexpectedly low prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among pregnant women on Pemba Island, Zanzibar
    Tamer H Farag
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins, University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:915-22. 2007
    ..The reason for very low prevalence should be investigated further because the discovery of bacterial or dietary factors that limit infection in this population could have useful public health applications...
  25. pmc Young maternal age and the risk of neonatal mortality in rural Nepal
    Vandana Sharma
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:828-35. 2008
    ..To investigate the relationship between adolescent pregnancy and neonatal mortality in a nutritionally deprived population in rural Nepal, and to determine mechanisms through which low maternal age may affect neonatal mortality...
  26. pmc Potential role of traditional birth attendants in neonatal healthcare in rural southern Nepal
    Tina Y Falle
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, E8646, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:53-61. 2009
    ..Continuing efforts to define the role of TBAs may benefit from an emphasis on their potential as active promoters of essential newborn care...
  27. pmc Topical applications of chlorhexidine to the umbilical cord for prevention of omphalitis and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomised trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Lancet 367:910-8. 2006
    ..Omphalitis contributes to neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Umbilical cord cleansing with antiseptics might reduce infection and mortality risk, but has not been rigorously investigated...
  28. pmc A randomized controlled trial of the impact of chlorhexidine skin cleansing on bacterial colonization of hospital-born infants in Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:505-11. 2008
    ..Few data exist on the impact of chlorhexidine cleansing on skin colonization of infants during the first day of life or on the absorption potential of chlorhexidine during newborn skin cleansing...
  29. doi request reprint Exposure to indoor biomass fuel and tobacco smoke and risk of adverse reproductive outcomes, mortality, respiratory morbidity and growth among newborn infants in south India
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1351-63. 2009
    ..We assessed the association between exposure to biomass fuel sources and second-hand tobacco smoke (SHTS) in the home and adverse health outcomes in early infancy in a population in rural south India...
  30. pmc Incidence of and risk factors for neonatal respiratory depression and encephalopathy in rural Sarlahi, Nepal
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 128:e915-24. 2011
    ..To characterize the incidence of, risk factors for, and neonatal morbidity and mortality associated with respiratory depression at birth and neonatal encephalopathy (NE) among term infants in a developing country...
  31. doi request reprint Incidence and seasonality of hypothermia among newborns in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, Ste E8646, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:71-7. 2010
    ..To quantify incidence, age distribution, and seasonality of neonatal hypothermia among a large population cohort...
  32. doi request reprint Community-based stillbirth rates and risk factors in rural Sarlahi, Nepal
    Anne C Lee
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 113:199-204. 2011
    ..To assess stillbirth rates and antepartum risk factors in rural Nepal...
  33. pmc Risk factors for maternal night blindness in rural South India
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:193-7. 2009
    ..This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with maternal night blindness in rural South India...
  34. ncbi request reprint Incidence and risk factors for newborn umbilical cord infections on Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:503-9. 2009
    ..We developed simple sign-based definitions of omphalitis and estimated incidence and risk factors for infection over a range of severity among neonates in Pemba, Zanzibar, Tanzania...
  35. pmc Risk of mortality subsequent to umbilical cord infection among newborns of southern Nepal: cord infection and mortality
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:17-20. 2009
    ..We compared the risk of mortality between infants with and without signs of umbilical cord infection during a community-based trial of chlorhexidine interventions in southern Nepal...
  36. pmc Pregnancy-related mortality in southern Nepal between 2001 and 2006: independent estimates from a prospective, population-based cohort and a direct sisterhood survey
    David W Wee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:855-60. 2010
    ..Access to life-saving maternal health interventions remains low in rural Nepal, and continued efforts are necessary to ensure equitable and country-wide progress toward Millennium Development Goal 5...
  37. ncbi request reprint Maternal night blindness during pregnancy is associated with low birthweight, morbidity, and poor growth in South India
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 138:787-92. 2008
    ..05, 1.34). Maternal night blindness was not associated with 6-mo infant mortality or wasting at 6 mo. This study demonstrates that there are important consequences to the infant of maternal vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy...
  38. ncbi request reprint Newborn vitamin A dosing reduces the case fatality but not incidence of common childhood morbidities in South India
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 137:2470-4. 2007
    ..This trial demonstrated that the reduction in overall mortality due to newborn vitamin A dosing was driven primarily by a reduction in case fatality among infants...
  39. doi request reprint Cataract surgery among Medicare beneficiaries
    Oliver D Schein
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 19:257-64. 2012
    ..To present descriptive epidemiology of cataract surgery among Medicare recipients in the United States...
  40. ncbi request reprint Impact of umbilical cord cleansing with 4.0% chlorhexidine on time to cord separation among newborns in southern Nepal: a cluster-randomized, community-based trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, W5009, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Pediatrics 118:1864-71. 2006
    ..0% chlorhexidine on omphalitis and mortality risk, we aimed to describe the distribution of times to separation and the impact of topical chlorhexidine treatment on cord-separation times...
  41. ncbi request reprint Ten-year change in self-rated quality of life in a type 1 diabetes population: Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy
    Flavio E Hirai
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Qual Life Res 22:1245-53. 2013
    ..To investigate a 10-year change of quality of life and associated factors in a population with type 1 diabetes...
  42. doi request reprint Relationship between retinopathy severity, visual impairment and depression in persons with long-term type 1 diabetes
    Flavio E Hirai
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 19:196-203. 2012
    ..Our aim was to investigate the proportion of individuals with depression and its association with diabetic retinopathy and visual impairment in a cohort with 25 or more years of type 1 diabetes...
  43. doi request reprint Risk of mortality associated with neonatal hypothermia in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:650-6. 2010
    ..To quantify the neonatal mortality/hypothermia relationship and develop evidence-based cutoffs for global definitions of neonatal hypothermia...
  44. doi request reprint Maternal vitamin A supplementation and lung function in offspring
    William Checkley
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:1784-94. 2010
    ....
  45. pmc Iron supplementation in early childhood: health benefits and risks
    Lora L Iannotti
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1261-76. 2006
    ..More research is needed in populations affected by HIV and tuberculosis. Iron supplementation in preventive programs may need to be targeted through identification of iron-deficient children...
  46. pmc Breast-feeding patterns, time to initiation, and mortality risk among newborns in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 138:599-603. 2008
    ..Community-based breast-feeding promotion programs should remain a priority, with renewed emphasis on early initiation in addition to exclusiveness and duration of breast-feeding...
  47. pmc Risk factors for umbilical cord infection among newborns of southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:203-11. 2007
    ..In addition to topical antiseptics, simple, low-cost interventions such as hand washing, skin-to-skin contact, and avoiding unclean cord applications should be promoted by community-based health workers...
  48. pmc Association between anaemia during pregnancy and blood loss at and after delivery among women with vaginal births in Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania
    Justine A Kavle
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:232-40. 2008
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint A comparison of methods for detecting the eggs of Ascaris, Trichuris, and hookworm in infant stool, and the epidemiology of infection in Zanzibari infants
    David Goodman
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:725-31. 2007
    ..4%, while at 10 and 11 months of age the mean prevalence was 43.4%. Village prevalence varied from 3.6% to 43.8%. Infant geohelminth infection can occur at a high prevalence, and what method is best depends on research specifics...
  50. pmc Nasopharyngeal carriage of S. pneumoniae among young children in rural Nepal
    Christian L Coles
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1025-33. 2009
    ..To provide epidemiologic data on Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) carriage in Nepal...
  51. pmc Associations between preterm birth, small-for-gestational age, and neonatal morbidity and cognitive function among school-age children in Nepal
    Parul Christian
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe St, Room E2541, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Pediatr 14:58. 2014
    ....
  52. doi request reprint Evidence for multiple micronutrient effects based on randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses in developing countries
    Parul Christian
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Nutr 142:173S-7S. 2012
    ..Gaps in research and future challenges for programmatic application of this strategy for both pregnant women and young children are discussed...
  53. doi request reprint Simplified age-weight mortality risk classification for very low birth weight infants in low-resource settings
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Pediatr 153:519-24. 2008
    ..To identify a valid neonatal mortality risk prediction score feasible for use in developing countries...
  54. pmc Lack of concordance between fixation preference and HOTV optotype visual acuity in preschool children: the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study
    David S Friedman
    Dana Center for Prevention Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21210, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:1796-9. 2008
    ..To compare the results of fixation preference testing and standardized visual acuity testing in white and black children aged 30 through 71 months...
  55. pmc Prevalence of small-for-gestational-age and its mortality risk varies by choice of birth-weight-for-gestation reference population
    Joanne Katz
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e92074. 2014
    ..We use data from rural Nepal and South India to compare the prevalence of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and neonatal mortality risk associated with SGA using different birth-weight-for-gestation reference populations...
  56. pmc Traditional massage of newborns in Nepal: implications for trials of improved practice
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 51:82-6. 2005
    ....
  57. pmc Safety of neonatal skin cleansing in rural Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health and Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Indian Pediatr 43:117-24. 2006
    ..In preparation for a study of newborn skin cleansing with chlorhexidine in Nepal, we evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and safety of the newborn cleansing procedure...
  58. pmc Safety and impact of chlorhexidine antisepsis interventions for improving neonatal health in developing countries
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 25:665-75. 2006
    ..Efficacy trials for all chlorhexidine interventions are needed in low-resource settings in Africa, and the benefit of maternal vaginal cleansing beyond that provided by newborn skin cleansing needs to be determined...
  59. pmc Postcataract surgery endophthalmitis in the United States: analysis of the complete 2003 to 2004 Medicare database of cataract surgeries
    Lisa Keay
    The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Ophthalmology 119:914-22. 2012
    ..To estimate endophthalmitis incidence after cataract surgery nationally and at the state level in 2003 and 2004 and to explore risk factors...
  60. pmc Effect of instrument precision on estimation of low birth weight prevalence
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Perinatol 25:11-3. 2005
    ..This study compared two instruments for measuring birth weight to investigate the effect of instrument precision on estimates of LBW prevalence...
  61. pmc Estimating the rate of progressive visual field damage in those with open-angle glaucoma, from cross-sectional data
    Aimee Teo Broman
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology and the Glaucoma Service, Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:66-76. 2008
    ..To estimate the rate of visual field progression in open-angle glaucoma (OAG) subjects, by using data from population-based cross-sectional studies...
  62. ncbi request reprint Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with severe anemia of pregnancy on Pemba Island, Zanzibar
    Tamer H Farag
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:541-8. 2007
    ..Further research is needed to establish causality because high worldwide prevalence means that even a small associated risk would be of public health significance...
  63. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of non-specific effects of infant immunizations on early infant mortality in a southern Indian population
    Lawrence H Moulton
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 10:947-55. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between receipt of routine childhood immunizations and infant mortality before 6 months of age...
  64. pmc Diarrhea as a risk factor for acute lower respiratory tract infections among young children in low income settings
    Christa L Fischer Walker
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Glob Health 3:10402. 2013
    ..We sought to quantify the correlation of diarrhea and respiratory infections within an individual child and to determine if infection with one illness increases the risk of infection with the other during the same time period...
  65. ncbi request reprint Short-term effects of vitamin A and antimalarial treatment on erythropoiesis in severely anemic Zanzibari preschool children
    Sarah E Cusick
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:406-12. 2005
    ..Impaired erythropoietin production is one possible mechanism. Plasmodium falciparum malaria has been found to blunt erythropoietin production, whereas vitamin A stimulates erythropoietin production in vitro...
  66. ncbi request reprint Low-dose daily iron supplementation for 12 months does not increase the prevalence of malarial infection or density of parasites in young Zanzibari children
    Tsedal Mebrahtu
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 134:3037-41. 2004
    ..We conclude that in this environment of high malaria transmission, daily oral low-dose supplementation of iron for 12 mo did not affect the prevalence of malaria infection or parasite density...
  67. ncbi request reprint The incidence of microbial keratitis among wearers of a 30-day silicone hydrogel extended-wear contact lens
    Oliver D Schein
    Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:2172-9. 2005
    ..Duluth, GA), recently approved for up to 30 days of continuous wear...
  68. pmc Ten-year change in vision-related quality of life in type 1 diabetes: Wisconsin epidemiologic study of diabetic retinopathy
    Flavio E Hirai
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 118:353-8. 2011
    ..To investigate changes of vision-related quality of life during a 10-year period in a population with type 1 diabetes...
  69. pmc Computerized lung sound analysis as diagnostic aid for the detection of abnormal lung sounds: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Arati Gurung
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Respir Med 105:1396-403. 2011
    ..Electronic auscultation and automated classification of recorded lung sounds may help prevent some of these shortcomings...
  70. pmc Vitamin A supplements in newborns and child survival
    James M Tielsch
    BMJ 336:1385-6. 2008
  71. pmc Growth indices, anemia, and diet independently predict motor milestone acquisition of infants in south central Nepal
    Emily H Siegel
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    J Nutr 135:2840-4. 2005
    ..We conclude that growth, anemia, and diet are independently associated with delays in the onset of bipedal locomotion among young Nepali children...
  72. ncbi request reprint Combined iron and folic acid supplementation with or without zinc reduces time to walking unassisted among Zanzibari infants 5- to 11-mo old
    Deanna K Olney
    U S Department of Agriculture, ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center, Davis, CA, USA
    J Nutr 136:2427-34. 2006
    ..There were no significant treatment effects on changes in HAZ or WAZ. The effects of treatment on time to walking may have been mediated by improvements in iron status or hemoglobin, but were not mediated through improvements in growth...
  73. ncbi request reprint Maternal reports of sleep in 6-18 month-old infants from Nepal and Zanzibar: association with iron deficiency anemia and stunting
    Katarzyna Kordas
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, United States
    Early Hum Dev 84:389-98. 2008
    ..They may also be fatigued more often, suggesting their sleep may be affected. It is unclear whether fatigue in these infants is due to poor nighttime sleep or if it is compensated for with frequent naps or longer sleep...