Rob M van Dam

Summary

Affiliation: Vrije Universiteit
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The insulin receptor substrate-1 Gly972Arg polymorphism is not associated with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in two population-based studies
    R M van Dam
    Center of Nutrition and Health, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Diabet Med 21:752-8. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Common variants in the ATP-sensitive K+ channel genes KCNJ11 (Kir6.2) and ABCC8 (SUR1) in relation to glucose intolerance: population-based studies and meta-analyses
    R M van Dam
    Centre of Nutrition and Health, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Diabet Med 22:590-8. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Coffee consumption and incidence of impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, and type 2 diabetes: the Hoorn Study
    R M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Diabetologia 47:2152-9. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Effects of coffee consumption on fasting blood glucose and insulin concentrations: randomized controlled trials in healthy volunteers
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Diabetes Care 27:2990-2. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of lifestyle and risk for type 2 diabetes
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Epidemiol 18:1115-25. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Patterns of food consumption and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the general Dutch population
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Chronic Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1156-63. 2003
  7. doi request reprint A prospective study of dairy consumption in relation to changes in metabolic risk factors: the Hoorn Study
    Marieke B Snijder
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:706-9. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Is higher dairy consumption associated with lower body weight and fewer metabolic disturbances? The Hoorn Study
    Marieke B Snijder
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije University, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:989-95. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Potentially modifiable determinants of vitamin D status in an older population in the Netherlands: the Hoorn Study
    Rob M van Dam
    Institute for Health Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:755-61. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Sagittal abdominal diameter: no advantage compared with other anthropometric measures as a correlate of components of the metabolic syndrome in elderly from the Hoorn Study
    Janine Mukuddem-Petersen
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:995-1002. 2006

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. ncbi request reprint The insulin receptor substrate-1 Gly972Arg polymorphism is not associated with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in two population-based studies
    R M van Dam
    Center of Nutrition and Health, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Diabet Med 21:752-8. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the IRS-1 Gly972Arg variant increases risk of Type 2 diabetes...
  2. ncbi request reprint Common variants in the ATP-sensitive K+ channel genes KCNJ11 (Kir6.2) and ABCC8 (SUR1) in relation to glucose intolerance: population-based studies and meta-analyses
    R M van Dam
    Centre of Nutrition and Health, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Diabet Med 22:590-8. 2005
    ..To evaluate the relation between common variants in the ATP-sensitive K+ channel genes and glucose intolerance...
  3. ncbi request reprint Coffee consumption and incidence of impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, and type 2 diabetes: the Hoorn Study
    R M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Diabetologia 47:2152-9. 2004
    ..Coffee contains several substances that may affect glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between habitual coffee consumption and the incidence of IFG, IGT and type 2 diabetes...
  4. ncbi request reprint Effects of coffee consumption on fasting blood glucose and insulin concentrations: randomized controlled trials in healthy volunteers
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Diabetes Care 27:2990-2. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of lifestyle and risk for type 2 diabetes
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Epidemiol 18:1115-25. 2003
    ..In addition, other effects of lifestyle may play an important role in reducing risk for type 2 diabetes...
  6. ncbi request reprint Patterns of food consumption and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the general Dutch population
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Chronic Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1156-63. 2003
    ..Few studies have examined food consumption patterns in relation to biological risk factors for cardiovascular disease...
  7. doi request reprint A prospective study of dairy consumption in relation to changes in metabolic risk factors: the Hoorn Study
    Marieke B Snijder
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:706-9. 2008
    ..The aim of our study was to investigate the prospective association between dairy consumption and changes in weight and metabolic disturbances...
  8. ncbi request reprint Is higher dairy consumption associated with lower body weight and fewer metabolic disturbances? The Hoorn Study
    Marieke B Snijder
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije University, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:989-95. 2007
    ..Dairy consumption has been postulated to reduce the risk of obesity and metabolic disturbances...
  9. ncbi request reprint Potentially modifiable determinants of vitamin D status in an older population in the Netherlands: the Hoorn Study
    Rob M van Dam
    Institute for Health Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:755-61. 2007
    ..Inadequate vitamin D status is common in many populations around the world...
  10. ncbi request reprint Sagittal abdominal diameter: no advantage compared with other anthropometric measures as a correlate of components of the metabolic syndrome in elderly from the Hoorn Study
    Janine Mukuddem-Petersen
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:995-1002. 2006
    ..The sagittal abdominal diameter has been proposed as a useful measure by which to estimate abdominal obesity and as being more strongly related to components of the metabolic syndrome than are other anthropometric measures...
  11. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and glucose tolerance in elderly men: the Zutphen Elderly study
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Chronic Diseases Epidemiology and Division of Public Health Research, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1132-6. 2002
    ..To determine whether physical activity is associated with glucose tolerance in the elderly...
  12. ncbi request reprint Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    JAMA 294:97-104. 2005
    ..Emerging epidemiological evidence suggests that higher coffee consumption may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes...
  13. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D status in relation to one-year risk of recurrent falling in older men and women
    Marieke B Snijder
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:2980-5. 2006
    ..Falls frequently occur in the elderly and are a major cause of morbidity and mortality...
  14. doi request reprint Ethnic differences in self-rated overweight and association with reporting weight loss action: the SUNSET study
    Mary Nicolaou
    Department of Public Health, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Public Health 22:859-63. 2012
    ..To investigate ethnic differences in self-rated overweight and self-reported weight loss action...
  15. ncbi request reprint Association of overweight with increased risk of coronary heart disease partly independent of blood pressure and cholesterol levels: a meta-analysis of 21 cohort studies including more than 300 000 persons
    Rik P Bogers
    Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Arch Intern Med 167:1720-8. 2007
    ..0) are associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) through adverse effects on blood pressure and cholesterol levels is unclear, as is the risk of CHD that remains after these mediating effects are considered...
  16. pmc A prospective cohort study of dietary patterns of non-western migrants in the Netherlands in relation to risk factors for cardiovascular diseases: HELIUS-Dietary Patterns
    Louise H Dekker
    Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22660, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 11:441. 2011
    ..This paper outlines the design and methods used in the HELIUS-Dietary Patterns study and describes a systematic approach to overcome difficulties in the assessment and analysis of dietary intake data in ethnically diverse populations...
  17. pmc Acute effects of decaffeinated coffee and the major coffee components chlorogenic acid and trigonelline on incretin hormones
    Margreet R Olthof
    Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 8:10. 2011
    ..These findings do not support the hypothesis that coffee acutely improves glucose tolerance through effects on the secretion of incretin hormones. Chronic effects of coffee and its major components still need to be investigated...
  18. ncbi request reprint Adiposity in relation to vitamin D status and parathyroid hormone levels: a population-based study in older men and women
    Marieke B Snijder
    Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije University, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:4119-23. 2005
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Chronic Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Lancet 360:1477-8. 2002
    ..50 (95% CI 0.35-0.72, p=0.0002) times as likely as those who drank two cups or fewer a day to develop type 2 diabetes. Coffee consumption was associated with a substantially lower risk of clinical type 2 diabetes...
  20. ncbi request reprint New approaches to the study of dietary patterns
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Nutr 93:573-4. 2005
  21. ncbi request reprint Magnesium intake and plasma concentrations of markers of systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in women
    Yiqing Song
    Division of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1068-74. 2007
    ..Relations between magnesium intake and systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction are not well established...
  22. pmc Whole grain, bran, and germ intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study and systematic review
    Jeroen S L de Munter
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e261. 2007
    ..We evaluated intakes of whole grain, bran, and germ in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in prospective cohort studies...
  23. pmc Coffee consumption is associated with higher plasma adiponectin concentrations in women with or without type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study
    Catherine J Williams
    Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:504-7. 2008
    ..High consumption of caffeine-containing coffee is associated with higher adiponectin and lower inflammatory marker concentrations...
  24. doi request reprint Coffee, tea, caffeine and risk of breast cancer: a 22-year follow-up
    Davaasambuu Ganmaa
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Cancer 122:2071-6. 2008
    ..However, our results suggested a weak inverse association between caffeine-containing beverages and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer...
  25. doi request reprint Abdominal obesity and the risk of all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality: sixteen years of follow-up in US women
    Cuilin Zhang
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 6100 Executive Blvd, Room 7B03, MSC 7510, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892 7510, USA
    Circulation 117:1658-67. 2008
    ..However, the association of premature death resulting from these diseases with abdominal adiposity has not been widely studied, and findings are inconsistent...
  26. pmc Dietary patterns and risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all causes in a prospective cohort of women
    Christin Heidemann
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Circulation 118:230-7. 2008
    ..The impact of overall dietary patterns that reflect actual eating behaviors on mortality caused by cardiovascular or other chronic diseases is largely unknown...
  27. ncbi request reprint Total and high-molecular-weight adiponectin and resistin in relation to the risk for type 2 diabetes in women
    Christin Heidemann
    Harvard School of Public Health, Massachusetts General Hospital, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Ann Intern Med 149:307-16. 2008
    ..Adiponectin and resistin are recently discovered adipokines that may provide a molecular link between adiposity and type 2 diabetes...
  28. pmc Combined impact of lifestyle factors on mortality: prospective cohort study in US women
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    BMJ 337:a1440. 2008
    ..To evaluate the impact of combinations of lifestyle factors on mortality in middle aged women...
  29. ncbi request reprint Physical activity of moderate intensity and risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review
    Christie Y Jeon
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:744-52. 2007
    ..To systematically evaluate the evidence for an association between physical activity of moderate intensity and risk of type 2 diabetes...
  30. ncbi request reprint Comparison of self-reported and measured BMI as correlates of disease markers in US adults
    Mara A McAdams
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:188-96. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study is to evaluate the validity of BMI based on self-reported data by comparison with technician-measured BMI and biomarkers of adiposity...
  31. ncbi request reprint Genetic variation in IL6 gene and type 2 diabetes: tagging-SNP haplotype analysis in large-scale case-control study and meta-analysis
    Lu Qi
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Hum Mol Genet 15:1914-20. 2006
    ..In summary, the data in this study do not support substantial associations between the common polymorphisms in IL6 gene and circulating IL-6 levels and the risk of type 2 diabetes...
  32. ncbi request reprint Coffee consumption and coronary heart disease in men and women: a prospective cohort study
    Esther Lopez-Garcia
    Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 113:2045-53. 2006
    ..We examined the association between long-term habitual coffee consumption and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD)...
  33. ncbi request reprint Changes in caffeine intake and long-term weight change in men and women
    Esther Lopez-Garcia
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:674-80. 2006
    ..The long-term effects of caffeine intake on weight have not been examined prospectively...
  34. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D and calcium intake in relation to type 2 diabetes in women
    Anastassios G Pittas
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Tufts New England Medical Center, 750 Washington Street 268, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:650-6. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to prospectively examine the association between vitamin D and calcium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes...
  35. ncbi request reprint Coffee, caffeine, and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study in younger and middle-aged U.S. women
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:398-403. 2006
    ..High habitual coffee consumption has been associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, but data on lower levels of consumption and on different types of coffee are sparse...
  36. ncbi request reprint Whole-grain, bran, and cereal fiber intakes and markers of systemic inflammation in diabetic women
    Lu Qi
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:207-11. 2006
    ..To evaluate the dietary predictors for the markers of systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes...
  37. ncbi request reprint Dietary patterns and risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in U.S. men
    Rob M van Dam
    Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann Intern Med 136:201-9. 2002
    ..The role of diet in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus remains unsettled...
  38. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat and meat intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in men
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:417-24. 2002
    ..To examine dietary fat and meat intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes...
  39. ncbi request reprint Variant of transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene and the risk of type 2 diabetes in large cohorts of U.S. women and men
    Cuilin Zhang
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Diabetes 55:2645-8. 2006
    ..48-fold increased risk (P < 10(-16)). Our findings confirm that the TCF7L2 gene represents an important locus for predicting inherited susceptibility to type 2 diabetes...
  40. ncbi request reprint Lipocalins and insulin resistance: etiological role of retinol-binding protein 4 and lipocalin-2?
    Rob M van Dam
    Clin Chem 53:5-7. 2007
  41. ncbi request reprint Dietary calcium and magnesium, major food sources, and risk of type 2 diabetes in U.S. black women
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:2238-43. 2006
    ..We examined magnesium, calcium, and major food sources in relation to type 2 diabetes in African-American women...
  42. ncbi request reprint Coffee consumption and markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in healthy and diabetic women
    Esther Lopez-Garcia
    Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:888-93. 2006
    ..In several short-term studies, coffee consumption has been associated with impairment of endothelial function...
  43. ncbi request reprint Heme iron from diet as a risk factor for coronary heart disease in women with type 2 diabetes
    Lu Qi
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:101-6. 2007
    ..Diabetes-related metabolic abnormality may aggravate the adverse effects of iron overload on cardiovascular health. However, little is known about whether iron consumption affects coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in diabetes...
  44. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of breakfast consumption and weight gain among U.S. men
    Amber A W A van der Heijden
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:2463-9. 2007
    ..The aim was to investigate the association between breakfast consumption and long-term weight gain in an adult male population...
  45. ncbi request reprint Green tea, coffee, and diabetes
    Rob M van Dam
    Ann Intern Med 145:634; author reply 634-5. 2006
  46. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of dietary energy density and weight gain in women
    Maira Bes-Rastrollo
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:769-77. 2008
    ..Little is known about the long-term effects of dietary energy density (ED) on weight gain...
  47. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of overall diet quality and risk of type 2 diabetes in women
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:1753-7. 2007
    ..The aim of this article was to assess the association between the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) and risk of type 2 diabetes in women...
  48. doi request reprint Coffee consumption and coronary heart disease: paradoxical effects on biological risk factors versus disease incidence
    Rob M van Dam
    Clin Chem 54:1418-20. 2008
  49. ncbi request reprint Systematic review of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus and risk of fracture
    Mohsen Janghorbani
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    Am J Epidemiol 166:495-505. 2007
    ..These findings strongly support an association between both type 1 and type 2 diabetes and increased risk of hip fracture in men and women...
  50. ncbi request reprint The relationship of coffee consumption with mortality
    Esther Lopez-Garcia
    Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachussetts, USA
    Ann Intern Med 148:904-14. 2008
    ..Coffee consumption has been linked to various beneficial and detrimental health effects, but data on its relation with mortality are sparse...
  51. ncbi request reprint Are alkylresorcinols accurate biomarkers for whole grain intake?
    Rob M van Dam
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:797-8. 2008
  52. ncbi request reprint Interleukin-6 genetic variability and adiposity: associations in two prospective cohorts and systematic review in 26,944 individuals
    Lu Qi
    Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, and Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:3618-25. 2007
    ..IL-6 (IL6) is an immune-modulating cytokine associated with obesity in humans...
  53. ncbi request reprint The relationship between overweight in adolescence and premature death in women
    Rob M van Dam
    Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann Intern Med 145:91-7. 2006
    ..The impact of adiposity in adolescence on death during adulthood is uncertain...
  54. pmc Breast size and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Joel G Ray
    Departments of Medicine, and the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 178:289-95. 2008
    ..We sought to evaluate whether a woman's breast size in late adolescence is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adulthood...