Paul A Boelen

Summary

Affiliation: Utrecht University
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Ruminative coping as avoidance: a reinterpretation of its function in adjustment to bereavement
    Margaret Stroebe
    Research Institute for Psychology and Health, Faculty of Social Sciences, Utrecht University, Box 80140, 3508, TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 257:462-72. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Positive thinking in bereavement: is it related to depression, anxiety, or grief symptomatology?
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Psychol Rep 91:857-63. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Complicated grief and uncomplicated grief are distinguishable constructs
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 157:311-4. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint The influence of symptoms of prolonged grief disorder, depression, and anxiety on quality of life among bereaved adults: a prospective study
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508, TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 257:444-52. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Examination of proposed criteria for complicated grief in people confronted with violent or non-violent loss
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Ultrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Ultrecht, The Netherlands
    Death Stud 31:155-64. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire - Positive (ATQ - P)
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Cogn Behav Ther 36:23-33. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Continuing bonds and grief: a prospective analysis
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Death Stud 30:767-76. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Negative cognitions and avoidance in emotional problems after bereavement: a prospective study
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 44:1657-72. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Traumatic grief as a disorder distinct from bereavement-related depression and anxiety: a replication study with bereaved mental health care patients
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht Unversity, The Netherland
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1339-41. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Complicated grief, depression, and anxiety as distinct postloss syndromes: a confirmatory factor analysis study
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychiatry 162:2175-7. 2005

Detail Information

Publications44

  1. ncbi request reprint Ruminative coping as avoidance: a reinterpretation of its function in adjustment to bereavement
    Margaret Stroebe
    Research Institute for Psychology and Health, Faculty of Social Sciences, Utrecht University, Box 80140, 3508, TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 257:462-72. 2007
    ..Implications with respect to intervention for complicated grief are discussed...
  2. ncbi request reprint Positive thinking in bereavement: is it related to depression, anxiety, or grief symptomatology?
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Psychol Rep 91:857-63. 2002
    ..The findings indicate that, among bereaved individuals, low positive thinking is a cognitive feature of depression that is relatively independent of anxiety and traumatic grief symptomatology...
  3. ncbi request reprint Complicated grief and uncomplicated grief are distinguishable constructs
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 157:311-4. 2008
    ..With data from a subgroup of 130 mourners, CG but not UG was found to relate to concurrent distress and disability...
  4. ncbi request reprint The influence of symptoms of prolonged grief disorder, depression, and anxiety on quality of life among bereaved adults: a prospective study
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508, TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 257:444-52. 2007
    ..This study sought to replicate these findings using a prospective design, a heterogeneous sample of mourners, and the most recent criteria to define PGD...
  5. ncbi request reprint Examination of proposed criteria for complicated grief in people confronted with violent or non-violent loss
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Ultrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Ultrecht, The Netherlands
    Death Stud 31:155-64. 2007
    ..Receiver operator characteristic analysis was used to analyze data. Results showed that, in all 4 groups, the proposed criteria for CG performed well at distinguishing between people who did and did not meet criteria for caseness of CG...
  6. ncbi request reprint Psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire - Positive (ATQ - P)
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Cogn Behav Ther 36:23-33. 2007
    ..In sum, the present study indicates that the Dutch ATQ - P is an effective measure of positive automatic cognitions...
  7. ncbi request reprint Continuing bonds and grief: a prospective analysis
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Death Stud 30:767-76. 2006
    ..In part, these findings contradict earlier prospective findings...
  8. ncbi request reprint Negative cognitions and avoidance in emotional problems after bereavement: a prospective study
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 44:1657-72. 2006
    ..Findings indicate that negative cognitions are important in emotional problems after bereavement and that the role of avoidance in the development of these problems needs further scrutiny...
  9. ncbi request reprint Traumatic grief as a disorder distinct from bereavement-related depression and anxiety: a replication study with bereaved mental health care patients
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht Unversity, The Netherland
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1339-41. 2003
    ..Earlier studies have shown that symptoms of traumatic grief are distinct from those of bereavement-related depression and anxiety. This study was an attempt to replicate that finding...
  10. ncbi request reprint Complicated grief, depression, and anxiety as distinct postloss syndromes: a confirmatory factor analysis study
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychiatry 162:2175-7. 2005
    ..The authors used confirmatory factor analysis to replicate earlier findings that complicated grief, depression, and anxiety are distinct syndromes...
  11. ncbi request reprint The role of negative interpretations of grief reactions in emotional problems after bereavement
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 34:225-38. 2003
    ..The results have implications for the treatment of emotional problems after bereavement...
  12. ncbi request reprint The role of cognitive variables in psychological functioning after the death of a first degree relative
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 41:1123-36. 2003
    ..Overall, the findings are in support of cognitive theories of grief, and suggest that effective treatment of problematic grief will need to address negative cognitions...
  13. ncbi request reprint Reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the inventory of traumatic grief (ITG)
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Death Stud 27:227-47. 2003
    ..Furthermore, an ITG cutoff score for a diagnosis of traumatic grief was determined, with a sensitivity of 86% and a specificity of 76%, providing evidence in favor of the predictive validity of the ITG...
  14. doi request reprint Intolerance of uncertainty in adolescents: correlations with worry, social anxiety, and depression
    Paul A Boelen
    Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The
    J Nerv Ment Dis 198:194-200. 2010
    ..Finally, IU and its 2 components were found to mediate the linkages of NA with worry and social anxiety...
  15. doi request reprint Prolonged Grief Disorder, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder are distinguishable syndromes
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Affect Disord 125:374-8. 2010
    ..We compared the fit of a one-factor model with the fit of four hierarchical models in which symptoms formed three distinct correlated higher-order dimensions, and PTSD-items were modeled in different ways...
  16. doi request reprint Factors associated with outcome of cognitive-behavioural therapy for complicated grief: a preliminary study
    Paul A Boelen
    Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 18:284-91. 2011
    ..As predicted, stronger reduction in CG severity was significantly associated with stronger reductions in negative cognitions and avoidance. Implications of these findings are discussed...
  17. doi request reprint A prospective examination of catastrophic misinterpretations and experiential avoidance in emotional distress following loss
    Paul A Boelen
    Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 198:252-7. 2010
    ..Both constructs did not predict later depression beyond baseline depression. Theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed...
  18. doi request reprint Psychometric properties of the Dutch Inventories of Prolonged Grief for Children and Adolescents
    Mariken Spuij
    Department of Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 19:540-51. 2012
    ..This report provides further evidence of the clinical significance of PGD symptoms among children and adolescents and promising psychometric properties of questionnaires that can be used to assess these symptoms...
  19. doi request reprint Autobiographical memory specificity and symptoms of complicated grief, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder following loss
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 41:331-7. 2010
    ..Moreover, the results are consistent with recent research findings showing that memories tied to the source of an individual's distress (e.g., loss) are immune to avoidant processes involved in the standard reduced specificity effect...
  20. doi request reprint Intrusive images in grief: an exploratory study
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 15:217-26. 2008
    ..Findings have potential theoretical and clinical implications and indicate that a more comprehensive study of intrusions among bereaved people is warranted...
  21. doi request reprint Cognitive behavioral variables mediate the associations of neuroticism and attachment insecurity with Prolonged Grief Disorder severity
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, TC, The Netherlands
    Anxiety Stress Coping 24:291-307. 2011
    ..Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed...
  22. doi request reprint The factor structure of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder symptoms among bereaved individuals: a confirmatory factor analysis study
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 22:1377-83. 2008
    ..Patterns of correlations with depression and complicated grief supported the validity of the model...
  23. doi request reprint Peritraumatic dissociation after loss: latent structure and associations with psychopathology
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 200:362-4. 2012
    ..Peritraumatic dissociation predicted concurrent and prospective symptom levels even when controlling for neuroticism and demographic and loss-related variables...
  24. doi request reprint The role of self-concept clarity in prolonged grief disorder
    Paul A Boelen
    Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 200:56-62. 2012
    ..Moreover, lower initial SCC predicted PGD severity 6 months later...
  25. doi request reprint The centrality of a loss and its role in emotional problems among bereaved people
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 47:616-22. 2009
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Continuing relationships with the deceased: disentangling bonds and grief
    Henk A W Schut
    Utrecht University, Department of Clinical Psychology, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Death Stud 30:757-66. 2006
    ..These patterns suggest that future research should continue to explore whether the association between continuing bonds and grief intensity is due to conceptual overlap...
  27. doi request reprint Intolerance of uncertainty and social anxiety
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 23:130-5. 2009
    ..g., fear of negative evaluation) and for neuroticism. Furthermore, it was found that IU was related with symptom levels of GAD, OCD, and social anxiety, but not depression, when controlling the shared variance among these symptoms...
  28. ncbi request reprint Variables mediating the linkage between loss centrality and postloss psychopathology
    Paul A Boelen
    Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 200:801-6. 2012
    ..The implications of these findings are discussed...
  29. doi request reprint Personal goals and prolonged grief disorder symptoms
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 18:439-44. 2011
    ....
  30. doi request reprint An item response theory analysis of a measure of complicated grief
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Death Stud 33:101-29. 2009
    ..Items were reasonably well dispersed across the range of CG severity. There was little evidence of differential item functioning between gender groups and victims of violent vs. non-violent loss...
  31. doi request reprint Prospective linkages between peer victimization and externalizing problems in children: a meta-analysis
    Albert Reijntjes
    Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Aggress Behav 37:215-22. 2011
    ..Hence, externalizing problems function as both antecedents and consequences of peer victimization...
  32. doi request reprint Avoidance processes mediate the relationship between rumination and symptoms of complicated grief and depression following loss
    Maarten C Eisma
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University
    J Abnorm Psychol 122:961-70. 2013
    ..Bereaved individuals with problematic grief and (chronic) rumination may benefit from therapy focused on countering avoidance tendencies...
  33. doi request reprint Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder in bereaved children and adolescents: factor structure and correlates
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508, TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 41:1097-108. 2013
    ....
  34. pmc Distinctiveness of symptoms of prolonged grief, depression, and post-traumatic stress in bereaved children and adolescents
    Mariken Spuij
    Department of Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 21:673-9. 2012
    ....
  35. doi request reprint Psychological interventions for patients with rheumatic diseases and anxiety or depression
    Rinie Geenen
    Utrecht University, Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 26:305-19. 2012
    ..This article reviews the prevalence and diagnosis of anxiety and depression in rheumatic diseases and it examines the contents and the impact of psychological interventions to address these difficulties for patients...
  36. doi request reprint A prospective examination of the association between the centrality of a loss and post-loss psychopathology
    Paul A Boelen
    Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Affect Disord 137:117-24. 2012
    ..The current study aimed to extend this prior research by examining the prospective linkage between the centrality of a loss-event and post-loss psychopathology...
  37. ncbi request reprint Treatment of complicated grief: a comparison between cognitive-behavioral therapy and supportive counseling
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
    J Consult Clin Psychol 75:277-84. 2007
    ..Effect sizes of ET + CR were encouraging and compare favorably with those found in earlier bereavement intervention studies...
  38. ncbi request reprint Commentary on the inclusion of persistent complex bereavement-related disorder in DSM-5
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Death Stud 36:771-94. 2012
    ....
  39. pmc The effectiveness of Grief-Help, a cognitive behavioural treatment for prolonged grief in children: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
    Mariken Spuij
    Department of Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, Utrecht, TC 3508, The Netherlands
    Trials 14:395. 2013
    ..e., maladaptive cognitions and behaviours and positive parenting), and (3) to determine whether demographic variables, child personality, as well as symptoms of PGD, anxiety, and depression in parents moderate the treatment effectiveness...
  40. doi request reprint Symptoms of prolonged grief, depression, and adult separation anxiety: distinctiveness and correlates
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 207:68-72. 2013
    ..All three symptom clusters were associated with lower concurrent mental and physical health...
  41. doi request reprint Intolerance of uncertainty, hypochondriacal concerns, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and worry
    Paul A Boelen
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 200:208-13. 2012
    ..In both studies, IU was found to be more strongly associated with OCD symptoms and worry than with HA/HC...
  42. doi request reprint The outcast-lash-out effect in youth: alienation increases aggression following peer rejection
    Albert Reijntjes
    Utrecht University, Department of Psychosocial Development in Context, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 21:1394-8. 2010
    ..Thus, alienated youth are more aggressive than others when they experience acute peer rejection...
  43. ncbi request reprint Concurrent and prospective associations of habitual overgeneral memory and prospection with symptoms of depression, general anxiety, obsessive compulsiveness, and post-traumatic stress
    Paul A Boelen
    a Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Memory 22:747-58. 2014
    ..Among other things, it was found that reduced memory specificity (but not reduced future specificity) was associated with concurrent and later depression, as well as with symptom levels of PTSD tapped 1 year beyond baseline. ..
  44. ncbi request reprint Intolerance of uncertainty and adult separation anxiety
    Paul A Boelen
    a Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Cogn Behav Ther 43:133-44. 2014
    ..Additional findings indicated that IU is more strongly associated with symptoms of GAD, OCD, and social anxiety than symptoms of adult separation anxiety disorder and depression...