Henk Aarts

Summary

Affiliation: Utrecht University
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Category activation effects in judgment and behaviour: the moderating role of perceived comparability
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Br J Soc Psychol 41:123-38. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint The nonconscious cessation of goal pursuit: when goals and negative affect are coactivated
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:165-78. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint On the feeling of doing: dysphoria and the implicit modulation of authorship ascription
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 44:1621-7. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint On the inference of personal authorship: enhancing experienced agency by priming effect information
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 14:439-58. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Goal contagion: perceiving is for pursuing
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organization Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:23-37. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint The silence of the library: environment, situational norm, and social behavior
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 84:18-28. 2003
  7. doi request reprint Priming and authorship ascription: when nonconscious goals turn into conscious experiences of self-agency
    Henk Aarts
    Utrecht University, Department of Psychology, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:967-79. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Fear signals inhibit impulsive behavior toward rewarding food objects
    Harm Veling
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Appetite 56:643-8. 2011
  9. doi request reprint Memory and attention for social threat: anxious hypercoding-avoidance and submissive gaze aversion
    David Terburg
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Emotion 12:666-72. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Mere exposure to palatable food cues reduces restrained eaters' physical effort to obtain healthy food
    Guido M van Koningsbruggen
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Appetite 58:593-6. 2012

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. ncbi request reprint Category activation effects in judgment and behaviour: the moderating role of perceived comparability
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Br J Soc Psychol 41:123-38. 2002
    ..However, assimilation effects on judgment and behaviour ensued when the prime and target category were not perceived as comparable...
  2. ncbi request reprint The nonconscious cessation of goal pursuit: when goals and negative affect are coactivated
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:165-78. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint On the feeling of doing: dysphoria and the implicit modulation of authorship ascription
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 44:1621-7. 2006
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint On the inference of personal authorship: enhancing experienced agency by priming effect information
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 14:439-58. 2005
    ..Additional experimentation demonstrated that this priming of agency was not mediated by the goal or intention to produce the effect...
  5. ncbi request reprint Goal contagion: perceiving is for pursuing
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organization Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:23-37. 2004
    ..The results are discussed in the context of recent research on automatic goal pursuits...
  6. ncbi request reprint The silence of the library: environment, situational norm, and social behavior
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 84:18-28. 2003
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Priming and authorship ascription: when nonconscious goals turn into conscious experiences of self-agency
    Henk Aarts
    Utrecht University, Department of Psychology, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:967-79. 2009
    ..As such, these studies show how the mechanisms underlying nonconscious goal pursuit promote experiences of self-agency, thus integrating 2 lines of research that so far have led separate lives...
  8. doi request reprint Fear signals inhibit impulsive behavior toward rewarding food objects
    Harm Veling
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Appetite 56:643-8. 2011
    ..The present research provides new insight on how emotional signals may be used to control impulsive responses toward palatable foods by the environment...
  9. doi request reprint Memory and attention for social threat: anxious hypercoding-avoidance and submissive gaze aversion
    David Terburg
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Emotion 12:666-72. 2012
    ..Moreover, this is the first experimental evidence showing that submissive gaze aversion is distinct from anxious gaze avoidance...
  10. doi request reprint Mere exposure to palatable food cues reduces restrained eaters' physical effort to obtain healthy food
    Guido M van Koningsbruggen
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Appetite 58:593-6. 2012
    ..No effects were found on palatability perceptions of the healthy foods. The results provide further insight into why restrained eaters have difficulties in maintaining a low-calorie diet in food-rich environments...
  11. doi request reprint Paving the path for habit change: cognitive shielding of intentions against habit intrusion
    Unna N Danner
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Br J Health Psychol 16:189-200. 2011
    ..The objective of the current study was to examine the cognitive processes that make it possible to use intentions to change one's habitual health-related behaviour...
  12. ncbi request reprint Goal-discrepant situations prime goal-directed actions if goals are temporarily or chronically accessible
    Ruud Custers
    Utrecht University, Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, The Netherlands
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 33:623-33. 2007
    ....
  13. pmc Promising high monetary rewards for future task performance increases intermediate task performance
    Claire M Zedelius
    Department of Social Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 7:e42547. 2012
    ..These results suggest that high rewards for future performance boost intermediate performance due to enhanced task preparation, and they do so regardless whether people respond to rewards in a strategic or non-strategic manner...
  14. doi request reprint Testosterone affects gaze aversion from angry faces outside of conscious awareness
    David Terburg
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 23:459-63. 2012
    ..These findings reveal that testosterone motivates social dominance in humans in much the same ways that it does in other vertebrates: involuntarily, automatically, and unconsciously...
  15. doi request reprint Using stop signals to inhibit chronic dieters' responses toward palatable foods
    Harm Veling
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 49:771-80. 2011
    ..Stop signals thus appear a promising tool for chronic dieters to control behavior to palatable foods, and we discuss the merits and potential applications of this tool for facilitating dieting behavior...
  16. doi request reprint Eye tracking unconscious face-to-face confrontations: dominance motives prolong gaze to masked angry faces
    David Terburg
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, Utrecht 3584 CS, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 22:314-9. 2011
    ..These results strongly suggest that implicit and reflexive mechanisms underlie dominant and submissive gaze behavior in face-to-face confrontations...
  17. doi request reprint The art of anger: reward context turns avoidance responses to anger-related objects into approach
    Henk Aarts
    Utrecht University, Department of Psychology, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 21:1406-10. 2010
    ..These findings point to the importance of a reward context in modulating people's responses to anger...
  18. doi request reprint The unconscious will: how the pursuit of goals operates outside of conscious awareness
    Ruud Custers
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 1, 3584 CS Utrecht, Netherlands
    Science 329:47-50. 2010
    ..Here we analyze how goal pursuit can possibly operate unconsciously...
  19. doi request reprint Boosting or choking--how conscious and unconscious reward processing modulate the active maintenance of goal-relevant information
    Claire M Zedelius
    Utrecht University, Department of Psychology, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 20:355-62. 2011
    ..Conscious processing of rewards can, however, heavily interfere with an ongoing maintenance process and impair performance...
  20. ncbi request reprint Habit vs. intention in the prediction of future behaviour: the role of frequency, context stability and mental accessibility of past behaviour
    Unna N Danner
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Br J Soc Psychol 47:245-65. 2008
    ..These findings are discussed against the background of current research on goal-directed habits and the cognitive processes underlying them...
  21. doi request reprint Perceiving an exclusive cause of affect prevents misattribution
    Kirsten I Ruys
    Utrecht University, Department of Social Psychology, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 21:1009-15. 2012
    ..e., both) suggesting source ambiguity. Results show that misattribution of affect decreased when participants perceived affective cues as representing one source rather than two...
  22. pmc In the eye of the beholder: reduced threat-bias and increased gaze-imitation towards reward in relation to trait anger
    David Terburg
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 7:e31373. 2012
    ..Instead, trait anger predicts facilitated gaze-imitation to reward, and to reward compared to threat. These results agree with an increasing body of evidence on trait anger sensitivity to reward...
  23. doi request reprint When moving without volition: implied self-causation enhances binding strength between involuntary actions and effects
    Myrthel Dogge
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80 140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 21:501-6. 2012
    ..Since intrinsic motor cues of movement were absent, these results suggest that sensory evidence about the key press caused binding in retrospect and in line with the participant's sense of being an agent...
  24. doi request reprint Unintentional preparation of motor impulses after incidental perception of need-rewarding objects
    Harm Veling
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Cogn Emot 25:1131-8. 2011
    ..We propose that incidental perception of need-rewarding objects unintentionally potentiates preparation of motor action to these objects...
  25. doi request reprint Learning of predictive relations between events depends on attention, not on awareness
    Ruud Custers
    Utrecht University, Department of Psychology, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 20:368-78. 2011
    ..This suggests that although processing the relation between events may often be accompanied by awareness of this relation, awareness is not a prerequisite for the formation of unidirectional associations...
  26. doi request reprint Unconscious goal activation and the hijacking of the executive function
    Hans Marien
    Utrecht University, Department of Psychology, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 103:399-415. 2012
    ..Furthermore, an unconscious goal occupied executive control to advance itself more strongly when the goal had personal value. Implications for theory and research on unconscious goal pursuit and the executive function are discussed...
  27. doi request reprint Using stop signals to reduce impulsive choices for palatable unhealthy foods
    Harm Veling
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Br J Health Psychol 18:354-68. 2013
    ..Two studies tested the fundamental question whether impulsive unhealthy food choices can be altered by means of linking unhealthy palatable foods to behavioural stop signals...
  28. doi request reprint Positive priming and intentional binding: eye-blink rate predicts reward information effects on the sense of agency
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Soc Neurosci 7:105-12. 2012
    ..These findings suggest a possible role for striatal dopamine activity in the process by which reward-related information shapes the way people see themselves as agents...
  29. doi request reprint Reflecting on the action or its outcome: behavior representation level modulates high level outcome priming effects on self-agency experiences
    Anouk van der Weiden
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 19:21-32. 2010
    ..Thus, priming effects on self-agency experiences critically depend on behavior representation level...
  30. doi request reprint Healthy cognition: processes of self-regulatory success in restrained eating
    Esther K Papies
    Utrecht University, Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:1290-300. 2008
    ..Results are discussed in the context of nonconscious self-regulation and the role of automatic processes in the link between intention and behavior...
  31. doi request reprint Abnormalities in the establishment of feeling of self-agency in schizophrenia
    Robert A Renes
    Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Schizophr Res 143:50-4. 2013
    ..The present study investigates differences in both routes to self-agency experiences between schizophrenia patients and controls...
  32. doi request reprint Adaptive reward pursuit: how effort requirements affect unconscious reward responses and conscious reward decisions
    Erik Bijleveld
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Gen 141:728-42. 2012
    ..Moreover, consciousness supports a more sophisticated mode of reward pursuit, via which people can strategically conserve effort even further. We discuss these findings in the context of decision making, motivation, and consciousness...
  33. doi request reprint I didn't mean to hurt you! Unconscious origins of experienced self-agency over others' emotions
    Kirsten I Ruys
    Psychology Department, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Emotion 12:132-41. 2012
    ..Our findings support the idea that the unconscious authorship ascription process is less rigid when outcomes are socially meaningful...
  34. doi request reprint When favourites fail: tournament trophies as reward cues in tennis finals
    Erik Bijleveld
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Sports Sci 29:1463-70. 2011
    ..These findings support the idea that tournament trophies may distract favourites by continuously reminding them of what is at stake, and via that route may severely thwart their performance...
  35. ncbi request reprint Positive affect as implicit motivator: on the nonconscious operation of behavioral goals
    Ruud Custers
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:129-42. 2005
    ..Together, these results suggest that positive affect plays a key role in nonconscious goal pursuit. Implications for behavior-priming research are discussed...
  36. doi request reprint Who likes it more? Restrained eaters' implicit attitudes towards food
    Esther K Papies
    Utrecht University, Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Appetite 53:279-87. 2009
    ..These results are discussed with regard to the role of attitudes in the regulation of eating behavior...
  37. doi request reprint Preparing and motivating behavior outside of awareness
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 1, 3584 CS Utrecht, Netherlands
    Science 319:1639. 2008
    ..These findings demonstrate the human capacity to rely on mental processes in preparing and motivating behavior outside of awareness...
  38. doi request reprint Prime and probability: causal knowledge affects inferential and predictive effects on self-agency experiences
    Anouk van der Weiden
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 20:1865-71. 2011
    ..Interestingly, however, inference effects also occurred when no relevant causal knowledge was acquired...
  39. doi request reprint Testosterone and unconscious positive priming increase human motivation separately
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht 3508 TC, The Netherlands
    Neuroreport 20:1300-3. 2009
    ....
  40. doi request reprint Why most dieters fail but some succeed: A goal conflict model of eating behavior
    Wolfgang Stroebe
    Department of Psychology
    Psychol Rev 120:110-38. 2013
    ..Evidence for these proposed psychological mechanisms is provided, and implications for interventions are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)...
  41. ncbi request reprint Habit formation and multiple means to goal attainment: repeated retrieval of target means causes inhibited access to competitors
    Unna N Danner
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 33:1367-79. 2007
    ..These inhibitory effects of competing means are discussed against the background of current social cognition research on the processes underlying goal-means networks and the formation of habits...
  42. doi request reprint When observing gaze shifts of others enhances object desirability
    Anouk van der Weiden
    Utrecht University, Department of Psychology, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Emotion 10:939-43. 2010
    ..These findings provide new evidence that a sequence of gaze behavior involving the observer and an object plays an important role in influencing affective evaluation of objects...
  43. ncbi request reprint Beware the reward - How conscious processing of rewards impairs active maintenance performance
    Claire M Zedelius
    Utrecht University, Department of Psychology, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 20:366-7. 2011
    ....
  44. doi request reprint On the foundations of beliefs in free will: intentional binding and unconscious priming in self-agency
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80 140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 22:532-7. 2011
    ..Together, these findings suggest that beliefs in free will are associated with self-agency and are enhanced by both conscious and unconscious information processing of goal-directed behavior...
  45. doi request reprint Unconscious reward cues increase invested effort, but do not change speed-accuracy tradeoffs
    Erik Bijleveld
    Utrecht University, Department of Psychology, Heidelberglaan 1, 3584CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Cognition 115:330-5. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that reward cues initially boost effort regardless of whether or not people are aware of them, but affect speed-accuracy tradeoffs only when the reward information is accessible to consciousness...
  46. ncbi request reprint On wildebeests and humans: the preferential detection of negative stimuli
    Ap Dijksterhuis
    Social Psychology Program, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 14:14-8. 2003
    ..they could not guess the meaning of the words better than would be expected by chance. The results are discussed against the background of recent findings on basic affective processes...
  47. ncbi request reprint The goal-dependent automaticity of drinking habits
    Paschal Sheeran
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Br J Soc Psychol 44:47-63. 2005
    ..These findings are consistent with a goal-dependent conception of habit. Possibilities for interventions designed to attenuate undesirable habitual behaviours are considered...
  48. ncbi request reprint Smells like clean spirit. Nonconscious effects of scent on cognition and behavior
    Rob W Holland
    Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 16:689-93. 2005
    ..Awareness checks showed that participants were unaware of this influence. The present studies reveal the nonconscious influence that olfactory cues can have on thinking and doing...
  49. ncbi request reprint Yes, there is a preferential detection of negative stimuli. A response to Labiouse
    Ap Dijksterhuis
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 15:571-2. 2004