- Robust misinterpretation of confidence intervalsRink Hoekstra
University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Psychon Bull Rev 21:1157-64. 2014..The misunderstandings surrounding p-values and CIs are particularly unfortunate because they constitute the main tools by which psychologists draw conclusions from data. ..
- Are assumptions of well-known statistical techniques checked, and why (not)?Rink Hoekstra
GION Institute for Educational Research, University of Groningen Groningen, The Netherlands
Front Psychol 3:137. 2012..These data suggest that checking for violations of assumptions is not a well-considered choice, and that the use of statistics can be described as opportunistic...
- Probability as certainty: dichotomous thinking and the misuse of p valuesRink Hoekstra
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, Grote Kruistraat 2 1, Groningen 9712 TS, The Netherlands
Psychon Bull Rev 13:1033-7. 2006..Interpretation errors when using significance testing were still made frequently, and the new prescriptions were not yet followed on a large scale. Changing the practice of reporting statistics seems doomed to be a slow process...