Paul M G Emmelkamp

Summary

Affiliation: University of Amsterdam
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparison of brief dynamic and cognitive-behavioural therapies in avoidant personality disorder
    Paul M G Emmelkamp
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 189:60-4. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Fear of flying treatment methods: virtual reality exposure vs. cognitive behavioral therapy
    Merel Krijn
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:121-8. 2007
  3. pmc Parental rearing and psychopathology in mothers of adolescents with and without borderline personality symptoms
    H Marieke Schuppert
    Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Centre Groningen, Postbox 660, 9700 AR, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 6:29. 2012
  4. pmc Attention bias modification: the Emperor's new suit?
    Paul M G Emmelkamp
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Med 10:63. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Patients with cluster a personality disorders in psychotherapy: an effectiveness study
    Anna Bartak
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 80:88-99. 2011
  6. pmc Health care utilization, somatic and mental health distress, and well-being among widowed and non-widowed female survivors of war
    Nexhmedin Morina
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018, XA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Psychiatry 12:39. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Does yohimbine hydrochloride facilitate fear extinction in virtual reality treatment of fear of flying? A randomized placebo-controlled trial
    Katharina Meyerbroeker
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 81:29-37. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Direct and indirect assessment of explanatory models of illness
    Samrad Ghane
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Transcult Psychiatry 49:3-25. 2012
  9. ncbi request reprint Do obsessional beliefs discriminate OCD without tic patients from OCD with tic and Tourette's syndrome patients?
    Gideon E Anholt
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 44:1537-43. 2006
  10. doi request reprint Substance use disorders in forensic psychiatry: differences among different types of offenders
    Fleur L Kraanen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Forensic Outpatient Clinic De Waag, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 56:1201-19. 2012

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparison of brief dynamic and cognitive-behavioural therapies in avoidant personality disorder
    Paul M G Emmelkamp
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 189:60-4. 2006
    ..There is a paucity of controlled trials examining the effectiveness of individual psychotherapy in personality disorders, especially in patients with cluster C disorders...
  2. ncbi request reprint Fear of flying treatment methods: virtual reality exposure vs. cognitive behavioral therapy
    Merel Krijn
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:121-8. 2007
    ..In addition, we evaluated the effect of following up VRE and CB with 2 d of group cognitive-behavioral training (GrCB)...
  3. pmc Parental rearing and psychopathology in mothers of adolescents with and without borderline personality symptoms
    H Marieke Schuppert
    Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Centre Groningen, Postbox 660, 9700 AR, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 6:29. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  4. pmc Attention bias modification: the Emperor's new suit?
    Paul M G Emmelkamp
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Med 10:63. 2012
    ..Please see related article: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/12/66...
  5. doi request reprint Patients with cluster a personality disorders in psychotherapy: an effectiveness study
    Anna Bartak
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 80:88-99. 2011
    ..The aim of this study is to explore whether psychotherapeutic treatment yields health gains for these patients...
  6. pmc Health care utilization, somatic and mental health distress, and well-being among widowed and non-widowed female survivors of war
    Nexhmedin Morina
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018, XA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Psychiatry 12:39. 2012
    ..The aim of the study was to assess levels of somatic and mental health distress, well-being, AS WELL AS utilization of primary and specialist health care services among war-related widowed and non-widowed female civilian survivors of war...
  7. doi request reprint Does yohimbine hydrochloride facilitate fear extinction in virtual reality treatment of fear of flying? A randomized placebo-controlled trial
    Katharina Meyerbroeker
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 81:29-37. 2012
    ..This randomized placebo-controlled trial examined the potential exposure-enhancing effects of YOH in a clinical sample of participants meeting DSM-IV criteria for a specific phobia (fear of flying)...
  8. doi request reprint Direct and indirect assessment of explanatory models of illness
    Samrad Ghane
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Transcult Psychiatry 49:3-25. 2012
    ..Study 2 showed that, unlike the self-reports of EMs, indirect measures were less sensitive to the ethnicity of the interviewer. The nature of the indirect measure, and the construct that it measures, are discussed...
  9. ncbi request reprint Do obsessional beliefs discriminate OCD without tic patients from OCD with tic and Tourette's syndrome patients?
    Gideon E Anholt
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 44:1537-43. 2006
    ..Therefore, one can doubt the specificity of cognitive theory of OCD to explain specific OC behavior...
  10. doi request reprint Substance use disorders in forensic psychiatry: differences among different types of offenders
    Fleur L Kraanen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Forensic Outpatient Clinic De Waag, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 56:1201-19. 2012
    ..0% of other offenders). More GV perpetrators were intoxicated during the offense. As there is a clear association between substance abuse and criminal behavior, substance abuse in offenders should be assessed and, if present, be treated...
  11. pmc Screening on perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence (IPV): two studies on the validity of an IPV screening instrument in patients in substance abuse treatment
    Fleur L Kraanen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 8:e63681. 2013
    ..We developed a 4 item screening instrument for this purpose, the Jellinek Inventory for assessing Partner Violence (J-IPV). Important strengths of the J-IPV are that it takes only 2 minutes to administer and is easy to use and to score...
  12. pmc Trauma-focused treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder combined with CBT for severe substance use disorder: a randomized controlled trial
    Debora van Dam
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Psychiatry 13:172. 2013
    ..This randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigated the effectiveness of a combined treatment for co-morbid Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and severe Substance Use Disorder (SUD)...
  13. doi request reprint Psychological treatments for concurrent posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder: a systematic review
    Debora van Dam
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Rev 32:202-14. 2012
    ..However, the lack of methodologically sound treatment trials makes it difficult to draw firm conclusions. Methodological limitations are discussed, along with recommendations for future research...
  14. doi request reprint Individual cognitive-behavioral therapy and behavioral couples therapy in alcohol use disorder: a comparative evaluation in community-based addiction treatment centers
    Ellen Vedel
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 77:280-8. 2008
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Mental health outcomes of widowed and married mothers after war
    Nexhmedin Morina
    University of Amsterdam, Department of Clinical Psychology, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 200:158-9. 2012
    ..9% and 22.9% in the married samples. War-related widowhood combined with lone motherhood constitutes a significant factor for elevated psychopathology...
  16. doi request reprint Substance use disorders in perpetrators of intimate partner violence in a forensic setting
    Fleur L Kraanen
    University of Amsterdam, Department of Clinical Psychology, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 54:430-40. 2010
    ..Results highlight the importance of understanding the prevalence of substance use disorders in IPV perpetrators in forensic settings...
  17. doi request reprint Validation of the Primary Care Posttraumatic Stress Disorder screening questionnaire (PC-PTSD) in civilian substance use disorder patients
    Debora van Dam
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Subst Abuse Treat 39:105-13. 2010
    ..These findings have important clinical implications because screening for PTSD among patients with SUD is crucial to ascertain appropriate treatment allocation...
  18. doi request reprint Individual and group cognitive-behavioral treatment for work-related stress complaints and sickness absence: a randomized controlled trial
    Wieke de Vente
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Occup Health Psychol 13:214-31. 2008
    ..In conclusion, this study adds to the evidence that CBT-based interventions as currently practiced are not successful in treating patients with clinical levels of work-related stress...
  19. doi request reprint Prevalence and prediction of re-experiencing and avoidance after elective surgical abortion: a prospective study
    Arnold A P van Emmerik
    Department of Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 15:378-85. 2008
    ..In addition, it was prospectively investigated whether peritraumatic dissociation and pre-abortion dissociative tendencies and alexithymia predict re-experiencing and avoidance...
  20. pmc Assessment of explanatory models of mental illness: effects of patient and interviewer characteristics
    Samrad Ghane
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 45:175-82. 2010
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Interapy: a controlled randomized trial of the standardized treatment of posttraumatic stress through the internet
    Alfred Lange
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Consult Clin Psychol 71:901-9. 2003
    ..The effect sizes were large. On most subscales, more than 50% of the treated participants showed reliable change and clinically significant improvement, with the highest percentages being found for depression and avoidance...
  22. pmc The comparative effectiveness of Integrated treatment for Substance abuse and Partner violence (I-StoP) and substance abuse treatment alone: a randomized controlled trial
    Fleur L Kraanen
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Psychiatry 13:189. 2013
    ..Substance use and IPV perpetration were primary outcome measures...
  23. doi request reprint Screening for posttraumatic stress disorder in civilian substance use disorder patients: cross-validation of the Jellinek-PTSD screening questionnaire
    Debora van Dam
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Subst Abuse Treat 44:126-31. 2013
    ..An early recognition of PTSD among SUD patients makes it possible to address PTSD symptoms in time, which may ultimately lead to an improvement of symptoms in this complex patient group...
  24. doi request reprint Treating acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder with cognitive behavioral therapy or structured writing therapy: a randomized controlled trial
    Arnold A P van Emmerik
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 77:93-100. 2008
    ..The present study evaluated the efficacy of structured writing therapy (SWT) and CBT as compared to a waitlist control condition in treating acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  25. doi request reprint Virtual reality exposure therapy in anxiety disorders: a systematic review of process-and-outcome studies
    Katharina Meyerbröker
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Depress Anxiety 27:933-44. 2010
    ..The implications for implementation into clinical practice are considered...
  26. ncbi request reprint Virtual reality exposure therapy for anxiety disorders: A meta-analysis
    Mark B Powers
    Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 22:561-9. 2008
    ..35 (S.E.=0.15, 95% CI: 0.05-0.65). There was a trend for a dose-response relationship with more VRET sessions showing larger effects (p=0.06). Outcome was not related to publication year or sample size. Implications are discussed...
  27. doi request reprint Long-term effectiveness and prediction of treatment outcome in cognitive behavioral therapy and sertraline for late-life anxiety disorders
    Josien Schuurmans
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int Psychogeriatr 21:1148-59. 2009
    ..The objective of the present study was to study long-term treatment outcomes and to explore differential predictors for both short-term and long-term treatment outcomes of sertraline and CBT for late-life anxiety disorders...
  28. ncbi request reprint Virtual reality exposure treatment of agoraphobia: a comparison of computer automatic virtual environment and head-mounted display
    Katharina Meyerbröker
    University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Stud Health Technol Inform 167:51-6. 2011
    ..Analyses indicate that VRET in general was more effective than no treatment. No differences in effectiveness were found between VRET using an HMD or CAVE...
  29. doi request reprint Substance misuse and substance use disorders in sex offenders: a review
    Fleur L Kraanen
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Rev 31:478-89. 2011
    ..The review results in recommendations for future research. Because of the high prevalence of substance abuse in sex offenders it is advisable to routinely screen for substance abuse and, if necessary, to treat substance abuse...
  30. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in post-traumatic stress following post-intimate stalking: stalking severity and psychosocial variables
    Jan H Kamphuis
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Clin Psychol 42:145-56. 2003
    ..The present study aimed to detail the affective and cognitive responses following post-intimate stalking, and to assess the associations between stalking severity, person-related psychosocial variables and symptoms of PTS...
  31. ncbi request reprint Does brief, clinically based, intensive multimodal behavior therapy enhance the effects of methylphenidate in children with ADHD?
    Saskia van der Oord
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roeterstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 16:48-57. 2007
    ..The additional value of a short-term, clinically based, intensive multimodal behavior therapy to optimally titrated methylphenidate in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was investigated...
  32. doi request reprint Effectiveness of outpatient, day hospital, and inpatient psychotherapeutic treatment for patients with cluster B personality disorders
    Anna Bartak
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 80:28-38. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of different psychotherapeutic settings for patients with cluster B personality disorders, i.e. outpatient, day hospital, and inpatient treatment...
  33. doi request reprint Acceptance and commitment therapy: a meta-analytic review
    Mark B Powers
    Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 78:73-80. 2009
    ..This meta-analysis combined multiple well-controlled studies to help clarify the overall impact of ACT relative to waiting lists, psychological placebos, treatment as usual, and established therapies...
  34. doi request reprint Prevalence and predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, and burnout in Pakistani earthquake recovery workers
    Thomas Ehring
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 185:161-6. 2011
    ..The results document a high prevalence of emotional problems in earthquake rehabilitation and recovery workers...
  35. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of cybertherapy in mental health: a critical appraisal
    Paul M G Emmelkamp
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam
    Stud Health Technol Inform 167:3-8. 2011
    ..A number of reasons for the lack of dissemination are discussed, including clinicians' resistance, lack of representation of samples studied, and lack of cost-effectiveness studies. Challenges for further studies are pointed out...
  36. doi request reprint Behavioral couples therapy (BCT) for alcohol and drug use disorders: a meta-analysis
    Mark B Powers
    Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Rev 28:952-62. 2008
    ..The benefit for BCT with low severity problem drinkers has received little attention and one study suggests its efficacy may not extend to this subgroup...
  37. ncbi request reprint Technological innovations in clinical assessment and psychotherapy
    Paul M G Emmelkamp
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 74:336-43. 2005
    ..A number of reasons are discussed which will preclude large-scale implementation of computer-driven assessment and therapy in the near future...
  38. ncbi request reprint Do patients with OCD and pathological gambling have similar dysfunctional cognitions?
    Gideon E Anholt
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roeterstraat 15, 1018 WB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 42:529-37. 2004
    ..Pathological gamblers exhibited, however, no increase in OCD symptoms. These mixed results do not seem to support the OC spectrum theory for pathological gambling, moreover being contradictory to contemporary cognitive OCD models...
  39. ncbi request reprint Treatment of acrophobia in virtual reality: the role of immersion and presence
    Merel Krijn
    University of Amsterdam, Department of Clinical Psychology, Roetersstraat 15, Amsterdam 1018 WB, Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 42:229-39. 2004
    ..They also experienced less presence and anxiety in the virtual environment used in session one as compared to patients that completed VRET...
  40. ncbi request reprint Informant personality descriptions of postintimate stalkers using the five factor profile
    Jan H Kamphuis
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Pers Assess 82:169-78. 2004
    ..Most often insecurely attached with underlying negative self-representations, they were characterized as relatively functional people with strong sensitivities to rejection, abandonment, and loss...
  41. ncbi request reprint Cognitive-behavioral therapy for children with anxiety disorders in a clinical setting: no additional effect of a cognitive parent training
    Maaike H Nauta
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2 1, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:1270-8. 2003
    ..To evaluate a 12-week cognitive-behavioral treatment program for children with anxiety disorders and the additional value of a seven-session cognitive parent training program...
  42. ncbi request reprint 20 years of research into violence and trauma: past and future developments
    Jan H Kamphuis
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Interpers Violence 20:167-74. 2005
    ..For the perpetrators, the importance of individual assessment in planning interventions is underscored, and advances in explicit and implicit assessment techniques are discussed...
  43. ncbi request reprint Single session debriefing after psychological trauma: a meta-analysis
    Arnold A P van Emmerik
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Lancet 360:766-71. 2002
    ..We aimed to assess the efficacy of this intervention in prevention of chronic symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and other disorders after trauma...
  44. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of behavioral parent training for children with ADHD in routine clinical practice: a randomized controlled study
    Barbara J van den Hoofdakker
    Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:1263-71. 2007
    ..To investigate the effectiveness of behavioral parent training (BPT) as adjunct to routine clinical care (RCC)...
  45. ncbi request reprint Enhanced treatment for depression in primary care: long-term outcomes of a psycho-educational prevention program alone and enriched with psychiatric consultation or cognitive behavioral therapy
    Henk Jan Conradi
    Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 37:849-62. 2007
    ..This study evaluated the long-term effects of enhancing the GP's usual care (UC) with three experimental interventions...
  46. ncbi request reprint The additional value of clinimetrics needs to be established rather than assumed
    Paul M G Emmelkamp
    Psychother Psychosom 73:142-4. 2004
  47. ncbi request reprint Inferential confusion and obsessive beliefs in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Frederick Aardema
    Centre de Recherche Fernand Seguin, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Cogn Behav Ther 35:138-47. 2006
    ..These results are consistent with the claim that inferential confusion may be a more critical factor in accounting for OCD symptoms than are obsessive beliefs and appraisals...
  48. ncbi request reprint Exploratory design and evaluation of a user interface for virtual reality exposure therapy
    J Schuemie Martijn
    Department of Mediamatics, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 4, 2628 CD, Delft, The Netherlands
    Stud Health Technol Inform 85:468-74. 2002
    ..An exploratory evaluation is performed to assess the merits of aspects of the proposed user interface...
  49. ncbi request reprint The effects of cognitive-behavioral treatment for forensic inpatients
    Irma G H Timmerman
    Forensic Psychiatric Center Veldzicht, P O Box 20, 7707 ZG Balkbrug, The Netherlands
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 49:590-606. 2005
    ..Though the patients improved well at the group level, only a minority of patients showed reliable change over time at the individual level. The meaning of the results in relation to treatment are discussed...
  50. ncbi request reprint Reducing aggressive behavior in boys with a social cognitive group treatment: results of a randomized, controlled trial
    Teun G van Manen
    De Heel Zaans Medical Center, Zaandam, The Netherlands
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 43:1478-87. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of a social cognitive intervention program for Dutch aggressive boys and to compare it with a social skills training and a waitlist control group...
  51. ncbi request reprint Neurophysiological correlates of habituation during exposure in spider phobia
    Dick J Veltman
    Department of Psychiatry and Clinical PET Center, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 132:149-58. 2004
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint A randomized, controlled trial of the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy and sertraline versus a waitlist control group for anxiety disorders in older adults
    Josien Schuurmans
    Department of Psychiatry and Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 14:255-63. 2006
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Inferential confusion in obsessive-compulsive disorder: the inferential confusion questionnaire
    Frederick Aardema
    Centre de Recherche Fernand Seguin, 7331 Hochelaga, Montreal, Que, Canada H1N 3V2
    Behav Res Ther 43:293-308. 2005
    ..Further, scores on inferential confusion were particularly high in those with OCD and delusional disorder as compared to anxious and non-clinical controls...
  54. ncbi request reprint The relationship between attachment styles and Cluster B personality disorders in prisoners and forensic inpatients
    Irma G H Timmerman
    Clinical psychologist at Forensic Psychiatric Center Veldzicht, PO Box 20, 7707 ZG Balkbrug, The Netherlands
    Int J Law Psychiatry 29:48-56. 2006
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint Processes of inference, schizotypal thinking, and obsessive-compulsive behaviour in a normal sample
    Frederick Aardema
    Centre de Recherche Fernand Seguin
    Psychol Rep 99:213-20. 2006
    ..The present results call for further inquiry into the role of inferential confusion and schizotypal thinking in obsessive-compulsive behaviour...