Tom Smeets

Summary

Affiliation: Maastricht University
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. ncbi Accuracy, completeness, and consistency of emotional memories
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 117:595-609. 2004
  2. doi Acute consolidation stress enhances reality monitoring in healthy young adults
    T Smeets
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Stress 11:235-45. 2008
  3. doi True or false? Memory is differentially affected by stress-induced cortisol elevations and sympathetic activity at consolidation and retrieval
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 33:1378-86. 2008
  4. ncbi Context-dependent enhancement of declarative memory performance following acute psychosocial stress
    T Smeets
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 76:116-23. 2007
  5. doi Stress selectively and lastingly promotes learning of context-related high arousing information
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:1152-61. 2009
  6. doi Social cognition under stress: differential effects of stress-induced cortisol elevations in healthy young men and women
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Horm Behav 55:507-13. 2009
  7. ncbi Enhanced memory performance on an internal-internal source monitoring test following acute psychosocial stress
    T Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Neurosci 120:1204-10. 2006
  8. ncbi Delayed recall of childhood sexual abuse memories and the awakening rise and diurnal pattern of cortisol
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 152:197-204. 2007
  9. ncbi The effect of acute stress on memory depends on word valence
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Psychophysiol 62:30-7. 2006
  10. ncbi Stress-induced cortisol responses, sex differences, and false recollections in a DRM paradigm
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 72:164-72. 2006

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. ncbi Accuracy, completeness, and consistency of emotional memories
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 117:595-609. 2004
    ..In line with previous research, we found that accounts of emotional events can be highly accurate but tend to be incomplete. More importantly, inconsistencies cannot be seen as valid predictors of testimonial inaccuracy...
  2. doi Acute consolidation stress enhances reality monitoring in healthy young adults
    T Smeets
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Stress 11:235-45. 2008
    ..Our findings are consistent with the view that post-learning stress hormone-related activity may modulate source memory consolidation...
  3. doi True or false? Memory is differentially affected by stress-induced cortisol elevations and sympathetic activity at consolidation and retrieval
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 33:1378-86. 2008
    ..These results demonstrate the importance of stress-induced hormone-related activity in enhancing memory consolidation and in impairing memory retrieval, in particular for emotional memory material...
  4. ncbi Context-dependent enhancement of declarative memory performance following acute psychosocial stress
    T Smeets
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 76:116-23. 2007
    ..This suggests that acute stress may strengthen the consolidation of memory material when the stressor matches the to-be-remembered information in place and time...
  5. doi Stress selectively and lastingly promotes learning of context-related high arousing information
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:1152-61. 2009
    ..Our data suggest that when to-be-learned information is conceptually related to a stressor and considered important (i.e., arousing) by the individual, learning under stressful circumstances results in improved memorability afterwards...
  6. doi Social cognition under stress: differential effects of stress-induced cortisol elevations in healthy young men and women
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Horm Behav 55:507-13. 2009
    ....
  7. ncbi Enhanced memory performance on an internal-internal source monitoring test following acute psychosocial stress
    T Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Neurosci 120:1204-10. 2006
    ..This study suggests that stress may have differential effects on memory, depending on whether the memory test is regulated by the prefrontal cortex or the medial temporal lobe...
  8. ncbi Delayed recall of childhood sexual abuse memories and the awakening rise and diurnal pattern of cortisol
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 152:197-204. 2007
    ..Implications for neurobiological models intended to explain the delayed recall of CSA are discussed...
  9. ncbi The effect of acute stress on memory depends on word valence
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Psychophysiol 62:30-7. 2006
    ..All in all, this study lends further support to the notion that the memory effects of exposure to acute stress depend on the valence of the memory material...
  10. ncbi Stress-induced cortisol responses, sex differences, and false recollections in a DRM paradigm
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 72:164-72. 2006
    ....
  11. ncbi Trying to recollect past events: confidence, beliefs, and memories
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Rev 25:917-34. 2005
    ..Thus, we argue that this research domain would profit from studies looking explicitly at whether experimental manipulations intended to implant false memories have overt behavioral consequences...
  12. ncbi Confusing action and imagination: action source monitoring in individuals with schizotypal traits
    Maarten J V Peters
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:752-7. 2007
    ..e., increase false alarms). The present findings indicate that schizotypal traits undermine source monitoring for action in a healthy population...
  13. pmc Survival processing in times of stress
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychon Bull Rev 19:113-8. 2012
    ..These results therefore suggest that stress does not serve as a proximate mechanism of the survival processing advantage in memory...
  14. doi Children's suggestion-induced omission errors are not caused by memory erasure
    Henry Otgaar
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 19:265-9. 2010
    ..Significantly more errors were made for those removed items that children failed to report than for those they had not removed. This indicates that children's suggestion-based omission errors are not due to erasure of memories...
  15. doi Autobiographical integration of trauma memories and repressive coping predict post-traumatic stress symptoms in undergraduate students
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 17:211-8. 2010
    ....
  16. doi Individual differences in spatial configuration learning predict the occurrence of intrusive memories
    Thomas Meyer
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 13:186-96. 2013
    ..20, p = .07. Thus, while spatial configuration learning appears to be unrelated to affective responding to trauma reminders, our overall findings support the idea that the context-based memory system helps to reduce intrusions...
  17. ncbi Depersonalization experiences in undergraduates are related to heightened stress cortisol responses
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:282-7. 2007
    ..The present findings illustrate how various types of dissociation (i.e., depersonalization/derealization, absorption) are differentially related to cortisol stress responses...
  18. doi Adaptive memory: Survival processing increases both true and false memory in adults and children
    Henry Otgaar
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 36:1010-6. 2010
    ..These findings question whether survival processing is an adaptive memory strategy per se, as such processing not only enriches true recall but simultaneously amplifies the vulnerability to false memories...
  19. doi Autonomic and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress resilience: Impact of cardiac vagal tone
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 84:290-5. 2010
    ..This suggests a role for sympathetic influences on heart rate regulation in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress responses, and extends previous observations of a link between vagal tone and stress resilience...
  20. doi Early emotional processing deficits in depersonalization: an exploration with event-related potentials in an undergraduate sample
    Conny W E M Quaedflieg
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 212:223-9. 2013
    ..This pattern suggests that difficulties in the discrimination between emotional and neutral stimuli relate to the feeling of unreality in depersonalization...
  21. doi The efficiency of reappraisal and expressive suppression in regulating everyday affective experiences
    Thomas Meyer
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 200:964-9. 2012
    ..Collectively, our results emphasise that the everyday consequences of emotion regulation for affect merits systematic research, for instance by using more naturalistic and prolonged interventions...
  22. doi Introducing the Maastricht Acute Stress Test (MAST): a quick and non-invasive approach to elicit robust autonomic and glucocorticoid stress responses
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 37:1998-2008. 2012
    ..Thus, as a brief and simple stress protocol, the MAST holds considerable promise for future research...
  23. doi Emotional memory for central and peripheral details in children with callous-unemotional traits
    Jill Thijssen
    Forensic Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Sci Law 30:506-15. 2012
    ..This study is the first to demonstrate that children with high CU traits do not suffer from an impaired emotional memory...
  24. doi Underestimation of prior remembering and susceptibility to false memories: two sides of the same coin?
    Linsey Raymaekers
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 20:1144-53. 2011
    ....
  25. doi Autobiographical memory specificity among people with recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse
    Linsey Raymaekers
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 41:338-44. 2010
    ..Thus, reduced autobiographical memory specificity was not particularly pronounced in people with recovered memories of CSA. Poor autobiographical memory specificity is unlikely to explain the impression of amnesia reported by this group...
  26. doi Self-reported trauma, cortisol levels, and aggression in psychopathic and non-psychopathic prison inmates
    Maaike Cima
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 78:75-86. 2008
    ..Implications of the finding that psychopathic offenders displayed lower and non-psychopaths showed higher daily cortisol levels are discussed...
  27. doi Cold pressor stress impairs performance on working memory tasks requiring executive functions in healthy young men
    Daniela Schoofs
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Behav Neurosci 123:1066-75. 2009
    ..These results indicate that acute stress impairs WM performance for tasks requiring executive functions that operate on the stored material but not for WM tasks that only require maintenance...
  28. doi Picturing survival memories: enhanced memory after fitness-relevant processing occurs for verbal and visual stimuli
    Henry Otgaar
    Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Mem Cognit 38:23-8. 2010
    ..The present findings support the idea that memory is enhanced by processing information in terms of fitness value, yet at the same time, the present results suggest that this may increase the risk for memory distortions...
  29. pmc Adaptive memory: stereotype activation is not enough
    Henry Otgaar
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Mem Cognit 39:1033-41. 2011
    ..Both experiments showed that survival processing leads to a greater recall advantage over the stereotype groups and control group. These data indicate that the mere activation of stereotypes cannot explain the survival recall advantage...
  30. doi The classification of recovered memories: a cautionary note
    Linsey Raymaekers
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Bern, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 21:1640-3. 2012
    ..To reduce potential bias, we urge for the development and subsequent use of a more reliable classification system and multiple expert raters in research on recovered memories...
  31. ncbi Dissociative experiences on ice--peritraumatic and trait dissociation during the cold pressor test
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 157:115-21. 2008
    ..e., peritraumatic dissociation). These findings are in sharp contrast to the defensive function ascribed to both types of dissociation and also the commonly held assumption that peritraumatic and trait dissociation are intimately linked...
  32. doi Acute stress impairs memory retrieval independent of time of day
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 36:495-501. 2011
    ....
  33. ncbi Detecting malingering of Ganser-like symptoms with tests: a case study
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 60:636-8. 2006
    ..The case demonstrates that Ganser-like symptoms deserve close scrutiny, preferably with malinger tests...
  34. doi Experimentally evoking nonbelieved memories for childhood events
    Henry Otgaar
    Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 39:717-30. 2013
    ..Additional findings regarding the correspondence between subjective belief, subjective memory, and objective memory judgments prior to and following debriefing are discussed...
  35. ncbi Acute dissociation after 1 night of sleep loss
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:599-606. 2007
    ..These findings provide further evidence for a robust relationship between disruptions in sleep patterns and dissociative symptoms...
  36. doi The effectiveness of tailored feedback and action plans in an intervention addressing multiple health behaviors
    H de Vries
    Maastricht University, Department of Health Education and Promotion, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Am J Health Promot 22:417-25. 2008
    ..Examine the effects of three iterative tailored feedback letters addressing smoking; physical activity; and fruit, vegetable, and fat intake, and test the additional effects of providing feedback on action plans...
  37. ncbi Effects of tailored feedback on multiple health behaviors
    T Smeets
    Department of Health Education and Promotion, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Ann Behav Med 33:117-23. 2007
    ..The effects of tailored intervention on multiple behaviors and possible moderators of tailoring effects have not yet been sufficiently demonstrated...
  38. doi The production of spontaneous false memories across childhood
    Henry Otgaar
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands Electronic address
    J Exp Child Psychol 121:28-41. 2014
    ..For both types of stimuli, we found that children had the highest false memory rates. Our results indicate that the underlying theme of these scenes is easily identified, resulting in our developmental false memory trend. ..
  39. ncbi Did I say that word or did you? Executive dysfunctions in schizophrenic patients affect memory efficiency, but not source attributions
    Maarten J V Peters
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 12:391-411. 2007
    ..The current study examined to what extent schizophrenic patients' lack of memory efficiency, their memory errors, and their source misattributions are related to neurocognitive deficits (i.e., executive dysfunctions)...
  40. doi Time dependent effects of stress prior to encoding on event-related potentials and 24 h delayed retrieval
    Conny W E M Quaedflieg
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands Electronic address
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 38:3057-69. 2013
    ....
  41. doi Developmental trends in adaptive memory
    Henry Otgaar
    a Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Memory 22:103-17. 2014
    ..Collectively, our results evidently show that the survival processing advantage is developmentally invariant and that certain proximate mechanisms (elaboration and distinctiveness) underlie these developmental trends. ..
  42. doi The longevity of adaptive memory: evidence for mnemonic advantages of survival processing 24 and 48 hours later
    Linsey H C Raymaekers
    a Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Memory 22:19-25. 2014
    ..Thus this study provides evidence that illustrates the longevity of survival processing advantages on memory performance. ..
  43. doi Differential effect of the 5-HTT gene-linked polymorphic region on emotional eating during stress exposure following tryptophan challenge
    C Rob Markus
    Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Nutr Biochem 23:410-6. 2012
    ..Conclusions: Since TPH caused a greater increase in the plasma TRP/large neutral amino acid ratio in the L'/L' group compared to S'/S' group, the exclusive beneficial effects of L'/L' genotype may be due to enhanced brain 5-HT function...
  44. ncbi I see what you see: the lack of a self-serving body-image bias in eating disorders
    Anita Jansen
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Br J Clin Psychol 45:123-35. 2006
    ..A distorted body image requires a mismatch between the negative self-judgments and more objective judgments of the body...
  45. ncbi Reduced hippocampal and amygdalar volume in dissociative identity disorder: not such clear evidence
    Tom Smeets
    Am J Psychiatry 163:1643; author reply 1643-4. 2006