Harald Merckelbach

Summary

Affiliation: Maastricht University
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Traumatic intrusions as 'worse case scenario's'
    H Merckelbach
    Department of Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 36:1075-9. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint Diagnostic accuracy of the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS) in detecting instructed malingering
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 18:145-52. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Trait dissociation and commission errors in memory reports of emotional events
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 120:1-14. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Amnesia, flashbacks, nightmares, and dissociation in aging concentration camp survivors
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology and Faculty of Law, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 41:351-60. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Dissociation and fantasy proneness in psychiatric patients: a preliminary study
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 46:181-5. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Detecting malingering of Ganser-like symptoms with tests: a case study
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 60:636-8. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Alters in dissociative identity disorder. Metaphors or genuine entities?
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Law, University of Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Rev 22:481-97. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint The causal link between self-reported trauma and dissociation: a critical review
    H Merckelbach
    Department of Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 39:245-54. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Another White Christmas: fantasy proneness and reports of 'hallucinatory experiences' in undergraduate students
    H Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Faculty of Psychology, MD, Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 32:137-44. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of retrieving childhood events on metamemory judgments depend on the questions you ask
    H Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Br J Clin Psychol 40:215-20. 2001

Detail Information

Publications90

  1. ncbi request reprint Traumatic intrusions as 'worse case scenario's'
    H Merckelbach
    Department of Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 36:1075-9. 1998
    ..These findings are well in line with the idea that intrusions are not necessarily veridical copies of traumatic events...
  2. ncbi request reprint Diagnostic accuracy of the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS) in detecting instructed malingering
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 18:145-52. 2003
    ..90). All in all, our findings provide a basis for cautious optimism regarding the usefulness of the SIMS as a screening tool for malingering...
  3. ncbi request reprint Trait dissociation and commission errors in memory reports of emotional events
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 120:1-14. 2007
    ..These studies show that there is a link between dissociation and spontaneous commission errors in memory reports of emotional events, but the functional locus of this link remains unclear...
  4. ncbi request reprint Amnesia, flashbacks, nightmares, and dissociation in aging concentration camp survivors
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology and Faculty of Law, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 41:351-60. 2003
    ..At least for this group of aging survivors, it appears that the pathogenic potential of traumatic memories has more to do with their extremely aversive content than with a qualitatively different type of organization of these memories...
  5. ncbi request reprint Dissociation and fantasy proneness in psychiatric patients: a preliminary study
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 46:181-5. 2005
    ..The overlap between dissociation and fantasy proneness may have important ramifications for studies addressing comorbid phenomena of dissociative symptoms...
  6. ncbi request reprint Detecting malingering of Ganser-like symptoms with tests: a case study
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 60:636-8. 2006
    ..The case demonstrates that Ganser-like symptoms deserve close scrutiny, preferably with malinger tests...
  7. ncbi request reprint Alters in dissociative identity disorder. Metaphors or genuine entities?
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Law, University of Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Rev 22:481-97. 2002
    ..As a matter of fact, results of these studies are open to multiple interpretations and in no way refute an interpretation of alters in terms of metaphors for different emotional states...
  8. ncbi request reprint The causal link between self-reported trauma and dissociation: a critical review
    H Merckelbach
    Department of Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 39:245-54. 2001
    ..Thus, the possibility that dissociation encourages self-reported traumatic experiences rather than vice versa merits investigation. While attractive, simple models in which trauma directly causes dissociation are unlikely to be true...
  9. ncbi request reprint Another White Christmas: fantasy proneness and reports of 'hallucinatory experiences' in undergraduate students
    H Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Faculty of Psychology, MD, Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 32:137-44. 2001
    ..This might imply that hallucinatory reports obtained during the White Christmas test reflect a non-specific preference for odd items rather than schizophrenia-like, internal experiences...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of retrieving childhood events on metamemory judgments depend on the questions you ask
    H Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Br J Clin Psychol 40:215-20. 2001
    ..It has been argued that this might play a role in self-reports of amnesia. However, a limitation of previous studies addressing this phenomenon is that participants' judgments about their memory were based on a single item...
  11. doi request reprint Autobiographical integration of trauma memories and repressive coping predict post-traumatic stress symptoms in undergraduate students
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 17:211-8. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Confusing action and imagination: action source monitoring in individuals with schizotypal traits
    Maarten J V Peters
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:752-7. 2007
    ..e., increase false alarms). The present findings indicate that schizotypal traits undermine source monitoring for action in a healthy population...
  13. ncbi request reprint Depersonalization experiences in undergraduates are related to heightened stress cortisol responses
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:282-7. 2007
    ..The present findings illustrate how various types of dissociation (i.e., depersonalization/derealization, absorption) are differentially related to cortisol stress responses...
  14. doi request reprint Children's suggestion-induced omission errors are not caused by memory erasure
    Henry Otgaar
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 19:265-9. 2010
    ..Significantly more errors were made for those removed items that children failed to report than for those they had not removed. This indicates that children's suggestion-based omission errors are not due to erasure of memories...
  15. doi request reprint Acute dissociation predicts rapid habituation of skin conductance responses to aversive auditory probes
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Trauma Stress 21:247-50. 2008
    ..Our findings contribute to the growing body of evidence indicating that subjective feelings of acute dissociation have their objective concomitants, notably fast habituation of physiologic responses...
  16. ncbi request reprint Forgetting of prior remembering in persons reporting recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse
    Elke Geraerts
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 17:1002-8. 2006
    ..negative) on the previous occasion. This underestimation was more pronounced for recovered-memory participants than for continuous-memory and control participants...
  17. ncbi request reprint Fantasy proneness, but not self-reported trauma is related to DRM performance of women reporting recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse
    Elke Geraerts
    Department of Neurocognition, University of Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 14:602-12. 2005
    ..Correlational analyses revealed that fantasy proneness, but not self-reported traumatic experiences and dissociative symptoms were related to false recall and false recognition...
  18. doi request reprint Autobiographical memory specificity after manipulating retrieval cues in adults reporting childhood sexual abuse
    Beatrijs J A Hauer
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 117:444-53. 2008
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Did I say that word or did you? Executive dysfunctions in schizophrenic patients affect memory efficiency, but not source attributions
    Maarten J V Peters
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 12:391-411. 2007
    ..The current study examined to what extent schizophrenic patients' lack of memory efficiency, their memory errors, and their source misattributions are related to neurocognitive deficits (i.e., executive dysfunctions)...
  20. ncbi request reprint Are subjective memory problems related to suggestibility, compliance, false memories, and objective memory performance?
    Saskia Van Bergen
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 122:249-57. 2009
    ..Contrary to our expectation, subjective memory problems did not correlate with suggestibility or false recollections. Furthermore, participants were accurate in estimating their objective memory performance...
  21. ncbi request reprint Retrieval inhibition of trauma-related words in women reporting repressed or recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse
    Elke Geraerts
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 44:1129-36. 2006
    ..Additional analyses revealed that participants characterized by a repressive coping style did not display a superior retrieval inhibition mechanism for negative material...
  22. ncbi request reprint Trying to recollect past events: confidence, beliefs, and memories
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Rev 25:917-34. 2005
    ..Thus, we argue that this research domain would profit from studies looking explicitly at whether experimental manipulations intended to implant false memories have overt behavioral consequences...
  23. ncbi request reprint The effect of acute stress on memory depends on word valence
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Psychophysiol 62:30-7. 2006
    ..All in all, this study lends further support to the notion that the memory effects of exposure to acute stress depend on the valence of the memory material...
  24. ncbi request reprint Delayed recall of childhood sexual abuse memories and the awakening rise and diurnal pattern of cortisol
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 152:197-204. 2007
    ..Implications for neurobiological models intended to explain the delayed recall of CSA are discussed...
  25. ncbi request reprint The random number generation task: psychometric properties and normative data of an executive function task in a mixed sample
    Maarten Peters
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:626-34. 2007
    ..It primarily taps executive subfunctions (i.e., inhibition, updating, and monitoring), which are affected by psychopathological or neurological deficits...
  26. ncbi request reprint Why dissociation and schizotypy overlap: the joint influence of fantasy proneness, cognitive failures, and childhood trauma
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:812-8. 2007
    ..The present study succeeded in explaining a considerate part of the shared variance between dissociation and schizotypy...
  27. ncbi request reprint The reality of recovered memories: corroborating continuous and discontinuous memories of childhood sexual abuse
    Elke Geraerts
    Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 18:564-8. 2007
    ..These results indicate that discontinuous CSA memories spontaneously retrieved outside of therapy may be accurate, while implicating expectations arising from suggestions during therapy in producing false CSA memories...
  28. doi request reprint Early emotional processing deficits in depersonalization: an exploration with event-related potentials in an undergraduate sample
    Conny W E M Quaedflieg
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 212:223-9. 2013
    ..This pattern suggests that difficulties in the discrimination between emotional and neutral stimuli relate to the feeling of unreality in depersonalization...
  29. doi request reprint Individual differences in spatial configuration learning predict the occurrence of intrusive memories
    Thomas Meyer
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 13:186-96. 2013
    ..20, p = .07. Thus, while spatial configuration learning appears to be unrelated to affective responding to trauma reminders, our overall findings support the idea that the context-based memory system helps to reduce intrusions...
  30. doi request reprint Susceptibility to misleading information under social pressure in schizophrenia
    Maarten J V Peters
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 53:1187-93. 2012
    ....
  31. pmc Survival processing in times of stress
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychon Bull Rev 19:113-8. 2012
    ..These results therefore suggest that stress does not serve as a proximate mechanism of the survival processing advantage in memory...
  32. doi request reprint Underestimation of prior remembering and susceptibility to false memories: two sides of the same coin?
    Linsey Raymaekers
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 20:1144-53. 2011
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint The dissociative experiences taxon is related to fantasy proneness
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:769-72. 2007
    ..Also, we found that the DES-T was not exclusively related to reports of childhood sexual abuse...
  34. ncbi request reprint Dissociation, memory commission errors, and heightened autonomic reactivity
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 150:277-85. 2007
    ..Thus, it seems that a pattern of heightened emotional reactivity and commission errors is typical for people with elevated dissociation scores. This pattern is difficult to reconcile with the defensive function ascribed to dissociation...
  35. doi request reprint Cognitive underperformance and symptom over-reporting in a mixed psychiatric sample
    Brechje Dandachi-Fitzgerald
    Psy Q Mental Health Care Institute, Maastricht and School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Neuropsychol 25:812-28. 2011
    ..Our findings indicate that underperformance and over-reporting are loosely coupled dimensions and that particularly over-reporting is intimately linked to heightened SCL-90 scores...
  36. ncbi request reprint Detection of feigned cognitive dysfunction using special malinger tests: a simulation study in naïve and coached malingerers
    Marko Jelicic
    Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Neurosci 117:1185-92. 2007
    ..The findings suggest that coaching undermines the diagnostic accuracy of the ASTM, but does not seem to influence the accuracy of the SIMS...
  37. doi request reprint The corrective effects of warning on false memories in the DRM paradigm are limited to full attention conditions
    Maarten J V Peters
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 129:308-14. 2008
    ..Forewarning instructions do not always protect young adults against experimentally induced false memories...
  38. ncbi request reprint Dissociation, resting EEG, and subjective sleep experiences in undergraduates
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:362-8. 2006
    ..We propose that suppression in the alpha band and raised levels of theta activity, which are typical for high dissociators, might help to explain why dissociative symptoms are accompanied by attentional and memory deficits...
  39. ncbi request reprint Dissociative symptoms are related to endorsement of vague trauma items
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology and Faculty of Law, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 45:70-5. 2004
    ..As well, it suggests that at least in nonclinical samples, dissociative symptoms may breed endorsement of vague trauma items...
  40. doi request reprint Cognitive processes in dissociation: an analysis of core theoretical assumptions
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Bull 134:617-47. 2008
    ..The authors conclude with a discussion of research domains (e.g., sleep-related experiences, drug-related dissociation) that promise to advance our understanding of cognition and dissociation...
  41. ncbi request reprint Traumatic memories of war veterans: not so special after all
    Elke Geraerts
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 16:170-7. 2007
    ..The severity of PTSD symptoms was not significantly correlated with dissociative experiences. Our findings do not support the existence of special memory mechanisms that are unique to experiencing traumatic events...
  42. ncbi request reprint Long term consequences of suppression of intrusive anxious thoughts and repressive coping
    Elke Geraerts
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 44:1451-60. 2006
    ..Thus, our results demonstrate that repressive coping might be adaptive in the short run, but counterproductive in the long run...
  43. ncbi request reprint Dissociation in undergraduate students: disruptions in executive functioning
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:567-9. 2004
    ..Our findings suggest that a failure to inhibit previous responses might contribute to the pathological memory manifestations of dissociation...
  44. doi request reprint Autobiographical memory specificity among people with recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse
    Linsey Raymaekers
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 41:338-44. 2010
    ..Thus, reduced autobiographical memory specificity was not particularly pronounced in people with recovered memories of CSA. Poor autobiographical memory specificity is unlikely to explain the impression of amnesia reported by this group...
  45. ncbi request reprint Dissociative symptoms and amnesia in Dutch concentration camp survivors
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 44:65-9. 2003
    ..They also contradict the suggestion that amnesia is a common phenomenon in people who have been exposed to war atrocities...
  46. ncbi request reprint Correlates of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale in delinquent adolescents
    Peter Muris
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Rep 94:264-6. 2004
    ..That is, lower memory and intelligence were associated with higher suggestibility. No significant correlations were found between suggestibility and other personality characteristics...
  47. ncbi request reprint Stress-induced cortisol responses, sex differences, and false recollections in a DRM paradigm
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 72:164-72. 2006
    ....
  48. doi request reprint Introducing the Maastricht Acute Stress Test (MAST): a quick and non-invasive approach to elicit robust autonomic and glucocorticoid stress responses
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 37:1998-2008. 2012
    ..Thus, as a brief and simple stress protocol, the MAST holds considerable promise for future research...
  49. doi request reprint The efficiency of reappraisal and expressive suppression in regulating everyday affective experiences
    Thomas Meyer
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 200:964-9. 2012
    ..Collectively, our results emphasise that the everyday consequences of emotion regulation for affect merits systematic research, for instance by using more naturalistic and prolonged interventions...
  50. ncbi request reprint Linking thought suppression and recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse
    Elke Geraerts
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Memory 16:22-8. 2008
    ..Our findings may partly explain why people with spontaneous CSA memories have the subjective impression that they have "repressed" their CSA memories for many years...
  51. ncbi request reprint Autobiographical memory specificity, intrusive memory, and general memory skills in Dutch-Indonesian survivors of the World War II era
    Ineke Wessel
    Department of Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Trauma Stress 15:227-34. 2002
    ..These results replicate and extend earlier findings on intrusive and nonspecific autobiographical memory in depressed samples to a group of people who experienced war atrocities in childhood...
  52. ncbi request reprint Effects of repeated retrieval of central and peripheral details in complex emotional slides
    Beatrijs J A Hauer
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Memory 15:435-49. 2007
    ..The data also extend previous studies in demonstrating that extensive retrieval can increase the number of commission errors...
  53. ncbi request reprint Betrayal trauma theory of dissociative experiences: stroop and directed forgetting findings
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 122:337-48. 2009
    ..Our 2 studies provide no evidence for the betrayal trauma theory, nor do they support other theories assuming that dissociation is the manifestation of an automatic defense mechanism...
  54. ncbi request reprint Mild executive dysfunctions in undergraduates are related to recollecting words never presented
    Maarten J V Peters
    Maastricht University, Faculty of Psychology Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Neurosci 116:1065-77. 2006
    ..This suggests that individual differences in executive function do occur in a healthy population and that the reconstructive activity inherent in memory depends in part on executive functioning...
  55. ncbi request reprint Anxiety, threat perception abnormalities, and emotional reasoning in nonclinical Dutch children
    Peter Muris
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 32:453-9. 2003
    ..e., emotional reasoning). Potential avenues for future studies on anxiety-related threat-perception distortions are briefly discussed...
  56. ncbi request reprint Symptom overreporting and recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse
    Elke Geraerts
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, MD, The Netherlands
    Law Hum Behav 30:621-30. 2006
    ..The results indicate that people with recovered memories do not score higher on the SIMS and the MENT than other CSA survivors suggesting that symptom overreporting is not typical for people reporting recovered memories...
  57. ncbi request reprint Confusing thoughts and speech: source monitoring and psychosis
    Cecile Henquet
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 133:57-63. 2005
    ..Failures in internal source monitoring are a prominent feature of schizophrenia, and our results suggest that they form a more enduring characteristic of this disorder than has previously been assumed...
  58. ncbi request reprint Traumatic stress, brain changes, and memory deficits: a critical note
    Marko Jelicic
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:548-53. 2004
    ..Suggestions for future research, circumventing methodological flaws, are given...
  59. doi request reprint Sleep normalization and decrease in dissociative experiences: evaluation in an inpatient sample
    Dalena van der Kloet
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 121:140-50. 2012
    ..Accordingly, sleep hygiene may contribute to the treatment or prevention of dissociative symptoms...
  60. ncbi request reprint Accuracy, completeness, and consistency of emotional memories
    Tom Smeets
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 117:595-609. 2004
    ..In line with previous research, we found that accounts of emotional events can be highly accurate but tend to be incomplete. More importantly, inconsistencies cannot be seen as valid predictors of testimonial inaccuracy...
  61. ncbi request reprint Autobiographical memory specificity and the course of major depressive disorder
    Frenk Peeters
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 43:344-50. 2002
    ..Autobiographical memory dysfunction in depression appears to be stable over time, is related to short-term prognosis in depression, and may act as a vulnerability factor that influences the long-term course of depressive disorders...
  62. doi request reprint Detecting coached feigning using the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS)
    Marko Jelicic
    Forensic PsychologySection, Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychol 67:850-5. 2011
    ..Results show that, although the accuracy of both instruments appears to be somewhat reduced by a mix of symptom coaching and test coaching, the TOMM and SIMS are relatively resistant to different kinds of coaching...
  63. ncbi request reprint No evidence for verbal learning impairments in women with a history of childhood abuse
    Marko Jelicic
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 157:299-302. 2008
    ..Although women with a history of abuse reported higher levels of psychological distress than controls, the two groups did not differ in their verbal learning performance...
  64. pmc Adaptive memory: stereotype activation is not enough
    Henry Otgaar
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Mem Cognit 39:1033-41. 2011
    ..Both experiments showed that survival processing leads to a greater recall advantage over the stereotype groups and control group. These data indicate that the mere activation of stereotypes cannot explain the survival recall advantage...
  65. ncbi request reprint Expectancies and memory for an emotional film fragment: a placebo study
    Kim van Oorsouw
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Masstricht, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 120:287-301. 2007
    ..Our findings show that people's expectancies about their memory may affect their memory performance. These results may have implications for both clinical practice and the legal domain...
  66. ncbi request reprint Symptom validity testing of feigned amnesia for a mock crime
    Marko Jelicic
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 19:525-31. 2004
    ..In addition, debriefing interviews showed that understanding the rationale behind the SVT was not related to chance performance. SVT procedures therefore might be helpful in identifying feigned crime-related amnesia...
  67. doi request reprint The residual effect of feigning: how intentional faking may evolve into a less conscious form of symptom reporting
    Harald Merckelbach
    Forensic Psychology Section, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33:131-9. 2011
    ..Blindness" for the intentional aspect of symptom endorsement may explain the intrinsic overlap between feigning and somatoform complaints...
  68. ncbi request reprint Peritraumatic dissociation as a predictor of post-traumatic stress disorder: a critical review
    Ingrid Candel
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 45:44-50. 2004
    ..Restrictive factors that play a role in this context have to do with forgetting, attribution, and malingering...
  69. ncbi request reprint The false fame illusion in people with memories about a previous life
    Maarten J V Peters
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands, Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 16:162-9. 2007
    ....
  70. ncbi request reprint The links between the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (A-DES), fantasy proneness, and anxiety symptoms
    Peter Muris
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:18-24. 2003
    ..e., generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder) and fantasy proneness. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are briefly discussed...
  71. ncbi request reprint Korsakoff patients' memories of September 11, 2001
    Ingrid Candel
    1Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands Send reprint requests to Ingrid Candel
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:262-5. 2003
  72. ncbi request reprint Acute stress enhances memory for emotional words, but impairs memory for neutral words
    Marko Jelici
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Neurosci 114:1343-51. 2004
    ..The authors conclude that it makes little sense to speculate about memory effects and elevated levels of cortisol because such effects might depend on the valence of the material that is learned...
  73. ncbi request reprint Commission errors but not critical lures decrease when you have to pay a price for them
    Ingrid Candel
    Maastricht University, Department of Experimental Psychology, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 119:619-24. 2006
    ..e., incorrect responses other than the critical lure). Number of hits and critical lures did not differ between the groups...
  74. ncbi request reprint Acute dissociation after 1 night of sleep loss
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:599-606. 2007
    ..These findings provide further evidence for a robust relationship between disruptions in sleep patterns and dissociative symptoms...
  75. ncbi request reprint Boundary distortions for neutral and emotional pictures
    Ingrid Candel
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:691-5. 2003
    ..Taken together, our results suggest that boundary extension for neutral and emotional photographs is a more robust phenomenon than its counterpart, tunnel memory...
  76. ncbi request reprint The Guilty Knowledge Test and the modified Stroop task in detection of deception: an exploratory study
    Iris M Engelhard
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychol Rep 92:683-91. 2003
    ..i.e., reaction times for irrelevant crime details subtracted from those for mock crime details, did not differentiate between the two groups, suggesting that the story form of the Stroop paradigm is not suitable for lie detection...
  77. doi request reprint Skin conductance and memory fragmentation after exposure to an emotional film clip in depersonalization disorder
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    Psychiatry Res 177:342-9. 2010
    ..Apparently, emotional responding in DPD is characterized by a shortened latency to peak with subsequent flattening and is accompanied by memory fragmentation in the light of otherwise unremarkable memory functioning...
  78. ncbi request reprint Carrying on or giving in: the role of automatic processes in overcoming ego depletion
    Hugo J E M Alberts
    Universiteit Maastricht, Faculty of Psychology, Experimental Psychololgy, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Br J Soc Psychol 46:383-99. 2007
    ..If such a prime was absent, self-control performance of depleted participants decreased indicating ego depletion. Using a different manipulation, these findings were replicated in Study 2...
  79. ncbi request reprint Fear of storms and hurricanes in Antillean and Belgian children
    Peter Muris
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 40:459-69. 2002
    ..Implications of this finding for the assessment of childhood fears are briefly discussed...
  80. ncbi request reprint Alcoholic blackout for criminally relevant behavior
    Kim van Oorsouw
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 32:364-70. 2004
    ..These results indicate that although blackouts during serious misbehavior are reported outside the court, both the denial and the claim of alcoholic blackout may serve a strategic function...
  81. ncbi request reprint Three traditional and three new childhood anxiety questionnaires: their reliability and validity in a normal adolescent sample
    Peter Muris
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 40:753-72. 2002
    ..Childhood anxiety questionnaires were substantially connected to an index of depression, although correlations among anxiety questionnaires were generally higher than those between anxiety scales and a measure of depression...
  82. doi request reprint Children's false memories: easier to elicit for a negative than for a neutral event
    Henry Otgaar
    Maastricht University, Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 128:350-4. 2008
    ..Results showed that the negative event elicited more false memories than the neutral event. The presentation of a true photograph did not promote the development of false memories...
  83. ncbi request reprint Peer-review: let's imitate the lawyers!
    Marko Jelicic
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cortex 38:406-7. 2002
  84. ncbi request reprint How children remember neutral and emotional pictures: boundary extension in children's scene memories
    Ingrid Candel
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 117:249-57. 2004
    ..Both their neutral and emotional drawings revealed boundary extension. Apparently, the schema construction that underlies boundary extension is a robust and ubiquitous process...
  85. ncbi request reprint Thought-action fusion and schizotypy in undergraduate students
    Peter Muris
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Br J Clin Psychol 42:211-6. 2003
    ..To examine the relationship between thought-action fusion (TAF) and schizotypy...
  86. ncbi request reprint The etiology of specific fears and phobias in children: a critique of the non-associative account
    Peter Muris
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 40:185-95. 2002
    ..As an alternative to the non-associative account, we briefly describe a multifactorial model of childhood fears and phobias...
  87. ncbi request reprint Assessing aggression severity with the revised staff observation aggression scale
    Henk Nijman
    Forensic Psychiatric Hospital de Kijvelanden, P O Box 900, 3160 AC Rhoon, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 190:198-200. 2002
  88. ncbi request reprint Fear-relevant change detection in spider-fearful and non-fearful participants
    Birgit Mayer
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 20:510-9. 2006
    ..Further, it was found that high-trait anxious participants did not detect more changes than low-trait anxious participants...
  89. ncbi request reprint Suppression of intrusive thoughts and working memory capacity in repressive coping
    Elke Geraerts
    Maastricht University
    Am J Psychol 120:205-18. 2007
    ..Furthermore, the superior ability of repressors to avoid intrusive thoughts can be explained largely by their higher working memory capacity...
  90. ncbi request reprint Aggression and threat perception abnormalities in children with learning and behavior problems
    Peter Muris
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 33:147-63. 2002
    ..Finally, regression analyses revealed that in particular YSR social problems was a better predictor of most threat perception abnormalities than YSR aggressive behavior. Implications of these findings are briefly discussed...