Timo Giesbrecht

Summary

Affiliation: Maastricht University
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. ncbi [The causal relationship between dissociation and trauma. A critical review]
    T Giesbrecht
    Psychologische Fakultät, Universität Maastricht, Maastricht, Niederlande
    Nervenarzt 76:20-7. 2005
  2. ncbi Betrayal trauma theory of dissociative experiences: stroop and directed forgetting findings
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 122:337-48. 2009
  3. ncbi Cognitive processes in dissociation: an analysis of core theoretical assumptions
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Bull 134:617-47. 2008
  4. ncbi Why dissociation and schizotypy overlap: the joint influence of fantasy proneness, cognitive failures, and childhood trauma
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:812-8. 2007
  5. ncbi The dissociative experiences taxon is related to fantasy proneness
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:769-72. 2007
  6. ncbi Dissociative experiences on ice--peritraumatic and trait dissociation during the cold pressor test
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 157:115-21. 2008
  7. ncbi Acute dissociation after 1 night of sleep loss
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:599-606. 2007
  8. ncbi [Dissociative symptoms and sleep]
    T Giesbrecht
    Faculteit der Psychologie, Experimentele Psychologie, Universiteit Maastricht, Postbus 616, 6200 MD Maastricht
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 48:207-15. 2006
  9. ncbi Depersonalization experiences in undergraduates are related to heightened stress cortisol responses
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:282-7. 2007
  10. ncbi Dissociation, memory commission errors, and heightened autonomic reactivity
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 150:277-85. 2007

Detail Information

Publications31

  1. ncbi [The causal relationship between dissociation and trauma. A critical review]
    T Giesbrecht
    Psychologische Fakultät, Universität Maastricht, Maastricht, Niederlande
    Nervenarzt 76:20-7. 2005
    ..After concluding that the causal link between trauma and dissociation is far from self-evident or empirically substantiated, we suggest some avenues for further research...
  2. ncbi Betrayal trauma theory of dissociative experiences: stroop and directed forgetting findings
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 122:337-48. 2009
    ..Our 2 studies provide no evidence for the betrayal trauma theory, nor do they support other theories assuming that dissociation is the manifestation of an automatic defense mechanism...
  3. ncbi Cognitive processes in dissociation: an analysis of core theoretical assumptions
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Bull 134:617-47. 2008
    ..The authors conclude with a discussion of research domains (e.g., sleep-related experiences, drug-related dissociation) that promise to advance our understanding of cognition and dissociation...
  4. ncbi Why dissociation and schizotypy overlap: the joint influence of fantasy proneness, cognitive failures, and childhood trauma
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:812-8. 2007
    ..The present study succeeded in explaining a considerate part of the shared variance between dissociation and schizotypy...
  5. ncbi The dissociative experiences taxon is related to fantasy proneness
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:769-72. 2007
    ..Also, we found that the DES-T was not exclusively related to reports of childhood sexual abuse...
  6. ncbi Dissociative experiences on ice--peritraumatic and trait dissociation during the cold pressor test
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 157:115-21. 2008
    ..e., peritraumatic dissociation). These findings are in sharp contrast to the defensive function ascribed to both types of dissociation and also the commonly held assumption that peritraumatic and trait dissociation are intimately linked...
  7. ncbi Acute dissociation after 1 night of sleep loss
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:599-606. 2007
    ..These findings provide further evidence for a robust relationship between disruptions in sleep patterns and dissociative symptoms...
  8. ncbi [Dissociative symptoms and sleep]
    T Giesbrecht
    Faculteit der Psychologie, Experimentele Psychologie, Universiteit Maastricht, Postbus 616, 6200 MD Maastricht
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 48:207-15. 2006
    ..The association is not the by-product of the positive response bias which generally characterises persons with dissociative symptoms...
  9. ncbi Depersonalization experiences in undergraduates are related to heightened stress cortisol responses
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:282-7. 2007
    ..The present findings illustrate how various types of dissociation (i.e., depersonalization/derealization, absorption) are differentially related to cortisol stress responses...
  10. ncbi Dissociation, memory commission errors, and heightened autonomic reactivity
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 150:277-85. 2007
    ..Thus, it seems that a pattern of heightened emotional reactivity and commission errors is typical for people with elevated dissociation scores. This pattern is difficult to reconcile with the defensive function ascribed to dissociation...
  11. ncbi Dissociation, resting EEG, and subjective sleep experiences in undergraduates
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:362-8. 2006
    ..We propose that suppression in the alpha band and raised levels of theta activity, which are typical for high dissociators, might help to explain why dissociative symptoms are accompanied by attentional and memory deficits...
  12. doi Autobiographical integration of trauma memories and repressive coping predict post-traumatic stress symptoms in undergraduate students
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 17:211-8. 2010
    ....
  13. ncbi Trait dissociation and commission errors in memory reports of emotional events
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychol 120:1-14. 2007
    ..These studies show that there is a link between dissociation and spontaneous commission errors in memory reports of emotional events, but the functional locus of this link remains unclear...
  14. doi Early emotional processing deficits in depersonalization: an exploration with event-related potentials in an undergraduate sample
    Conny W E M Quaedflieg
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 212:223-9. 2013
    ..This pattern suggests that difficulties in the discrimination between emotional and neutral stimuli relate to the feeling of unreality in depersonalization...
  15. doi The corrective effects of warning on false memories in the DRM paradigm are limited to full attention conditions
    Maarten J V Peters
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 129:308-14. 2008
    ..Forewarning instructions do not always protect young adults against experimentally induced false memories...
  16. doi Children's suggestion-induced omission errors are not caused by memory erasure
    Henry Otgaar
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 19:265-9. 2010
    ..Significantly more errors were made for those removed items that children failed to report than for those they had not removed. This indicates that children's suggestion-based omission errors are not due to erasure of memories...
  17. doi Acute dissociation predicts rapid habituation of skin conductance responses to aversive auditory probes
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Trauma Stress 21:247-50. 2008
    ..Our findings contribute to the growing body of evidence indicating that subjective feelings of acute dissociation have their objective concomitants, notably fast habituation of physiologic responses...
  18. ncbi Confusing action and imagination: action source monitoring in individuals with schizotypal traits
    Maarten J V Peters
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:752-7. 2007
    ..e., increase false alarms). The present findings indicate that schizotypal traits undermine source monitoring for action in a healthy population...
  19. doi Individual differences in spatial configuration learning predict the occurrence of intrusive memories
    Thomas Meyer
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 13:186-96. 2013
    ..20, p = .07. Thus, while spatial configuration learning appears to be unrelated to affective responding to trauma reminders, our overall findings support the idea that the context-based memory system helps to reduce intrusions...
  20. ncbi Dissociation in undergraduate students: disruptions in executive functioning
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:567-9. 2004
    ..Our findings suggest that a failure to inhibit previous responses might contribute to the pathological memory manifestations of dissociation...
  21. ncbi Cognitive functioning in depersonalization disorder
    Orna Guralnik
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York City, New York 10029, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:983-8. 2007
    ..Dissociation severity was significantly correlated with processing slowness and distractibility. We conclude that DPD is associated with cognitive disruptions in early perceptual and attentional processes...
  22. doi The efficiency of reappraisal and expressive suppression in regulating everyday affective experiences
    Thomas Meyer
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 200:964-9. 2012
    ..Collectively, our results emphasise that the everyday consequences of emotion regulation for affect merits systematic research, for instance by using more naturalistic and prolonged interventions...
  23. ncbi Stress selectively and lastingly promotes learning of context-related high arousing information
    Tom Smeets
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:1152-61. 2009
    ..Our data suggest that when to-be-learned information is conceptually related to a stressor and considered important (i.e., arousing) by the individual, learning under stressful circumstances results in improved memorability afterwards...
  24. ncbi The random number generation task: psychometric properties and normative data of an executive function task in a mixed sample
    Maarten Peters
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:626-34. 2007
    ..It primarily taps executive subfunctions (i.e., inhibition, updating, and monitoring), which are affected by psychopathological or neurological deficits...
  25. doi Dissociative symptoms and sleep parameters--an all-night polysomnography study in patients with insomnia
    Dalena van der Kloet
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 54:658-64. 2013
    ..Recent studies suggest that these symptoms may be the by-products of a labile sleep-wake cycle...
  26. doi Sleep normalization and decrease in dissociative experiences: evaluation in an inpatient sample
    Dalena van der Kloet
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 121:140-50. 2012
    ..Accordingly, sleep hygiene may contribute to the treatment or prevention of dissociative symptoms...
  27. ncbi Dissociation and fantasy proneness in psychiatric patients: a preliminary study
    Harald Merckelbach
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 46:181-5. 2005
    ..The overlap between dissociation and fantasy proneness may have important ramifications for studies addressing comorbid phenomena of dissociative symptoms...
  28. doi Skin conductance and memory fragmentation after exposure to an emotional film clip in depersonalization disorder
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    Psychiatry Res 177:342-9. 2010
    ..Apparently, emotional responding in DPD is characterized by a shortened latency to peak with subsequent flattening and is accompanied by memory fragmentation in the light of otherwise unremarkable memory functioning...
  29. ncbi Context-dependent enhancement of declarative memory performance following acute psychosocial stress
    T Smeets
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 76:116-23. 2007
    ..This suggests that acute stress may strengthen the consolidation of memory material when the stressor matches the to-be-remembered information in place and time...
  30. ncbi Night-time experiences and daytime dissociation: a path analysis modeling study
    Dalena van Heugten-van der Kloet
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands Electronic address
    Psychiatry Res 216:236-41. 2014
    ..Our analysis underlines the importance of unusual sleep experiences and may inspire treatment intervention focusing on sleep normalization. ..
  31. ncbi De-constructing depersonalization: further evidence for symptom clusters
    Daphne Simeon
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Psychiatry Box 1230, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Psychiatry Res 157:303-6. 2008
    ....