Bernet M Elzinga

Summary

Affiliation: Leiden University
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The relationship between dissociative proneness and alexithymia
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 71:104-11. 2002
  2. pmc The impact of childhood abuse and recent stress on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor and the moderating role of BDNF Val66Met
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Department of Clinical Health and Neuropsychology, Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 214:319-28. 2011
  3. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of enhanced working-memory performance in dissociative disorder: a functional MRI study
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 37:235-45. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Stress-induced cortisol elevations are associated with impaired delayed, but not immediate recall
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Leiden, P O Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 134:211-23. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Cortisol-induced impairments of working memory require acute sympathetic activation
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Leiden, Leiden, Netherlands
    Behav Neurosci 119:98-103. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Diminished cortisol responses to psychosocial stress associated with lifetime adverse events a study among healthy young subjects
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Department of Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology, University of Leiden, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 33:227-37. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Higher cortisol levels following exposure to traumatic reminders in abuse-related PTSD
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    Neuropsychopharmacology 28:1656-65. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Directed forgetting between, but not within, dissociative personality states
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 112:237-43. 2003
  9. doi request reprint The role of childhood abuse in HPA-axis reactivity in Social Anxiety Disorder: a pilot study
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Leiden University Institute for Psychological Research, Clinical Psychology Unit, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 83:1-6. 2010
  10. pmc Stress shifts brain activation towards ventral 'affective' areas during emotional distraction
    Nicole Y L Oei
    Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Postzone C2 S, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:403-12. 2012

Detail Information

Publications37

  1. ncbi request reprint The relationship between dissociative proneness and alexithymia
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychother Psychosom 71:104-11. 2002
    ..Furthermore, dissociation may also be related to enhanced fantasizing, although alexithymia has traditionally been associated with an incapacity to fantasize...
  2. pmc The impact of childhood abuse and recent stress on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor and the moderating role of BDNF Val66Met
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Department of Clinical Health and Neuropsychology, Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 214:319-28. 2011
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of enhanced working-memory performance in dissociative disorder: a functional MRI study
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 37:235-45. 2007
    ..In non-pathological dissociation, evidence for enhanced working memory has been found, together with greater task-load related activity. So far, no imaging studies have investigated working memory in dissociative patients...
  4. ncbi request reprint Stress-induced cortisol elevations are associated with impaired delayed, but not immediate recall
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Leiden, P O Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 134:211-23. 2005
    ..These findings may have implications for understanding the effects of traumatic stress on memory functioning in patients with stress-related psychiatric disorders...
  5. ncbi request reprint Cortisol-induced impairments of working memory require acute sympathetic activation
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Leiden, Leiden, Netherlands
    Behav Neurosci 119:98-103. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that adrenergic activation is essential for the impairing effects of stress-induced cortisol on working memory...
  6. ncbi request reprint Diminished cortisol responses to psychosocial stress associated with lifetime adverse events a study among healthy young subjects
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Department of Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology, University of Leiden, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 33:227-37. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of adverse events in childhood on cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stress in young healthy subjects (n=80)...
  7. ncbi request reprint Higher cortisol levels following exposure to traumatic reminders in abuse-related PTSD
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    Neuropsychopharmacology 28:1656-65. 2003
    ..There was no association between memory performance and cortisol levels. These results are consistent with higher cortisol levels following exposure to traumatic stressors in PTSD...
  8. ncbi request reprint Directed forgetting between, but not within, dissociative personality states
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 112:237-43. 2003
    ..Independent of state, patients recalled more emotional than neutral information. These results may extend the conceptualization of memory processes in DID, suggesting an important role for retrieval inhibition...
  9. doi request reprint The role of childhood abuse in HPA-axis reactivity in Social Anxiety Disorder: a pilot study
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Leiden University Institute for Psychological Research, Clinical Psychology Unit, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 83:1-6. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate whether CA is associated with enhanced cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stress in Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)...
  10. pmc Stress shifts brain activation towards ventral 'affective' areas during emotional distraction
    Nicole Y L Oei
    Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Postzone C2 S, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 7:403-12. 2012
    ..These results suggest that acute stress shifts priority towards processing of emotionally significant stimuli, at the cost of WM performance...
  11. doi request reprint Immediate and prolonged effects of cortisol, but not propranolol, on memory retrieval in healthy young men
    Marieke S Tollenaar
    Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology Unit, Institute for Psychological Research, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 91:23-31. 2009
    ..The present investigation was therefore undertaken to examine the immediate and prolonged effects of a single administered dose of cortisol or propranolol on memory retrieval in a double-blind placebo controlled design...
  12. doi request reprint A systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between BDNF val(66)met and hippocampal volume--a genuine effect or a winners curse?
    Marc L Molendijk
    Clinical, Health, and Neuropsychology Unit, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 159:731-40. 2012
    ....
  13. doi request reprint Endogenous cortisol is associated with functional connectivity between the amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex
    Ilya M Veer
    Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition LIBC, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 37:1039-47. 2012
    ..We propose that through this feedback mechanism the stress response might be adjusted, pointing to the putative role of cortisol in modulating stress- and, more generally, emotional responses...
  14. doi request reprint Gender specific associations of serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in anxiety
    Marc L Molendijk
    Department of Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology and Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition LIBC, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    World J Biol Psychiatry 13:535-43. 2012
    ..We further examined the associations of gender and some of the clinical characteristics of anxiety with BDNF levels...
  15. doi request reprint Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis hyperresponsiveness is associated with increased social avoidance behavior in social phobia
    Karin Roelofs
    Clinical Psychology Unit, Leiden University Institute for Psychological Research, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychiatry 65:336-43. 2009
    ..We investigated whether increased cortisol stress-responsiveness is linked to increased social avoidance behavior in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD)...
  16. pmc Serum BDNF concentrations show strong seasonal variation and correlations with the amount of ambient sunlight
    Marc L Molendijk
    Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 7:e48046. 2012
    ..Finally, the findings reported here should be taken into account when designing and interpreting studies on BDNF...
  17. ncbi request reprint The effects of cortisol increase on long-term memory retrieval during and after acute psychosocial stress
    Marieke S Tollenaar
    University of Leiden, Section of Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology, Wassenaarseweg 15, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 127:542-52. 2008
    ..These results are in line with the previous animal research showing that when arousal is high, cortisol increase can impair memory retrieval...
  18. doi request reprint The specificity of childhood adversities and negative life events across the life span to anxiety and depressive disorders
    Philip Spinhoven
    Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Affect Disord 126:103-12. 2010
    ..Few studies have investigated whether clustering of life adversities or comorbidity of psychiatric disorders critically influence these relationships...
  19. doi request reprint Child abuse and negative explicit and automatic self-associations: the cognitive scars of emotional maltreatment
    Anne Laura van Harmelen
    Department of Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology, Leiden University, Pieter de la Court Building, Wassenaarseweg 52, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 48:486-94. 2010
    ..In addition, automatic and explicit negative self-associations partially mediated the association between CEM and depressive or anxious symptomatology. Implications regarding the importance of CA, and CEM in particular will be discussed...
  20. doi request reprint Psychophysiological responding to emotional memories in healthy young men after cortisol and propranolol administration
    Marieke S Tollenaar
    Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology Unit, Institute for Psychological Research, Leiden University, P O Box 9555, 2300 RB, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 203:793-803. 2009
    ..Cortisol is found to attenuate declarative memory retrieval, but it is unknown whether it also reduces physiological responses to emotional memories...
  21. doi request reprint Autobiographical memory after acute stress in healthy young men
    Marieke S Tollenaar
    Leiden University, Institute for Psychological Research, Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology Unit, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Memory 17:301-10. 2009
    ..More research into the relation between endogenous cortisol increases and autobiographic memory retrieval is needed, especially in stress-related disorders...
  22. doi request reprint Propranolol reduces emotional distraction in working memory: a partial mediating role of propranolol-induced cortisol increases?
    Nicole Y L Oei
    Leiden University Institute of Psychology, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 93:388-95. 2010
    ..In future non-clinical and clinical memory studies using propranolol administration, cortisol elevations should be monitored to further investigate the potential mediating role of cortisol...
  23. pmc Enhanced amygdala reactivity to emotional faces in adults reporting childhood emotional maltreatment
    Anne Laura van Harmelen
    Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology Unit, Leiden University, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:362-9. 2013
    ..These findings may be key in understanding the increased emotional sensitivity and interpersonal difficulties, that have been reported in individuals with a history of CEM...
  24. doi request reprint Reduced medial prefrontal cortex volume in adults reporting childhood emotional maltreatment
    Anne Laura van Harmelen
    Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychiatry 68:832-8. 2010
    ..However, in humans, the neurobiological correlates of CEM are unknown...
  25. doi request reprint Hydrocortisone reduces emotional distracter interference in working memory
    Nicole Y L Oei
    Leiden University Institute for Psychological Research, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:1284-93. 2009
    ..Dose-response studies could give more insight into the specific modulating effects of glucocorticoids on suppression of irrelevant emotional distraction...
  26. doi request reprint Long-term outcomes of memory retrieval under stress
    Marieke S Tollenaar
    Institute for Psychological Research, Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology Unit, Leiden University, PO Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Behav Neurosci 122:697-703. 2008
    ..These results support previous findings in animals that stress may affect memory during reactivation. It further suggests that time intervals between encoding and reactivation may play an important role...
  27. doi request reprint BDNF Val66Met polymorphism is associated with higher anticipatory cortisol stress response, anxiety, and alcohol consumption in healthy adults
    Lorenza S Colzato
    Leiden University, Institute of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Cognitive Psychology Unit, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 36:1562-9. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate, for the first time in a single study, the association between BDNF Val(66)Met polymorphism, anxiety, alcohol consumption, and cortisol stress response...
  28. ncbi request reprint The effects of stress-induced cortisol responses on approach-avoidance behavior
    Karin Roelofs
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Leiden, P O Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:665-77. 2005
    ..These findings may have important implications for the study of freezing and avoidance reactions in patients with anxiety disorders, such as social phobia and post-traumatic stress disorder...
  29. doi request reprint Beyond acute social stress: increased functional connectivity between amygdala and cortical midline structures
    Ilya M Veer
    Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 57:1534-41. 2011
    ..These results on functional connectivity in the recovery phase after stress might provide an important new vantage point in studying both sensitivity and resilience to stress...
  30. doi request reprint Bilateral saccadic eye movements and tactile stimulation, but not auditory stimulation, enhance memory retrieval
    Sander Nieuwenhuis
    Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    Brain Cogn 81:52-6. 2013
    ..We also discuss the findings in the context of clinical practice, in which bilateral eye movements (EMDR) and auditory stimulation are used in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder...
  31. ncbi request reprint Psychophysiological reactivity to traumatic and abandonment scripts in borderline personality and posttraumatic stress disorders: a preliminary report
    Christian G Schmahl
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health, J 5, D 68159 Mannheim, Germany
    Psychiatry Res 126:33-42. 2004
    ..A divergence in pathophysiology in these two disorders is suggested that may be linked to childhood trauma. However, this interpretation must be tested in a larger population...
  32. ncbi request reprint A positron emission tomography study of memories of childhood abuse in borderline personality disorder
    Christian G Schmahl
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany
    Biol Psychiatry 55:759-65. 2004
    ..This pilot study was conducted to measure the neural correlates of recall of traumatic memories in women with and without BPD...
  33. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of memories of abandonment in women with and without borderline personality disorder
    Christian G Schmahl
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg Medical School, Freiburg, Germany
    Biol Psychiatry 54:142-51. 2003
    ..One particularly salient feature of the disorder is fear of abandonment. This pilot study was conducted to measure neural correlates of memories of abandonment in women with and without BPD...
  34. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance imaging of hippocampal and amygdala volume in women with childhood abuse and borderline personality disorder
    Christian G Schmahl
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg Medical School, Hauptstrasse 5, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Psychiatry Res 122:193-8. 2003
    ..9% smaller mean amygdala volume and a 13.1% smaller hippocampal volume, compared to controls. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that alterations in the hippocampus and amygdala are associated with BPD...
  35. doi request reprint Special issue: learning, memory and psychopathology
    Bernet M Elzinga
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 127:511-2. 2008
  36. ncbi request reprint Dissociation: cognitive capacity or dysfunction?
    Michiel B de Ruiter
    Department of Clinical Neuropsychology, VU University, Van der Boechorstsfraat 1, Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Trauma Dissociation 7:115-34. 2006
    ..In nonpathological conditions a person may benefit from these dissociative abilities, although after adverse (e.g., traumatic) events the disposition may develop into dissociative pathology...
  37. ncbi request reprint Dissociative style and individual differences in verbal working memory span
    Michiel B de Ruiter
    Psychonomics Department, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 13:821-8. 2004
    ..It is suggested that dissociative style may be one of only very few individual differences that is directly relevant to consciousness research...